# Module Information

Module Identifier
MA10020
Module Title
Algebra and Calculus
2014/2015
Co-ordinator
Semester
Semester 1
Mutually Exclusive
MA12110, MA12610
Pre-Requisite
A-level Mathematics or equivalent.
Other Staff

#### Course Delivery

Delivery Type Delivery length / details
Lecture 44 Hours. (44 x 1 hour lectures)
Seminars / Tutorials 10 Hours. (10 x 1 hour tutorials)

#### Assessment

Assessment Type Assessment length / details Proportion
Semester Exam 2 Hours   Written examination (Algebra)  Algebra Paper  40%
Semester Exam 2 Hours   Written examination (Calculus)  Calculus paper  40%
Semester Assessment Coursework  20%
Supplementary Exam 2 Hours   One written examination  100%

### Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, a student should be able to:
1. use the notation for sets and mappings;
2. construct proofs using the Principle of Mathematical Induction;
3. apply the Binomial Theorem for an integer exponent in various situations;
4. obtain the sums of arithmetic and geometric series;
5. manipulate complex numbers and use DeMoivre's Theorem;
6. use the Division Algorithm for polynomials;
7. derive identities involving the roots of a polynomial and its coefficients;
8. sketch the graphs of simple functions;
9. calculate the limits of real valued functions;
10. determine whether given functions are continuous or not;
11. explain the idea of derivative and compute derivatives from first principles;
12. explain the notion of inverse function;
13. derive the formulae for the derivative of products and quotients of functions;
14. compute the derivative of functions;
15. determine the local maxima and minima of functions and their points of inflexion;
16. compute integrals by the methods of substitution and integration by parts;
17. compute integrals of rational functions and trigonometric functions.

### Brief description

This module covers the algebra and calculus which are fundamental to the development of mathematics.

### Aims

To introduce students to the ideas of algebra through the study of complex numbers and polynomials; to establish a clear understanding of the ideas of limit and derivative; to develop technical facility in calculations involving limits and derivatives and to develop techniques for determining definite and indefinite integrals.

### Content

1. SETS AND MAPPINGS: Introduction to number systems and mappings.
2. FINITE SUMS: The Binomial Theorem, arithmetic and geometric series. The Principle of Mathematical Induction.
3. COMPLEX NUMBERS: Geometric interpretation. DeMoivre's Theorem.
4. POLYNOMIALS: The Division Algorithm and the Remainder Theorem. Symmetric functions. Relations between roots of a polynomial and its coefficients.
5. FUNCTIONS OF A REAL VARIABLE: Graphs of elementary functions (polynomial, trigonometric, exponential, logarithm, absolute value, integer part). Periodic functions, even and odd functions. Operations on functions: addition, multiplication, division, composition.
6. LIMITS AND CONTINUITY: Limit notation. Rules for manipulation of limits. Sandwich theorem for limits, applications. Definition of continuity at a point in terms of limits. Continuity of sum, product, quotient and composite of continuous functions. Intermediate - value theorem.
7. DIFFERENTIATION: Fermat's difference quotient (f(x)-f(a))/(x-a). Definition of the derivative of f(x) at a point. Geometric significance of the derivative. Differentiation from first principles of some elementary functions. Continuity of differentiable function; examples of continuous nondifferentiable functions. Rules for differentiation. Examples on differentiation, including logarithmic differentiation. Second-order derivatives.
8. INVERSE FUNCTIONS: Definition. Trigonometric and polynomial examples. Differentiation of elementary inverse functions.
9. LOCAL MAXIMA AND MINIMA, CURVE SKETCHING: Locating the critical points of a function. Using the first derivative test to determine local maxima and minima. Points of inflexion. Graphs of rational functions, vertical asymptotes, horizontal asymptotes.
10. INTEGRATION: The Fundamental theorem of the integral calculus. Linearity properties of integration. Indefinite integrals. Methods of integration: integration by substitution, integration by parts. Definition of log x as an integral. Properties of the log function from the properties of the integral. The exponential function as the inverse of the log function. The hyperbolic functions. Integration of rational functions, use of partial fractions.

General Text
Liebeck, M. W. (c2000.) A concise introduction to pure mathematics /Martin Liebeck. Chapman &amp;amp; Hall/CRC Primo search Stewart, James. (2012) Essential Calculus :early transcendentals /James Stewart. 7th ed, metric version Brooks/Cole Primo search
Giordano, Frank R. (2005.) Thomas' calculus :based on the original work /by George B. Thomas Jr.; as revised by Maurice D. Weir, Joel Hass, Frank R. Giordano. 11th ed. Addison-Wesley Primo search Jordan, D. W. (1994.) Mathematical techniques :an introduction for the engineering, physical, and mathematical sciences /D.W. Jordan and P. Smith. Oxford University Press Primo search

### Notes

This module is at CQFW Level 4