Prof John Clifton-Brown BA;PhD
1993 Research Assistant, I.A.T.A., Florence, Italy.
1997-2000 Assistant co-ordinator to the European Miscanthus Improvement Project while based in University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart.
2000-2002 Term lecturer in Plant Physiology at Trinity College Dublin.
2002-2004 Site manager for the Greengrass and CCFLUX projects based at Teagasc, Carlow, Ireland.
2004-present Project leader, Miscanthus breeding programme.
I was recruited to IGER to lead the public funded Miscanthus breeding programme in August 2004. My background up to this date was in ecophysiology (incorporating agronomy and quantification of greenhouse gas fluxes).
In the current position, it is apparent to me that an ecophysiological approach to exploiting genetic variation can be used to increase the genetic potential of Miscanthus in terms of higher yields and qualities in diverse environments.
By working alongside molecular biologists (in particular Iain Donnison), the opportunities to link different disciplines has already born fruit: (i) a responsive mode proposal to BBSRC to examine flowering time as a key trait influencing both yield and quality has been accepted for funding, (ii) an approved pre-proposal in response to the BBSRC's call for a bioenergy research centre with colleagues in IGER, RRES, JIC and Imperial College London.
BA Natural Science, Trinity College Dublin (1989-92)
PhD Plant Physiology and Agronomy, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland (1993-97)
Thesis title: The importance of temperature in controlling leaf growth of _Miscanthus_in Temperate Climates.
Committee, editorial and other responsibilities
Regular reviewer of papers for Global Change Biology, Industrial Crops and Products and Biomass and Bioenergy.
Former committee member of AGMET (agrometeorology group) in Dublin Ireland.
Miscanthus breeding, ecophysiology, climate change impacts and modelling.
Public and privately funded work
Underpinning science for breeding
Public funding and many collaborations within the BEC programme including
- Flowering time
- Resource capture and allocation
Development of Miscanthus as a Bioenergy Crop. In (eds) Biofuels and Bioenergy. Wiley pp. 119-132.2017.
Harvest time optimisation for combustion quality of different miscanthus genotypes across Europe. Frontiers in Plant Science 8 7272017. (In press)
Miscanthus as a bedding source: A Welsh case study. SRUC and SEPA Biennial Conference - Agriculture and the Environment XI What future for our farming systems?: Environmental challenges and integrated solutions, Edinburgh, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 01/03/2016 - 02/03/2016.2016.
Partitioning of ecosystem respiration of CO2 released during land-use transition from temperate agricultural grassland to Miscanthus x giganteus: Ecosystem respiration under Miscanthus. GCB Bioenergy GCB-B-OR-16-0312016.
Selection and Genome-Wide Prediction of Phenology and Biomass Yield in Miscanthus. Plant and Animal Genome Conference XXIV, San Diego, California, United States of America, 09/01/2016 - 13/01/2016.2016.
Genome-wide association studies and prediction of traits related to phenology, biomass and cell wall composition in Miscanthus sinensis. Plant & Animal Genome XXII Conference, San Diego, United States of America, 10/01/2014 - 15/01/2014. pp. W422. Other2014.
Recent advances in Miscanthus science and breeding. International Bioenergy Conference 2014, Manchester, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 11/03/2014 - 13/03/2014.2014.
Revealing the Molecular and Physiological Responses to Water Deficit in the Bioenergy Crop Miscanthus x giganteus. Plant Biology Europe - FESPB/EPSO 2014 Congress, Dublin, Ireland, 22/06/2014 - 26/06/2014. pp. 34. Other2014.
A population genomics approach to accelerating the domestication of the energy grass Miscanthus. Plant & Animal XXI Conference, San Diego, United States of America, 11/01/2013 - 16/01/2013. pp. W088. Other2013.
Characterization of chilling-shock responses in four genotypes of Miscanthus reveals the superior tolerance of M. x giganteus compared with M. sinensis and M. sacchariflorus. Annals of Botany 111 (5) pp. 999-1013.2013.
Flowering induction in the bioenergy grass Miscanthus sacchariflorus is a quantitative short-day response, whilst delayed flowering under long days increases biomass accumulation. Journal of Experimental Biology 64 (2) pp. 541-552.2013.
Soil carbon stocks and carbon sequestration rates in seminatural grassland in Aso region, Kumamoto, Southern Japan. Global Change Biology 19 (6) pp. 1676-1687. Other2013.
Variation in canopy duration in the perennial biofuel crop Miscanthus reveals complex associations with yield: Canopy duration and yield in Miscanthus. Journal of Experimental Biology 64 (8) pp. 2373-2383.2013.
Food vs. fuel: the use of land for lignocellulosic 'next generation' energy crops that minimize competition with primary food production. GCB Bioenergy 4 (1) pp. 1-19. Cadair2012.
Characterization of flowering time diversity in Miscanthus species. GCB Bioenergy 3 (5) pp. 387-400. Cadair2011.
Developing Miscanthus for Bioenergy. In (eds) Energy Crops. Royal Society of Chemistry pp. 301-321. Cadair2011.
Flowering time in Miscanthus. Plant and Animal Genome XIX Conference , San Diego, United States of America, 09/01/2011 - 13/01/2011. Other2011.
Genotypic variation in cell wall composition in a diverse set of 244 accessions of Miscanthus. Biomass and Bioenergy 35 (11) Biofuels and Bioenergy: Challenges and Opportunities, Vancouver, Canada, 29/08/2006 - 08/09/2006. pp. 4740-4747. Other2011.
Harnessing natural variation in phenotypic and chemotypic traits in Miscanthus for breeding improved bioenergy crops: A review of long term results from perennial energy cropping work at IBERS. Aspects of Applied Biology 1122011.
Impact of photoperiod and ambient temperature on days to flowering in Miscanthus species. 2010 Society of Experimental Biology Annual Main Meeting, Prague, Czech Republic, 30/06/2010 - 03/07/2010. pp. P3.3. Cadair2011.
Improving bioenergy crop yield and quality through manipulating senescence. Aspects of Applied Biology 112 pp. 323-328. Cadair2011.
Phenotypic variation in senescence in Miscanthus: Towards optimising biomass quality and quantity. Bioenergy Research 5 (1) pp. 95-105. Cadair2011.
The effect of biochemical composition and ash content on the thermal conversion options for different genotypes of willow. In (ed) Proceedings of the Bioten-UK Bioenergy Conference on Biomass Bioenergy and Biofuels 2010. Proceedings of the Bioten-UK Bioenergy Conference on Biomass Bioenergy and Biofuels 2010, Birmingham, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 21/09/2010 - 23/09/2010. CPL Press pp. 503-513.2011.
Thermal requirements for seed germination in Miscanthus compared with Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinaceae), Maize (Zea mays) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). GCB Bioenergy 3 (5) pp. 375-386. Cadair2011.
Understanding the value of hydrothermal time on flowering in Miscanthus species. Aspects of Applied Biology 112 pp. 181-189.2011.
Aligning the chemical composition of new Miscanthus varieties to the requirements of conversion processes. Sixth International Conference on Rnewable Resource and Biorefineries, Dusseldorf, Germany, 07/06/2010 - 09/06/2010.2010.
Assessing the effects of agricultural management practices on carbon fluxes: Spatial variation and the need for replicated estimates of Net Ecosystem Exchange. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150 (4) pp. 564-574. Cadair2010.
Designing biomass crops with improved caloric content and attributes for burning: a UK perspective. In (eds) Plant biotechnology for sustainable production of energy and co-products. Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry Springer Nature pp. 25-55. Other2010.
Genotypic and environmentally derived variation in the cell wall composition of Miscanthus in relation to its use as a biomass feedstock. Biomass and Bioenergy 34 (5) pp. 652-660. Cadair2010.
Manipulation of plant architecture to optimise biomass yield in Miscanthus. Plant and Animal Genome XVIII Conference, San Diego, United States of America, 09/01/2010 - 13/01/2010.2010.
Exploiting model species to increase biomass yield in energy crops. 20th International Conference on Arabidopsis Research (IACR), Scotland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 30/06/2009 - 04/07/2009.2009.
Functional genomics of forage and bioenergy quality traits in the grasses. In (eds) Molecular Breeding of Forage Turf: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on the Molecular Breeding of Forage Turf. 5th International Symposium on the Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf, Sapporo, Japan, 02/07/2007 - 06/07/2007. pp. 111-123. Cadair Other2009.
Future energy potential of Miscanthus in Europe. GCB Bioenergy 1 (2) pp. 180-196. Cadair2009.
The development of MISCANFOR, a new Miscanthus crop growth model: towards more robust yield predictions under different climatic and soil conditions. GCB Bioenergy 1 (2) pp. 154-170. Cadair2009.
The genetic improvement of Miscanthus for biomass. DEFRA Final Report NF0426 Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs2009.
Bioenergy and biorenewables from grasses. IBERS Knowledge-based Innovations pp. 25-28. Other2008.
Bioenergy technology - balancing energy output with environmental benefits. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology: Abstracts of the Annual Main Meeting of the Society of Experimental Biology, 6th - 10th July 2008, Marseille, France. 2008 Society for Experimental Biology Annual Main Meeting, Marseille, France, 06/07/2008 - 10/07/2008. 3rd edn, pp. S174-S175. Cadair2008.
Identification of genes controlling flowering time in the bioenergy grass Miscanthus. International Conference on Molecular Mapping and Marker Assisted Selection, Vienna, Austria, 03/02/2008 - 06/02/2008.2008.
Improvements of energy grass quality: Assessment of genetic variation in cell wall composition. Sustainable Energy UK: Meeting the Science and Engineering Challenge, St. Anne's College, Oxford, , 13/05/2008 - 14/05/2008.2008.
Increasing biomass for bioenergy in perennial grasses. 27th EUCARPIA Symposium on Improvement of Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses, Copenhagen, Denmark, 19/08/2007 - 23/08/2007. pp. 167-169. Cadair2008.
Miscanthus: Genetic resources and breeding potential to enhance bioenergy production. In (ed) Genetic Improvement of Bioenergy Crops. 2008th edn, Springer Nature pp. 295-308. Cadair2008.
Optimising flowering time in Miscanthus for improved biomass yield and quality. GARNet/SEB Joint Plant Symposium, Vet School, Sutton Bonington Campus, University of Nottingham, , 08/09/2008 - 10/09/2008. pp. L24.2008.
The genetic improvement of Miscanthus for biomass. DEFRA Annual Report 2007/2008 Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs2008.
Unravelling the genetic control of flowering time in the bioenergy grass Miscanthus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology 150 (3) 2008 Society for Experimental Biology Annual Main Meeting, Marseille, France, 06/07/2008 - 10/07/2008. pp. S180-S185. Cadair2008.
Use of mid-infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics to characterize phenotypic variation in energy grasses. 5th International Conference on Plant Metabolomics, Pacifico, Yokohama, Japan, 15/07/2008 - 18/07/2008.2008.
Asian elephant grass (Miscanthus) for bioenergy. IBERS Knowledge-based Innovations 11 pp. 24-27.2007.
Development of a near infrared reflectance spectroscopy calibration (NIRS) for the determination of cell wall composition of Miscanthus. 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition, Berlin, Germany, 07/05/2007 - 11/05/2007. pp. 723-726.2007.
Estimating the greenhouse gas fluxes of European grassland with a process based model: Part 1. Model evaluation from in-situ measurements. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 21 (1) Cadair2007.
Full accounting of the greenhouse gas (CO2, N2O, CH4) budget of nine European grassland sites. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 121 (1-2) pp. 121-134. Cadair2007.
Partitioning European grassland net ecosystem CO2 exchange into gross primary productivity and ecosystem respiration using light response function analysis. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 121 (1-2) pp. 93-120. Cadair2007.
Phenotyping and mapping quality traits for bioenergy in grasses. Plant and Animal Genome XV Conference, San Diego, California, United States of America, 13/01/2007 - 17/01/2007.2007.
Quality traits for bioenergy in grasses. Proceedings, 27th EUCARPIA Symposium on Improvement of Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses. 27th EUCARPIA Symposium on Improvement of Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses, Copenhagen, Denmark, 19/08/2007 - 23/08/2007. pp. 46.2007.
Sequestering carbon dioxide by the use of the energy crop Miscanthus: quantifying the energy production and sequestration potential of Europe. Society of Petroleum Engineers Europe: European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Annual Conference, Securing the Future. European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Annual Conference , London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 11/06/2007 - 14/06/2007. Society of Petroleum Engineers pp. 390-400.2007.
The genetic improvement of Miscanthus for biomass. DEFRA Annual Report 2006/2007 Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs2007.
Bioenergy from grasses. Plant Genomics European Meeting, Venice, Italy, 11/10/2006 - 14/10/2006.2006.
Development and application of high-throughput infrared spectroscopy methods to study bioenergy-associated traits in grasses. Plant Genomics European Meeting, Venice, Italy, 11/10/2006 - 14/10/2006. pp. S8.3.2006.
Genotypic variation in cold tolerance influences the yield of Miscanthus. Annals of Applied Biology 149 (3) pp. 337-345. Cadair2006.
The genetic improvement of Miscanthus for biomass. DEFRA Annual Report 2005/2006 Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs2006.
Breeding Miscanthus for improved biomass. 14th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition: Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection, Paris, France, 17/10/2005 - 21/10/2005.2005.
Fluxes of CO2 and N2O from soils of a grazed pasture in Ireland. In (eds) XX International Grassland Conference: Offered papers. XX International Grassland Congress XX International Grassland Conference, Dublin, Ireland, 26/06/2005 - 01/07/2005. Wageningen Academic Publishers Cadair Other2005.
The genetic improvement of Miscanthus for biomass. DEFRA Annual Report NF0426 2004/2005 Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs2005.