Dr Ana Winters

Dr Ana Winters

Principal Investigator

Contact Details

Teaching

Research

I am a plant biochemist with a special interest in protein and phenol chemistry. My more recent work has focussed on the enzyme polyphenol oxidase in forage crops looking at gene expression, enzyme biochemistry and phenol substrate chemistry. I am currently studying the effects of post-harvest changes on proscessing of crops for biofuel.

Publications

Winters, A, Gallagher, J, Barron, N, Rollan, A & McHale, AP 1996, 'Molecular cloning and expression of a Micromonospora chalcae β-glucosidase encoding gene in Escherichia coli' Biotechnology Letters, vol 18, no. 12, pp. 1387-1390. DOI: 10.1007/BF00129340
Gallagher, J, Winters, A, Barron, N, McHale, L & McHale, AP 1996, 'Production of cellulase and beta-glucosidase activity during growth of the actinomycete Micromonospora chalcae on cellulose containing media' Biotechnology Letters, vol 18, no. 5, pp. 537-540. DOI: 10.1007/BF00140199
Winters, AL, Gallagher, J, Pollock, CJ & Parrar, JF 1995, 'Isolation of a gene expressed during sucrose accumulation in leaves of Lolium temulentum L.' Journal of Experimental Botany, vol 46, no. Special Issue, pp. 1345-1350. DOI: 10.1093/jxb/46.special_issue.1345
Winters, AL, Williams, JHH, Thomas, DS & Pollock, C 1994, 'Changes in gene‐expression in response to sucrose accumulation in leaf tissue of Lolium temulentum L.' New Phytologist, vol 128, no. 4, pp. 591-600.
Hendy, L, Gallagher, J, Winters, A, Hackett, TJ, McHale, L & McHale, AP 1990, 'Production of an extracellular chitinolytic system byTalaromyces emersonii CBS 814.70.' Biotechnology Letters, vol 12, no. 9, pp. 673-678. DOI: 10.1007/BF01088192
Spicer, S, Adams, J, Thomas, D, Gallagher, J & Winters, A 2017, 'Novel rapid method for the characterisation of polymeric sugars from macroalgae' Journal of Applied Phycology, vol 29, no. 3, pp. 1507-1513. DOI: 10.1007/s10811-016-0995-0
Purdy, S, Maddison, A, Nunn, C, Winters, A, Timms-Taravella, E, Jones, C, Clifton-Brown, J, Donnison, I & Gallagher, J 2017, 'Could Miscanthus replace maize as the preferred substrate for anaerobic digestion in the United Kingdom?: Future breeding strategies' GCB Bioenergy, vol 9, no. 6, pp. 1122-1139. DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12419
Dader, B, Moreno, A, Jones, D, Winters, A & Fereres, A 2017, 'Aphid orientation and performance in glasshouses under different UV-A/UV-B radiation regimes' Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, vol 163, no. 3, pp. 344-353. DOI: 10.1111/eea.12583
Akpanika, GA, Winters, A, Wilson, T, Ayoola, GA, Adepoju-Bello, AA & Hauck, B 2017, 'Polyphenols from Allanblackia floribunda seeds: Identification, quantification and antioxidant activity' Food Chemistry, vol 222, pp. 35-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.12.002
Boeckx, T, Winters, A, Webb, K & Kingston-Smith, A 2017, 'Detection of potential chloroplastic substrates for polyphenol oxidase suggests a role in undamaged leaves' Frontiers in Plant Science, vol 8, no. 3, 237. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2017.00237
da Costa, R, Pattathil, S, Avci, U, Lee, SJ, Hazen, SP, Winters, A, Hahn, M & Bosch, M 2017, 'A Cell wall Reference Profile for Miscanthus Bioenergy-crops Highlights Compositional and Structural Variations Associated with Development and Organ Origin' New Phytologist, vol 213, no. 4, pp. 1710-1725. DOI: 10.1111/nph.14306
Shah, I, Donnison, I, Insole, J, Winters, A, Dalton, S, Woodman, T, Bosch, M & Threadgill, MD 2016, 'An efficient assay for ferulic acid esterase and para-coumaric acid esterases in plants at physiologically relevant activities' Cell Chemistry and Biology, vol 6, no. 5, pp. 300-311.
Baker, P, Winters, A & Hale, MDC 2016, 'Biodegradtion of different genotypes of Miscanthus by Wood Rot Fungi' BioResources, vol 11, no. 2, pp. 4379-4391. DOI: 10.15376/biores.11.2.4379-4391
Jones, AG, Bussell, JS, Winters, A, Scullion, J & Jones, D 2016, 'The functional quality of decomposing litter outputs from an Arctic plant community is affected by long-term exposure to enhanced UV-B. Ecological Indicators.' Ecological Indicators, vol 60, pp. 8-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.05.052
Mur, L, Hauck, B, Winters, A, Heald, JK, Lloyd, AJ, Chakraborty, U & Chakraborty, BN 2015, 'The development of tea blister caused by Exobasidium vexans in tea (Camellia sinensis) correlates with the reduced accumulation of some antimicrobial metabolites and the defence signals salicylic and jasmonic acids' Plant Pathology, vol 64, no. 6, pp. 1471-1483. DOI: 10.1111/ppa.12364
koivonen, E, Jaakkola, S, Terttu, H, Lampi, A-M, Halmemies-Beauchet-Filleau, A, Lee, MR, Winters, A, Shingfield, K & Vanhatalo, A 2015, 'Effects of Plant Species, Stage of Maturity, and Level of Formic Acid Addition on Lipolysis, Lipid Content, and Fatty Acid Composition during Ensiling.' Journal of Animal Science, vol 93, pp. 4408-4423. DOI: 10.2527/jas.2014-8813
Boeckx, T, Webster, R, Winters, A, Webb, J, Gay, A & Kingston-Smith, A 2015, 'Polyphenol oxidase-mediated protection against oxidative stress is not associated with enhanced photosynthetic efficiency' Annals of Botany, vol 116, no. 4, pp. 529-540. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcv081
Boeckx, T, Winters, A, Webb, J & Kingston-Smith, A 2015, 'Polyphenol oxidase in leaves; is there any significance to the chloroplastic localization?' Journal of Experimental Botany, vol 66, no. 12, pp. 3571-3579. DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erv141
Webb, J & Winters, A 2015, 'Polyphenol oxidase and red clover' Legume Perspectives.
Webb, J, Cookson, A, Allison, G, Sullivan, M & Winters, A 2014, 'Polyphenol oxidase affects normal nodule development in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.)' Frontiers in Plant Science, vol 5, 700. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00700
Fernandes Da Costa, RM, Lee, SJ, Allison, GG, Hazen, SP, Winters, A & Bosch, M 2014, 'Genotype, development and tissue-derived variation of cell-wall properties in the lignocellulosic energy crop Miscanthus' Annals of Botany, vol 114, no. 6, pp. 1265-1277. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcu054
Dader, B, Jones, D, Moreno , A, Winters, A & Ferres, A 2014, 'Impact of UV-A radiation on the performance of aphids and whiteflies and on the leaf chemistry of their host plants.' Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, vol 138, pp. 307-316. DOI: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2014.06.009
Parveen, I, Wilson, T, Threadgill, MD, Luyten, J, Roberts, RE, Robson, PR, Hauck, BD, Donnison, IS & Winters, AL 2014, 'Screening for potential co-products in a Miscanthus sinensis mapping family by liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry detection' Phytochemistry, vol 105, pp. 186-196. DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2014.05.003
Schogor, ALB, Huws, SA, Santos, GTD, Scollan, ND, Hauck, BD, Winters, AL, Kim, EJ, Petit, HV & Heimesaat, MM (ed.) 2014, 'Ruminal Prevotella spp. May Play an Important Role in the Conversion of Plant Lignans into Human Health Beneficial Antioxidants' PLoS One, vol 9, no. 4, e87949. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087949
Bryant, D, Morris, SM, Gallagher, J, Winters, A, Donnison, I, Morris, P, Harding, G, Timms-Taravella, E, Thomas, D & Leemans, D 2014, GB Application - Bioethanol from grass.
Hauck, B, Gallagher, J, Morris, SM, Leemans, DK & Winters, A 2014, 'Soluble Phenolic Compounds in Fresh and Ensiled Orchard Grass (Dactylis glomerata L.), a Common Species in Permanent Pastures with Potential as a Biomass Feedstock' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol 62, no. 2, pp. 468-475. DOI: 10.1021/jf4040749
Sanchez-Martin, J, Heald, J, Kingston-Smith, A, Winters, A, Rubiales, D, Sanz, M, Mur, L & Prats, E 2014, 'A metabolomic study in oats (Avena sativa) highlights a drought tolerance mechanism based on salicylate signalling pathways and the modulation of carbon, antioxidant and photo-oxidative metabolism' Plant, Cell and Environment. DOI: 10.1111/pce.12501
Fernandes Da Costa, RM, Winters, AL & Bosch, M 2013, 'Cell-wall compositional analysis of the energy crop Miscanthus as a means to optimise its application as a feedstock for bioenergy and biorefining' XIII Cell Wall Meeting, Nantes, France, 2013 - 2013, pp. O6-03.
Comont, DC, Winters, AL, Gomez, LD, McQueen-Mason, SJ & Gwynn-Jones, D 2013, 'Latitudinal variation In ambient UV-B radiation is an important determinant of Lolium perenne forage production, quality, and digestibility' Journal of Experimental Botany, vol 64, no. 8, pp. 2193-2204. DOI: 10.1093/jxb/ert077
Webb, KJ, Cookson, AR, Allison, GG, Sullivan, ML & Winters, AL 2013, 'Gene expression patterns, localisation and substrates of polyphenol oxidase in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.)' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol 61, no. 31, pp. 7421-7430. DOI: 10.1021/jf401122d
Cabiddu, A, Lee, MR, Decandia, M, Molle, G, Salis, L, Varqui, M & Winters, AL 2013, 'Characterization of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity in a range of forage ecotypes with different phenol substrates. A new insight for PPO and protein bound phenol evaluation' Grass and Forage Science, vol 69, no. 4, pp. 678-692. DOI: 10.1111/gfs.12082
Stampolidis, P, Kaderbhai, N, Bryant, D, Winters, A, Gallagher, J & Kaderbhai, MA 2013, 'Co-expression of lupanine hydroxylase and pyrroloquinoline quinone 2 leads to assembled and active recombinant lupanine hydroxylase in the 3 Escherichia coli periplasm' Archives of Microbiology. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.4937.7449
Gwynn-Jones, D, Jones, AG, Waterhouse, A, Winters, A, Comont, D, Scullion, J, Gardias, R, Graee, BJ, Lee, JA & Callaghan, TV 2012, 'Enhanced UV-B and Elevated CO2 Impacts Sub-Arctic Shrub Berry Abundance, Quality and Seed Germination' Ambio: A Journal of the Human Environment, vol 41, no. 3, pp. 256-268. DOI: 10.1007/s13280-012-0311-4
Comont, DC, Winters, AL & Gwynn-Jones, D 2012, 'Acclimation and interaction between drought and elevated UV-B in A. thaliana: Differences in response over treatment, recovery and reproduction' Ecology and Evolution, vol 2, no. 11, pp. 2695-2709. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.387
Boeckx, T, Kingston-Smith, A, Webster, R, Winters, A, Webb, K & Gay, A 2012, 'Can polyphenol oxidase mitigate photooxidative damage under abiotic stress conditions?' Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) Annual Meeting, Salzburg, Austria, 2012 - 2012, pp. Abstract No: P1.27.
Parveen, I, Threadgill, MD, Hauck, BD, Donnison, IS & Winters, AL 2011, 'Isolation, identification and quantitation of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates, potential platform chemicals, in the leaves and stems of Miscanthus x giganteus using LC-ESI-MS(n)' Phytochemistry, vol 72, no. 18, pp. 2376-2384. DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.08.015
Parveen, I, Threadgill, MD, Hauck, BD, Donnison, I & Winters, AL 2011, 'Isolation, identification and quantitation of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates, potential platform chemicals, in the leaves and stems of Miscanthus × giganteus using LC–ESI-MSn' Phytochemistry, vol 72, no. 18, pp. 2376-2384. DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.08.015,
Winters, AL, Leemans, D, Morris, SM, Pippel, J, Lovatt, A, Charlton, A, Gallagher, J, Smith, L (ed.), Stafford, A (ed.) & Weightman, R (ed.) 2011, 'High-sugar perennial ryegrass as a feed-stock for bioconversion to platform chemicals' Aspects of Applied Biology, pp. 79-86.
Dalton, SJ, Gallagher, JA, Winters, AL, Langdon, T, Timms-Taravella, E & Donnison, IS 2011, 'Genetic transformation of Miscanthus sinensis with a ferulic acid esterase gene' 33rd Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, Sheraton, United States of America, 2011 - 2011, .
Boeckx, T, Webster, R, Winters, AL, Webb, KJ & Kingston-Smith, AH 2011, 'Can PPO mitigate photooxidative damage under abiotic stress conditions?' 2011 Society for Experimental Biology Annual Main Meeting, Glasgow, 2011 - 2011, pp. 34.
Dalton, SJ, Winters, AL, Langdon, T, Timms-Taravella, E & Donnison, IS 2011, 'Genetic transformation of Miscanthus sinensis with FAE' Plant Transformation Technologies II Conference, Vienna, Austria, 2011 - 2011, .
Cabiddu, A, Lee, MRF, Decandia, M, Giovanni, M, Salis, L, Vergiu, M & Winters, AL 2011, 'Characterization of polyphenol oxidase activity in different forage ecotypes with different phenolic substrates' 8th International Symposium for the Nutrition of Herbivores, Aberystwyth, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 2011 - 2011, pp. 543-543. DOI: 10.1017/S2040470011002780
Parveen, I, Threadgill, MD, Moorby, JM & Winters, AL 2010, 'Oxidative phenols in forage crops containing polyphenol oxidase enzymes' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol 58, no. 3, pp. 1371-1382. DOI: 10.1021/jf9024294
Hauck, BD, Parveen, I, Gallagher, JA, Donnison, IS & Winters, A 2010, 'Accumulation of soluble phenolic compounds in the forage grass species, cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L).' XXVth International Conference on Polyphenols, Montpellier, France, 2010 - 2010, pp. T2.03.
Parveen, I, Donnison, IS, Threadgill, MD, Hauck, BD & Winters, AL 2010, 'Isolation, identification and quantification of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates in leaf and stem tissue of Miscanthus sacchariflorus and sinensis and their potential as platform chemicals' Gordon Research Conference, 'Green Chemistry', Davidson College, Davison, North Carolina, Davidson, United States of America, 2010 - 2010, .
Parveen, I, Threadgill, MD, Hauck, BD, Donnison, IS & Winters, AL 2010, 'Isolation, identification and quantification of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates in leaf and stem tissue of Miscanthus x giganteus and their potential as platform chemicals' XXVth International Conference on Polyphenols, Montpellier, France, 2010 - 2010, pp. T5.62.
Winters, AL, Holmes, S, Hauck, BD & Gwynn-Jones, D 2010, 'Effect of UV exposure on the abundance of plant phenol compounds in Latuca sativa L. cv. Lolla Rossa leaf tissue' XXVth International Conference on Polyphenols, Montpellier, France, 2010 - 2010, pp. T3.28.
Winters, AL, Heywood, S, Farrar, K, Donnison, IS, Thomas, AM & Webb, KJ 2009, 'Identification of an extensive gene cluster among a family of PPOs in Trifolium pratense L. (red clover) using a large insert BAC library' BMC Plant Biology, vol 9, 94. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2229-9-94
Parveen, I, Threadgill, MD, Hauck, BD, Donnison, IS & Winters, AL 2009, 'Rapid identification of hydroxycinnamate esters in Miscanthus giganteus and Miscanthus goliath as substrates for polyphenol oxidase using ESI-MS/MS' Planta Medica, vol 75, no. 9, pp. 900. DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1234318
Lee, MRF, Tweed, JKS, Minchin, FR & Winters, AL 2009, 'Red clover polyphenol oxidase: activation activity and efficacy under grazing' Animal Feed Science and Technology, vol 149, no. 3-4, pp. 250-264. DOI: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2008.06.013
Lee, MRF, Theobald, VJ, Tweed, JKS, Winters, AL & Scollan, ND 2009, 'Effect of feeding fresh or conditioned red clover on milk fatty acids and Nitrogen utilisation in lactating dairy cows' Journal of Dairy Science, vol 92, no. 3, pp. 1136-1147. DOI: 10.3168/jds.2008-1692
Winters, AL & Gallagher, JAFestuca pratensis partial PPO sequence.
Winters, AL & Gallagher, JALolium perenne partial PPO sequence.
Winters, AL, Webb, KJ & Donnison, ISTrifolium pratense PPO1/4.
Parveen, I, Winters, A, Threadgill, MD, Hauck, BD & Morris, P 2008, 'Extraction, structural characterisation and evaluation of hydroxycinnamate esters of orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata) as substrates for polyphenol oxidase' Phytochemistry, vol 69, no. 16, pp. 2799-2806. DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2008.08.019
Parveen, I, Morris, P, Winters, AL, Hauck, BD & Threadgill, MD 2008, 'Extraction, structural characterisation and evaluation of hydroxycinnamate esters of orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata) as substrates for polyphonel oxidase' Planta Medica, vol 74, pp. T1.51. DOI: 10.1055/s-0028-1084432
Lee, MRF, Minchin, FR & Winters, AL 2008, Polyphenol oxidase activity and protein complexing in damaged red clover herbage. in BSAS Annual Conference, Spa Complex, Scarborough, 31 March - 2 April 2008. pp. p029, 2008 British Society of Animal Science Annual Conference, Scarborough, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 2008.
Winters, AL, Minchin, FR, Michaelson-Yeates, TPT, Lee, MRF & Morris, P 2008, 'Latent and Active Polyphenol Oxidase (PPO) in Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) and Use of a Low PPO Mutant To Study the Role of PPO in Proteolysis Reduction' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol 56, no. 8, pp. 2817-2824. DOI: 10.1021/jf0726177
Watson, AA, Winters, AL, Corbet, SA, Tiley, C & Nash, RJ 2008, 'Selective metabolism of glycosidase inhibitors by a specialized moth feeding on Hyacinthoides non-scripta flowers' Natural Product Communications, vol 3, no. 1, pp. 41-44.
Parveen, I, Winters, AL, Hauck, BD & Morris, P 2008, 'Identification of substrates of polyphenol oxidase enzyme from cocksfoot species using NMR and LCMS techniques' A young scientists symposium, Garganano, Lake Garda, Italy, 2007 - 2007, .
Winters, AL, Donnison, IP, Abberton, MT, Ravagnani, A & Webb, KJ 2008, 'Defence-related polyphenol oxidase gene family resides on an extensive gene cluster in red clover' IVth International Conference on Legume Genomics and Genetics, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, 2008 - 2008, pp. p121.
Winters, AL, Gill, S, Parveen, I, Sullivan, ML & Webb, KJ 2008, 'Role of red clover polyphenol oxidase in pathogen resistance' 24th International Conference on Polyphenols, Salamanca, 2008 - 2008, pp. T3.28.
Winters, AL, Davies, DR, Timms-Taravella, E, Jackson, C, Morris, M, Kelly, R, Donnison, IS & Gallagher, JA 2008, 'Isolation of an enzyme for the conversion of grass polymeric fructan to fructose, a fermentable substrate for the production of ethanol' Paper presented at Agricultural Biotechnology International Conference, Cork, Ireland, 2008 - 2008, .
Winters, AL, Lee, MRF, Minchin, FR, Hopkins, JJ (ed.), Duncan, AJ (ed.), McCracken, DI (ed.), Peel, S (ed.) & Tallowin, JRB (ed.) 2007, 'Plant mediated lipolysis of grass genotypes with varying concentrations of polyphenol oxidase' pp. 253-256.
Theodorou, MK, Lee, MRF, Winters, AL, Minchin, FR, Morris, P, Kingston-Smith, AH & MacRae, JC 2006, 'Polyphenols and their influence on gut function and health in ruminants: A review' Environmental Chemistry Letters, vol 4, no. 3, pp. 121-126. DOI: 10.1007/s10311-006-0061-2
Lee, MRF, Olmos Colmenero, JDJ, Winters, AL, Scollan, ND & Minchin, FR 2006, 'Polyphenol oxidase activity in grass and its effect on plant-mediated lipolysis and proteolysis of Dactylis glomerata (Cocksfoot) in a simulated rumen environment' Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol 86, no. 10, pp. 1503-1511. DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.2533
Winters, AL, Bryant, DN, Gallagher, JA, Lee, MRF, Minchin, FR, Parveen, I, Theodorou, MK & Morris, P 2006, 'Biochemistry and molecular biology of polyphenol oxidases in grasses' Paper presented at XXIII International Conference on Polyphenols, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 2006 - 2006, pp. 303-304.
Winters, AL & Minchin, FR 2005, 'Modification of the Lowry Assay to measure proteins and phenols in covalently bound complexes' Analytical Biochemistry, vol 346, no. 1, pp. 43-48. DOI: 10.1016/j.ab.2005.07.041
Minchin, FR, Winters, AL, Morris, P, O'Mara, FP (ed.), Wilkins, RJ (ed.), 't Mannetje, L (ed.), Lovett, DK (ed.), Rogers, PAM (ed.) & Boland, TM (ed.) 2005, 'Substrate-dependent activation of polyphenol oxidase in red clover'.
Minchin, FR, Fothergill, M, Rees, ME, Winters, AL, Dalmannsdottir, S (ed.) & Helgadottir, A (ed.) 2005, 'PPO in red clover' pp. 63-67.
Winters, AL, Minchin, FR, Davies, Z, Kingston-Smith, AH, Theodorou, MK, Griffith, GW & Merry, RJ 2004, 'Effects of manipulating the protein content of white clover on silage quality' Animal Feed Science and Technology, vol 116, no. 3-4, pp. 3-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2004.07.002
Lee, MRF, Winters, AL, Scollan, ND, Dewhurst, RJ, Theodorou, MK & Minchin, FR 2004, 'Plant mediated lipolysis and proteolysis in red clover with different polyphenol oxidase activities' Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol 84, no. 13, pp. 1639-1645. DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.1854
Nash, RJ, Asano, N, Winters, AL, Yu, CY, Fleet, GWJ, Butters, TD, Ikeda, K, Dwek, RA, Wormald, MR & Wang, MX 2004, 'Looking glass inhibitors: L-DMDP, a more potent and specific inhibitor of alpha-glucosidases than the enantiomeric natural product DMDP' Chemical Communications, pp. 1936-1937. DOI: 10.1039/b406035k
Marley, CL, Winters, AL, Fraser, MD, Fychan, AR & Jones, R 2003, 'The effect of sowing ratio and stage of maturity at harvest on yield, persistency and chemical composition of fresh and ensiled red clover/lucerne bi-crops' Grass and Forage Science, vol 58, no. 4, pp. 397-406. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2494.2003.00392.x
Carmona, AT, Fuentes, JM, Winters, AL, Vogel, P, Robina, I, Garcia, ER & Demange, R 2003, 'Stereoselective syntheses of 1,4-dideoxy-1,4-imino-octitols and novel tetrahydroxyindolizidines' Journal of Organic Chemistry, pp. 3874-3883. DOI: 10.1021/jo026688a
Dennis, M, Hall, LM, Murphy, PJ, Thornhill, AJ, Nash, RJ, Winters, AL, Hursthouse, MB, Light, ME & Horton, P 2003, 'Intramolecular guanidine epoxide ring opening reactions' Tetrahedron Letters, vol 44, no. 15, pp. 3075-3080. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(03)00519-7
Winters, AL, Minchin, FR & Morris, P 2003, 'Effect of PPO on protein quality in fresh and conserved forage' pp. 1-3.
Winters, AL, Minchin, FR, Morris, P & Merry, RJ 2003, 'Comparison of polyphenol oxidase activity in red clover and perennial ryegrass' Aspects of Applied Biology, vol 70, pp. 15-16.
Abberton, MT, Scollan, ND, Michaelson-Yeates, TPT, Collins, RP, Minchin, FL, Winters, AL, Macduff, JH & Marshall, AH 2003, New approaches to forage legume breeding. in Vorträge für Pflanzenzüchtung. pp. 22-25, 24th EUCARPIA Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses Section, Braunschweig, Germany, 2002.
Merry, RJ, Winters, AL, Leemans, DK, Lloyd, JD & Lowes, K 2002, Effect of inoculation with Lactobacillus plantarum on protein degradation during ensilage of red clover. in C Thomas & LM Gechie (eds), Proceedings XIII International Silage Conference. Scotland's Rural College, pp. 11-13.
Winters, AL, Lloyd, JD, Jones, R & Merry, RJ 2002, 'Evaluation of a rapid method for estimating free amino acids in silages' Animal Feed Science and Technology, vol 99, no. 1-4, pp. 177-187. DOI: 10.1016/S0377-8401(02)00112-8
Davies, DR, Merry, RJ, Scollan, ND, Cooper, A, Evans, PR, Lowes, K, Bakewell, EL, Leemans, DK & Winters, AL 2002, Development of a novel silage inoculant from small scale laboratory to large clamp silos. in C Thomas & LM Gechie (eds), Proceedings XIII International Silage Conference. Scotland's Rural College, pp. 11-13, Proceedings XIII International Silage Conference, Scotland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 2002.
Fraser, MD, Winters, AL, Fychan, AR, Davies, DR & Jones, R 2001, 'The effect of harvest date and inoculation on the yield, fermentation characteristics and feeding value of kale silage' Grass and Forage Science, vol 56, no. 2, pp. 151-161. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2494.2001.00262.x
Winters, AL, Fychan, AR & Jones, R 2001, 'Effect of formic acid and a bacterial inoculant on the amino acid composition of grass silage and on animal performance' Grass and Forage Science, vol 56, no. 2, pp. 181-192. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2494.2001.00265.x
Jones, R, Theodorou, MK, Merry, RJ, Adesogan, AT, Davies, DR, Dewhurst, RJ, Fraser, M, Fychan, A, Nash, RJ, Kingston-Smith, A, Salawa, MB, Winters, A, Theobald, V, Roberts, JE, Evans, ST, Davies, RJT, Leemans, D, Bakewell, EL, Lloyd, JD & Bollard, AL 2000, Conservation of alternative forage crops. Final report to the Milk Development Council (MDC) - June 2000, Milk Development Council.