Dr Ana Winters

Dr Ana Winters

Principal Investigator

Contact Details

Teaching

Research

I am a plant biochemist with a special interest in protein and phenol chemistry. My more recent work has focussed on the enzyme polyphenol oxidase in forage crops looking at gene expression, enzyme biochemistry and phenol substrate chemistry. I am currently studying the effects of post-harvest changes on proscessing of crops for biofuel.

Publications

2017

Spicer, S., Adams, J., Thomas, D., Gallagher, J., Winters, A. 2017. Novel rapid method for the characterisation of polymeric sugars from macroalgae. Journal of Applied Phycology 29 (3) pp. 1507-1513. 10.1007/s10811-016-0995-0 Cadair

Purdy, S., Maddison, A., Nunn, C., Winters, A., Timms-Taravella, E., Jones, C., Clifton-Brown, J., Donnison, I., Gallagher, J. 2017. Could Miscanthus replace maize as the preferred substrate for anaerobic digestion in the United Kingdom?: Future breeding strategies. GCB Bioenergy 9 (6) pp. 1122-1139. 10.1111/gcbb.12419 Cadair

Dader, B., Moreno, A., Jones, D., Winters, A., Fereres, A. 2017. Aphid orientation and performance in glasshouses under different UV-A/UV-B radiation regimes. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 163 (3) pp. 344-353. 10.1111/eea.12583 Cadair

Akpanika, G.A., Winters, A., Wilson, T., Ayoola, G.A., Adepoju-Bello, A.A., Hauck, B. 2017. Polyphenols from Allanblackia floribunda seeds: Identification, quantification and antioxidant activity. Food Chemistry 222 pp. 35-42. 10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.12.002 Cadair

Boeckx, T., Winters, A., Webb, K., Kingston-Smith, A. 2017. Detection of potential chloroplastic substrates for polyphenol oxidase suggests a role in undamaged leaves. Frontiers in Plant Science 8 (3) 237 10.3389/fpls.2017.00237 Cadair

da Costa, R., Pattathil, S., Avci, U., Lee, S.J., Hazen, S.P., Winters, A., Hahn, M., Bosch, M. 2017. A Cell wall Reference Profile for Miscanthus Bioenergy-crops Highlights Compositional and Structural Variations Associated with Development and Organ Origin. New Phytologist 213 (4) pp. 1710-1725. 10.1111/nph.14306 Cadair

2016

Shah, I., Donnison, I., Insole, J., Winters, A., Dalton, S., Woodman, T., Bosch, M., Threadgill, M.D. 2016 (In press). An efficient assay for ferulic acid esterase and para-coumaric acid esterases in plants at physiologically relevant activities. Cell Chemistry and Biology 6 (5) pp. 300-311. Cadair

Baker, P., Winters, A., Hale, M.D.C. 2016. Biodegradtion of different genotypes of Miscanthus by Wood Rot Fungi. BioResources 11 (2) pp. 4379-4391. 10.15376/biores.11.2.4379-4391 Cadair

Jones, A.G., Bussell, J.S., Winters, A., Scullion, J., Jones, D. 2016. The functional quality of decomposing litter outputs from an Arctic plant community is affected by long-term exposure to enhanced UV-B. Ecological Indicators. Ecological Indicators 60 pp. 8-17. 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.05.052 Cadair

2015

Mur, L., Hauck, B., Winters, A., Heald, J.K., Lloyd, A.J., Chakraborty, U., Chakraborty, B.N. 2015. The development of tea blister caused by Exobasidium vexans in tea (Camellia sinensis) correlates with the reduced accumulation of some antimicrobial metabolites and the defence signals salicylic and jasmonic acids. Plant Pathology 64 (6) pp. 1471-1483. 10.1111/ppa.12364 Cadair

koivonen, E., Jaakkola, S., Terttu, H., Lampi, A., Halmemies-Beauchet-Filleau, A., Lee, M.R., Winters, A., Shingfield, K., Vanhatalo, A. 2015. Effects of Plant Species, Stage of Maturity, and Level of Formic Acid Addition on Lipolysis, Lipid Content, and Fatty Acid Composition during Ensiling. Journal of Animal Science 93 pp. 4408-4423. 10.2527/jas.2014-8813 Cadair

Boeckx, T., Webster, R., Winters, A., Webb, J., Gay, A., Kingston-Smith, A. 2015. Polyphenol oxidase-mediated protection against oxidative stress is not associated with enhanced photosynthetic efficiency. Annals of Botany 116 (4) pp. 529-540. 10.1093/aob/mcv081 Cadair

Boeckx, T., Winters, A., Webb, J., Kingston-Smith, A. 2015. Polyphenol oxidase in leaves; is there any significance to the chloroplastic localization? Journal of Experimental Botany 66 (12) pp. 3571-3579. 10.1093/jxb/erv141 Cadair

Webb, J., Winters, A. 2015 (In press). Polyphenol oxidase and red clover. Legume Perspectives Cadair

2014

Webb, J., Cookson, A., Allison, G., Sullivan, M., Winters, A. 2014. Polyphenol oxidase affects normal nodule development in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). Frontiers in Plant Science 5 700 10.3389/fpls.2014.00700 Cadair

Fernandes Da Costa, R.M., Lee, S.J., Allison, G.G., Hazen, S.P., Winters, A., Bosch, M. 2014. Genotype, development and tissue-derived variation of cell-wall properties in the lignocellulosic energy crop Miscanthus. Annals of Botany 114 (6) pp. 1265-1277. 10.1093/aob/mcu054 Cadair

Dader, B., Jones, D., Moreno, A., Winters, A., Ferres, A. 2014. Impact of UV-A radiation on the performance of aphids and whiteflies and on the leaf chemistry of their host plants. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 138 pp. 307-316. 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2014.06.009 Cadair

Parveen, I., Wilson, T., Threadgill, M.D., Luyten, J., Roberts, R.E., Robson, P.R., Hauck, B.D., Donnison, I.S., Winters, A.L. 2014. Screening for potential co-products in a Miscanthus sinensis mapping family by liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry detection. Phytochemistry 105 pp. 186-196. 10.1016/j.phytochem.2014.05.003 Cadair

Schogor, A.L.B., Huws, S.A., Santos, G.T.D., Scollan, N.D., Hauck, B.D., Winters, A.L., Kim, E.J., Petit, H.V.Heimesaat, M.M. 2014. Ruminal Prevotella spp. May Play an Important Role in the Conversion of Plant Lignans into Human Health Beneficial Antioxidants. PLoS One 9 (4) e87949 10.1371/journal.pone.0087949 Other Cadair

Bryant, D., Morris, S.M., Gallagher, J., Winters, A., Donnison, I., Morris, P., Harding, G., Timms-Taravella, E., Thomas, D., Leemans, D. 2014. GB Application - Bioethanol from grass. Cadair

Hauck, B., Gallagher, J., Morris, S.M., Leemans, D.K., Winters, A. 2014. Soluble Phenolic Compounds in Fresh and Ensiled Orchard Grass (Dactylis glomerata L.), a Common Species in Permanent Pastures with Potential as a Biomass Feedstock. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 62 (2) pp. 468-475. 10.1021/jf4040749 Cadair

Sanchez-Martin, J., Heald, J., Kingston-Smith, A., Winters, A., Rubiales, D., Sanz, M., Mur, L., Prats, E. 2014. A metabolomic study in oats (Avena sativa) highlights a drought tolerance mechanism based on salicylate signalling pathways and the modulation of carbon, antioxidant and photo-oxidative metabolism. Plant, Cell and Environment 10.1111/pce.12501 Cadair

2013

Fernandes Da Costa, R.M., Winters, A.L., Bosch, M. 2013. Cell-wall compositional analysis of the energy crop Miscanthus as a means to optimise its application as a feedstock for bioenergy and biorefining. XIII Cell Wall Meeting. Cadair

Comont, D.C., Winters, A.L., Gomez, L.D., McQueen-Mason, S.J., Gwynn-Jones, D. 2013. Latitudinal variation In ambient UV-B radiation is an important determinant of Lolium perenne forage production, quality, and digestibility. Journal of Experimental Botany 64 (8) pp. 2193-2204. 10.1093/jxb/ert077 Cadair

Webb, K.J., Cookson, A.R., Allison, G.G., Sullivan, M.L., Winters, A.L. 2013. Gene expression patterns, localisation and substrates of polyphenol oxidase in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 61 (31) pp. 7421-7430. 10.1021/jf401122d Cadair

Cabiddu, A., Lee, M.R., Decandia, M., Molle, G., Salis, L., Varqui, M., Winters, A.L. 2013. Characterization of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity in a range of forage ecotypes with different phenol substrates. A new insight for PPO and protein bound phenol evaluation. Grass and Forage Science 69 (4) pp. 678-692. 10.1111/gfs.12082 Cadair

Stampolidis, P., Kaderbhai, N., Bryant, D., Winters, A., Gallagher, J., Kaderbhai, M.A. 2013. Co-expression of lupanine hydroxylase and pyrroloquinoline quinone 2 leads to assembled and active recombinant lupanine hydroxylase in the 3 Escherichia coli periplasm. Archives of Microbiology 10.13140/RG.2.1.4937.7449 Cadair

2012

Gwynn-Jones, D., Jones, A.G., Waterhouse, A., Winters, A., Comont, D., Scullion, J., Gardias, R., Graee, B.J., Lee, J.A., Callaghan, T.V. 2012. Enhanced UV-B and Elevated CO2 Impacts Sub-Arctic Shrub Berry Abundance, Quality and Seed Germination. Ambio: A Journal of the Human Environment 41 (3) pp. 256-268. 10.1007/s13280-012-0311-4 Cadair

Comont, D.C., Winters, A.L., Gwynn-Jones, D. 2012. Acclimation and interaction between drought and elevated UV-B in A. thaliana: Differences in response over treatment, recovery and reproduction. Ecology and Evolution 2 (11) pp. 2695-2709. 10.1002/ece3.387 Cadair

Boeckx, T., Kingston-Smith, A., Webster, R., Winters, A., Webb, K., Gay, A. 2012. Can polyphenol oxidase mitigate photooxidative damage under abiotic stress conditions? Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) Annual Meeting. Cadair

2011

Parveen, I., Threadgill, M.D., Hauck, B.D., Donnison, I.S., Winters, A.L. 2011. Isolation, identification and quantitation of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates, potential platform chemicals, in the leaves and stems of Miscanthus x giganteus using LC-ESI-MS(n). Phytochemistry 72 (18) pp. 2376-2384. 10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.08.015 Cadair

Parveen, I., Threadgill, M.D., Hauck, B.D., Donnison, I., Winters, A.L. 2011. Isolation, identification and quantitation of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates, potential platform chemicals, in the leaves and stems of Miscanthus × giganteus using LC–ESI-MSn. Phytochemistry 72 (18) pp. 2376-2384. 10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.08.015, Cadair

Winters, A.L., Leemans, D., Morris, S.M., Pippel, J., Lovatt, A., Charlton, A., Gallagher, J.Smith, L., Stafford, A., Weightman, R. 2011. High-sugar perennial ryegrass as a feed-stock for bioconversion to platform chemicals. Aspects of Applied Biology pp. 79-86. Cadair Other

Dalton, S.J., Gallagher, J.A., Winters, A.L., Langdon, T., Timms-Taravella, E., Donnison, I.S. 2011. Genetic transformation of Miscanthus sinensis with a ferulic acid esterase gene. 33rd Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals. Other Cadair

Boeckx, T., Webster, R., Winters, A.L., Webb, K.J., Kingston-Smith, A.H. 2011. Can PPO mitigate photooxidative damage under abiotic stress conditions? 2011 Society for Experimental Biology Annual Main Meeting. Cadair

Dalton, S.J., Winters, A.L., Langdon, T., Timms-Taravella, E., Donnison, I.S. 2011. Genetic transformation of Miscanthus sinensis with FAE. Plant Transformation Technologies II Conference. Cadair

Cabiddu, A., Lee, M.R.F., Decandia, M., Giovanni, M., Salis, L., Vergiu, M., Winters, A.L. 2011. Characterization of polyphenol oxidase activity in different forage ecotypes with different phenolic substrates. 8th International Symposium for the Nutrition of Herbivores. 10.1017/S2040470011002780 Cadair

2010

Parveen, I., Threadgill, M.D., Moorby, J.M., Winters, A.L. 2010. Oxidative phenols in forage crops containing polyphenol oxidase enzymes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58 (3) pp. 1371-1382. 10.1021/jf9024294 Cadair

Hauck, B.D., Parveen, I., Gallagher, J.A., Donnison, I.S., Winters, A. 2010. Accumulation of soluble phenolic compounds in the forage grass species, cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L). XXVth International Conference on Polyphenols. Cadair

Parveen, I., Donnison, I.S., Threadgill, M.D., Hauck, B.D., Winters, A.L. 2010. Isolation, identification and quantification of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates in leaf and stem tissue of Miscanthus sacchariflorus and sinensis and their potential as platform chemicals. Gordon Research Conference, 'Green Chemistry', Davidson College, Davison, North Carolina. Cadair

Parveen, I., Threadgill, M.D., Hauck, B.D., Donnison, I.S., Winters, A.L. 2010. Isolation, identification and quantification of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates in leaf and stem tissue of Miscanthus x giganteus and their potential as platform chemicals. XXVth International Conference on Polyphenols. Cadair

Winters, A.L., Holmes, S., Hauck, B.D., Gwynn-Jones, D. 2010. Effect of UV exposure on the abundance of plant phenol compounds in Latuca sativa L. cv. Lolla Rossa leaf tissue. XXVth International Conference on Polyphenols. Cadair

2009

Winters, A.L., Heywood, S., Farrar, K., Donnison, I.S., Thomas, A.M., Webb, K.J. 2009. Identification of an extensive gene cluster among a family of PPOs in Trifolium pratense L. (red clover) using a large insert BAC library. BMC Plant Biology 9 94 10.1186/1471-2229-9-94 Cadair Other

Parveen, I., Threadgill, M.D., Hauck, B.D., Donnison, I.S., Winters, A.L. 2009. Rapid identification of hydroxycinnamate esters in Miscanthus giganteus and Miscanthus goliath as substrates for polyphenol oxidase using ESI-MS/MS. Planta Medica 75 (9) 55th International Congress and Annual Meeting of the Society for Medicinal Plant Research and Natural Product Research. pp. 900. 10.1055/s-0029-1234318 Cadair

Lee, M.R.F., Tweed, J.K.S., Minchin, F.R., Winters, A.L. 2009. Red clover polyphenol oxidase: activation activity and efficacy under grazing. Animal Feed Science and Technology 149 (3-4) pp. 250-264. 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2008.06.013 Cadair

Lee, M.R.F., Theobald, V.J., Tweed, J.K.S., Winters, A.L., Scollan, N.D. 2009. Effect of feeding fresh or conditioned red clover on milk fatty acids and Nitrogen utilisation in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 92 (3) pp. 1136-1147. 10.3168/jds.2008-1692 Cadair

Winters, A.L., Gallagher, J.A. 2009. Festuca pratensis partial PPO sequence. Cadair

Winters, A.L., Gallagher, J.A. 2009. Lolium perenne partial PPO sequence. Other Cadair

Winters, A.L., Webb, K.J., Donnison, I.S. 2009. Trifolium pratense PPO1/4. Other Cadair

2008

Parveen, I., Winters, A., Threadgill, M.D., Hauck, B.D., Morris, P. 2008. Extraction, structural characterisation and evaluation of hydroxycinnamate esters of orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata) as substrates for polyphenol oxidase. Phytochemistry 69 (16) pp. 2799-2806. 10.1016/j.phytochem.2008.08.019 Cadair

Parveen, I., Morris, P., Winters, A.L., Hauck, B.D., Threadgill, M.D. 2008. Extraction, structural characterisation and evaluation of hydroxycinnamate esters of orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata) as substrates for polyphonel oxidase. Planta Medica 74 Natural products with Pharmaceutical, Nutraceutical, Cosmetic and Agrochemical interest. Joint meeting of AFERP/ASP/GA/PSE/SIF. pp. T1.51. 10.1055/s-0028-1084432 Cadair

Lee, M.R.F., Minchin, F.R., Winters, A.L. 2008. Polyphenol oxidase activity and protein complexing in damaged red clover herbage. BSAS Annual Conference, Spa Complex, Scarborough, 31 March - 2 April 2008. 2008 British Society of Animal Science Annual Conference. pp. p029. Cadair

Winters, A.L., Minchin, F.R., Michaelson-Yeates, T.P.T., Lee, M.R.F., Morris, P. 2008. Latent and Active Polyphenol Oxidase (PPO) in Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) and Use of a Low PPO Mutant To Study the Role of PPO in Proteolysis Reduction. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56 (8) pp. 2817-2824. 10.1021/jf0726177 Cadair

Watson, A.A., Winters, A.L., Corbet, S.A., Tiley, C., Nash, R.J. 2008. Selective metabolism of glycosidase inhibitors by a specialized moth feeding on Hyacinthoides non-scripta flowers. Natural Product Communications 3 (1) pp. 41-44. Cadair

Parveen, I., Winters, A.L., Hauck, B.D., Morris, P. 2008. Identification of substrates of polyphenol oxidase enzyme from cocksfoot species using NMR and LCMS techniques. A young scientists symposium, Garganano. Cadair

Winters, A.L., Donnison, I.P., Abberton, M.T., Ravagnani, A., Webb, K.J. 2008. Defence-related polyphenol oxidase gene family resides on an extensive gene cluster in red clover. IVth International Conference on Legume Genomics and Genetics. Cadair

Winters, A.L., Gill, S., Parveen, I., Sullivan, M.L., Webb, K.J. 2008. Role of red clover polyphenol oxidase in pathogen resistance. 24th International Conference on Polyphenols. Cadair

Winters, A.L., Davies, D.R., Timms-Taravella, E., Jackson, C., Morris, M., Kelly, R., Donnison, I.S., Gallagher, J.A. 2008. Isolation of an enzyme for the conversion of grass polymeric fructan to fructose, a fermentable substrate for the production of ethanol. Agricultural Biotechnology International Conference. Cadair

2007

Winters, A.L., Lee, M.R.F., Minchin, F.R.Hopkins, J.J., Duncan, A.J., McCracken, D.I., Peel, S., Tallowin, J.R.B. 2007. Plant mediated lipolysis of grass genotypes with varying concentrations of polyphenol oxidase. Cadair Other

2006

Theodorou, M.K., Lee, M.R.F., Winters, A.L., Minchin, F.R., Morris, P., Kingston-Smith, A.H., MacRae, J.C. 2006. Polyphenols and their influence on gut function and health in ruminants: A review. Environmental Chemistry Letters 4 (3) pp. 121-126. 10.1007/s10311-006-0061-2 Cadair

Lee, M.R.F., Olmos Colmenero, J.d.J., Winters, A.L., Scollan, N.D., Minchin, F.R. 2006. Polyphenol oxidase activity in grass and its effect on plant-mediated lipolysis and proteolysis of Dactylis glomerata (Cocksfoot) in a simulated rumen environment. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 86 (10) pp. 1503-1511. 10.1002/jsfa.2533 Cadair

Winters, A.L., Bryant, D.N., Gallagher, J.A., Lee, M.R.F., Minchin, F.R., Parveen, I., Theodorou, M.K., Morris, P. 2006. Biochemistry and molecular biology of polyphenol oxidases in grasses. XXIII International Conference on Polyphenols, Winnipeg. Cadair

2005

Winters, A.L., Minchin, F.R. 2005. Modification of the Lowry Assay to measure proteins and phenols in covalently bound complexes. Analytical Biochemistry 346 (1) pp. 43-48. 10.1016/j.ab.2005.07.041 Cadair

Minchin, F.R., Winters, A.L., Morris, P.O'Mara, F.P., Wilkins, R.J., 't Mannetje, L., Lovett, D.K., Rogers, P.A.M., Boland, T.M. 2005. Substrate-dependent activation of polyphenol oxidase in red clover. Cadair Other

Minchin, F.R., Fothergill, M., Rees, M.E., Winters, A.L.Dalmannsdottir, S., Helgadottir, A. 2005. PPO in red clover. Cadair Other

2004

Winters, A.L., Minchin, F.R., Davies, Z., Kingston-Smith, A.H., Theodorou, M.K., Griffith, G.W., Merry, R.J. 2004. Effects of manipulating the protein content of white clover on silage quality. Animal Feed Science and Technology 116 (3-4) pp. 3-4. 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2004.07.002 Cadair

Lee, M.R.F., Winters, A.L., Scollan, N.D., Dewhurst, R.J., Theodorou, M.K., Minchin, F.R. 2004. Plant mediated lipolysis and proteolysis in red clover with different polyphenol oxidase activities. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 84 (13) pp. 1639-1645. 10.1002/jsfa.1854 Cadair

Nash, R.J., Asano, N., Winters, A.L., Yu, C.Y., Fleet, G.W.J., Butters, T.D., Ikeda, K., Dwek, R.A., Wormald, M.R., Wang, M.X. 2004. Looking glass inhibitors: L-DMDP, a more potent and specific inhibitor of alpha-glucosidases than the enantiomeric natural product DMDP. Chemical Communications pp. 1936-1937. 10.1039/b406035k Cadair

2003

Marley, C.L., Winters, A.L., Fraser, M.D., Fychan, A.R., Jones, R. 2003. The effect of sowing ratio and stage of maturity at harvest on yield, persistency and chemical composition of fresh and ensiled red clover/lucerne bi-crops. Grass and Forage Science 58 (4) pp. 397-406. 10.1111/j.1365-2494.2003.00392.x Cadair Other

Carmona, A.T., Fuentes, J.M., Winters, A.L., Vogel, P., Robina, I., Garcia, E.R., Demange, R. 2003. Stereoselective syntheses of 1,4-dideoxy-1,4-imino-octitols and novel tetrahydroxyindolizidines. Journal of Organic Chemistry pp. 3874-3883. 10.1021/jo026688a Cadair

Dennis, M., Hall, L.M., Murphy, P.J., Thornhill, A.J., Nash, R.J., Winters, A.L., Hursthouse, M.B., Light, M.E., Horton, P. 2003. Intramolecular guanidine epoxide ring opening reactions. Tetrahedron Letters 44 (15) pp. 3075-3080. 10.1016/S0040-4039(03)00519-7 Cadair

Winters, A.L., Minchin, F.R., Morris, P. 2003. Effect of PPO on protein quality in fresh and conserved forage. Cadair

Winters, A.L., Minchin, F.R., Morris, P., Merry, R.J. 2003. Comparison of polyphenol oxidase activity in red clover and perennial ryegrass. Aspects of Applied Biology 70 pp. 15-16. Cadair

Abberton, M.T., Scollan, N.D., Michaelson-Yeates, T.P.T., Collins, R.P., Minchin, F.L., Winters, A.L., Macduff, J.H., Marshall, A.H. 2003. New approaches to forage legume breeding. Vorträge für Pflanzenzüchtung. 24th EUCARPIA Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses Section. pp. 22-25. Cadair

2002

Merry, R.J., Winters, A.L., Leemans, D.K., Lloyd, J.D., Lowes, K. 2002. Effect of inoculation with Lactobacillus plantarum on protein degradation during ensilage of red clover. In C. Thomas., L. M. Gechie. (eds) Proceedings XIII International Silage Conference. Scotland's Rural College pp. 11-13. Cadair

Winters, A.L., Lloyd, J.D., Jones, R., Merry, R.J. 2002. Evaluation of a rapid method for estimating free amino acids in silages. Animal Feed Science and Technology 99 (1-4) pp. 177-187. 10.1016/S0377-8401(02)00112-8 Cadair

Davies, D.R., Merry, R.J., Scollan, N.D., Cooper, A., Evans, P.R., Lowes, K., Bakewell, E.L., Leemans, D.K., Winters, A.L. 2002. Development of a novel silage inoculant from small scale laboratory to large clamp silos. In C. Thomas., L. M. Gechie. (eds) Proceedings XIII International Silage Conference. Proceedings XIII International Silage Conference. Scotland's Rural College pp. 11-13. Cadair Other

2001

Fraser, M.D., Winters, A.L., Fychan, A.R., Davies, D.R., Jones, R. 2001. The effect of harvest date and inoculation on the yield, fermentation characteristics and feeding value of kale silage. Grass and Forage Science 56 (2) pp. 151-161. 10.1046/j.1365-2494.2001.00262.x Cadair

Winters, A.L., Fychan, A.R., Jones, R. 2001. Effect of formic acid and a bacterial inoculant on the amino acid composition of grass silage and on animal performance. Grass and Forage Science 56 (2) pp. 181-192. 10.1046/j.1365-2494.2001.00265.x Cadair

2000

Jones, R., Theodorou, M.K., Merry, R.J., Adesogan, A.T., Davies, D.R., Dewhurst, R.J., Fraser, M., Fychan, A., Nash, R.J., Kingston-Smith, A., Salawa, M.B., Winters, A., Theobald, V., Roberts, J.E., Evans, S.T., Davies, R.J.T., Leemans, D., Bakewell, E.L., Lloyd, J.D., Bollard, A.L. 2000. Conservation of alternative forage crops. Final report to the Milk Development Council (MDC) - June 2000 Milk Development Council Cadair

1996

Winters, A., Gallagher, J., Barron, N., Rollan, A., McHale, A.P. 1996. Molecular cloning and expression of a Micromonospora chalcae β-glucosidase encoding gene in Escherichia coli. Biotechnology Letters 18 (12) pp. 1387-1390. 10.1007/BF00129340 Cadair

Gallagher, J., Winters, A., Barron, N., McHale, L., McHale, A.P. 1996. Production of cellulase and beta-glucosidase activity during growth of the actinomycete Micromonospora chalcae on cellulose containing media. Biotechnology Letters 18 (5) pp. 537-540. 10.1007/BF00140199 Cadair

1995

Winters, A.L., Gallagher, J., Pollock, C.J., Parrar, J.F. 1995. Isolation of a gene expressed during sucrose accumulation in leaves of Lolium temulentum L. Journal of Experimental Botany 46 (Special Issue) pp. 1345-1350. 10.1093/jxb/46.special_issue.1345 Cadair

1994

Winters, A.L., Williams, J.H.H., Thomas, D.S., Pollock, C. 1994. Changes in gene‐expression in response to sucrose accumulation in leaf tissue of Lolium temulentum L. New Phytologist 128 (4) pp. 591-600. Cadair

1990

Hendy, L., Gallagher, J., Winters, A., Hackett, T.J., McHale, L., McHale, A.P. 1990. Production of an extracellular chitinolytic system byTalaromyces emersonii CBS 814.70. Biotechnology Letters 12 (9) pp. 673-678. 10.1007/BF01088192 Cadair