Module Information

Module Identifier
Module Title
The Generation of 1898
Academic Year
Intended for use in future years
Other Staff

Course Delivery

Delivery Type Delivery length / details
Lecture 10 x 1-hour lectures
Seminars / Tutorials 10 x 1-hour seminars
Workload Breakdown Lectures and seminars = 20 hours; reading and researching - 100 hours; essay research and preparation - 50 hours; textual analysis and commentary - 30 hours.
Seminars / Tutorials
Workload Breakdown Lectures and seminars = 20 hours; reading and researching = 100 hours; essay research and preparation = 50 hours; textual analysis and commentary = 30 hours.


Assessment Type Assessment length / details Proportion
Semester Exam 2 Hours   Written exam.  70%
Semester Assessment 1 x 1500-word essay.  30%
Supplementary Exam 2/3 Hours   1 x 2-hour examination if continuous assessment submitted. 1 x 3-hour examination if no continuous assessment submitted.  100%

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:

1. understand the roots of the Spanish conflict previous to the civil war

2. have a critical capacity to analyse literary texts in their historical, political and philosophical context

3. analyse the stylistic resources used in this period


This module provides a comprehensive understanding of the intellectual and literary responses given by Spanish writers after the loss of the last Spanish colonies between 1880 and 1930. The study of different passages taken from intellectual essays and the main literary works of the time will provide a foundation in order critically to analyse the concern for the regeneration of Spain at this time, and analyse the question of a new national identity for Spain.

Brief description

The module will deal with the intellectual debate on the political and social crisis expressed in the _Idearium espanol_ and _En torno al casticismo_ to provide an overview of the 'Spanish problem' in the late XIX century and early XX century. The study of three of the main works of Spanish literature of the so-called "Generation of 1898" will provide an accurate description of the challenges faced by Spanish writers and their philosophical views. Imminent analysis will provide the necessary tools to comment critically on the use of language in lterature.


This course will start with a study of selected essays on the question of Spain:
1. Idearium espanol by Angel Ganivet, and En torno al casticismo by Miguel de Unamuno
followed by an analysis of the three main texts:
2. El arbol de la ciencia by Pio Baroja
3. Campos de Castilla by Antonio Machado
4. Niebla by Miguel de Unamuno

Module Skills

Skills Type Skills details
Communication Students will be expected to use linguistic and literary terminology in seminars and to write at an appropriate level for asignments.
Improving own Learning and Performance Students will be able to observe the improvement in their own competence by critically and linguistically analysing literary and essay texts, both in the seminars and in the written essay.
Information Technology Students will be expected to use on-line articles and to learn how not to use some unreliable sources. The students are expected to adapt rapidly to using the Real Academia Espanola dictionaries and its on-line linguistic resources. Students also need to use the official on-line archive of Spanish literature.
Personal Development and Career planning The students will be able to gain skills in analysing and commenting on the stylistic features in _poiesis_ which will help them to develop their linguistic competence.
Problem solving Students face analytical problems which arise when analysing the content and linguistic elements of the selected 98 generation literary texts.
Research skills Students will be required to compare, analyse and select various research materials (primary and secondary).
Subject Specific Skills Linguistic competence, critical literary analysis and intertextuality.
Team work Students will be expected to work in groups during seminars and critically to debate and discuss questions raised during the seminars.


This module is at CQFW Level 5