Prof Leif Skot


Prof Leif Skot

Head of Forage Plant Breeding

Contact Details


I am Principal Investigator in the Breeding Methodologies Group at IBERS with a particular interest in association mapping and genomic selection in forage grass and legume crops. Next generation sequencing and computing technologies provide unprecedented opportunities to enhance crop yield and quality for food and livestock more sustainably through genetic improvement of germplasm. IBERS is the only university department in the UK with active plant breeding programmes, and the objective of my work is to utilise our existing breeding populations and other germplasm as the experimental framework to explore ways of developing and incorporating the genomics information and resources into the recurrent selection based plant breeding programmes for outbreeding forage crops. The aim is to provide a focal point for translational research and the development of new populations to underpin public good plant breeding and to test new genomics based breeding methodologies such as genome wide selection. These methodologies have the added advantage of enabling gene discovery and dissection of complex traits of biological and agronomic importance through association mapping in breeder-relevant germplasm.


Current Projects

  • Comparative population genomics of red clover domestication and improvement BBSRC-Industrial Partnership Award with The Genome Analysis Centre and Germinal Holdings (Principal Investigator)
  • Genomics-assisted breeding for fatty acid content and composition in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) BBSRC LINK1 Award with Germinal Holdings and HCC (Co-Investigator)
  • Marker assisted plant breeding on a genomewide scale BBSRC Industrial Partnership award with Germinal Holdings (Principal Investigator)
  • Breeding of improved forage varieties to increase protein supply and protein utilisation by ruminants. Technology Strategy Board (Co-Investigator)
  • Crop Genetics, Genomics and Germplasm. BBSRC Institute Strategic Programme Grant (Co-PI)
  • Colombia and Kenya Partnering Award: Skills sharing for genomic approaches to forage improvement. BBSRC International Partnering Award (Co-PI)


Benefits of condensed tannins in forages fed to ruminants: importance of structure, concentration and dietMueller-Harvey, I., Bee, G., Dohme-Meier, F., Hoste, H., Karonen, M., Kölliker, R., Lüscher, A., Niderkorn, V., Pellikaan, W., Salminen, J-P., Skot, L., Smith, L., Thamsborg, S., Totterdell, P., Wilkinson, I., Williams, A., Azuhnwi, B., Baert, N., Brinkhaus, A. G., Copani, G., Desrues, O., Drake, C., Engström, M., Fryganas, C., Girard, M., Huyen, N., Kempf, K., Malisch, C., Mora-Ortiz, M., Quijada, J., Ramsay, A., Ropiak, H. & Waghorn, G. 2017 (Accepted/In press) In : Crop Science.
Genomic prediction unifies animal and plant breeding programs to form platforms for biological discoveryHickey, J., Chiurugwi, T., Mackay, I., Powell, W., Eggen, A., Kilian, A., Jones, C., Canales, C., Grattapaglia, D., Bassi, F., Atlin, G., Gorjanc, G., Dawson, I., Rabbi, I., Ribaut, J-M., Rutkoski, J., Benzie, J., Lightner, J., Macharo, J., Parmentier, J., Robins, K., Skot, L., Wolfe, M., Rouard, M., Clark, M., Amer, P., Gardiner, P., Hendre, P., Mrode, R., Sivasankar, S., Rasmussen, S., Groh, S., Jackson, V., Thomas, W. & Beyenne, Y. 2017 In : Nature Genetics.49, 9, p. 1297-13037 p.
A novel multivariate approach to phenotyping and association mapping of multi-locus gametophytic self-incompatibility reveals S, Z and other loci in a perennial ryegrass (Poaceae) population: Identifying Multi-Locus Gametophytic Self-Incompatibility GenesThorogood, D., Yates, S., Manzanares, C., Skot, L., Hegarty, M., Blackmore, T., Barth, S. & Studer, B. 2017 In : Frontiers in Plant Science.8, 13 p., 1331
De-novo transcriptome assembly for gene identification, analysis, annotation, and molecular marker discovery in Onobrychis viciifoliaMora-Ortiz, M., Swain, M., Vickers, M., Hegarty, M., Kelly, R., Smith, L. & Skot, L. 2016 In : BMC Genomics.17, 13 p., 756
Genomic Selection in Crop PlantsSkøt, L. & Grinberg, N. 2016 Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences. Thomas, B., Murray, B. & Murphy, D. (eds.). 2nd ed. Waltham, MA: Elsevier, Vol. 3, p. 88-925 p. 00228
Characterization of novel SSR markers in diverse sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) germplasmKempf, K., Mora-Ortiz, M., Smith, L., Koelliker, R. & Skot, L. 2016 In : BMC Genetics.17, 14 p., 124
Germplasm dynamics: the role of ecotypic diversity in shaping the patterns of genetic variation in Lolium perenneBlackmore, T., Thorogood, D., Skot, L., McMahon, R., Powell, W. & Hegarty, M. 2016 In : Scientific Reports.6, 11 p., 22603
Implementation of genomic prediction in Lolium perenne (L.) breeding populationsGrinberg, N., Lovatt, A., Hegarty, M., Macfarlane, A. C., Skot, K., Kelly, R., Blackmore, T., Thorogood, D., King, R. D., Armstead, I., Powell, W. & Skot, L. 2016 In : Frontiers in Plant Science.7, 133
Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) draft genome provides a platform for trait improvementde Vega, J., Ayling, S., Hegarty, M. J., Kudrna, D., Goicoechea, J. L., Ergon, Å., Rognli, O-A., Jones, C., Swain, M. T., Geurts, R., Lang, C., Mayer, K. F. X., Rössner, S., Yates, S. A., Webb, K. J., Donnison, I. S., Oldroyd, G. E. D., Wing, R., Caccamo, M., Powell, W., Abberton, M. T. & Skot, L. 2015 In : Scientific Reports.5, 17394
Exploring potential of pearl millet germplasm association panel for association mapping of drought tolerance traitsSehgal, D., Skot, L., Singh, R., Srivastava, R., Das, S., Taunk, J., Sharma, P., Pal, R., Raj, B., Hash, C. & Yadav, R. 2015 In : PLoS One.10, 5, p. 1-2828 p., 122165
Comparitive population genomics of red clover domestication and improvementJones, C., Lloyd, D., Hegarty, M., de Vega, J., Ayling, S. & Skot, L. 2015 Proceedings of the 12th British Grassland Society Research Conference.British Grassland Society, p. 59-60
Analysis of changes in population structure over time in components of multi-species swards.Kelly, R. O., Skøt, L., Skøt, K. P. & Collins, R. P. 2014 Grassland Science in Europe: Proceedings of General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation. Hopkins, A. (ed.). Wales, Vol. 19, p. 861-8633 p.
De novo assembly of red clover transcriptome based on RNA-Seq data provides insight into drought response, gene discovery and marker identificationYates, S. A., Swain, M. T., Hegarty, M. J., Chernukin, I., Lowe, M. J., Allison, G. G., Ruttlink, T., Abberton, M. T., Jenkins, G. & Skøt, L. 2014 In : BMC Genomics.15, p. 45315 p.
A novel grass hybrid to reduce flood generation in temperate regionsMacleod, C. . K. J. A., Humphreys, M. W., Whalley, W. R., Turner, L., Binley, A., Watts, C. W., Skøt, L., Joynes, A., Hawkins, S., King, I. P., O'Donovan, S. & Haygarth, P. M. 2013 In : Scientific Reports.3, 1683
Genomic Selection In Perennial RyegrassSkot, L. 2013
Genotyping by RAD sequencing enables mapping of fatty acid composition traits in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne (L.))Hegarty, M. J., Yadav, R. S., Lee, M. R., Armstead, I. P., Sanderson, R., Scollan, N. D., Powell, W. & Skøt, L. 2013 In : Plant Biotechnology Journal.11, 5, p. 572–581
Developing and Using Genetic and Genomic Resources in Pearl Millet for Enhanced Traits Dissection and BreedingYadav, R. S., Sehgal, D., Howarth, C. J., Skøt, L., Srivastava, R. K., Vadez, V., Kholova, J., Hash, C. T., Yadav, R., Yadav, N., Singh, R., Taunk, J. & Sharma, P. 2013
Temporal changes in population genetic diversity and structure in red and white clover grown in three contrasting environments in northern EuropeCollins, R. P., Helgadóttir, Á., Frankow-lindberg, B. E., Skøt, L., Jones, C. M. & Skøt, K. P. 2012 In : Annals of Botany.110, 6, p. 1341-135010 p.
Development of genomic resources in the species of Trifolium L. and Its application in forage legume breedingRavagnani, A., Abberton, M. T. & Skøt, L. 2012 In : Agronomy.2, 2, p. 116-13115 p.
Use of translational genomics in legumes to underpin germplasm improvement in red cloverSkot, L. 2011
Prospects for using genomic selection in plant breedingSkot, L. 2011
Allelic variation in the perennial ryegrass FLOWERING LOCUS T gene is associated with changes in flowering time across a range of populationsSkøt, L., Sanderson, R., Thomas, A. M., Skøt, K. P., Thorogood, D., Latypova, G. A., Asp, T. & Armstead, I. P. 2011 In : Plant Physiology.155, 2, p. 1013-102210 p.
Lolium perenne partial rs1 gene for putative salt-stress root protein, exons 1-4, strain LTS1Skot, L. 2011 EMBL Nucleotide Sequence Database, Accession no: FN600371
AFLP analysis of genetic differentiation in legume germplasm in contrasting environmentsCollins, R. P., Frankow-Lindberg, B. E., Helgadottir, A., Skot, L., Jones, C. & Skot, K. P. 2010 Grassland Science in Europe. Schnyder, H., Isselstein, J., Taube, F., Auerswald, K. & Schelberg, J. (eds.). European Grassland Federation, Vol. 15, p. 51-533 p.
EST-derived SSR markers used as anchor loci for the construction of a consensus linkage map in ryegrass (Lolium spp.)Studer, B., Kölliker, R., Muylle, H., Asp, T., Frei, U. C., Roldán-Ruiz, I., Barre, P., Tomaszewski, C., Meally, H., Barth, S., Skøt, L., Armstead, I. P., Dolstra, O. & Lübberstedt, T. 2010 In : BMC Plant Biology.10, 177, 177
Allelic diversity for candidate genes and association studies: methods and resultsYamada, T. & Skøt, L. 2010 Sustainable use of Genetic Diversity in Forage and Turf Breeding. Huyghe, C. (ed.). Springer Nature, p. 391-3966 p.
Soil management and grass species effects on the hydraulic properties of shrinking soilsGregory, A. S., Webster, C. P., Watts, C. W., Whalley, W. R., Macleod, C. J. A., Joynes, A., Papadopoulos, A., Haygarth, P. M., Binley, A., Humphreys, M. W., Turner, L. B., Skøt, L. & Matthews, G. P. 2010 In : Soil Science Society of America Journal.74, 3, p. 753-7619 p.
AFLP analysis of changes in population genetic diversity and structure in forage legume germplasm grown in contrasting environments in Northern EuropeCollins, R. P., Frankow-Lindberg, B. E., Helgadottir, A., Skot, L., Jones, C., SKot, K. P., Rasmussen, J. (ed.), Schacht, M. (ed.) & Helagadottir, A. (ed.) 2010 p. 45-495 p.
Fine mapping of a major terminal drought tolerance QTL in pearl milletSehgal, D., Skot, L., Armstead, I. P., Hash, C. T. & Yadav, R. S. 2010
Lolium perenne partial rs1 gene for a putative salt-stress root protein, exons 1-4, strain LTS18.Turner, L. B., Macleod, C. J. A., Watts, C., Clark, L. J., Whalley, R., Binley, A., Papadopoulos, A., Farrell, M., O'Donovan, S., Hawkins, S., Skot, L., Haygarth, P. M., King, I. & Humphreys, M. W. 2009
Islands as refugia of Trifolium repens genetic diversityHargreaves, S., Maxted, N., Hirano, R., Abberton, M. T., Skøt, L. & Ford-Lloyd, B. V. 2009 In : Conservation Genetics.11, 4, p. 1317-132610 p.
Mapping plant stress toleranceHumphreys, M. W., Turner, L. B., Yadav, R. S., King, J. & Skot, L. 2009 p. 331 p.
Conducting association mapping analysis of global pearl millet germplasm collection to validate candidate genes associated with a major drought tolerance QTLSehgal, D., Napolean, T., Skot, L., Vadez, V., Hash, C. T. & Yadav, R. S. 2009 p. P148
Molecular basis of response to drought in red cloverYates, S. A., Lowe, M. J., Skot, L., Jones, C. M. & Abberton, M. T. 2009 p. 27
Using gene specific DNA markers to assist targeted manipulation of flowering time and duration and seed yield potential in grass cropsSkot, L. & Thorogood, D. 2009 Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council.
Association mapping and exploitation of cross orthologous markers in forage cropsSkot, L. 2009 Unknown Publisher.
Understanding the genetic basis of flowering and fertility in the ryegrasses (Lolium spp.)Armstead, I. P., Barth, S., Yang, B., Thorogood, D., Humphreys, M. O., King, I. P., Marshall, A. H., Turner, L. B., Skøt, L., Yamada, T. (ed.) & Spangenberg, G. (ed.) 2009 Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf. Yamada, T. & Spangenberg, G. (eds.). Springer Nature, Vol. 12, p. 185-1928 p.
Genetically modified hydrographs: integrating grass genetics and soil scienceMacleod, C. J. A., Binley, A., Haygarth, P. M., Humphreys, M. W., Joynes, A., Papodopoulas, A., Skot, L., Turner, L. B. & Watts, C. 2008
Association and introgression mapping of quantitative traits in Lolium perenne: flowering time, forage quality and abiotic stress toleranceSkot, L., Thorogood, D., Armstead, I. P., Humphreys, J., Sanderson, R., Thomas, I. D., Gallagher, J. A., Turner, L. B., Humphreys, M. W. & Humphreys, M. O. 2008 p. W169
Expressed sequence tag-derived microsatellite markers of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.)Studer, B., Asp, T., Frei, U., Hentrup, S., Meally, H., Guillard, A., Barth, S., Muylle, H., Roldan-Ruiz, I., Barre, P., Koning-Boucoiran, C., Uuenk-Stunnenberg, G., Dolstra, O., Skot, L., Skot, K. P., Turner, L. B., Humphreys, M. O., Kolliker, R., Roulund, N., Nielsen, K. K. & Lubberstedt, T. 2008 The XXVII Eucarpia Symposium on Improvement of Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses.p. 86
Using translational genomics to underpin germplasm improvement for complex traits in crop legumesAbberton, M. T., Skot, L., Donnison, I. S., Oldroyd, G., Geurts, R. & Mayer, K. 2008 p. 36
Two distinct AFLP types in three populations of marram grass (Ammophila arenaria) in WalesHol, W. H. G., van der Wurff, A. W. G., Skøt, L. & Cook, R. 2008 In : Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization.6, 3, p. 201-2077 p.
Expressed sequence tag-derived microsatellite markers of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.)Studer, B., Asp, T., Frei, U., Hentrup, S., Meally, H., Guillard, A., Barth, S., Muylle, H., Roldan-Ruiz, I., Barre, P., Koning-Boucoiran, C., Uuenk-Stunnenberg, G., Dolstra, O., Skot, L., Skot, K. P., Turner, L. B., Humphreys, M. O., Kolliker, R., Roulund, N., Nielsen, K. K. & Lübberstedt, T. 2008 In : Molecular Breeding.21, 4, p. 533-54816 p.
Investigating the basis of abiotic stress tolerance in white clover: molecular approaches currently being used in IGER, AberystwythCollins, R. P., Lowe, M., Skøt, L., Marshall, A. H., Taylor, J. & Abberton, M. T. 2008 p. 15-184 p.
Association of candidate genes with flowering time and water-soluble carbohydrate content in Lolium perenne (L.)Skøt, L., Humphreys, J., Humphreys, M. O., Thorogood, D., Gallagher, J. A., Sanderson, R., Armstead, I. P. & Thomas, I. D. 2007 In : Genetics.177, 1, p. 535-54713 p.
Introgression of crown rust (Puccinia coronata) resistance from meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis) into Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum): Genetic mapping and identification of associated molecular markersArmstead, I. P., Harper, J. A., Turner, L. B., Skøt, L., King, I. P., Humphreys, M. O., Morgan, W. G., Thomas, H. M. & Roderick, H. W. 2006 In : Plant Pathology.55, 1, p. 62-676 p.
A changing climate for grassland researchHumphreys, M. W., Yadav, R. S., Cairns, A. J., Turner, L. B., Humphreys, J. & Skøt, L. 2006 In : New Phytologist.169, 1, p. 9-2618 p.
Genetics of symbiosis in Lotus japonicus: recombinant inbred lines, comparative genetic maps and map position of 35 symbiotic lociSandal, N., Petersen, T. R., Murray, J., Umehara, Y., Karas, B., Yano, K., Kumagai, H., Yoshikawa, M., Saito, K., Hayashi, M., Murakami, Y., Wang, X., Hakoyama, T., Imaizumi-Anraku, H., Sato, S., Kato, T., Chen, W., Hossain, M. S., Shibata, S., Wang, T. L., Yokota, K., Larsen, K., Kanamori, N., Madsen, E., Radutoiu, S., Madsen, L. H., Radu, T. G., Krusell, L., Ooki, Y., Banba, M., Betti, M., Rispail, N., Skøt, L., Tuck, E. F., Perry, J., Yoshida, S., Vickers, K., Pike, J., Mulder, L., Charpentier, M., Müller, J., Ohtomo, R., Kojima, T., Ando, S., Marquez, A. J., Gresshoff, P. M., Harada, K., Webb, K. J., Hata, S., Suganuma, N., Kouchi, H., Kawasaki, S., Tabata, S., Hayashi, M., Parniske, M., Szczyglowski, K., Kawaguchi, M. & Stougaard, J. 2006 In : Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions.19, 1, p. 80-9112 p.
New developments in genotyping and phenotyping for breeding improved sustainability in temperate forage grassesDonnison, I. S., Thain, S. C., Skøt, L., Taylor, J., Turner, L. B., Armstead, I. P., Roderick, H. W., King, I. P., Humphreys, M. O. & Humphreys, M. W. 2006 p. 1091-10966 p.
Association mapping in forage grassesSkøt, L. 2006 p. 6-72 p.
An association mapping approach to identify flowering time genes in natural populations of Lolium perenne (L.)Skøt, L., Humphreys, M. O., Armstead, I. P., Heywood, S., Skøt, K. P., Sanderson, R., Thomas, I. D., Chorlton, K. H. & Sackville Hamilton, N. R. 2005 In : Molecular Breeding.15, 3, p. 233-24513 p.
Identification of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne (L.)) and meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis (Huds.)) candidate orthologous sequences to the rice Hd1(Se1) and barley HvCO1 CONSTANS-like genes through comparative mapping and microsyntenyArmstead, I. P., Skøt, L., Donnison, I. S., Skøt, K. P., King, I. P., Turner, L. B. & Humphreys, M. O. 2005 In : New Phytologist.p. 239-2479 p.
The identification of genetic synteny between Lolium perenne chromosome 7 and rice chromosome 6 genomic regions that have major effects on heading-dateTurner, L. B., King, I. P., Skøt, L., Donnison, I. S., Humphreys, M. O., Armstead, I. P. & Humphreys, M. O. (ed.) 2005 p. 978-9013 p.
Developing technologies for precision breedingHumphreys, M. W., Turner, L. B., Skøt, L., Zwierzykowski, Z. (ed.) & Kosmala, A. (ed.) 2005 Recent Advances in Genetics and Breeding of the Grasses. Zwierzykowski, Z. & Kosmala, A. (eds.). Polish Academy of Sciences, p. 9-2214 p.
Variations in levels of clonality among Populus nigra L stands of different agesBarsoum, N., Muller, E. & Skøt, L. 2004 In : Evolutionary Ecology.18, 5-6, p. 601-62425 p.
Differential gene expression in individual papilla-resistant and powdery mildew-infected barley epidermal cellsGjetting, T., Carver, T. L. W., Skøt, L. & Lyngkjaer, M. F. 2004 In : Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions.17, 7, p. 729-73810 p.
Synteny between a major heading-date QTL in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and the Hd3 heading-date locus in riceArmstead, I. P., Turner, L. B., Farrell, M. S., Skøt, L., Gomez, P., Montoya, T., Donnison, I. S., King, I. P. & Humphreys, M. O. 2004 In : Theoretical and Applied Genetics.108, 5, p. 822-8287 p.
The application of genecology to the discovery of associations between phenotype and molecular markers in natural populations of perennial ryegrassThomas, I. D., Skøt, L., Sanderson, R., Chorlton, K. H., Armstead, I. P., Humphreys, M. O., Heywood, S. & Sackville Hamilton, N. R. 2004 p. 10-145 p.
Genetic variation in natural populations of perennial ryegrass in relation to flowering time and soluble carbohydratesSanderson, R., Thomas, I. D., Skøt, K. P., Skøt, L., Gallagher, J., Heywood, S., Armstead, I. P., Humphreys, M. O., Vollmann, J. (ed.), Grausgruber, H. (ed.) & Ruckenbauer, P. (ed.) 2004 Proceedings of the 17th Eucarpia General Congress, Tulln, Austria, 6-11 September 2004.p. 6-116 p.
Clonal propagation and improved phytoextraction activity of gshI poplar clones (Populus canescens ) in vitroGyulai, G., Humphreys, M. O., Bittsanszky, A., Skøt, K. P., Kiss, J., Skøt, L., Gullner, G., Heywood, S., Szabo, Z., Lovatt, J. A., Radimszky, L., Roderick, H. W., Abberton, M. T., Lagler, R., Rennenberg, H., Komives, T. & Heszky, L. E. 2004 Genetic Variation for Plant Breeding. Vollmann, J., Grausgruber, H. & Ruckenbauer, P. (eds.). University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, p. 279-2835 p.
Genetics of crop improvement: genetic manipulation (GM) of nitrogen fixationSkøt, L. 2003 Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences.Elsevier, Vol. 1-3, p. 413-4197 p.
Directed use of wild perennial ryegrass germplasm in turfgrass improvement programmesThorogood, D. & Skøt, L. 2003 p. 147-15711 p.
Association mapping of molecular markers for flowering time using natural populations of Lolium perenneSkøt, L., Armstead, I. P., Chorlton, K. H., Mizen, S., Dhanoa, M. S., Thomas, I. D., Sackville Hamilton, N. R. & Humphreys, M. O. 2003 Proceedings of the 7th British Grassland Society (BGS) Research Conference, Aberystwyth, 1-3 September 2003.p. 75-762 p.
Marker assisted breeding to enhance forage quality in ryegrass varietiesYadav, R. S., Roderick, H. W., Lovatt, J. A., Skøt, L. & Wilkins, P. W. 2003 Aspects of Applied Biology: Proceedings 'Crop Quality' Its role in sustainable livestock production.Association of Applied Biologists, Vol. 70, p. 183-1864 p.
The use of genetic markers in grass breedingHumphreys, M. O., Turner, L. B., Skot, L., Humphreys, M. W., King, I. P., Armstead, I. P. & Wilkins, P. W. 2003 Proceedings 25th EUCARPIA Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses Section Meeting. Switzerland, p. 112-119 (Czech Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding; vol. 39)
Molecular genecology of temperature response in Lolium perenne: 1. preliminary analysis to reduce false positivesSackville Hamilton, N. R., Skøt, L., Chorlton, K. H., Thomas, I. D. & Mizen, S. 2002 In : Molecular Ecology.11, 9, p. 1855-1863
Molecular genecology of temperature response in Lolium perenne: 2. association of AFLP markers with ecogeographySkøt, L., Sackville Hamilton, N. R., Mizen, S., Chorlton, K. H. & Thomas, I. D. 2002 In : Molecular Ecology.11, 9, p. 1865-187611 p.
Short-term metabolic responses of soybean root nodules to nitrateGordon, T. J., Skøt, L., James, C. L. & Minchin, F. R. 2002 In : Journal of Experimental Botany.53, 368, p. 423-4286 p.
Approaches for associating molecular polymorphisms with phenotypic traits based on linkage disequilibrium in natural populations of Lolium perenneHumphreys, J., Skøt, L., Humphreys, M. O., Thomas, I. D., Gallagher, J., Armstead, I. P. & Humphreys, M. O. (ed.) 2001 Molecular Breeding for the Genetic Improvement of Forage Crops and Turf. Humphreys, M. O. (ed.). Wageningen Academic Publishers, p. 978-9013 p.
Biological interactions in grassland soils and productivityCook, R., Bardgett, R. D., Eason, W. R., Skøt, L. & Webb, K. J. 2001 Grassland Ecosystems: An Outlook into the 21st Century. Gomide, J. A., Mattos, W. R. S. & Carneiro da Silva, S. (eds.). Fundação de Estudos Agrarios Luiz de Queiroz, p. 167-1682 p.
Use of Endophytic Diazotrophic bacteria as a Vector to Express the cry3A Gene from Bacillus ThuringiensisSalles, J. F., de Medeiros Gitahy, P., Skot, L. & Baldani, J. 2000 In : Brazilian Journal of Microbiology.31, 3
A secondary effect of transformation in Rhizobium leguminosarum transgenic for Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies tenebrionis δ-endotoxin ( cryIIIA ) genes. Part 2Giddings, G., Mytton, L., Taylor, L., Thomas, S., Allen, D. & Skot, L. 2000 In : Theoretical and Applied Genetics.100, 5, p. 820-823
Inheritance and expression of transgenes in T2 and T3 generations of Lotus corniculatus transformed using Agrobacterium tumefaciensWebb, K., Humphreys, M. O., Skot, L., Gibbs, M. & Gatehouse, J. 1999 In : Euphytica.108, 3, p. 169-179
Application of biotechnology to Lotus breedingMorris, P., Webb, K., Robbins, M. P., Skot, L. & Jørgensen, B. 1999 Trefoil: the Science and Technology of the Lotus. Beuselinck, P. R. (ed.). Crop Science Society of America, p. 199-228 (Cssa Special Publication)
Physiological and biochemical characteristics of FN1, a “fixation impaired” mutant of pea (Pisum sativum L.).Romanov, V., Gordon, A. J., Minchin, F. R., Witty, J. F., Skot, L., Evans, C. & Tikhonovich, I. 1998 In : Journal of Experimental Botany.49, 328, p. 1789-1796
Over-expression of sucrose phosphate synthase in Arabidopsis thaliana results in increased foliar sucrose/starch ratios and favours decreased foliar carbohydrate accumulation in plants after prolonged growth with CO2 enrichment.Signora, L., Galtier, N., Skot, L., Lucas, H. & Foyer, C. H. 1998 In : Journal of Experimental Botany.49, 321, p. 669-680
Introducing and Expressing Genes in LegumesBavage, A. D., Robbins, M. P., Skot, L. & Webb, K. J. 1998 Recombinant proteins from Plants: Production and Isolation of Clinically Useful Compounds. Cunningham, C. & Potter, A. J. R. (eds.). Springer Nature, p. 27-38 (Methods in Microbiology)
A secondary effect of transformation in Rhizobium leguminosarum transgenic for Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies tenebrionis ä-endotoxin (cryIIIA) genes.Giddings, G., Mytton, L., Griffiths, M., McCarthy, A., Morgan, C. & Skot, L. 1997 In : Theoretical and Applied Genetics.95, 7, p. 1062-1068
Down-regulation of sucrose synthase expression and activity in transgenic hairy roots of Lotus japonicusSkot, L., Gordon, A. J., Timms-Taravella, E., James, C., Webb, K. & Mizen, S. 1997 In : Symbiosis.22, 3, p. 241-254
Stress-induced declines in soybean nodule N2 fixation are related to sucrose synthase levels.Gordon, A. J., Minchin, F. R., Skot, L. & James, C. 1997 In : Plant Physiology.114, p. 937-946
Stress-induced declines in soybean N2 fixation are related to nodule sucrose synthase activityGordon, A. J., Minchin, F. R., Skot, L. & Evans, C. 1997 In : Plant Physiology.114, 3, p. 937-946
Inheritance of a transgene in Lotus corniculatus L.Kirkham, M., Webb, K., Skot, L. & Humphreys, M. O. 1997 Seeds of Progress: Proceedings of the BGS/BSPB/NIAB/SAC Conference. Weddell, J. R. (ed.). British Grassland Society, p. 84-851 p. (Occasional symposium)
Carbon and nitrogen metabolism in plant-derived ineffective nodules of pea (Pisum sativum L.)Romanov, V. I., Gordon, A. J., Minchin, F. R., Witty, J. F., Skot, L., James, C. L., Borisov, A. Y. & Tikhonovich, I. A. 1997 Biological Fixation of Nitrogen for Ecology and Sustainable Agriculture. Legocki, A., Bothe, H. & Pühler, A. (eds.). Springer Nature, p. 227-2304 p. (NATO ASI Series / Ecological Sciences)
Analysis of the two nodulins, sucrose synthase and ENOD2, in transgenic Lotus plantsSkot, L., Minchin, F. R., Timms-Taravella, E., Fortune, M. T., Webb, K. & Gordon, A. J. 1996 In : Plant and Soil.186, 1, p. 99-106
Genetic transformation of Lotus corniculatus using disarmed Agrobacterium tumefaciens and the inheritance of transgenes in the T1 generation.Webb, K., Gibbs, M., Mizen, S., Skot, L. & Gatehouse, J. A. 1996 In : Transgenic Research.5, 5, p. 303-312
A study of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii populations from soil extracts using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA fragment patterns.Dye, M., Skot, L., Mytton, L., Cresswell, A., Harrison, S. P. & Dooley, J. J. 1995 In : Canadian Journal of Microbiology.41, 4-5, p. 336-344
Anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of root nodules of Sprint-2 Fix-, a symbiotically defective mutant of pea (Pisum sativum L.).Romanov, V., Gordon, A. J., Minchin, F. R., Witty, J. F., Skot, L., James, C., Borisov, A. Y. & Tikhonovich, I. 1995 In : Journal of Experimental Botany.46, 12, p. 1809-1816
Introduction of genes to rhizobiaSkot, L. & Araujo, R. S. 1995 Manual for Methods on Soil Microbiology for Agricultural Purposes. Hungria, M. & Araujo, R. S. (eds.). Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, p. 201-226
The construction, detection and use of bioluminescent Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii strainsCresswell, A., Skot, L. & Cookson, A. 1994 In : Journal of Applied Microbiology.77, 6, p. 656-665
The effect of toxin-producing Rhizobium strains, on larvae of Sitona flavescens feeding on legume roots and nodulesSkot, L., Timms-Taravella, E. & Mytton, L. 1994 In : Plant and Soil.163, 1, p. 141-150
RFLP and QTL analysis of seedling thermotolerance in contrasting genotypes of pearl milletCavan, G. P., Howarth, C., Skot, L., Pollock, C., Hash, C. T., Weltzien Rattunde, E. & Bidinger, F. R. 1994 ODA Plant Series Research Compendium 1993. Witcombe, J. R. & Wright, D. A. (eds.). p. 39-40
Phylogenetic grouping and identification of Rhizobium isolates on the basis of random amplified polymorphic DNA profilesDooley, J. J., Harrison, S. P., Mytton, L., Dye, M., Cresswell, A., Skot, L. & Beeching, J. R. 1993 In : Canadian Journal of Microbiology.39, 7, p. 665-673
Characterisation of Rhizobium isolates by amplification of DNA polymorphisms using random primersHarrison, S. P., Mytton, L., Skot, L., Dye, M. & Cresswell, A. 1992 In : Canadian Journal of Microbiology.38, 10, p. 1009-1015
Parallel variation in chromosome and symbiotic plasmid markers in a Rhizobium populationEngvild, K. C., Jensen, E. S. & Skot, L. 1990 In : Plant and Soil.128, 2, p. 283-2863 p.
Expression of insecticidal activity in Rhizobium containing the delta-endotoxin gene cloned from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionisSkot, L., Harrison, S. P., Nath, A., Mytton, L. R. & Clifford, B. 1990 In : Plant and Soil.127, 2, p. 285-29511 p.
Direct evidence for changes in the resistance of the legume root nodules to O2 diffusionWitty, J. F., Skot, L. & Revsbech, P. 1987 In : Journal of Experimental Botany.38, 192, p. 1129-1140
Relationships between nitrate and oxygen supply in symbiotic nitrogen fixation by white cloverMinchin, F. R., Ines Minguez, M., Sheehy, J. E., Witty, J. F. & Skot, L. 1986 In : Journal of Experimental Botany.37, 8, p. 1103-1113
Nitrogen fixation and oxygen in legume root nodulesWitty, J. F., Minchin, F. R., Skot, L. & Sheehy, J. 1986 Oxford Surveys of Plant Molecular and Cell Biology. Miflin, B. J. (ed.). Oxford University Press, Vol. 3, p. 275-314
Identification of ononitol and O-methyl-scyllo-inositol in pea root nodules.Skot, L. & Egsgaard, H. 1984 In : Planta.161, 1, p. 32-36
Relationship between C2H2 reduction, H2 evolution and 15N2 fixation in root nodules of pea (Pisum sativum)Skot, L. 1983 In : Physiologia Plantarum.59, 4, p. 581-584