Photograph of Professor Bryn Hubbard.Professor Bryn Hubbard

BA Geography (University of Oxford)
PhD (University of Cambridge)


Office: J9
Phone: +44 (0)1970 622 783
Personal Web Site:


  • Director of Research
  • Director of the Centre for Glaciology

Institute of Geography, History, Politics and Psychology

  • Director of Research

Department of Geography and Earth Sciences

  • Director of Research
  • Director of Centre for Glaciology

Research community

  • Editor-in-Chief: Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface
  • Core Panel Member: NERC Peer Review College
  • UK correspondent: International Glaciological Society
  • UK Correspondent: International Association for Cryospheric Sciences
  • Review Panel Member: Geology

Teaching Areas

Modules Taught

Module coordinator for:

  • Analysis And Presentation Of Geographical Data (GG21710)
  • Process Glaciology (GG30320)
  • Approaches to Glaciology (EAM0820)

Contributes to:

  • Earth Surface Environments (GG10610)
  • Glaciological Field Techniques (EAM2320)
  • Research Skills in Physical Geography (GG20230)
  • Research Skills in Geography (GG20130)
  • Research Skills in Human Geography (GG25030)


Bryn Hubbard's Research Homepage

Group Affiliation

Research Interests

Current research interests include:

  • links between subglacial drainage and ice motion via hot-water borehole access (CRIOS and SAFIRE Research Projects).
  • ice shelf structure and ice characteristics, including ice coring and hot-water drilling (IceCon and MIDAS Research Projects).
  • the physical character of glacier ice and basal ice.
  • optical televiewing (OPTV) of boreholes in glaciers, ice sheets and ice shelves.

            -         technique development: Tsanfleuron Glacier, Switzerland.

            -         structural glaciology and sediment transfer: Midre Lovénbreen, Svalbard.

            -         ice shelf structure: Roi Baudouin Ice Shelf and Larsen C Ice Shelf, Antarctica.

            -         ice sheet structure: NEEM deep borehole, Greenland.

  • causes and consequences of the formation of basal ice.
  • the structure and dynamics of glacial lakes and drainage systems.
  • subglacial sediment characteristics.
  • the occurrence and physical characteristics of glacier-like forms on Mars.

Research experience includes 26 consecutive years of fieldwork at glaciers in Antarctica, Greenland, Svalbard, the European Alps, Peru, the Canadian Rockies, Norway, and the Canadian Arctic.

Current community activities include:

  • Editor-in-Chief: Journal of Geophysical Research – Earth Surface.
  • Core Member: Natural Environment Research Council’s Peer Review College
  • Scientific Editor: Annals of Glaciology.
  • Review Committee Member: Geology.
  • UK Correspondent: International Glaciological Society.
  • UK Correspondent: International Association of Cryospheric Sciences.



Director of Research, Institute of Geography, History, Politics and Psychology, Aberystwyth University.


Director of Research, Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University.


Professor, Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University.


Director of the Centre for Glaciology, Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University.


Reader in Glaciology. Centre for Glaciology, Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, UW Aberystwyth.


Senior Lecturer in Glaciology. Centre for Glaciology, Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, UW Aberystwyth.


Lecturer in Glaciology. Centre for Glaciology, Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, UW Aberystwyth.


Post-doctoral Research Associate. Department of Geography, University of Cambridge. ('Water storage, drainage evolution and water quality in Alpine glacial environments').


Ph.D. glaciology. Fitzwilliam College and Department of Geography, University of Cambridge ('Basal ice facies and their formation in the western Alps').


B.A. geography (First Class). Christ Church and School of Geography, University of Oxford.

Additional Interests

Bryn Hubbard's Research Homepage

Postgraduate Students


Name: Dr. David Ashmore
Project: Impact of Surface Melt and Ponding on Ice Shelf Dynamics and Stability (MIDAS)
Funding source: NERC

Name: Dr. Samuel Doyle
Project: Subglacial Access and Fast Ice Research Experiment (SAFIRE)
Funding source: NERC
Employment dates: Dec. 2013 – April 2016

Student name: Mr. Stephen Brough
Student primary affiliation: Aberystwyth University
Thesis title: Dynamic glaciology of glacier-like forms on Mars
Funding source: Aberystwyth University
Supervisory role: Primary supervisor
Status: Currently in first year
Student name: Mr. Stephen Jennings
Student primary affiliation: Aberystwyth University
Thesis title: Origin of foliation in ice masses
Funding source: NERC
Supervisory role: Advisory team
Status: Currently in second year

Student name: Mr. Pierre Lardeux
Student primary affiliation: Aberystwyth University
Thesis title: Modelling of debris-covered glaciers
Funding source: Aberystwyth University
Supervisory role: Advisory team
Status: Currently in first year
Student name: Mr. Terry Malone
Student primary affiliation: Aberystwyth University
Thesis title: Automated analysis of optical televiewer images from boreholes in ice
Funding source: Knowledge Economy Skills Scholarships
Supervisory role: Primary supervisor with Industrial Partner Robertson Geologging Ltd, Deganwy, UK
Status: Currently in fourth year



Drews, R., Brown, J., Matsuoka, K., Witrant, E., Philippe, M., Hubbard, B., Pattyn, F. 2016. Constraining variable density of ice shelves using wide-angle radar measurements. Cryosphere 10 (2) pp. 811-823. 10.5194/tc-10-811-2016 Other

Kulessa, B., Brisbourne, A., Booth, A.., Kuipers Munneke, P., Bevan, S., Luckman, A., Hubbard, B., Gourmelen, N., Palmer, S., Holland, P., Ashmore, D., Shepherd, A. 2016. Firn air-content of Larsen C Ice Shelf, Antarctic Peninsula, from seismic velocities, borehole surveys and firn modelling. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2016, Vienna, Austria, 17/04/2016 - 22/04/2016.

Brough, S., Hubbard, B., Hubbard, A. 2016. Former extent of glacier-like forms on Mars. Icarus 274 pp. 37-49. 10.1016/j.icarus.2016.03.006

Irvine-Fynn, T., Hubbard, B. 2016. Glacier hydrology and runoff. AAG International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environment, and Technology. Wiley

Lardeux, P., Glasser, N., Holt, T., Hubbard, B. 2016. Glaciological and geomorphological map of Glacier Noir and Glacier Blanc, French Alps. Journal of Maps 12 (3) pp. 582-596. 10.1080/17445647.2015.1054905

Philippe, M., Tison, J., Fjøsne, K., Hubbard, B., Kjær, H.A., Lenaerts, J.T.M., Sheldon, S.G., De Bondt, K., Claeys, P., Pattyn, F. 2016. Ice core evidence for a recent increase in snow accumulation in coastal Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica. Cryosphere Discussions pp. 1-36. 10.5194/tc-2016-27 Other

Hubbard, B., Luckman, A., Ashmore, D.W., Bevan, S., Kulessa, B., Kuipers Munneke, P., Philippe, M., Jansen, D., Booth, A., Sevestre, H., Tison, J., O’Leary, M., Rutt, I. 2016. Massive subsurface ice formed by refreezing of ice-shelf melt ponds. Nature Communications 7 11897 10.1038/ncomms11897

Young, T.J., Christoffersen, P., Nicholls, K., Lok, L.B., Doyle, S., Hubbard, B., Stewart, C., Hofstede, C., Bougamont, M., Todd, J., Brennan, P., Hubbard, A. 2016. The Subglacial Access and Fast Ice Research Experiment (SAFIRE): 2. High magnitude englacial strain detected with autonomous phase-sensitive FMCW radar on Store Glacier, West Greenland. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2016, Vienna, Austria, 17/04/2016 - 22/04/2016.

Hubbard, B., Doyle, S., Christoffersen, P., Young, T.J., Hofstede, C., Hubbard, A., Box, J., Todd, J., Bougamont, M. 2016. The Subglacial Access and Fast Ice Research Experiment (SAFIRE): 1. Borehole-based englacial and subglacial measurements from a rapidly-moving tidewater glacier: Store Glacier, Greenland . European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2016, Vienna, Austria, 17/04/2016 - 22/04/2016.


Doyle, S., Hubbard, A., van de Wal, R., Box, J.., van As, D., Scharrer, K., Meierbachtol, T., Smeets, P.., Harper, J., Johansson, E.., Mottram, R., Mikkelsen, A., Wilhelms, F., Patton, H., Christoffersen, P., Hubbard, B. 2015. Amplified melt and flow of the Greenland ice sheet driven by late-summer cyclonic rainfall. Nature Geoscience 10.1038/NGEO2482 Other

Drews, R., Brown, J., Matsuoka, K., Witrant, E., Philippe, M., Hubbard, B., Pattyn, F. 2015. Anomalously-dense firn in an ice-shelf channel revealed by wide-angle radar. Cryosphere Discussions 9 (5) pp. 5647-5680. 10.5194/tcd-9-5647-2015

Jansen, D., Luckman, A.J., Cook, A., Bevan, S., Kulessa, B., Hubbard, B., Holland, P.R. 2015. Brief Communication: Newly developing rift in Larsen C Ice Shelf presents significant risk to stability. Cryosphere 9 (3) pp. 1223-1227. 10.5194/tc-9-1223-2015 Other

Lovell, H., Fleming, E.J., Benn, D.I., Hubbard, B., Lukas, S., Rea, B.R., Noormets, R., Flink, A.E. 2015. Debris entrainment and landform genesis during tidewater glacier surges. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 120 (8) pp. 1574-1595. 10.1002/2015JF003509

Lovell, H., Fleming, E.J., Benn, D.I., Hubbard, B., Lukas, S., Naegeli, K. 2015. Former dynamic behaviour of a cold-based valley glacier on Svalbard revealed by basal ice and structural glaciology investigations. Journal of Glaciology 61 (226) pp. 309-328. 10.3189/2015JoG14J120 Other

Brough, S., Hubbard, B., Souness, C.J., Grindrod, P., Davis, J. 2015. Landscapes of polyphase glaciation: eastern Hellas Planitia, Mars. Journal of Maps 12 (3) pp. 530-542. 10.1080/17445647.2015.1047907

Glasser, N., Jennings, S.J.A., Hambrey, M., Hubbard, B. 2015. Origin and dynamic significance of longitudinal structures (“flow stripes”) in the Antarctic Ice Sheet. Earth Surface Dynamics 3 pp. 239-249. 10.5194/esurf-3-239-2015

Jennings, S.J.A., Hambrey, M.J., Glasser, N.F., James, T.D., Hubbard, B. 2015. Structural glaciology of Austre Brøggerbreen, northwest Svalbard. Journal of Maps pp. 1-7. 10.1080/17445647.2015.1076744


Glasser, N.F., Jennings, S.J.A., Hambrey, M.J., Hubbard, B. 2014. Are longitudinal ice-surface structures on the Antarctic Ice Sheet indicators of long-term ice-flow configuration? Earth Surface Dynamics Discussions 3 (2) pp. 239-249. 10.5194/esurfd-2-911-2014

Hubbard, B., Souness, C.J., Brough, S. 2014. Glacier-like forms on Mars. Cryosphere 8 pp. 2047-2061. 10.5194/tc-8-2047-2014

Doyle, S.H., Hubbard, A.L., Fitzpatrick, A.A.W., Van As, D., Mikkelsen, A.., Pettersson, R., Hubbard, B.P. 2014. Persistent flow acceleration within the interior of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Geophysical Research Letters 41 (3) pp. 899-905. 10.1002/2013GL058933


Souness, C.J., Hubbard, B. 2013. An alternative interpretation of late Amazonian ice flow: Protonilus Mensae, Mars. Icarus 225 (1) pp. 495-505. 10.1016/j.icarus.2013.03.030

Malone, T.S., Hubbard, B.P., Merton-Lyn, D., Worthington, P., Zwiggelaar, R. 2013. Borehole and Ice Feature Annotation Tool (BIFAT): A program for the automatic and manual annotation of glacier borehole images. Computers and Geosciences 51 pp. 381-389. 10.1016/j.cageo.2012.09.002

Hubbard, B., Tison, J., Philippe, M., Heene, B., Pattyn, F., Malone, T., Freitag, J. 2013. Ice shelf density reconstructed from optical televiewer borehole logging. Geophysical Research Letters 40 (22) pp. 5882-5887. 10.1002/2013GL058023

Hubbard, B., Malone, T. 2013. Optical-televiewer-based logging of the uppermost 630 m of the NEEM deep ice borehole, Greenland. Annals of Glaciology 54 (64) pp. 83-89. 10.3189/2013AoG64A201

Hubbard, B.P., Malone, T.S. 2013. TV on ice. Geodrilling International pp. 31-32.


Souness, C., Hubbard, B., Milliken, R.E., Quincey, D. 2012. An inventory and population-scale analysis of martian glacier-like forms. Icarus 217 (1) pp. 243-255. 10.1016/j.icarus.2011.10.020

Pattyn, F., Matsuoka, K., Callens, D., Conway, H., Depoorter, M., Docquier, D., Hubbard, B., Samyn, D., Tison, J.L. 2012. Melting and refreezing beneath Roi Baudouin Ice Shelf (East Antarctica) inferred from radar, GPS, and ice core data. Journal of Geophysical Research 117 (F4) 10.1029/2011JF002154

Souness, C., Hubbard, B. 2012. Mid-latitude glaciation on Mars. Progress in Physical Geography 36 (2) pp. 238-261. 10.1177/0309133312436570

Hubbard, B., Tison, J., Pattyn, F., Dierckx, M., Boereboom, T., Samyn, D. 2012. Optical-televiewer-based identification and characterization of material facies associated with an Antarctic ice-shelf rift. Annals of Glaciology 53 (60) pp. 137-146. 10.3189/2012AoG60A045 Cadair


Hubbard, B., Milliken, R.E., Kargel, J.S., Limaye, A., Souness, C. 2011. Geomorphological characterisation and interpretation of a mid-latitude glacier-like form: Hellas Planitia, Mars. Icarus 211 (1) pp. 330-346. 10.1016/j.icarus.2010.10.021 Cadair

Fischer, U.H., Mair, D., Kavanaugh, J.L., Willis, I., Nienow, P., Hubbard, B. 2011. Modelling ice-bed coupling during a glacier speed-up event: Haut Glacier d'Arolla, Switzerland. Hydrological Processes 25 (9) pp. 1361-1372. 10.1002/hyp.7895

Roberson, S.L., Hubbard, B., Coulson, H.R., Boomer, I. 2011. Physical Properties and Formation of Flutes at a Polythermal Valley Glacier: Midre Lovénbreen, Svalbard. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography 93 (2) pp. 71-88. 10.1111/j.1468-0459.2011.00420.x Cadair

Edwards, A., Anesio, A.M., Edwards Rassner, S.M., Sattler, B., Hubbard, B.P., Perkins, W.T., Young, M., Griffith, G.W. 2011. Possible interactions between bacterial diversity, microbial activity and supraglacial hydrology of cryoconite holes in Svalbard. ISME Journal 5 (1) pp. 150-160. 10.1038/ismej.2010.100 Cadair

Hubbard, B. 2011. Subglacial drainage system. In V. Singh, P. Singh, U. Haritashya (eds), Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers. Springer pp. 1095-1099. 10.1007/978-90-481-2642-2_545


Roberson, S.L., Hubbard, B. 2010. Application of borehole optical televiewing to investigating the 3-D structure of glaciers: implications for the formation of longitudinal debris ridges, midre Lovénbreen, Svalbard. Journal of Glaciology 56 (195) pp. 143-156. 10.3189/002214310791190802 Cadair

Hambrey, M.J., Bamber, J., Christoffersen, P., Glasser, N.F., Hubbard, A.L., Hubbard, B.P., Larter, R. 2010. Glaciers – no nonsense science. Geoscientist 20 (6) pp. 18-23. Other


Hubbard, B., Cook, S., Coulson, H. 2009. Basal ice facies: a review and unifying approach. Quaternary Science Reviews 28 (19-20) pp. 1956-1969. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.03.005 Cadair


Hubbard, B., Roberson, S., Samyn, D., Merton-Lyn, D. 2008. Digital optical televiewing of ice boreholes. Journal of Glaciology 54 (188) pp. 823-830. 10.3189/002214308787779988 Cadair

Mair, D., Hubbard, B., Nienow, P., Willis, I., Fischer, U.H. 2008. Diurnal fluctuations in glacier ice deformation: Haut Glacier d'Arolla, Switzerland. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 33 (8) pp. 1272-1284. 10.1002/esp.1612 Cadair

Chandler, D.M., Hubbard, B., Hubbard, A.L., Murray, T., Rippin, D. 2008. Optimising ice flow law parameters using borehole deformation measurements and numerical modelling. Geophysical Research Letters 35 (12) 10.1029/2008GL033801 Cadair Other

Chandler, D.M., Hubbard, B. 2008. Quantifying sample bias in clast fabric measurements. Sedimentology 55 (4) pp. 925-938. 10.1111/j.1365-3091.2007.00928.x Cadair

Hubbard, B., Clemmens, S. 2008. Recent high-resolution surface velocity and elevation change at a high-altitude, debris-covered glacier : Chacraraju, Peru. Journal of Glaciology 54 (186) pp. 479-486. 10.3189/002214308785837057


West, L.J., Rippin, D.M., Murray, T., Mader, H.M., Hubbard, B. 2007. Dielectric permittivity measurements on ice cores: implications for interpretation of radar to yield glacial unfrozen water content. Journal of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics 12 (1) pp. 37-45. 10.2113/JEEG12.1.37 Cadair

Hambrey, M., Christoffersen, P., Glasser, N., Hubbard, B. 2007. Glacial Sedimentary Processes and Products. pp. 67-84. Other

Parry, V., Nienow, P., Mair, D., Scott, J., Hubbard, B., Steffen, K., Wingham, D. 2007. Investigations of meltwater refreezing and density variations in the snowpack and firn within the percolation zone of the Greenland ice sheet. Annals of Glaciology 46 (1) pp. 61-68. 10.3189/172756407782871332 Cadair


Chandler, D.M., Hubbard, A.L., Hubbard, B., Nienow, P.W. 2006. A Monte Carlo error analysis for basal sliding velocity calculations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 111 (F4) F04005 10.1029/2006JF000476 Cadair Other


Hubbard, B., Heald, A., Reynolds, J., Quincey, D.J., Richardson, S.D. 2005. Impact of a rock avalanche on a moraine-dammed proglacial lake: Laguna Safuna Alta, Cordillera Blanca, Peru. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 30 (10) pp. 1251-1264. 10.1002/esp.1198 Cadair

Hambrey, M.J., Murray, T., Glasser, N.F., Hubbard, A.L., Hubbard, B., Stuart, G., Hansen, S., Kohler, J. 2005. Structure and changing dynamics of a polythermal valley glacier on a centennial timescale: Midre Lovénbreen, Svalbard. Journal of Geophysical Research 110 (F1) F01006 10.1029/2004JF000128


Hubbard, B., Glasser, N.F., Hambrey, M.J., Etienne, J.L. 2004. A sedimentological and isotopic study of the origin of supraglacial debris bands: Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. Journal of Glaciology 50 (169) pp. 157-170. 10.3189/172756504781830114 Other Cadair

Hubbard, A.L., Lawson, W., Anderson, B., Hubbard, B., Blatter, H. 2004. Evidence for subglacial ponding across Taylor Glacier, Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology 39 (1) pp. 79-84. 10.3189/172756404781813970 Other Cadair


Hubbard, B., Hubbard, A.L., Mader, H.M., Tison, J., Grust, K., Nienow, P. 2003. Spatial variability in the water content and rheology of temperate glaciers: Glacier de Tsanfleuron, Switzerland. Annals of Glaciology 37 (1) pp. 1-6. 10.3189/172756403781815474 Other Cadair


Hubbard, B. 2002. Direct measurement of basal motion at a hard-bedded, temperate glacier: Glacier de Tsanfleuron, Switzerland. Journal of Glaciology 48 (160) pp. 1-8. 10.3189/172756502781831610 Other Cadair Other

Tranter, M., Sharp, M.J., Lamb, H.R., Brown, G.H., Hubbard, B.P., Willis, I.C. 2002. Geochemical weathering at the bed of Haut Glacier d'Arolla, Switzerland - a new model. Hydrological Processes 16 (5) pp. 959-993. 10.1002/hyp.309 Cadair


Siegert, M.J., Kwok, R., Mayer, C., Hubbard, B. 2000. Water exchange between the subglacial Lake Vostok and the overlying ice sheet. Nature 403 (6770) pp. 643-646. 10.1038/35001049 Other