Dr Leif Skot PhD

Dr Leif Skot


Contact Details


I am Principal Investigator in the Breeding Methodologies Group at IBERS with a particular interest in association mapping and genomic selection in forage grass and legume crops. Next generation sequencing and computing technologies provide unprecedented opportunities to enhance crop yield and quality for food and livestock more sustainably through genetic improvement of germplasm. IBERS is the only university department in the UK with active plant breeding programmes, and the objective of my work is to utilise our existing breeding populations and other germplasm as the experimental framework to explore ways of developing and incorporating the genomics information and resources into the recurrent selection based plant breeding programmes for outbreeding forage crops. The aim is to provide a focal point for translational research and the development of new populations to underpin public good plant breeding and to test new genomics based breeding methodologies such as genome wide selection. These methodologies have the added advantage of enabling gene discovery and dissection of complex traits of biological and agronomic importance through association mapping in breeder-relevant germplasm.


Current Projects

  • Comparative population genomics of red clover domestication and improvement BBSRC-Industrial Partnership Award with The Genome Analysis Centre and Germinal Holdings (Principal Investigator)
  • Genomics-assisted breeding for fatty acid content and composition in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) BBSRC LINK1 Award with Germinal Holdings and HCC (Co-Investigator)
  • Marker assisted plant breeding on a genomewide scale BBSRC Industrial Partnership award with Germinal Holdings (Principal Investigator)
  • Breeding of improved forage varieties to increase protein supply and protein utilisation by ruminants. Technology Strategy Board (Co-Investigator)
  • Crop Genetics, Genomics and Germplasm. BBSRC Institute Strategic Programme Grant (Co-PI)
  • Colombia and Kenya Partnering Award: Skills sharing for genomic approaches to forage improvement. BBSRC International Partnering Award (Co-PI)



Hickey, J., Chiurugwi, T., Mackay, I., Powell, W., Eggen, A., Kilian, A., Jones, C., Canales, C., Grattapaglia, D., Bassi, F., Atlin, G., Gorjanc, G., Dawson, I., Rabbi, I., Ribaut, J., Rutkoski, J., Benzie, J., Lightner, J., Macharo, J., Parmentier, J., Robins, K., Skot, L., Wolfe, M., Rouard, M., Clark, M., Amer, P., Gardiner, P., Hendre, P., Mrode, R., Sivasankar, S., Rasmussen, S., Groh, S., Jackson, V., Thomas, W., Beyenne, Y. 2017. Genomic prediction unifies animal and plant breeding programs to form platforms for biological discovery. Nature Genetics 49 (9) pp. 1297-1303. 10.1038/ng.3920

Thorogood, D., Yates, S., Manzanares, C., Skot, L., Hegarty, M., Blackmore, T., Barth, S., Studer, B. 2017. A novel multivariate approach to phenotyping and association mapping of multi-locus gametophytic self-incompatibility reveals S, Z and other loci in a perennial ryegrass (Poaceae) population: Identifying Multi-Locus Gametophytic Self-Incompatibility Genes. Frontiers in Plant Science 8 1331 10.3389/fpls.2017.01331


Mora-Ortiz, M., Swain, M., Vickers, M., Hegarty, M., Kelly, R., Smith, L., Skot, L. 2016. De-novo transcriptome assembly for gene identification, analysis, annotation, and molecular marker discovery in Onobrychis viciifolia. BMC Genomics 17 756 10.1186/s12864-016-3083-6 Cadair

Skøt, L., Grinberg, N. 2016. Genomic Selection in Crop Plants. In B. Thomas., B. Murray., D. Murphy. (eds) Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences. 2ndth edn, Elsevier, Waltham, MA pp. 88-92. 10.1016/B978-0-12-394807-6.00228-8 Cadair

Kempf, K., Mora-Ortiz, M., Smith, L., Koelliker, R., Skot, L. 2016. Characterization of novel SSR markers in diverse sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) germplasm. BMC Genetics 17 124 10.1186/s12863-016-0431-0 Cadair

Blackmore, T., Thorogood, D., Skot, L., McMahon, R., Powell, W., Hegarty, M. 2016. Germplasm dynamics: the role of ecotypic diversity in shaping the patterns of genetic variation in Lolium perenne. Scientific Reports 6 22603 10.1038/srep22603 Cadair

Grinberg, N., Lovatt, A., Hegarty, M., Macfarlane, A.C., Skot, K., Kelly, R., Blackmore, T., Thorogood, D., King, R.D., Armstead, I., Powell, W., Skot, L. 2016. Implementation of genomic prediction in Lolium perenne (L.) breeding populations. Frontiers in Plant Science 7 133 10.3389/fpls.2016.00133 Cadair


de Vega, J., Ayling, S., Hegarty, M.J., Kudrna, D., Goicoechea, J.L., Ergon, Å., Rognli, O., Jones, C., Swain, M.T., Geurts, R., Lang, C., Mayer, K.F.X., Rössner, S., Yates, S.A., Webb, K.J., Donnison, I.S., Oldroyd, G.E.D., Wing, R., Caccamo, M., Powell, W., Abberton, M.T., Skot, L. 2015. Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) draft genome provides a platform for trait improvement. Scientific Reports 5 17394 10.1038/srep17394

Sehgal, D., Skot, L., Singh, R., Srivastava, R., Das, S., Taunk, J., Sharma, P., Pal, R., Raj, B., Hash, C., Yadav, R. 2015. Exploring potential of pearl millet germplasm association panel for association mapping of drought tolerance traits. PLoS One 10 (5) 122165 pp. 1-28. 10.1371/journal.pone.0122165 Other Cadair

Jones, C., Lloyd, D., Hegarty, M., de Vega, J., Ayling, S., Skot, L. 2015. Comparitive population genomics of red clover domestication and improvement. Proceedings of the 12th British Grassland Society Research Conference. BGS 12th Research Conference. British Grassland Society pp. 59-60. Cadair


Kelly, R.O., Skøt, L., Skøt, K.P., Collins, R.P. 2014. Analysis of changes in population structure over time in components of multi-species swards. In A. Hopkins. (ed) Grassland Science in Europe: Proceedings of General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation. , Wales pp. 861-863. Cadair

Yates, S.A., Swain, M.T., Hegarty, M.J., Chernukin, I., Lowe, M.J., Allison, G.G., Ruttlink, T., Abberton, M.T., Jenkins, G., Skøt, L. 2014. De novo assembly of red clover transcriptome based on RNA-Seq data provides insight into drought response, gene discovery and marker identification. BMC Genomics 15 pp. 453. 10.1186/1471-2164-15-453 Cadair


Macleod, C.(.J.A., Humphreys, M.W., Whalley, W.R., Turner, L., Binley, A., Watts, C.W., Skøt, L., Joynes, A., Hawkins, S., King, I.P., O'Donovan, S., Haygarth, P.M. 2013. A novel grass hybrid to reduce flood generation in temperate regions. Scientific Reports 3 1683 10.1038/srep01683 Cadair

Skot, L. 2013. Genomic Selection In Perennial Ryegrass. Plant and Animal Genome XXI. Other

Hegarty, M.J., Yadav, R.S., Lee, M.R., Armstead, I.P., Sanderson, R., Scollan, N.D., Powell, W., Skøt, L. 2013. Genotyping by RAD sequencing enables mapping of fatty acid composition traits in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne (L.)). Plant Biotechnology Journal 11 (5) pp. 572–581. 10.1111/pbi.12045 Cadair

Yadav, R.S., Sehgal, D., Howarth, C.J., Skøt, L., Srivastava, R.K., Vadez, V., Kholova, J., Hash, C.T., Yadav, R., Yadav, N., Singh, R., Taunk, J., Sharma, P. 2013. Developing and Using Genetic and Genomic Resources in Pearl Millet for Enhanced Traits Dissection and Breeding. Plant and Animal Genome XXI. Other Cadair


Collins, R.P., Helgadóttir, Á., Frankow-lindberg, B.E., Skøt, L., Jones, C.M., Skøt, K.P. 2012. Temporal changes in population genetic diversity and structure in red and white clover grown in three contrasting environments in northern Europe. Annals of Botany 110 (6) pp. 1341-1350. 10.1093/aob/mcs058 Cadair

Ravagnani, A., Abberton, M.T., Skøt, L. 2012. Development of genomic resources in the species of Trifolium L. and Its application in forage legume breeding. Agronomy 2 (2) pp. 116-131. 10.3390/agronomy2020116 Cadair


Skot, L. 2011. Use of translational genomics in legumes to underpin germplasm improvement in red clover. Cadair

Skot, L. 2011. Prospects for using genomic selection in plant breeding. Plant Biotech Denmark 2011. Cadair

Skøt, L., Sanderson, R., Thomas, A.M., Skøt, K.P., Thorogood, D., Latypova, G.A., Asp, T., Armstead, I.P. 2011. Allelic variation in the perennial ryegrass FLOWERING LOCUS T gene is associated with changes in flowering time across a range of populations. Plant Physiology 155 (2) pp. 1013-1022. 10.1104/pp.110.169870 Cadair

Skot, L. 2011. Lolium perenne partial rs1 gene for putative salt-stress root protein, exons 1-4, strain LTS1. Cadair


Collins, R.P., Frankow-Lindberg, B.E., Helgadottir, A., Skot, L., Jones, C., Skot, K.P. 2010. AFLP analysis of genetic differentiation in legume germplasm in contrasting environments. In H. Schnyder., J. Isselstein., F. Taube., K. Auerswald., J. Schelberg. (eds) Grassland Science in Europe. Grassland in a changing world. Proceedings of the 23rd General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation. European Grassland Federation pp. 51-53. Other Cadair

Studer, B., Kölliker, R., Muylle, H., Asp, T., Frei, U.C., Roldán-Ruiz, I., Barre, P., Tomaszewski, C., Meally, H., Barth, S., Skøt, L., Armstead, I.P., Dolstra, O., Lübberstedt, T. 2010. EST-derived SSR markers used as anchor loci for the construction of a consensus linkage map in ryegrass (Lolium spp.). BMC Plant Biology 10 (177) 177 10.1186/1471-2229-10-177 Other Cadair

Yamada, T., Skøt, L. 2010. Allelic diversity for candidate genes and association studies: methods and results. In C. Huyghe. (ed) Sustainable use of Genetic Diversity in Forage and Turf Breeding. Springer Nature pp. 391-396. 10.1007/978-90-481-8706-5_56 Cadair

Gregory, A.S., Webster, C.P., Watts, C.W., Whalley, W.R., Macleod, C.J.A., Joynes, A., Papadopoulos, A., Haygarth, P.M., Binley, A., Humphreys, M.W., Turner, L.B., Skøt, L., Matthews, G.P. 2010. Soil management and grass species effects on the hydraulic properties of shrinking soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 74 (3) pp. 753-761. 10.2136/sssaj2009.0284 Cadair

Collins, R.P., Frankow-Lindberg, B.E., Helgadottir, A., Skot, L., Jones, C., SKot, K.P.Rasmussen, J., Schacht, M., Helagadottir, A. 2010. AFLP analysis of changes in population genetic diversity and structure in forage legume germplasm grown in contrasting environments in Northern Europe. The potential of forage legumes to sustain a high agricultural productivity ? A Nordic perspective. NJF Seminar 432, Hvann eyri, Iceland. Cadair Other

Sehgal, D., Skot, L., Armstead, I.P., Hash, C.T., Yadav, R.S. 2010. Fine mapping of a major terminal drought tolerance QTL in pearl millet. Cadair


Turner, L., Macleod, C.J.A., Watts, C., Clark, L., Whalley, R., Binley, A., Papadopoulos, A., Farrell, M., O'Donovan, S., Hawkins, S., Skot, L., Haygarth, P.M., King, I., Humphreys, M. 2009. Lolium perenne partial rs1 gene for a putative salt-stress root protein, exons 1-4, strain LTS18. Cadair

Hargreaves, S., Maxted, N., Hirano, R., Abberton, M.T., Skøt, L., Ford-Lloyd, B.V. 2009. Islands as refugia of Trifolium repens genetic diversity. Conservation Genetics 11 (4) pp. 1317-1326. 10.1007/s10592-009-9960-7 Cadair

Humphreys, M.W., Turner, L.B., Yadav, R.S., King, J., Skot, L. 2009. Mapping plant stress tolerance. International Conference on Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance. Other Cadair

Sehgal, D., Napolean, T., Skot, L., Vadez, V., Hash, C.T., Yadav, R.S. 2009. Conducting association mapping analysis of global pearl millet germplasm collection to validate candidate genes associated with a major drought tolerance QTL. Plant and Animal Genome XVII Conference. Other Cadair

Yates, S.A., Lowe, M.J., Skot, L., Jones, C.M., Abberton, M.T. 2009. Molecular basis of response to drought in red clover. Plant Sciences Wales. Cadair

Skot, L., Thorogood, D. 2009. Using gene specific DNA markers to assist targeted manipulation of flowering time and duration and seed yield potential in grass crops. Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council Cadair

Skot, L. 2009. Association mapping and exploitation of cross orthologous markers in forage crops. Unknown Publisher Cadair

Armstead, I.P., Barth, S., Yang, B., Thorogood, D., Humphreys, M.O., King, I.P., Marshall, A.H., Turner, L.B., Skøt, L.Yamada, T., Spangenberg, G. 2009. Understanding the genetic basis of flowering and fertility in the ryegrasses (Lolium spp.). In T. Yamada., G. Spangenberg. (eds) Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on the Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf 2007 (MBFT 2007), Sapporo Convention Center. Springer Nature pp. 185-192. Cadair Other


Skot, L., Thorogood, D., Armstead, I.P., Humphreys, J., Sanderson, R., Thomas, I.D., Gallagher, J.A., Turner, L.B., Humphreys, M.W., Humphreys, M.O. 2008. Association and introgression mapping of quantitative traits in Lolium perenne: flowering time, forage quality and abiotic stress tolerance. Plant and Animal Genomics Conference XVI. Other Cadair

Studer, B., Asp, T., Frei, U., Hentrup, S., Meally, H., Guillard, A., Barth, S., Muylle, H., Roldan-Ruiz, I., Barre, P., Koning-Boucoiran, C., Uuenk-Stunnenberg, G., Dolstra, O., Skot, L., Skot, K.P., Turner, L.B., Humphreys, M.O., Kolliker, R., Roulund, N., Nielsen, K.K., Lubberstedt, T. 2008. Expressed sequence tag-derived microsatellite markers of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). The XXVII Eucarpia Symposium on Improvement of Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses. 27th EUCARPIA Symposium on Improvement of Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses. pp. 86. Cadair Other

Abberton, M.T., Skot, L., Donnison, I.S., Oldroyd, G., Geurts, R., Mayer, K. 2008. Using translational genomics to underpin germplasm improvement for complex traits in crop legumes. 27th EUCARPIA Symposium on Improvement of Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses. Cadair

Hol, W.H.G., van der Wurff, A.W.G., Skøt, L., Cook, R. 2008. Two distinct AFLP types in three populations of marram grass (Ammophila arenaria) in Wales. Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization 6 (3) pp. 201-207. 10.1017/S147926210899417X Cadair

Studer, B., Asp, T., Frei, U., Hentrup, S., Meally, H., Guillard, A., Barth, S., Muylle, H., Roldan-Ruiz, I., Barre, P., Koning-Boucoiran, C., Uuenk-Stunnenberg, G., Dolstra, O., Skot, L., Skot, K.P., Turner, L.B., Humphreys, M.O., Kolliker, R., Roulund, N., Nielsen, K.K., Lübberstedt, T. 2008. Expressed sequence tag-derived microsatellite markers of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Molecular Breeding 21 (4) pp. 533-548. 10.1007/s11032-007-9148-0 Cadair Other

Collins, R.P., Lowe, M., Skøt, L., Marshall, A.H., Taylor, J., Abberton, M.T. 2008. Investigating the basis of abiotic stress tolerance in white clover: molecular approaches currently being used in IGER, Aberystwyth. Proceedings of final meeting of COST Action 852. Cadair

Macleod, C.J.A., Binley, A., Haygarth, P.M., Humphreys, M.W., Joynes, A., Papodopoulas, A., Skot, L., Turner, L.B., Watts, C. 2008. Genetically modified hydrographs: integrating grass genetics and soil science. British Society of Soil Science meeting. Cadair


Skøt, L., Humphreys, J., Humphreys, M.O., Thorogood, D., Gallagher, J.A., Sanderson, R., Armstead, I.P., Thomas, I.D. 2007. Association of candidate genes with flowering time and water-soluble carbohydrate content in Lolium perenne (L.). Genetics 177 (1) pp. 535-547. 10.1534/genetics.107.071522 Other Cadair


Armstead, I.P., Harper, J.A., Turner, L.B., Skøt, L., King, I.P., Humphreys, M.O., Morgan, W.G., Thomas, H.M., Roderick, H.W. 2006. Introgression of crown rust (Puccinia coronata) resistance from meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis) into Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum): Genetic mapping and identification of associated molecular markers. Plant Pathology 55 (1) pp. 62-67. 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01308.x Cadair

Sandal, N., Petersen, T.R., Murray, J., Umehara, Y., Karas, B., Yano, K., Kumagai, H., Yoshikawa, M., Saito, K., Hayashi, M., Murakami, Y., Wang, X., Hakoyama, T., Imaizumi-Anraku, H., Sato, S., Kato, T., Chen, W., Hossain, M.S., Shibata, S., Wang, T.L., Yokota, K., Larsen, K., Kanamori, N., Madsen, E., Radutoiu, S., Madsen, L.H., Radu, T.G., Krusell, L., Ooki, Y., Banba, M., Betti, M., Rispail, N., Skøt, L., Tuck, E.F., Perry, J., Yoshida, S., Vickers, K., Pike, J., Mulder, L., Charpentier, M., Müller, J., Ohtomo, R., Kojima, T., Ando, S., Marquez, A.J., Gresshoff, P.M., Harada, K., Webb, K.J., Hata, S., Suganuma, N., Kouchi, H., Kawasaki, S., Tabata, S., Hayashi, M., Parniske, M., Szczyglowski, K., Kawaguchi, M., Stougaard, J. 2006. Genetics of symbiosis in Lotus japonicus: recombinant inbred lines, comparative genetic maps and map position of 35 symbiotic loci. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 19 (1) pp. 80-91. 10.1094/MPMI-19-0080 Cadair

Humphreys, M.W., Yadav, R.S., Cairns, A.J., Turner, L.B., Humphreys, J., Skøt, L. 2006. A changing climate for grassland research. New Phytologist 169 (1) pp. 9-26. 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01549.x Cadair Other

Donnison, I.S., Thain, S.C., Skøt, L., Taylor, J., Turner, L.B., Armstead, I.P., Roderick, H.W., King, I.P., Humphreys, M.O., Humphreys, M.W. 2006. New developments in genotyping and phenotyping for breeding improved sustainability in temperate forage grasses. Cadair Cadair

Skøt, L. 2006. Association mapping in forage grasses. 3rd UK Cereal Genetics and Genomics Workshop. Cadair Other


Skøt, L., Humphreys, M.O., Armstead, I.P., Heywood, S., Skøt, K.P., Sanderson, R., Thomas, I.D., Chorlton, K.H., Sackville Hamilton, N.R. 2005. An association mapping approach to identify flowering time genes in natural populations of Lolium perenne (L.). Molecular Breeding 15 (3) pp. 233-245. 10.1007/s11032-004-4824-9 Other Cadair

Armstead, I.P., Skøt, L., Donnison, I.S., Skøt, K.P., King, I.P., Turner, L.B., Humphreys, M.O. 2005. Identification of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne (L.)) and meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis (Huds.)) candidate orthologous sequences to the rice Hd1(Se1) and barley HvCO1 CONSTANS-like genes through comparative mapping and microsynteny. New Phytologist pp. 239-247. 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01392.x Cadair

Turner, L.B., King, I.P., Skøt, L., Donnison, I.S., Humphreys, M.O., Armstead, I.P.Humphreys, M.O. 2005. The identification of genetic synteny between Lolium perenne chromosome 7 and rice chromosome 6 genomic regions that have major effects on heading-date. Cadair Other

Humphreys, M.W., Turner, L.B., Skøt, L.Zwierzykowski, Z., Kosmala, A. 2005. Developing technologies for precision breeding. In Z. Zwierzykowski., A. Kosmala. (eds) Recent Advances in Genetics and Breeding of the Grasses. Polish Academy of Sciences pp. 9-22. Cadair


Barsoum, N., Muller, E., Skøt, L. 2004. Variations in levels of clonality among Populus nigra L stands of different ages. Evolutionary Ecology 18 (5-6) pp. 601-624. 10.1007/s10682-004-5146-4 Cadair

Gjetting, T., Carver, T.L.W., Skøt, L., Lyngkjaer, M.F. 2004. Differential gene expression in individual papilla-resistant and powdery mildew-infected barley epidermal cells. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 17 (7) pp. 729-738. 10.1094/MPMI.2004.17.7.729 Other Cadair

Armstead, I.P., Turner, L.B., Farrell, M.S., Skøt, L., Gomez, P., Montoya, T., Donnison, I.S., King, I.P., Humphreys, M.O. 2004. Synteny between a major heading-date QTL in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and the Hd3 heading-date locus in rice. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 108 (5) pp. 822-828. 10.1007/s00122-003-1495-6 Cadair

Thomas, I.D., Skøt, L., Sanderson, R., Chorlton, K.H., Armstead, I.P., Humphreys, M.O., Heywood, S., Sackville Hamilton, N.R. 2004. The application of genecology to the discovery of associations between phenotype and molecular markers in natural populations of perennial ryegrass. International Lolium Genome Initiative. Plant and Animal Genome XII Conference. Cadair Other

Sanderson, R., Thomas, I.D., Skøt, K.P., Skøt, L., Gallagher, J., Heywood, S., Armstead, I.P., Humphreys, M.O.Vollmann, J., Grausgruber, H., Ruckenbauer, P. 2004. Genetic variation in natural populations of perennial ryegrass in relation to flowering time and soluble carbohydrates. Proceedings of the 17th Eucarpia General Congress, Tulln, Austria, 6-11 September 2004. 17th Eucarpia General Congress. pp. 6-11. Cadair Other

Gyulai, G., Humphreys, M.O., Bittsanszky, A., Skøt, K.P., Kiss, J., Skøt, L., Gullner, G., Heywood, S., Szabo, Z., Lovatt, J.A., Radimszky, L., Roderick, H.W., Abberton, M.T., Lagler, R., Rennenberg, H., Komives, T., Heszky, L.E. 2004. Clonal propagation and improved phytoextraction activity of gshI poplar clones (Populus canescens ) in vitro. In J. Vollmann., H. Grausgruber., P. Ruckenbauer. (eds) Genetic Variation for Plant Breeding. Proceedings of the 17th Eucarpial General Congress. University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna pp. 279-283. Cadair Other


Skøt, L. 2003. Genetics of crop improvement: genetic manipulation (GM) of nitrogen fixation. Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences. Elsevier pp. 413-419. Cadair Other

Thorogood, D., Skøt, L. 2003. Directed use of wild perennial ryegrass germplasm in turfgrass improvement programmes. Proceedings 25th EUCARPIA Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses Section Meeting. Cadair Other

Skøt, L., Armstead, I.P., Chorlton, K.H., Mizen, S., Dhanoa, M.S., Thomas, I.D., Sackville Hamilton, N.R., Humphreys, M.O. 2003. Association mapping of molecular markers for flowering time using natural populations of Lolium perenne. Proceedings of the 7th British Grassland Society (BGS) Research Conference, Aberystwyth, 1-3 September 2003. 7th British Grassland Society Research Conference. pp. 75-76. Cadair Other

Yadav, R.S., Roderick, H.W., Lovatt, J.A., Skøt, L., Wilkins, P.W. 2003. Marker assisted breeding to enhance forage quality in ryegrass varieties. Aspects of Applied Biology: Proceedings 'Crop Quality' Its role in sustainable livestock production. Assocation of Applied Biologists Conference. Association of Applied Biologists pp. 183-186. Cadair Other

Humphreys, M.O., Turner, L.B., Skot, L., Humphreys, M.W., King, I.P., Armstead, I.P., Wilkins, P.W. 2003. The use of genetic markers in grass breeding. Proceedings 25th EUCARPIA Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses Section Meeting. Czech Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, vol. 39 Proceedings 25th EUCARPIA Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses Section Meeting. , Switzerland pp. 112-119. Cadair


Sackville Hamilton, N.R., Skøt, L., Chorlton, K.H., Thomas, I.D., Mizen, S. 2002. Molecular genecology of temperature response in Lolium perenne: 1. preliminary analysis to reduce false positives. Molecular Ecology 11 (9) pp. 1855-1863. 10.1046/j.1365-294X.2002.01567.x Cadair

Skøt, L., Sackville Hamilton, N.R., Mizen, S., Chorlton, K.H., Thomas, I.D. 2002. Molecular genecology of temperature response in Lolium perenne: 2. association of AFLP markers with ecogeography. Molecular Ecology 11 (9) pp. 1865-1876. 10.1046/j.1365-294X.2002.01568.x Cadair

Gordon, T.J., Skøt, L., James, C.L., Minchin, F.R. 2002. Short-term metabolic responses of soybean root nodules to nitrate. Journal of Experimental Botany 53 (368) pp. 423-428. 10.1093/jexbot/53.368.423 Cadair


Humphreys, J., Skøt, L., Humphreys, M.O., Thomas, I.D., Gallagher, J., Armstead, I.P.Humphreys, M.O. 2001. Approaches for associating molecular polymorphisms with phenotypic traits based on linkage disequilibrium in natural populations of Lolium perenne. In M. O. Humphreys. (ed) Molecular Breeding for the Genetic Improvement of Forage Crops and Turf. The 4th international symposium on the molecular breeding of forage and turf, a satellite workshop of the XXth International Grassland Congress. Wageningen Academic Publishers pp. 978-90. Cadair Other

Cook, R., Bardgett, R.D., Eason, W.R., Skøt, L., Webb, K.J. 2001. Biological interactions in grassland soils and productivity. In J. A. Gomide., W. R. S. Mattos., S. Carneiro da Silva. (eds) Grassland Ecosystems: An Outlook into the 21st Century. Proceedings 19th International Grassland Congress. Fundação de Estudos Agrarios Luiz de Queiroz pp. 167-168. Cadair


Salles, J.F., de Medeiros Gitahy, P., Skot, L., Baldani, J. 2000. Use of Endophytic Diazotrophic bacteria as a Vector to Express the cry3A Gene from Bacillus Thuringiensis. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 31 (3) 10.1590/S1517-83822000000300001 Cadair

Giddings, G., Mytton, L., Taylor, L., Thomas, S., Allen, D., Skot, L. 2000. A secondary effect of transformation in Rhizobium leguminosarum transgenic for Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies tenebrionis δ-endotoxin ( cryIIIA ) genes. Part 2. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 100 (5) pp. 820-823. 10.1007/s001220051357 Cadair


Webb, K., Humphreys, M.O., Skot, L., Gibbs, M., Gatehouse, J. 1999. Inheritance and expression of transgenes in T2 and T3 generations of Lotus corniculatus transformed using Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Euphytica 108 (3) pp. 169-179. 10.1023/A:1003628914927 Cadair

Morris, P., Webb, K., Robbins, M.P., Skot, L., Jørgensen, B. 1999. Application of biotechnology to Lotus breeding. In P. R. Beuselinck. (ed) Trefoil: the Science and Technology of the Lotus. Cssa Special Publication Crop Science Society of America pp. 199-228. Cadair


Romanov, V., Gordon, A.J., Minchin, F.R., Witty, J.F., Skot, L., Evans, C., Tikhonovich, I. 1998. Physiological and biochemical characteristics of FN1, a “fixation impaired” mutant of pea (Pisum sativum L.). Journal of Experimental Botany 49 (328) pp. 1789-1796. 10.1093/jxb/49.328.1789 Cadair

Signora, L., Galtier, N., Skot, L., Lucas, H., Foyer, C.H. 1998. Over-expression of sucrose phosphate synthase in Arabidopsis thaliana results in increased foliar sucrose/starch ratios and favours decreased foliar carbohydrate accumulation in plants after prolonged growth with CO2 enrichment. Journal of Experimental Botany 49 (321) pp. 669-680. 10.1093/jxb/49.321.669 Cadair

Bavage, A.D., Robbins, M.P., Skot, L., Webb, K.J. 1998. Introducing and Expressing Genes in Legumes. In C. Cunningham., A. J. R. Potter. (eds) Recombinant proteins from Plants: Production and Isolation of Clinically Useful Compounds. Methods in Microbiology Springer Nature pp. 27-38. Cadair


Giddings, G., Mytton, L., Griffiths, M., McCarthy, A., Morgan, C., Skot, L. 1997. A secondary effect of transformation in Rhizobium leguminosarum transgenic for Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies tenebrionis ä-endotoxin (cryIIIA) genes. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 95 (7) pp. 1062-1068. 10.1007/s001220050663 Cadair

Skot, L., Gordon, A., Timms-Taravella, E., James, C., Webb, K., Mizen, S. 1997. Down-regulation of sucrose synthase expression and activity in transgenic hairy roots of Lotus japonicus. Symbiosis 22 (3) pp. 241-254. Cadair

Gordon, A.J., Minchin, F.R., Skot, L., James, C. 1997. Stress-induced declines in soybean nodule N2 fixation are related to sucrose synthase levels. Plant Physiology 114 pp. 937-946. 10.1104/pp.114.3.937 Cadair

Gordon, A.J., Minchin, F.R., Skot, L., Evans, C. 1997. Stress-induced declines in soybean N2 fixation are related to nodule sucrose synthase activity. Plant Physiology 114 (3) pp. 937-946. 10.​1104/​pp.​114.​3.​937 Cadair

Kirkham, M., Webb, K., Skot, L., Humphreys, M.O. 1997. Inheritance of a transgene in Lotus corniculatus L. In J. R. Weddell. (ed) Seeds of Progress: Proceedings of the BGS/BSPB/NIAB/SAC Conference. Occasional symposium Proceedings of the BGS/BSPB/NIAB/SAC Conference. British Grassland Society pp. 84-85. Cadair

Romanov, V.I., Gordon, A.J., Minchin, F.R., Witty, J., Skot, L., James, C.L., Borisov, A.Y., Tikhonovich, I.A. 1997. Carbon and nitrogen metabolism in plant-derived ineffective nodules of pea (Pisum sativum L.). In A. Legocki., H. Bothe., A. Pühler. (eds) Biological Fixation of Nitrogen for Ecology and Sustainable Agriculture. NATO ASI Series / Ecological Sciences Springer Nature pp. 227-230. Cadair


Skot, L., Minchin, F.R., Timms-Taravella, E., Fortune, M.T., Webb, K., Gordon, A.J. 1996. Analysis of the two nodulins, sucrose synthase and ENOD2, in transgenic Lotus plants. Plant and Soil 186 (1) pp. 99-106. 10.1007/BF00035062 Cadair

Webb, K., Gibbs, M., Mizen, S., Skot, L., Gatehouse, J.A. 1996. Genetic transformation of Lotus corniculatus using disarmed Agrobacterium tumefaciens and the inheritance of transgenes in the T1 generation. Transgenic Research 5 (5) pp. 303-312. 10.1007/BF01968940 Cadair


Dye, M., Skot, L., Mytton, L., Cresswell, A., Harrison, S.P., Dooley, J.J. 1995. A study of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii populations from soil extracts using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA fragment patterns. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 41 (4-5) pp. 336-344. 10.1139/m95-046 Cadair

Romanov, V., Gordon, A.J., Minchin, F., Witty, J., Skot, L., James, C., Borisov, A., Tikhonovich, I. 1995. Anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of root nodules of Sprint-2 Fix-, a symbiotically defective mutant of pea (Pisum sativum L.). Journal of Experimental Botany 46 (12) pp. 1809-1816. 10.1093/jxb/46.12.1809 Cadair

Skot, L., Araujo, R.S. 1995. Introduction of genes to rhizobia. In M. Hungria., R. S. Araujo. (eds) Manual for Methods on Soil Microbiology for Agricultural Purposes. Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation pp. 201-226. Cadair


Cresswell, A., Skot, L., Cookson, A. 1994. The construction, detection and use of bioluminescent Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii strains. Journal of Applied Microbiology 77 (6) pp. 656-665. 10.1111/j.1365-2672.1994.tb02816.x Cadair

Skot, L., Timms-Taravella, E., Mytton, L. 1994. The effect of toxin-producing Rhizobium strains, on larvae of Sitona flavescens feeding on legume roots and nodules. Plant and Soil 163 (1) pp. 141-150. 10.1007/BF00033950 Cadair

Cavan, G.P., Howarth, C., Skot, L., Pollock, C., Hash, C., Weltzien Rattunde, E., Bidinger, F.R. 1994. RFLP and QTL analysis of seedling thermotolerance in contrasting genotypes of pearl millet. In J. R. Witcombe., D. A. Wright. (eds) ODA Plant Series Research Compendium 1993. pp. 39-40. Cadair


Dooley, J.J., Harrison, S.P., Mytton, L., Dye, M., Cresswell, A., Skot, L., Beeching, J.R. 1993. Phylogenetic grouping and identification of Rhizobium isolates on the basis of random amplified polymorphic DNA profiles. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 39 (7) pp. 665-673. 10.1139/m93-096 Cadair


Harrison, S.P., Mytton, L., Skot, L., Dye, M., Cresswell, A. 1992. Characterisation of Rhizobium isolates by amplification of DNA polymorphisms using random primers. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 38 (10) pp. 1009-1015. 1009-1015, 10.1139/m92-166 Cadair


Engvild, K.C., Jensen, E.S., Skot, L. 1990. Parallel variation in chromosome and symbiotic plasmid markers in a Rhizobium population. Plant and Soil 128 (2) pp. 283-286. 10.1007/BF00011120 Cadair

Skot, L., Harrison, S.P., Nath, A., Mytton, L.R., Clifford, B. 1990. Expression of insecticidal activity in Rhizobium containing the delta-endotoxin gene cloned from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis. Plant and Soil 127 (2) pp. 285-295. 10.1007/BF00014436 Cadair


Witty, J., Skot, L., Revsbech, P. 1987. Direct evidence for changes in the resistance of the legume root nodules to O2 diffusion. Journal of Experimental Botany 38 (192) pp. 1129-1140. Cadair


Minchin, F., Ines Minguez, M., Sheehy, J.E., Witty, J., Skot, L. 1986. Relationships between nitrate and oxygen supply in symbiotic nitrogen fixation by white clover. Journal of Experimental Botany 37 (8) pp. 1103-1113. 10.1093/jxb/37.8.1103 Cadair

Witty, J., Minchin, F., Skot, L., Sheehy, J. 1986. Nitrogen fixation and oxygen in legume root nodules. In B. J. Miflin. (ed) Oxford Surveys of Plant Molecular and Cell Biology. Oxford University Press pp. 275-314. Cadair


Skot, L., Egsgaard, H. 1984. Identification of ononitol and O-methyl-scyllo-inositol in pea root nodules. Planta 161 (1) pp. 32-36. 10.1007/BF00951457 Cadair


Skot, L. 1983. Relationship between C2H2 reduction, H2 evolution and 15N2 fixation in root nodules of pea (Pisum sativum). Physiologia Plantarum 59 (4) pp. 581-584. 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1983.tb06283.x Cadair