Zhongfu Zhou

Research Professor

Contact Details

Room Number..........:  3.21
Building....................:  Physical Sciences
Phone.......................:   +44 (0)1970 621907
E-Mail........................:   zzz
Home Page...............:   Personal


Zhongfu is a graduate of the University of Science & Technology Beijing, China (B.Sc. in Physical Chemistry of Metallurgy and Materials (Rare-Earth Engineering), 1992; Ph.D in Physical Chemistry of Metallurgy and Materials, 1998). He obtained his D.Phil. in Materials Science from the University of Oxford in 2005. Before moving to the UK, Zhongfu worked as a lecturer at the university he graduated from, and technology director and production manager in a company in China for short periods. In 2002, he started his D.Phil. study in Oxford. After finishing his D.Phil. study in Oxford in 2005, Zhongfu joined Prof. Kenneth Harris’ research group at the School of Chemistry, Cardiff University as a research associate, and then he was appointed as a permanent research fellow in Cardiff University since 2008. Zhongfu moved to Aberystwyth in 2010 to work for IMAPS and CAFMaD. He is also a visiting fellow to the Department of Materials, University of Oxford since 2006, and is a distinguished professor of Shanghai University, China since 2011.

Research Interests

  • My Areas of Research are:
    • Design, simulation and fabrication of new glassy materials: In collaboration with Prof. Neville Greaves in developing new types of glass materials with unusual properties and functionalities with the aid of large scale computer simulation and advanced visualization techniques.
    • Characterization and simulation of nanodefects: Research in this field involves developing characterization techniques of combining experimental observation using electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction/scattering and computer simulations to tackle the difficulties of characterizing defects and inclusions in materials.
    • Structure determination of crystals using X-Ray diffraction: This was my main research field in Cardiff University. My research has been extensively involved in optimization and further development of methodological aspects of the direct-space strategy for structure solution from powder X-ray diffraction data using genetic algorithm.
    • Materials design: I have interests in designing materials based on the fundamental aspects of “crystal engineering” and “defect engineering”. Molecular mechanics (MM), molecular dynamics(MD) and DFT calculations are commonly used in the design strategy. Working on this field is also focused on further development of the molecular quasicrystals first introduced in 2006.
    • Developing of materials simulations packages/software: TEMACI for TEM imaging of defects, DynaDS for electron diffuse scattering from defects and impurities, EAGER for structure solution of crystals from powder X-Ray diffraction data, as well as materials visualization tools for “visualizing” the microstructures and dynamics of materials.


Hydrogen Production from Coke Oven Gas by CO2 Reforming Over a Novel Ni-Doped Silicalite-1Wang, D., Wang, J., Lu, C., Zou, X., Cheng, H., Ning, J., Lu, X. & Zhou, Z. 2018 In : Catalysis Letters.
Electrolysis of Converter Matte in Molten CaCl2-NaClWang, D., Lu, C., Zou, X., Zheng, K., Zhou, Z. & Lu, X. 2018 In : Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering.6, 2, p. 1-1111 p.
Pt nanoparticles decorated rose-like Bi2O2CO3 configurations for efficient photocatalytic removal of water organic pollutantsChen, H., Zhou, Z., Greaves, G. N., Nigar, S., Cao, H., Zhao, T. & Lu, X. 2018 In : RSC Advances.8, p. 914-9207 p.
Percolation channels: a universal idea to describe the atomic structure and dynamics of glasses and meltsLe Losq, C., Neuville, D. R., Chen, W., Florian, P., Massiot, D., Zhou, Z. & Greaves, G. 2017 In : Scientific Reports.7, 16490
Modulating the electronic and magnetic properties of grapheneNigar, S., Zhou, Z., Wang, H. & Imtiaz, M. 2017 In : RSC Advances.7, p. 51546-51580
Synthesis of sandwich microstructured expanded graphite/barium ferrite connected with carbon nanotube composite and its electromagnetic wave absorbing propertiesZhao, T., Jin, W., Ji, X., Jiang, Y., Dong, Y., Yang, Y., Dang, A., Li, H., Li, T., Shang, S. & Zhou, Z. 2017 In : Journal of Alloys and Compounds.712, p. 59-68
Synthesis and electromagnetic wave absorption property of amorphous carbon nanotube networks on a 3D graphene aerogel/BaFe12O19 nanocompositeZhao, T., Ji, X., Jin, W., Xiong, C., Ma, W., Duan, S., Dang, A., Li, H., Li, T., Shang, S. & Zhou, Z. 2017 In : Journal of Alloys and Compounds.708, p. 115-1228 p.
In-situ growth amorphous carbon nanotube on silicon particles as lithium-ion battery anode materialsZhao, T., She, S., Ji, X., Jin, W., Dang, A., Li, H., Li, T., Shang, S. & Zhou, Z. 2017 In : Journal of Alloys and Compounds.708, p. 500-5077 p.
Electrodeposition behaviour and characterization of copper-zinc alloy in deep eutectic solventXie, X., Zou, X., Lu, X., Xu, Q., Lu, C., Chen, C. & Zhou, Z. 2017 In : Journal of Applied Electrochemistry.47, 6, p. 679-68911 p.
Electromagnetic wave absorbing properties of aligned amorphous carbon nanotube/BaFe12O19 nanorod compositeZhao, T., Ji, X., Jin, W., Guo, S., Zhao, H., Yang, W., Wang, Z., Xiong, C., Dang, A., Li, H., Li, T., Shang, S. & Zhou, Z. 2017 In : Journal of Alloys and Compounds.703, p. 424-430
3D dendritic-Fe2O3@C nanoparticles as an anode material for lithium ion batteriesZhang, X., Zhou, Z., Ning, J., Nigar, S., Zhao, T., Lu, X. & Cao, H. 2017 In : RSC Advances.7, p. 18508-185114 p.
In situ synthesis of interlinked three-dimensional graphene foam/polyaniline nanorod supercapacitorZhao, T., Ji, X., Bi, P., Jin, W., Xiong, C., Dang, A., Li, H., Li, T., Shang, S. & Zhou, Z. 2017 In : Electrochimica Acta.230, p. 342-3498 p.
Direct in situ synthesis of a 3D interlinked amorphous carbon nanotube/graphene/BaFe12O19 composite and its electromagnetic wave absorbing propertiesZhao, T., Ji, X., Jin, W., Wang, C., Ma, W., Gao, J., Dang, A., Li, T., Shang, S. & Zhou, Z. 2017 In : RSC Advances.p. 15903-159108 p.
Direct Extraction of Titanium Alloys/Composites from Titanium Compounds Ores in Molten CaCI2Zou, X., Li, S., Lu, X., Xu, Q., Chen, C., Guo, S. & Zhou, Z. 2017 In : Materials Transactions.58, 3, p. 331-340 MK201603
Thickness-dependent electronic structure modulation of ferromagnetic films on shape memory alloy substrates based on a pure strain effectFeng, C., Hu, D., Gong, K., Jiang, X., Yin, J., Cao, Y., Tang, X-L., Yang, F., Zhou, Z., Yu, G. & Evans, D. 2016 In : Applied Physics Letters.109, 21, 212401
Electrodeposition of Zn and Cu−Zn alloy from ZnO/CuO precursors in deep eutectic solventXie, X., Zou, X., Lu, X., Lu, C., Cheng, H., Xu, Q. & Zhou, Z. 2016 In : Applied Surface Science.385, p. 481-4899 p.
In-situ TEM studies of 150 keV W+ ion irradiated W and W-alloys: Damage production and microstructural evolutionYi, X., Jenkins, M. L., Kirk, M. A., Zhou, Z. & Robers, S. G. 2016 In : Acta Materialia.112, p. 105-120
Magnetic catalysts as nanoactuators to achieve simultaneous momentum-transfer and continuous-flow hydrogen productionLiu, Y., Zhang, J., Zhang, X., Li, B., Wang, X., Cao, H., Wei, D., Zhou, Z. & Cheetham, A. K. 2016 In : Journal of Materials Chemistry A.4, 11, p. 4280-4287
Preparation of Porous Silicon by Sodiothermic Reduction of Zeolite and Photoactivation for Benzene OxidationWang, J-F., Chen, J-S. & Zhou, Z. 2015 In : European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry.2015, 8, p. 1330-1333
Novel cobalt-free CO2-tolerant dual-phase membranes of Ce0.8Sm0.2O2−δ –Ba0.95La0.05Fe1−xZrxO3−δ for oxygen separationCheng, H., Luo, L., Yao, W., Lu, X., Zou, X. & Zhou, Z. 2015 In : Journal of Membrane Science.492, p. 220-229
Hybrid glasses from strong and fragile metal-organic framework liquidsBennett, T. D., Tan, J., Yue, Y., Baxter, E., Ducati, C., Terrill, N. J., Yeung, H. H. -M., Zhou, Z., Chen, W., Henke, S., Cheetham, A. K. & Greaves, G. N. 2015 In : Nature Communications.6, 8079
Syngas production by CO2 reforming of coke oven gas over Ni/La2O3–ZrO2 catalystsTao, W., Cheng, H., Yao, W., Lu, X., Zhu, Q., Li, G. & Zhou, Z. 2014 In : International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.39 32, p. 18650-18658
Effects of noble metal-doping on Ni/La2O3–ZrO2 catalysts for dry reforming of coke oven gasCheng, H., Feng, S., Tao, W., Lu, X., Yao, W., Li, G. & Zhou, Z. 2014 In : International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.39, 24, p. 12604-12612
Graphene Covalently Modified by DNA G-BaseZhang, F., Cao, H., Yue, D. & Zhou, Z. 2013 In : Journal of Physical Chemistry C.117, 7, p. 3513-35197 p.
Synthesis and Applications of gamma-Tungsten Oxide Hierarchical NanostructuresYin, J., Cao, H., Zhang, J., Qu, M. & Zhou, Z. 2013 In : Crystal Growth and Design.13, 2, p. 759-76911 p.
Polymorphism and photoluminescence in a naphthalene-based ligand, and its supramolecular structures through second-sphere coordination with the [CoCl4]2− anionLi, L., Fu, Y., Guo, F., Gao, J., Tong, J. & Zhou, Z. 2013 In : RSC Advances.3, 29, p. 11594-11600
SnS2@reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites as anode materials with high capacity for rechargeable lithium ion batteriesYin, J., Cao, H., Zhou, Z., Zhang, J. & Qu, M. 2012 In : Journal of Materials Chemistry.22, 45, p. 23963-239708 p.
Direct electrosynthesis of Ti5Si3/TiC composites from their oxides/C precursors in molten calcium chlorideZou, X., Lu, X., Zhou, Z. & Li, C. 2012 In : Electrochemistry Communications.21, p. 9-135 p.
Green Electrochemical Process Solid-Oxide Oxygen-Ion-Conducting Membrane (SOM): Direct Extraction of Ti-Fe Alloys from Natural IlmeniteLu, X., Zou, X., Li, C., Zhong, Q., Ding, W. & Zhou, Z. 2012 In : Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B.43, 3, p. 503-51210 p.
Environmentally Friendly Electrochemical Method for the Direct Extraction of Titanium from High-titanium SlagZou, X., Lu, X., Zhou, Z., Li, C. & Ding, W. 2012 NATURAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, PTS 1-3. Xu, Q. J., Ge, H. H. & Zhang, J. X. (eds.). STAFA-ZURICH: Trans Tech Publications, p. 655-6595 p. (Advanced Materials Research; vol. 361-363)
Using visualisation techniques and Molecular Dynamics to study atoms diffusing in glassFlikkema, E., Zhou, Z. & Greaves, N. 2011 Eurographics 2011 proceedings.Eurographics, p. 47-482 p.
Direct selective extraction of titanium silicide Ti5Si3 from multi-component Ti-bearing compounds in molten salt by an electrochemical processZou, X., Lu, X., Zhou, Z., Li, C. & Ding, W. 2011 In : Electrochimica Acta.56, 24, p. 8430-84378 p.
Molecular Dynamics Study of Ion Diffusion in Glassy MaterialsFlikkema, E., Greaves, N. & Zhou, Z. 2011
Arrays of P=O Dipoles As a Recurrent Structural Motif in Bis-Diphenylphosphine Oxides, Established from Powder X-ray DiffractionLim, G. K., Zhou, Z., Fujii, K., Calcagno, P., Tedesco, E., Kitchin, S. J., Kariuki, B. M., Philp, D. & Harris, K. D. M. 2010 In : Crystal Growth and Design.10, 8, p. 3814-38185 p.
A direct electrochemical route from oxides to Ti-Si intermetallicsZou, X., Lu, X., Li, C. & Zhou, Z. 2010 In : Electrochimica Acta.55, 18, p. 5173-51797 p.
ADF STEM imaging of screw dislocations viewed end-onCosgriff, E. C., Nellist, P. D., Hirsch, P. B., Zhou, Z. & Cockayne, D. J. H. 2010 In : Philosophical Magazine.90, 33, p. 4361-437515 p., PII 926348991
Multiple-fragment representations of molecular geometry in direct-space structure solution from powder X-ray diffraction data using genetic algorithmsZhou, Z. & Harris, K. D. M. 2009 In : Computational Materials Science.45, 1, p. 118-1214 p.
Counteracting stagnation in genetic algorithm calculations by implementation of a micro genetic algorithm strategyZhou, Z. & Harris, K. D. M. 2008 In : Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics.10, 48, p. 7262-72698 p.
Optimizing the Number of Components in a Molecular Quasicrystal: A Three-Component Material Based on the Penrose TilingZhou, Z. & Harris, K. D. M. 2008 In : Journal of Physical Chemistry C.112, 42, p. 16186-161883 p.
Residue-based charge flipping: A new variant of an emerging algorithm for structure solution from X-ray diffraction dataZhou, Z. & Harris, K. D. M. 2008 In : Journal of Physical Chemistry A.112, 22, p. 4863-48686 p.