Module Identifier BSM0320  
Academic Year 2007/2008  
Co-ordinator Professor Peter Wathern  
Semester Semester 1  
Course delivery Lecture   15 Hours.  
  Practical   2 x 1 hour 3x3 hours  
Assessment TypeAssessment Length/DetailsProportion
Semester Assessment2 Hours Essay: Seen essay (sat under examination conditions)50%
Semester Assessment Assignment: 2000 words (50% of marks)50%

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
After completing this course, students should have an understanding of

1. the relationship between environmental impact assessment and environmental management in business terms

2. the priciples associated with ISO 14001 and EMAS

3. the environmental audit process in theory and practice

Brief description

An Introduction to Environmental Management Systems : the subject of general management systems will be introduced.
We shall then examine the structure and content of Environmental Management Systems and how these relate to
Environmental Impact Assessment. these lectures will explain the need for businesses to manage and control their
environmental impacts

EMAS and ISO14001 : two environmental management systems are of particular importance, not only in the Uk but also
mainland Europe and the rest of the world. These are the EU's Eco-management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) and the
International Environmental Management Standard, ISO 14001. These two schemes and the certification processes
associated with them will be discussed over a number of lectures

Environmental Audit Procedure : the self-teach part of the module centres on how environmental audits are undertaken
in practice. Over the years, a generalised environmental audit procedure has evolved, which the majority of audits
follow. This section covers planning.

Types of Environmental Audit : the generic term 'environmental audit' descibes a wide range of different activities and
procedures, all of which are associated with environmental auditing but which have a different focus and scope. This
final set of lectures will highlight the differences between the different types of audit and give details of what is involved
in the audits most often encountered.


To familiarise students with the main concepts associated with Environmental Auditing and Environmental
Management Systems; to introduce the European Union's Eco-management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) and
the International Standard ISO 14001

Reading Lists

** Recommended Text
Bell S (1999) Ball and Bell on Environmental Law Blackstones London 185431887X
Cahill Lawrence B (1996) Environmental Audits/Lawrence b Cahill...(eta all) 7th. Government Institutes
Gilbert, MJ Achieving Environmental Management Standards 1993. Pitman Publishing
Greeno J L, Hedstrom GS and DiBerto M (1987) Environmental Auditing: Fundamentals and Techniques Arthur D Little Cambridge Ma. USA
HASTAM (1991) Environmental Audits - a Complete Guide to Undertaking an Environmental Audit of your Business Mercury Books London
Humphrey N & Hadley M Environmental Auditing Palladian Law Publishing 190255826X
Hunt D & Johnson C (1995) Environmental management systems : principles and practice
Johnson G P (1997) The ISO 14000 EMS Audit Handbook CRC Press 1574440691
McKenna and Co (1993) Environmental Auditing - A Management Guide Index Press Ltd London
editor Christopher Sheldon (1997) ISO 14001 ans beyond : environmental management systems in the real world Green Leaf Publications New York


This module is at CQFW Level 7