Prof John Clifton-Brown BA;PhD
1993 Research Assistant, I.A.T.A., Florence, Italy.
1997-2000 Assistant co-ordinator to the European Miscanthus Improvement Project while based in University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart.
2000-2002 Term lecturer in Plant Physiology at Trinity College Dublin.
2002-2004 Site manager for the Greengrass and CCFLUX projects based at Teagasc, Carlow, Ireland.
2004-present Project leader, Miscanthus breeding programme.
I was recruited to IGER to lead the public funded Miscanthus breeding programme in August 2004. My background up to this date was in ecophysiology (incorporating agronomy and quantification of greenhouse gas fluxes).
In the current position, it is apparent to me that an ecophysiological approach to exploiting genetic variation can be used to increase the genetic potential of Miscanthus in terms of higher yields and qualities in diverse environments.
By working alongside molecular biologists (in particular Iain Donnison), the opportunities to link different disciplines has already born fruit: (i) a responsive mode proposal to BBSRC to examine flowering time as a key trait influencing both yield and quality has been accepted for funding, (ii) an approved pre-proposal in response to the BBSRC's call for a bioenergy research centre with colleagues in IGER, RRES, JIC and Imperial College London.
BA Natural Science, Trinity College Dublin (1989-92)
PhD Plant Physiology and Agronomy, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland (1993-97)
Thesis title: The importance of temperature in controlling leaf growth of _Miscanthus_in Temperate Climates.
Committee, editorial and other responsibilities
Regular reviewer of papers for Global Change Biology, Industrial Crops and Products and Biomass and Bioenergy.
Former committee member of AGMET (agrometeorology group) in Dublin Ireland.
Miscanthus breeding, ecophysiology, climate change impacts and modelling.
Public and privately funded work
Underpinning science for breeding
Public funding and many collaborations within the BEC programme including
- Flowering time
- Resource capture and allocation
Genetic relationships between spring emergence, canopy phenology and biomass yield increase the accuracy of genomic prediction in Miscanthus. Journal of Experimental Botany 10.1093/jxb/erx3392017.
Harvest time optimisation for combustion quality of different miscanthus genotypes across Europe. Frontiers in Plant Science 8 727 Cadair2017 (In press).
Partitioning of ecosystem respiration of CO2 released during land-use transition from temperate agricultural grassland to Miscanthus x giganteus: Ecosystem respiration under Miscanthus. GCB Bioenergy 9 (4) GCB-B-OR-16-031 pp. 710-724. 10.1111/gcbb.12380 Cadair2017.
Development of Miscanthus as a Bioenergy Crop. In (eds) Biofuels and Bioenergy. Wiley pp. 119-132. Cadair2017.
An interyear comparison of CO2 flux and carbon budget at a commercial-scale land-use transition from semi-improved grassland to Miscanthus x giganteus. GCB Bioenergy 9 (1) pp. 229-245. 10.1111/gcbb.12323 Cadair2017.
Miscanthus as a bedding source: A Welsh case study. SRUC and SEPA Biennial Conference - Agriculture and the Environment XI What future for our farming systems?: Environmental challenges and integrated solutions. Cadair2016.
Selection and Genome-Wide Prediction of Phenology and Biomass Yield in Miscanthus. Plant and Animal Genome Conference XXIV. Cadair2016.
Genome-wide association studies and prediction of 17 traits related to phenology, biomass and cell wall composition in the energy grass Miscanthus sinensis. New Phytologist 201 (4) pp. 1227-1239. 10.1111/nph.12621 Cadair2014.
Recent advances in Miscanthus science and breeding. International Bioenergy Conference 2014. Cadair2014.
Characterization of chilling-shock responses in four genotypes of Miscanthus reveals the superior tolerance of M. x giganteus compared with M. sinensis and M. sacchariflorus. Annals of Botany 111 (5) pp. 999-1013. 10.1093/aob/mct059 Cadair2013.
Flowering induction in the bioenergy grass Miscanthus sacchariflorus is a quantitative short-day response, whilst delayed flowering under long days increases biomass accumulation. Journal of Experimental Biology 64 (2) pp. 541-552. 10.1093/jxb/ers346 Cadair2013.
Variation in canopy duration in the perennial biofuel crop Miscanthus reveals complex associations with yield: Canopy duration and yield in Miscanthus. Journal of Experimental Biology 64 (8) pp. 2373-2383. 10.1093/jxb/ert104 Cadair2013.
Accelerating the domestication of a bioenergy crop: identifying and modelling morphological targets for sustainable yield increase in Miscanthus. Journal of Experimental Botany 64 (14) pp. 4143-4155. 10.1093/jxb/ert225 Cadair2013.
High resolution genetic mapping by genome sequencing reveals genome duplication and tetraploid genetic structure of the diploid Miscanthus sinensis. PLoS One 7 (3) e33821 10.1371/journal.pone.0033821 Cadair2012.
Food vs. fuel: the use of land for lignocellulosic 'next generation' energy crops that minimize competition with primary food production. GCB Bioenergy 4 (1) pp. 1-19. 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2011.01111.x Cadair2012.
Genotypic variation in cell wall composition in a diverse set of 244 accessions of Miscanthus. Biomass and Bioenergy 35 (11) Biofuels and Bioenergy: Challenges and Opportunities. pp. 4740-4747. 10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.10.008 Other Cadair2011.
Improving bioenergy crop yield and quality through manipulating senescence. Aspects of Applied Biology 112 pp. 323-328. Cadair2011.
Thermal requirements for seed germination in Miscanthus compared with Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinaceae), Maize (Zea mays) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). GCB Bioenergy 3 (5) pp. 375-386. 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2011.01094.x Cadair2011.
Impact of photoperiod and ambient temperature on days to flowering in Miscanthus species. 2010 Society of Experimental Biology Annual Main Meeting. Cadair2011.
Developing Miscanthus for Bioenergy. In (eds) Energy Crops. Royal Society of Chemistry pp. 301-321. Cadair2011.
Variation in miscanthus chemical composition and implication for conversion by pyrolysis and thermochemical biorefining for fuels and chemicals. Bioresource Technology 102 (3) pp. 3411-3418. 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.10.017 Cadair2011.
The effect of biochemical composition and ash content on the thermal conversion options for different genotypes of willow. In (ed) Proceedings of the Bioten-UK Bioenergy Conference on Biomass Bioenergy and Biofuels 2010. Proceedings of the Bioten-UK Bioenergy Conference on Biomass Bioenergy and Biofuels 2010. CPL Press pp. 503-513. Cadair2011.
Harnessing natural variation in phenotypic and chemotypic traits in Miscanthus for breeding improved bioenergy crops: A review of long term results from perennial energy cropping work at IBERS. Aspects of Applied Biology 112 Cadair2011.
Understanding the value of hydrothermal time on flowering in Miscanthus species. Aspects of Applied Biology 112 pp. 181-189. Cadair2011.
Genotypic and environmentally derived variation in the cell wall composition of Miscanthus in relation to its use as a biomass feedstock. Biomass and Bioenergy 34 (5) pp. 652-660. 10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.01.008 Cadair2010.
Assessing the effects of agricultural management practices on carbon fluxes: Spatial variation and the need for replicated estimates of Net Ecosystem Exchange. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150 (4) pp. 564-574. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.01.021 Cadair2010.
Designing biomass crops with improved caloric content and attributes for burning: a UK perspective. In (eds) Plant biotechnology for sustainable production of energy and co-products. Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry Springer Nature pp. 25-55. Other Cadair2010.
Manipulation of plant architecture to optimise biomass yield in Miscanthus. Plant and Animal Genome XVIII Conference. Cadair2010.
Aligning the chemical composition of new Miscanthus varieties to the requirements of conversion processes. Sixth International Conference on Rnewable Resource and Biorefineries. Cadair2010.
The development of MISCANFOR, a new Miscanthus crop growth model: towards more robust yield predictions under different climatic and soil conditions. GCB Bioenergy 1 (2) pp. 154-170. 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2009.01007.x Cadair2009.
The genetic improvement of Miscanthus for biomass. DEFRA Final Report NF0426 Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Cadair2009.
Functional genomics of forage and bioenergy quality traits in the grasses. In (eds) Molecular Breeding of Forage Turf: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on the Molecular Breeding of Forage Turf. 5th International Symposium on the Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf. pp. 111-123. Cadair Other2009.
Exploiting model species to increase biomass yield in energy crops. 20th International Conference on Arabidopsis Research (IACR). Cadair2009.
Bioenergy technology - balancing energy output with environmental benefits. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology: Abstracts of the Annual Main Meeting of the Society of Experimental Biology, 6th - 10th July 2008, Marseille, France. 2008 Society for Experimental Biology Annual Main Meeting. 3rd edn, pp. S174-S175. 10.1016/j.cbpa.2008.04.464 Cadair2008.
Miscanthus: Genetic resources and breeding potential to enhance bioenergy production. In (ed) Genetic Improvement of Bioenergy Crops. 2008th edn, Springer Nature pp. 295-308. 10.1007/978-0-387-70805-8_10 Cadair2008.
Increasing biomass for bioenergy in perennial grasses. 27th EUCARPIA Symposium on Improvement of Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses. Cadair2008.
Improvements of energy grass quality: Assessment of genetic variation in cell wall composition. Sustainable Energy UK: Meeting the Science and Engineering Challenge, St. Anne's College, Oxford. Cadair2008.
Use of mid-infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics to characterize phenotypic variation in energy grasses. 5th International Conference on Plant Metabolomics, Pacifico. Cadair2008.
The genetic improvement of Miscanthus for biomass. DEFRA Annual Report 2007/2008 Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Cadair2008.
Optimising flowering time in Miscanthus for improved biomass yield and quality. GARNet/SEB Joint Plant Symposium, Vet School, Sutton Bonington Campus, University of Nottingham. Cadair2008.
Identification of genes controlling flowering time in the bioenergy grass Miscanthus. International Conference on Molecular Mapping and Marker Assisted Selection. Cadair2008.
Unravelling the genetic control of flowering time in the bioenergy grass Miscanthus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology 150 (3) 2008 Society for Experimental Biology Annual Main Meeting. pp. S180-S185. 10.1016/j.cbpa.2008.04.482 Cadair2008.
European-wide GIS-based modelling system for quantifying the feedstock from Miscanthus and the potential contribution to renewable energy targets. Global Change Biology 13 (11) pp. 2283-2295. 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01419.x Cadair2007.
Effects of climate and management intensity on nitrous oxide emissions in grassland systems across Europe. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 121 (1-2) pp. 135-152. 10.1016/j.agee.2006.12.024 Cadair2007.
Partitioning European grassland net ecosystem CO2 exchange into gross primary productivity and ecosystem respiration using light response function analysis. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 121 (1-2) pp. 93-120. 10.1016/j.agee.2006.12.008 Cadair2007.
Estimating the greenhouse gas fluxes of European grassland with a process based model: Part 1. Model evaluation from in-situ measurements. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 21 (1) 10.1029/2005GB002611 Cadair2007.
Quality traits for bioenergy in grasses. Proceedings, 27th EUCARPIA Symposium on Improvement of Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses. 27th EUCARPIA Symposium on Improvement of Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses. pp. 46. Cadair2007.
Sequestering carbon dioxide by the use of the energy crop Miscanthus: quantifying the energy production and sequestration potential of Europe. Society of Petroleum Engineers Europe: European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Annual Conference, Securing the Future. European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Annual Conference . Society of Petroleum Engineers pp. 390-400. Cadair2007.
Development of a near infrared reflectance spectroscopy calibration (NIRS) for the determination of cell wall composition of Miscanthus. 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition. Cadair2007.
Phenotyping and mapping quality traits for bioenergy in grasses. Plant and Animal Genome XV Conference. Cadair2007.
The genetic improvement of Miscanthus for biomass. DEFRA Annual Report 2006/2007 Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Cadair2007.
Asian elephant grass (Miscanthus) for bioenergy. IBERS Knowledge-based Innovations 11 pp. 24-27. Cadair2007.
Development and application of high-throughput infrared spectroscopy methods to study bioenergy-associated traits in grasses. Plant Genomics European Meeting. Cadair2006.
The genetic improvement of Miscanthus for biomass. DEFRA Annual Report 2005/2006 Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Cadair2006.
Bioenergy from grasses. Plant Genomics European Meeting. Cadair2006.
Breeding Miscanthus for improved biomass. 14th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition: Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection. Cadair2005.
Fluxes of CO2 and N2O from soils of a grazed pasture in Ireland. In (eds) XX International Grassland Conference: Offered papers. XX International Grassland Congress XX International Grassland Conference. Wageningen Academic Publishers Cadair Other2005.
The genetic improvement of Miscanthus for biomass. DEFRA Annual Report NF0426 2004/2005 Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Cadair2005.
Miscanthus biomass production for energy in Europe and its potential contribution to decreasing fossil fuel carbon emissions. Global Change Biology 10 (4) pp. 509-518. 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2003.00749.x Other Cadair2004.
Comparative responses to water stress in stay-green, rapid- and slow senescing genotypes of the biomass crop, Miscanthus. New Phytologist 154 (2) pp. 335-345. 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2002.00381.x Other Cadair2002.
Screening Miscanthus genotypes in field trials to optimise biomass yield and quality in Southern Germany. European Journal of Agronomy 16 (2) PII S1161-0301(01)00120-4 pp. 97-110. 10.1016/S1161-0301(01)00120-4 Cadair2002.