Dr Danny Thorogood

BSc(Hons), PhD University of Wales

Dr Danny Thorogood

Principal Investigator

Contact Details


My research career has focused on studying the biology of the Poaceae (grasses). After completing my PhD research I was employed as a plant breeder at the Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, funded by Germinal Holdings Ltd. I developed stay green perennial ryegrass varieties, for turf use, based on transfer of the stay green gene from Festuca pratensis. I have a wide portfolio of turfgrass varieties on the EU Common Catalogue that have been commercialised and have been used in major sports installations. My background in plant breeding has meant that my research focus has been on using high-throughput phenomics and image analysis and genomics including SNP generation to develop more efficient methodology for understanding the genetic control of a range of agronomic and plant life-cycle traits and to use this information in marker assisted selection breeding programmes. I was a co-investigator on a BBSRC Follow on Fund (BB/FOF/194) “Using gene specific DNA markers to assi



BRM1420 - Food Security: Scientific Solutions BR12410 - Study and Communication Skills


Research interests in reproductive systems of grasses and clovers, quantitative trait mapping and marker assisted selection strategy.

Current projects

  • Genetics, Genomics and Germplasm (C3G), 2012-2017, Crop BBSRC ISPG Grant (BB/J004405/1) in Work Package 2. Lolium and Trifolium Genetics, Genomics and Germplasm development - Understanding and Manipulating Self-Incompatibility in Grasses and Clovers.
  • CropLife, 2011-2014, EU FP7 Marie-Curie ITN -EC Grant Agreement No. 264394.


A novel multivariate approach to phenotyping and association mapping of multi-locus gametophytic self-incompatibility reveals S, Z and other loci in a perennial ryegrass (Poaceae) population: Identifying Multi-Locus Gametophytic Self-Incompatibility GenesThorogood, D., Yates, S., Manzanares, C., Skot, L., Hegarty, M., Blackmore, T., Barth, S. & Studer, B. 2017 In : Frontiers in Plant Science.8, 13 p., 1331
A Gene Encoding a DUF247 Domain Protein Cosegregates with the S Self-Incompatibility Locus in Perennial RyegrassManzanares, C., Barth, S., Thorogood, D., Byrne, S., Yates, S., Czaban, A., Asp, T., Yang, B. & Studer, B. 2016 In : Molecular Biology and Evolution.33, 4, p. 870-88415 p.
Germplasm dynamics: the role of ecotypic diversity in shaping the patterns of genetic variation in Lolium perenneBlackmore, T., Thorogood, D., Skot, L., McMahon, R., Powell, W. & Hegarty, M. 2016 In : Scientific Reports.6, 11 p., 22603
Implementation of genomic prediction in Lolium perenne (L.) breeding populationsGrinberg, N., Lovatt, A., Hegarty, M., Macfarlane, A. C., Skot, K., Kelly, R., Blackmore, T., Thorogood, D., King, R. D., Armstead, I., Powell, W. & Skot, L. 2016 In : Frontiers in Plant Science.7, 133
A genetic association between leaf elongation rate and flowering time in perennial ryegrass.Thorogood, D., Blackmore, T. M., Mathews, R., Allen, D., MacDuff, J. H. & Hegarty, M. J. 2014 Quantitative Traits Breeding for Multifunctional Grasslands and Turf. Sokolović, . D., Huyghe, C. & Radović, J. (eds.). Springer Nature, p. 267-2714 p.
QTL identification for leaf senescence in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.)Canunayon, M. & Thorogood, D. 2014 Quantitative Traits Breeding for Multifunctional Grasslands and Turf. Sokolović, . D., Huyghe, C. & Radović , J. (eds.). Springer Nature, Vol. 14, p. 239-2478 p.
The Genetic Control of Self-Incompatibility in Grasses Revisited – Are There Really Just Two Loci?Thorogood, D., Manzanares, C., Hegarty, M. J., Asp, T., Barth, S. & Studer, B. 2014 p. W092
Flowering TimeBentley, A. R., Jensen, E. F., Mackay, I., Honicka, H., Fladung, M., Hori, K., Yano, M., Mullet, J. E., Armstead, I. P., Hayes, C. M., Thorogood, D., Lovatt, J. A., Morris, R., Pullen, N., Mutasa-Gottgens, E. & Cockram, J. 2013 Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops: Target Traits. Kole, C. (ed.). Springer Nature, Vol. 2, p. 1-66
Population Genetics of the Grass Self-incompatibility System—Practical Implications for Grass Breeding ProgrammesManzanares, C., Studer, B., Hayes, R. C., Barth, S. & Thorogood, D. 2013 Breeding strategies for sustainable forage and turf grass improvement. Barth, S. & Milbourne, D. (eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Nature, Vol. 2, p. 55-61
Self-incompatibility in ryegrass: Homing in on the genes of the S-locus complexManzanares, C., Studer, B., Barth, S., Asp, T. & Thorogood, D. 2013 p. 82-821 p.
Determination of Self-Incompatibility Genotypes in Lolium perenne through linked DNA marker genotypingThorogood, D., Manzanares, C., Studer, B., Hayes, R. C., Barth, S. & Asp, T. 2013 p. 58-581 p.
Progress towards elucidating the mechanisms of self-incompatibility in the grasses: further insights from studies in LoliumKlaas, M., Yang, B., Bosch, M., Thorogood, D., Manzanares, C., Armstead, I. P., Franklin, F. C. H. & Barth, S. 2011 In : Annals of Botany.108, 4, p. 677-6859 p.
Allelic variation in the perennial ryegrass FLOWERING LOCUS T gene is associated with changes in flowering time across a range of populationsSkøt, L., Sanderson, R., Thomas, A. M., Skøt, K. P., Thorogood, D., Latypova, G. A., Asp, T. & Armstead, I. P. 2011 In : Plant Physiology.155, 2, p. 1013-102210 p.
Population genetics of the grass self-incompatibility system - Practical implications for grass breeding programmesManzanares, C., Studer, B., Hayes, R., Barth, S. & Thorogood, D. 2011
The genetic location of the self-incompatibility locus in white clover (Trifolium repens L.)Casey, N. M., Milbourne, D., Barth, S., Febrer, M., Jenkins, G., Abberton, M. T., Jones, C. & Thorogood, D. 2010 In : Theoretical and Applied Genetics.121, 3, p. 567-57610 p.
Breeding Objectives in Amenity GrassesDuller, S., Thorogood, D. & Bonos, S. 2010 Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses: Handbook of Plant Breeding. Boller, B., Posselt, U. K. & Veronesi, F. (eds.). Springer Nature, Vol. 5, p. 137-16024 p. (Handbook of Plant Breeding)
Identification of genes expressed during the self-incompatibility response in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.)Yang, B., Thorogood, D., Armstead, I. P., Franklin, F. C. H. & Barth, S. 2009 In : Plant Molecular Biology.70, 6, p. 709-72315 p.
Using gene specific DNA markers to assist targeted manipulation of flowering time and duration and seed yield potential in grass cropsSkot, L. & Thorogood, D. 2009 Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council.
Understanding the genetic basis of flowering and fertility in the ryegrasses (Lolium spp.)Armstead, I. P., Barth, S., Yang, B., Thorogood, D., Humphreys, M. O., King, I. P., Marshall, A. H., Turner, L. B., Skøt, L., Yamada, T. (ed.) & Spangenberg, G. (ed.) 2009 Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf. Yamada, T. & Spangenberg, G. (eds.). Springer Nature, Vol. 12, p. 185-1928 p.
Mapping the self-incompatibility (S) locus in white clover (Trifolium repens L.)Casey, N., Milbourne, D., Febrer, M., Abberton, M., Jenkins, G., Barth, S. & Thorogood, D. 2009 p. 118-1181 p.
How far are we from unravelling self-incompatibility in grasses?Yang, B., Thorogood, D., Armstead, I. P. & Barth, S. 2008 In : New Phytologist.178, 4, p. 740-75314 p.
Identifying genetic components controlling fertility in the outcrossing grass species perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) by quantitative trait loci analysis and comparative geneticsArmstead, I. P., Turner, L. B., Marshall, A. H., Humphreys, M. O., King, I. P. & Thorogood, D. 2008 In : New Phytologist.178, 3, p. 559-57113 p.
Development of a genomic microsatellite library in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and its use in trait mappingKing, J., Thorogood, D., Edwards, K. J., Armstead, I. P., Roberts, L. A., Skøt, K. P., Hanley, Z. & King, I. P. 2008 In : Annals of Botany.101, 6, p. 845-8539 p.
Association and introgression mapping of quantitative traits in Lolium perenne: flowering time, forage quality and abiotic stress toleranceSkot, L., Thorogood, D., Armstead, I. P., Humphreys, J., Sanderson, R., Thomas, I. D., Gallagher, J. A., Turner, L. B., Humphreys, M. W. & Humphreys, M. O. 2008 p. W169
Towards resolving vegetative growth and seed production conflicts in perennial ryegrass used for turf and forageThorogood, D. & Armstead, I. P. 2008 p. p16
Beauty and the beast - turfgrass breeding achievements and future objectivesThorogood, D. 2008
Identification and characterisation of genes involved in self-incompatibility (SI) in Lolium perenneYang, B., Thorogood, D., Armstead, I. P., Franklin, F. C. H., Barth, S. & Lubberstedt, T. (ed.) 2008
Identification of differentially expressed genes during self-incompatibility (SI) response in Lolium perenneYang, B., Thorogood, D., Armstead, I. P., Franklin, F. C. H. & Barth, S. 2008
From phenotype to genotype: whole tissue profiling for plant breedingRoberts, L. A., Thorogood, D., King, I. P., Goodacre, R., Ougham, H. J., Reader, S. M. & Ellis, D. I. 2007 In : Metabolomics.3, 4, p. 489-50113 p.
Association of candidate genes with flowering time and water-soluble carbohydrate content in Lolium perenne (L.)Skøt, L., Humphreys, J., Humphreys, M. O., Thorogood, D., Gallagher, J. A., Sanderson, R., Armstead, I. P. & Thomas, I. D. 2007 In : Genetics.177, 1, p. 535-54713 p.
Association of candidate genes with flowering time and forage quality traits in Lolium perenneThorogood, D. 2007 Proceedings of the XXVIIth EUCARPIA Symposium on improvement of fodder crops and amenity grasses, Copenhagen, Denmark, 19th to 23rd August 2007.
Strategies to combine improved reproductive and agronomic traits in forage plant breeding programmesMarshall, A., Abberton, M. T., Thorogood, D., Armstead, I. & Michaelson-Yeates, T. P. T. 2007 p. 22-275 p.
Distinguishing Poa supina and P. annua by species specific isozyme alleles and flow cytometryThorogood, D. & Hughes, S. J. 2005 In : International Turfgrass Society Research Journal.p. 654-6607 p.
Development of a microsatellite library in Lolium perenneThorogood, D., Skøt, K. P., Roberts, L. A., King, I. P., King, J., Elborough, K. M. & Humphreys, M. O. (ed.) 2005 p. 978-9013 p.
Technical (non peer-reviewed) paper summaries presented at the 10th International Turfgrass Research Conference, Llandudno, Wales, UK, 10-15 July 2005Thorogood, D. & Lovatt, A. 2005
Research papers presented at the 10th International Turfgrass Research Conference, Llandudno, Wales, UK, 10-15 July 2005 - Part 1Lovatt, J. A. & Thorogood, D. 2005 10th International Turfgrass Research Conference, Llandudno, Wales, UK, 10-15 July 2005.p. 1-686686 p.
Research papers presented at the 10th International Turfgrass Research Conference, Llandudno, Wales, UK, 10-15 July 2005 - Part 2Lovatt, J. A. & Thorogood, D. 2005 International Turfgrass Society Research Journal Volume 10, Part 2.International Turfgrass Society, Vol. 10, p. 687-1262576 p.
Identification and mode of action of self-compatibility loci in Lolium perenne LThorogood, D., Armstead, I. P., Turner, L. B., Humphreys, M. O. & Hayward, M. D. 2004 In : Heredity.94, p. 356-3638 p.
Photoinhibition and resistance to winter damage in stay-green amenity grassesGay, A., Smith, E. L., Kingston-Smith, A., Thorogood, D., Roca, M., Ougham, H., Thomas, H., Evans, C., Davies, T. & Moss, L. 2004 Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A.Vol. 137, S170
AberNile - Stay-Green Perennial RyegrassThorogood, D. 2004
Directed use of wild perennial ryegrass germplasm in turfgrass improvement programmesThorogood, D. & Skøt, L. 2003 p. 147-15711 p.
AberVelvet (BL2871 – renamed as AberFlight) – slender creeping red fescueThorogood, D. & Hughes-Duller, S. J. 2003
Perennial ryegrassThorogood, D. 2003 Turfgrass biology. genetics, B. (ed.). Wiley, p. 75-10531 p.
Isolate specific trait loci for resistance to crown rust in perennial ryegrassRoderick, H. W., Humphreys, M. O., Turner, L., Armstead, I. & Thorogood, D. 2003 Proceedings International Symposium on Grass Breeding: 24th EUCARPIA fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses. Posselt, U. K. & Greef, J. M. (eds.). Vol. 59, p. 244-2474 p. (Vortrage fur Pflanzenzuchtug)
Self-incompatibility in ryegrass 12. Genotyping and mapping the S and Z loci of Lolium perenne L.Thorogood, D., Kaiser, W. J., Jones, J. G. & Armstead, I. P. 2002 In : Heredity.88, p. 385-3906 p.
Seed testing for endophytes by microscopic and immunoblot proceduresGriffiths, C. H., De Battista, J. P., Hill, N. S., Hiatt, E. E., Thorogood, D., Klap, J., Costa, M. C. & Reeves, J. H. 2002 In : Seed Science and Technology.p. 347-3559 p.
Genotyping and mapping the self-incompatibility loci of Lolium perenne L.Armstead, I. P., Thorogood, D., Kaiser, W. J. & Jones, J. G. 2002 Proceedings International Symposium on Grass Breeding. 24th EUCARPIA Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses Section, FAL, Braunschweig, Germany, 22-25 September 2002.p. 22-254 p.
QTL analysis of crown rust resistance in perennial ryegrass - implications for breedingPaget, M. F., Armstead, I. P., Humphreys, M. O., Thorogood, D., Turner, L. B. & Roderick, H. W. 2001 In : International Turfgrass Society Research Journal.9, p. 218-2236 p.
Crown rust Puccinia coronata Corda: recent developmentsThorogood, D., Gras, M. C., Eickmeyer, F., Feierstein, U., Guesquiere, A., Bourdon, P., Reheul, D., Hoks, I., Cagas, B., Boller, B. & Baert, J. 2001 p. 26-294 p.
Molecular breeding in pasture species and its application to improving pest and disease resistanceHumphreys, M. O., Cook, R., Abberton, M. T., Turner, L. B., Thorogood, D., Roderick, H. W. & Paul, V. H. (ed.) 2001 p. 77-8711 p.
Temperature-dependent resistance to crown rust infection in perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenneRoderick, H. W., Thorogood, D. & Adomako, B. 2000 In : Plant Breeding.119, 1, p. 93-953 p.
Varietal colour of Lolium perenne L turfgrass and its interaction with environmental conditionsThorogood, D. 1996 In : Plant Varieties and Seeds.9, 1, p. 15-206 p.
Disturbed Mendelian segregations at isozyme marker loci in early backcrosses of Lolium multiflorum x Festuca pratensis hybrids to L.multiflorumHumphreys, M. W. & Thorogood, D. 1992 In : Euphytica.66, 1-2, p. 11-18
Self-compatibility in Lolium temulentum L: its genetic control and transfer into L. perenne L. and L. multiflorum LamThorogood, D. 1992 In : Heredity.68, 1, p. 71-788 p.
Breakdown of self-incompatibility in perennial ryegrass at high temperature and its uses in breedingWilkins, P. W. & Thorogood, D. 1992 In : Euphytica.64, 1-2, p. 65-695 p.
The genetic control of self-compatibility in an inbred line of Lolium perenne LThorogood, D. 1991 In : Heredity.67, 2, p. 175-1815 p.
Manipulation and Exploitation of the Reproductive System in Forage BreedingThorogood, D. 1991 Fodder crops breeding: Achievements, novel strategies and biotechnology: 6th meeting of the Fodder crops section of EUCARPIA. den Nijs, A. P. M. & Elgersma, A. (eds.). Centre for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation, p. 89-946 p.