Photograph of Dr Naomi Salmon.Dr Naomi Salmon

LLB Wales, PhD


Office: 2.40 Elystan Morgan Building, Llanbadarn
Phone: 01970 622733

Teaching Areas

Undergraduate teaching and assessment: Food Policy and Law (Module Coordinator); Human Rights; Public Law; Medicine Ethics and Law; European Law.

Supervision and examination of Postgraduate research

Teaching outside the Department:

  • Lectures and seminars on 'Human Rights to Subsistence and Basic Welfare' at the Summer Course – The European System of Human Rights Protection - run by the Europa-Universität Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder), Germany.
  • Red-Cross Outreach Project – A talk & discussion session for carers. An Overview of Advance Directives / Living Wills. Ystwyth Surgery, Aberystwyth.


European food policy; Modern Biotechnology; nanotechnologies, sustainability, consumer rights; human rights.

My research draws together these various strands to explore the boundaries between the rhetoric and reality of sustainability and consumer protection within the EU market arena. I am particularly interested in the way in which Community law seeks to address and mediate the conflicting interests of key stakeholders – industry, State and consumer. Much of my work on the regulation of food biotechnology focuses on issues of risk analysis – particularly risk management - and the development of law and policy in this highly controversial area. More recently, my interests have extended into wider issues of sustainability and food security.  My doctoral thesis and current research explores the interface between consumer rights and human rights, testing the extent to which human rights argumentation might usefully be employed as a mechanism to lift key consumer rights out of the general mire of market regulation, thus promoting what must be the primary goal of any rational system of food governance: feeding the people, and feeding them well.


Additional Interests

Representative work

I served on Stonewall Cymru’s Council for six years (2002-2008). This organisation  - originally launched as the LGB Forum Cymru in 2001 - is supported by Stonewall (England) and the Welsh National Assembly and works to promote social and legal equality for the lesbian, gay and bisexual community in Wales.

My interests in this field include the impact of family law on lesbian and gay headed families, as well as broader equality and rights issues. My research to date has focused on: (a) the experiences of lesbian mothers whose children were born in the context of a previous heterosexual relationship; (b) the experiences of expectant lesbian parents in the workplace and the failure of employers to recognise the parental status of lesbian co-parents.

Staff Publications

  • 'Let's Talk About Rights! Putting People at the Heart of the Sustainable Food Debate', The Ecologist Online, 2013, forthcoming
  • 'A Time for Change: the Sustainability Imperative in UK Food Policy & Law', Food Ethics Magazine, 2013, forthcoming
  • 'What's Cooking? From GM Food to Nanofood: Regulating Risk and Trade in Europe', Environmental Law Review, 11 (2009), pp.97–115
  • 'European Community Law and Nanotechnology: A Risky Business?' The Bioscience Resource Project: Fundamentals in Food and Agriculture, June 2009, available online via
  • 'Size Matters When Nano is on the Menu', Food Magazine, December 2008
  • 'Nanotech: Size Really Does Matter', The Ecologist, May 2008, pp.16-17.
  • Contributions to jointly authored book – Harding, Kohl & Salmon, Human Rights in the Market Place: The Exploitation of Rights by Economic Actors. (Ashgate, 2008) Chapter 1: The European Laboratory: Fashioning Consumer Rights in the EU Chapter 2: Consumer Rights, Human Rights and Human Responsibilities in the Marketplace.
  • Pregnancy GFI Wales: Follow Up Study - Lesbian perspectives on pregnancy, work and the ‘written statement’ of rights and responsibilities proposed by EOC Wales. December 2005, commissioned by EOC Wales.
  • The Internet and the Human Right to Food: The European Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed, Information & Communications Technology Law, 2005, Volume 14, No.1. pp43-57.
  • What’s ‘Novel’ About It? Substantial Equivalence, Precaution and Consumer Protection 1997-2004. Monsanto Agricoltura Italia SpA v Presidenza del Consiglio del Ministri. (Case – 236/01, 9th September 2003). Environmental Law Review. 2005, Issue 7.2.
  • Update on GM, ELFline (quarterly newsletter of the Environmental Law Foundation) October, 2004 edition.
  • A European Perspective on the Precautionary Principle, Food Safety and the Free Trade Imperative of the WTO. European Law Review, Vol.27, No.2. April 2002.


Current Research / Work in Progress 

'Food Futures: Food Security, Sustainable Diets and the Human Right to Food', journal article, forthcoming

'Trade Risk and Consumer Rights: The EU and Food Biotechnology', monograph, in progress

'Nanotechnologies, Food and EU Law', monograph, in progress 


Conference Papers

'Sustainable Food Futures: Limiting Choice to Protect Rights', SLSA Annual Conference 2013, University of York, March 2013.

'Building a Sustainable Food Future for the UK: The Role of Policy and Law', Oxford Real Farming Conference, Oxford, January 2013.

'Nanotechnology, Food Safety and EU Law: States of Ignorance, Precaution and the Negotiation of “Acceptable Risk”' Socio-Legal Studies Association (SLSA) Annual Conference 2009, De Montfort University, Leicester.

Nanotechnologies and EU Food Law: Another Game of Regulatory Catch-up? Nanotech Northern Europe, 2008, Copenhagen.

'From the Corporate Laboratory to the Supermarket: Genetic Engineering, Nanotechnology & that Old Chestnut 'the' Precautionary Principle', Socio-Legal Studies Association (SLSA) Annual Conference 2008, Manchester University.

'What’s Cooking? From Genetically Modified Food to Atomically Modified Food: Regulating Risk and Trade in the EU Marketplace', University of Wales Staff / Student Law Conference 2008, Gregynog, Newtown, Wales. 

'Safety and Choice in the Food Market: The Rhetoric and Reality of EU Consumer Policy in the 21st Century', 4th International Conference on Law, 16-17 July 2007, Athens, Greece.

'The European Laboratory: The Construction of Consumer Rights in the EU', Socio-Legal Studies Association (SLSA) Annual Conference 2007, University of Kent, Canterbury.

'European Consumer Policy: food safety and choice', University of Wales Staff / Student Law Conference 2007, Gregynog, Newtown, Wales. 

'Lesbian Perspectives on Pregnancy and Work', Socio-Legal Studies Association (SLSA) Annual Conference 2006, Stirling University, Scotland.

'GM Foods: 'Acceptability', 'Risk' and the Human Right to 'Adequate' Food'. Socio-Legal Studies Association (SLSA) Annual Conference 2004, Glasgow University.

'Water as Food: Fluoridated Water and Human Rights in Europe', University of Wales Staff / Student Conference 2004, Gregynog, Newtown, Wales.

'The Precautionary Principle and the Regulation of Foods Derived from GMOs: A European Perspective', 2002 European Law Students Association (ELSA) International Conference: Hot Issues in European Law, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

'A European Perspective on the Precautionary Principle and the Free trade Imperative of the WTO', Socio-Legal Studies Association (SLSA) Annual Conference 2002, University of Wales, Aberystwyth.

'The Consumer and the Legislative Process: Foods Derived from GMOs'. SLSA Annual Conference 2002, University of Wales, Aberystwyth.

'Lesbian Parenting, Perceptions of Family Law and the Human Rights Act 1998', SLSA Annual Conference 2001, Bristol University.