Prof Alison Kingston-Smith PhD
Broad background in plant biochemistry and enzymology plus experience of molecular biology. Particular areas of interest include photosynthesis (carbon metabolism/carbohydrates), antioxidant systems and plant stress responses culminating in cell death. Current research is concerned with the impact of post-ingestion plant metabolism on rumen function.
A systems biology approach reveals differences in the dynamics of colonization and degradation of grass vs. hay by rumen microbes with minor effects of vitamin E supplementation. Frontiers in Microbiology 8 014562017.
Editorial: Abiotic Stresses in Agroecology: A Challenge for Whole Plant Physiology. Frontiers in Environmental Science 5 13 Cadair2017.
Detection of potential chloroplastic substrates for polyphenol oxidase suggests a role in undamaged leaves. Frontiers in Plant Science 8 (3) 237 Cadair2017.
Temporal metagenomic and metabolomic chracterization of fresh perennial ryegrass degradation by rumen bacteria. Frontiers in Microbiology 7 1854 Cadair2016.
Climate-smart Strategies to Safeguard Persistency and Achieve Sustainable Grassland Production. 26th General Meeting of the EGF. Cadair2016.
An Integrated Multi-Omics Approach Reveals the Effects of Supplementing Grass or Grass Hay with Vitamin E on the Rumen Microbiome and Its Function. Frontiers in Microbiology 7 905 Cadair2016.
The effects of PPO activity on the proteome of ingested red clover and implications for improving the nutrition of grazing cattle. Journal of Proteomics 141 pp. 67-76. Cadair2016.
Terminator Operon Reporter: Combining a transcription termination switch with reporter technology for improved gene synthesis and synthetic biology applications. Scientific Reports 6 26572 Cadair2016.
Temporal dynamics of the metabolically active rumen bacteria colonising fresh perennial ryegrass. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 92 (1) fiv 137 Cadair2016.
Polyphenol oxidase-mediated protection against oxidative stress is not associated with enhanced photosynthetic efficiency. Annals of Botany 116 (4) pp. 529-540. Cadair2015.
RapGene: a fast and accurate strategy for synthetic gene assembly in Escherichia coli. Scientific Reports 5 11302 Cadair2015.
Polyphenol oxidase in leaves; is there any significance to the chloroplastic localization? Journal of Experimental Botany 66 (12) pp. 3571-3579. Cadair2015.
The potential of novel Festulolium (2n=4x=28) hybrids as productive, nutrient-use-efficient fodder for ruminants. Food and Energy Security 3 (2) pp. 98-110. Cadair2014.
The effect of resistance to mildew infection on ruminal fermentation of Lolium perenne. In (ed) EGF at 50: The future of European grasslands. Proceedings of the 25th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation, Aberystwyth, Wales, 7-11 September 2014. : Grassland Science in Europe. Proceedings of the 25th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation. Prifysgol Aberystwyth | Aberystwyth University pp. 849. Cadair2014.
Differential Colonization of Plant Parts by the Rumen Microbiota is likely to be due to Different Forage Chemistries. Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology 6 (2) pp. 80-86. Cadair2014.
A metabolomic study in oats (Avena sativa) highlights a drought tolerance mechanism based on salicylate signalling pathways and the modulation of carbon, antioxidant and photo-oxidative metabolism. Plant, Cell and Environment Cadair2014.
Comparative Metabolite Fingerprinting of the Rumen System during Colonisation of Three Forage Grass (Lolium perenne L.) Varieties. PLoS One 8 (11) e82801 Cadair2013.
Breeding for genetic improvement of forage plants in relation to increasing animal production with reduced environmental footprint. Animal 7 (Supplement s1) International Symposium on the Nutrition of Herbivores (ISNH8). pp. 79-88. Cadair2013.
Successional colonization of perennial ryegrass by rumen bacteria. Letters in Applied Microbiology 56 (3) pp. 186-196. Cadair2013.
Sicrhau argaeledd cynnyrch cil gnowyr o'r ansawdd orau mewn modd effethlon. [Ensuring future availability of ruminant products of the best quality in an efficient way.] Gwerddon 13 pp. 10-28. Cadair2013.
Resilient and multifunctional grasslands for agriculture and environmental service during a time of climate change. In (eds) The Role of Grasslands in a Green Future: Threats and Perspectives in Less Favoured Areas. European Grassland Federation pp. 335-337. Cadair2013.
Ruminal protozoal contribution to the duodenal flow of fatty acids following feeding of steers on forages differing in chloroplast content. British Journal of Nutrition 108 (12) pp. 2207-2214. Cadair2012.
Understanding the Genetic Basis for Slow Plant-Mediated Proteolysis in Festulolium Hybrids. In (eds) Breeding strategies for sustainable forage and turf grass improvement. Springer Nature pp. 89-95. Cadair2012.
Evidence of a role for foliar salicylic acid in regulating the rate of post-ingestive protein breakdown in ruminants and contributing to landscape pollution. Journal of Experimental Botany 63 (8) pp. 3243-3255. Cadair2012.
Applying next generation sequencing towards understanding microbial-plant interactions. Plant Molecular Biology, Gordon Conference. Cadair2012.
Bacterial cell-cell communication within the rumen. Gut Microbiota: Friend or Foe?. Cadair2012.
Investigation of a rumen bacterial 'functional core' utilising a metatranscriptomics approach. Gut Microbiota: Friend or Foe?. Cadair2012.
Can polyphenol oxidase mitigate photooxidative damage under abiotic stress conditions? Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) Annual Meeting. Cadair2012.
Involvement of the leaf antioxidant system in the response to soil flooding in two Trifolium genotypes differing in their tolerance to waterlogging. Plant Science 183 pp. 43-49. Cadair2011.
Contribution of ruminal protozoa to the duodenal flow of polyunsaturated fatty acids following feeding on low and high chloroplast-containing diets. ASF/AVTR/BSAS/WPSA Annual Conference, 'Food Security - Challenges and Opportunities for Animal Science, Nottingham University. Cadair2011.
Can PPO mitigate photooxidative damage under abiotic stress conditions? 2011 Society for Experimental Biology Annual Main Meeting. Cadair2011.
Plant-based strategies towards minimising livestock's long shadow. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 69 (4) The Winter Meeting of the Nutrition Society. pp. 613-620.2010.
Contribution of ruminal protozoa to the duodenal flow of polyunsaturated fatty acids as a consequence of intracellular chloroplasts. Cadair2010.
Accumulation of chlorophyll catabolites photosensitizes the hypersensitive response elicited by Pseudomonas syringae in Arabidopsis. New Phytologist 188 (1) pp. 161-174. Cadair2010.
Biofilm formation and growth dynamics of Prevotella ruminicola during the colonisation of fresh perennial ryegrass. Gut Microbiology: New insights into gut microbial ecosystems, 7th Joint Symposium Rowett-INRA Meeting, Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference Centre. Cadair2010.
Contribution of ruminal protozoa to the duodenal flow of polyunsaturated fatty acids following feeding on low and high chloroplasts. ProSafeBeef Annual General Meeting - EU Framework 6. Cadair2010.
When being nice isn't enough - gender responsibility and equitable career progression. Cadair2010.
Transcriptional responses of Prevotella ruminicola reflect spatial and temporal differences in available nutrients from fresh perennial ryegrass. 7th Joint Symposium INRA-AU Meeting 2010, Aberdeen. Cadair2010.
The phytohormone salicylic acid influences autolysis in ruminantingested plant cells. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology 153 (2 (Supplement)) S1602009.
Effect of fresh forage particle length on anaerobic fungal metabolism in vitro. Functionality, interaction with the host and impact on the environment. GUT MICROBIOME: Functionality, interaction with the host and impact on the environment. pp. 18-20.2009.
Bacterial colonisation of the tanniferous forage lotus corniculatus in the bovine rumen.2009.
Transcriptional analyses of carbohydrate metabolism in Prevotella ruminicola. Cadair2009.
The plant-microbe interactome in ruminants: identification of control for mitigation of negative ecosystem outputs. Aspects of Applied Biology 98 Proceedings of International Conference on Positive Plant Microbial Interactions in Relation to Plant Performance and Ecosystem Function. pp. 91-99.2009.
Improvement of forages to increase the efficiency of nitrogen and energy use by ruminants. In (eds) Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition 2008. 42nd Feed Conference. Nottingham University Press pp. 39-65.2009.
Rumen protozoa are rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids due to the ingestion of chloroplasts. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 69 (3) pp. 461-471.2009.
Dynamics of initial colonisation of non-conserved perennial ryegrass by anaerobic fungi in the bovine rumen. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 66 (3) pp. 537-545.2008.
Improvement of forages to increase the efficiency of nutrient and energy use in temperate pastoral livestock systems. Archiva Zootechnica 11 (4) pp. 5-20. Cadair2008.
Exploiting the dynamic nature of the plant-microbe interactions in the rumen. Cadair2008.
Advances in microbial ecosystem concepts and their consequences for ruminant agriculture. Animal 2 (5) pp. 653-660.2008.
Wisdom, justice and skill in science, engineering and technology: Are the objectives of the Athena Project mythology? Cadair2008.
Characterization of the dynamics of initial bacterial colonization of nonconserved forage in the bovine rumen. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 63 (1) pp. 141-142. Cadair2008.
From plants to animals: the role of plant cell death in ruminant herbivores. Journal of Experimental Botany 59 (3) pp. 521-532.2008.
Improving genotypes and understanding phenotypes: breeding forages for livestock and the environment. 7th International Symposium on the Nutrition of Herbivores (ISNH-7), Beijing, China.2008.
Improvement of forages to increase the efficiency of nitrogen and energy use in temperate pastoral livestock systems. Archiva Zootechnica 11 (4) pp. 5-20.2008.
Microbial colonisation and degradation of two different perennial ryegrass preparations in the rumen. UK Molecular Ecology Group. Cadair2008.
In vitro production and composition of extracellular polymeric substances formed by ruminal bacteria on perennial ryegrass. Society for General Microbiology general meeting, Dublin, Ireland, 8-11 September. Cadair2008.
Differential colonisation of abaxial and adaxial surfaces of fresh perennial ryegrass leaves by rumen bacteria. Abstract, INRA-RRI 2008, Clermont Ferrand, France. Cadair2008.
Temporal and spatial colonisation of rumen protozoa on fresh perennial ryegrass. Abstract, INRA-RRI 2008, Clermont Ferrand, France. Cadair2008.
Bacterial colonisation of fresh and dried perennial ryegrass in the rumen. GUT MICROBIOME: Functionality, interaction with the host and impact on the environment. GUT MICROBIOME: Functionality, interaction with the host and impact on the environment. pp. 18-20.2008.
Post-ingestion induction of plant cell death: Regulation and implications.2007.
Throwing new light on the hypersensitive response. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology 146 (4) C2.9 Abstracts of the Annual Main Meeting of the Society for Experimental Biology. Cadair2007.
Biofilm formation by rumen microbes on fresh perennial ryegrass under in vitro anaerobic conditions. UK Molecular Microbial Ecology Group 13th Meeting. Cadair2007.
The occurrence of biofilm communities in the ruminal ecosystem. The Biofilm Club. Cadair2007.
Temporal dynamics of microbial colonisation of forage in the rumen. 161st Meeting of the Society for General Microbiology meeting. Cadair2007.
Microbial colonization and subsequent biofilm formation by ruminal microorganisms on fresh perennial ryegrass. Conference on Gastrointestinal Function (CGIF). Cadair2007.
Characterization of the dynamics of initial bacterial colonization of nonconserved forage in the bovine rumen. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 62 (3) pp. 323-335.2007.
Polyphenols and their influence on gut function and health in ruminants: A review. Environmental Chemistry Letters 4 (3) pp. 121-126.2006.
The effect of nitrogen status on the regulation of plant-mediated proteolysis in ingested forage: an assessment using non-nodulating white clover. Annals of Applied Biology pp. 35-42.2006.
Fatty acid composition of rumen protozoa: a link with chloroplast ingestion? Gut Microbiology: Research to Improve Health, Immune Response and Nutrition.2006.
Rumen bacterial diversity and its consequences in livestock agriculture. Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science Annual Conference. Cadair2006.
Development and application of RNA and DNA based DGGE to study the bacterial colonisation of fresh perennial ryegrass in the rumen. RRI-INRA Gut Microbiology 2006. Cadair2006.
Development and application of QPCR primers to study bacterial colonisation of fresh perennial ryegrass in the rumen. UK molecular Microbial Ecology Group. Cadair2006.
Quantifying the variation in protein content in white clover (Trifolium repens L.). In (eds) XX International Grassland Conference: Offered Papers. XX International Grassland Congress, Dublin. Wageningen Academic Publishers2005.
Evidence in support of a role for plant-mediated proteolysis in the rumens of grazing animals. British Journal of Nutrition pp. 73-79.2005.
Stress-induced changes in protease composition are determined by nitrogen supply in non-nodulating white clover. Journal of Experimental Botany pp. 745-753.2005.
The death of plants in animals.2005.
Leaves of high yielding perennial ryegrass contain less aggregated Rubisco than S23.2005.
Effects of manipulating the protein content of white clover on silage quality. Animal Feed Science and Technology 116 (3-4) pp. 3-4.2004.
Imaging Festulolium chromosomal introgressions by genomic in situ hybridisation as an aid to rapid plant breeding. Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) Meeting.2004.
Photoinhibition and resistance to winter damage in stay-green amenity grasses. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A. Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) Meeting. Cadair2004.
Nutrient availability during the early stages of colonization of fresh forage by rumen micro-organisms. New Phytologist pp. 119-130.2003.
Proteolysis and cell death in clover leaves is induced by grazing. Protoplasma 220 (3-4) pp. 119-129.2003.
Changes in activities of acid invertase isoforms affect sugar accumulation and composition during ripening of tomato fruit. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 78 (2) pp. 182-192.2003.
Improving forage protein through the use of Festulolium introgressions. 7th British Grassland Society Research Conference.2003.
Strategies of plant breeding for improved rumen function. Annals of Applied Biology 142 (1) pp. 13-24.2003.
Correlations between protein crops and protease activity in forage crops.2003.
Grass cells ingested by ruminants undergo autolysis which differs from senescence: implications for grass breeding targets and livestock production. Plant, Cell and Environment pp. 1299-1312.2002.
Reduced atmospheric CO2 affects nitrogen mobilisation in Festuca rubra. Physiologia Plantarum 116 (1) pp. 62-72.2002.
An assessment of the ability of the stay-green phenotype in Lolium species to provide an improved protein supply for ruminants. Annals of Botany pp. 731-740.2002.
The potential to decrease nitrogen losses from pasture by manipulating plant metabolism.2002.
Advances in silage quality in the 21st century.2001.
Invertase protein, but not activity, is present throughout development of Lycopersicon esculentum and L. pimpinellifolium fruit. New Phytologist 150 (1) pp. 73-81.2001.
Overexpression of Mn-superoxide dismutase in maize leaves leads to increased monodehydroascorbate reductase, dehydroascorbate reductase and glutathione reductase activities. Journal of Experimental Botany 51 (352) pp. 1867-1877. Cadair2000.
Tansley Review No. 118. Post-Ingestion Metabolism of Fresh Forage. New Phytologist 148 (1) pp. 37-55. Cadair2000.
Bundle sheath proteins are more sensitive to oxidative damage than those of the mesophyll in maize leaves exposed to paraquat or low temperatures. Journal of Experimental Botany 51 (342) pp. 123-130. Cadair2000.
Conservation of alternative forage crops. Final report to the Milk Development Council (MDC) - June 2000 Milk Development Council Cadair2000.
Acclimation of photosynthesis, H2O2 content and antioxidants in maize (Zea mays) grown at sub-optimal temperatures. Plant, Cell and Environment 22 (9) pp. 1071-1083. Cadair1999.
Invertase in leaves: conundrum or control point? Journal of Experimental Botany 50 (335) pp. 735-743. Cadair1999.
Ascorbate Metabolism in Potato Leaves Supplied with Exogenous Ascorbate. Free Radical Research 31 (sup1) pp. 171-179. Cadair1999.
Soluble acid invertase activity in leaves is independent of species differences in leaf carbohydrates, diurnal sugar profiles and paths of phloem loading. New Phytologist 132 (2) pp. 283-292. Cadair1998.
Chlorophyll a fluorescence and antioxidant analyses provide evidence for the operation of alternative electron sinks during leaf senescence in a stay-green mutant of Festuca pratensis. Plant, Cell and Environment 20 (11) pp. 1323. Cadair1997.
Effect of Chilling on Carbon Assimilation, Enzyme Activation, and Photosynthetic Electron Transport in the Absence of Photoinhibition in Maize Leaves. Plant Physiology 114 (3) pp. 1039-1046. Cadair1997.
Differential localization of antioxidants in maize. Plant Physiology 114 (3) pp. 1031-1037. Cadair1997.
Tissue level localization of acid invertase in leaves: an hypothesis for the regulation of carbon export. New Phytologist 134 (3) pp. 423-432. Cadair1996.