Professor Mark G. Macklin
Professor of Physical Geography and Head of Research Group
mark.jpg (32417 bytes)  

Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences 
University of Wales 
Aberystwyth 
Ceredigion 
SY23 3DB 
U.K. 

Tel: +44 (0) 1970 622656 
Fax: +44 (0) 1970 622659 

Email:  mvm@aber.ac.uk

 

Research Interests

River systems and environmental change, contaminated floodplains and alluvial archaeology

 

Modules Taught

GG 30420

River systems and global environmental change

EAM 0430

River basin and water resources management

 

Administrative Responsibilities
Technical Services/ Laboratories Co-ordinator

 

Publications

 

i) Books

MACKLIN, M G and ROSE, J (eds) 1986. Quaternary river landforms and sediments in the Northern Pennines. England: Field Guide. Cambridge, British Geomorphological Research Group/Quaternary Research Association. 88pp.

NEEDHAM, S and MACKLIN, M G (eds) 1992. Alluvial Archaeology in Britain. Oxford, Oxbow Press. 277pp.

STEVENS C, GORDON, J E, GREEN, C P and MACKLIN, M G (eds) 1994. Conserving Our Landscape, Peterborough, English Nature. 207pp.

LEWIN, J, MACKLIN, M G and WOODWARD, J C (eds) 1995. Mediterranean Quaternary River Environment. Rotterdam, Balkema. 287pp.

HOWARD, A J, and MACKLIN, M G (eds) 1998. The Quaternary of the Eastern Yorkshire Dales: Field Guide. The Holocene Alluvial Record. Quaternary Research Association, London. 106pp.

 

ii) Book Chapters

MACKLIN, M G and LEWIN, J. 1985. A study of particle morphogenesis in the Rheidol Valley, mid-Wales: evidence of time-progressive and event-related clast rounding. In, Bridgland D (ed), Clast lithological analysis, Cambridge, Quaternary Research Association, 165-179.

MACKLIN, M G. 1986. Channel and Floodplain metamorphosis in the River Nent, Cumberland. In, Macklin M G and Rose J (eds), Quaternary river landforms and sediments in the Northern Pennines. England: Field Guide. Cambridge, British Geomorphological Research Group/Quaternary Research Association, 13-19.

ASPINALL R J, MACKLIN, M G and OPENSHAW, S. 1988. Heavy metal contamination in soils of Tyneside: a geographically based assessment of environment quality in an urban area. In, Hooke J (ed), Geomorphology in Environmental Planning. Chichester, Wiley, 87-102.

MACKLIN, M G and SMITH, R S. 1990. Historic riparian vegetation development and alluvial metallophyte plant communities in the Tyne basin, north-east England, UK. In, Thornes J B (ed), Vegetation and Erosion. Chichester, Wiley, 239-256.

NEWSON, M D and MACKLIN, M G. 1990. The geomorphologically effective flood and vertical instability in river channels - a feedback mechanism in the flood series for gravel bed rivers. In, White W R (ed), River Flood Hydraulics. Chichester, Wiley, 123-140.

MACKLIN, M G, PASSMORE, D G, COWLEY, D C, STEVENSON, A C and O'BRIEN, C F. 1992. Geoarchaeological enhancement of river valley archaeology in north east England. In, Spoerry P (ed), Geoprospection in the archaeological landscape. Oxford, Oxbow Press, 43-58.

MACKLIN, M G, RUMSBY, B T and NEWSON, M D. 1992. Historic overbank floods and vertical accretion of fine-grained alluvium in the lower Tyne valley, north east England. In, Billi P, Hey R, Tacconi P and Thorne C (eds), Dynamics of Gravel-bed Rivers. Chichester, Wiley, 564-580.

MACKLIN, M G. 1992. Metal contaminated soils and sediment: a geographical perspective. In, Newson M D (ed). Managing the human impact on the natural environment: patterns and processes. London, Belhaven press, 172-195.

MACKLIN, M G, PASSMORE, D G and RUMSBY, B T. 1992. Climatic and cultural signals in Holocene alluvial sequences: The Tyne basin, northern England. In, Needham S and Macklin M G (eds), Alluvial Archaeology in Britain, Oxford, Oxbow Press, 123-139.

MACKLIN, M G and NEEDHAM, S. 1992. Studies in alluvial archaeology: potential and prospect. In, Needham S and Macklin M G (eds), Alluvial Archaeology in Britain. Oxford, Oxbow Press, 9-23.

PASSMORE, D G, MACKLIN, M G, BREWER, P A, LEWIN, J, RUMSBY, B T and NEWSON, M D. 1993. Variability of late Holocene braiding in Britain. In, Best, J L and Bristow, C (eds), Braided Rivers. Geological Society Special Publication No 75, 205-229.

MACKLIN, M G, RUMSBY, B T, BONSALL, C, RHODES, A N, and ROBINSON, M. 1993. Archaeological conservation in Oban Western Scotland. In, Green C, Gordon J, Macklin M G and Stevens c (eds), Conserving our landscape. Peterborough, English Nature, 272-287.

WOODWARD, J C, MACKLIN, M G and LEWIN, J. 1994. Pedogenic weathering and relative age dating of Quaternary alluvial sediments in the Pindus mountains of northwest Greece. In, Robinson, D A and Williams, R B G (eds), Rock weathering and Landform Evolution. Chichester, Wiley, 259-283.

MACKLIN, M G, RUMSBY, B T, HEAP, T and PASSMORE, D G. 1994. Thinhope Burn, Northumberland. In, Boardman, J and Walden, J (eds), The Quaternary of Cumbria Field Guide. QRA, Oxford, 50-57.

MACKLIN, M G, PASSMORE, D G, STEVENSON, A C, DAVIS, B A and BENAVENTE, J A. 1994. Responses of rivers and lakes to Holocene environmental change in the Alcaniz region, Teruel, north-east Spain. In, Millington, A C and Pye, K (eds). Environmental Change in Drylands: Biogeographical and Geomorphological Perspectives. Chichester. Wiley, 113-130.

MACKLIN, M G, LEWIN, J and WOODWARD, J C. 1995. Quaternary fluvial systems in the Mediterranean basin. In, Lewin, J, Macklin, M G and Woodward, J C (eds), Mediterranean Quaternary River Environments, Rotterdam, Balkema, 1-25.

MACKLIN, M G and PASSMORE, D G. 1995. Pleistocene environmental change in the Guadalope basin, northeast Spain: fluvial and archaeological records. In, Lewin, J, Macklin, M G and Woodward, J C (eds). Mediterranean Quaternary River Environments. Rotterdam, Balkema, 103-113.

WOODWARD, J C, LEWIN, J and MACKLIN, M G. 1995. Glaciation, river behaviour and Palaeolithic settlement in upland northwest Greece. In, Lewin, J, Macklin, M G and Woodward, J C (eds), Mediterranean Quaternary River Environments. Rotterdam, Balkema,115-129.

MACKLIN, M G. 1995. Geochronology, Correlation and controls of Quaternary river erosion and sedimentation. In, Lewin, J, Macklin, M G and Woodward, J C (eds), Archaeological sediments and soils: analysis, interpretation and management. Institute of Archaeology, University College, London, 205-220.

MACKLIN, M G. 1996. Fluxes and storage of sediment-associated metals in floodplain systems: assessment and river basin management issues at a time of rapid environmental change. In, Anderson, M G, Walling, D E and Bates, P (eds), Floodplain Processes. Chichester, Wiley, 441-460.

FULLER, I C, MACKLIN, M G, PASSMORE, D G, BREWER, P A, LEWIN, J and WINTLE, A G. 1996. Geochronologies and environmental records of Quaternary fluvial sequences in the Guadalope basin, northeast Spain, based on luminescence dating. In, Branson, J, Brown, A G and Gregory, K J (eds), Global Continental Changes: the context of Palaeohydrology, London, Geological Society Special Publication No 115, 99-120.

RUMSBY, B T and MACKLIN, M G. 1996. River response to the last neoglacial (the Little Ice age) in northern, Western, and central Europe. In, Branson, J, Brown, A G and Gregory, K J (eds), Global Continental Changes: the context of Palaeohydrology. London, Geological Society Special Publication No 115, 217-233.

PASSMORE, D G and MACKLIN, M G. 1997. Geoarchaeology of the Tyne basin: Holocene river valley environments and the archaeological record. In, Tolan-Smith, C (ed) Landscape Archaeology in Tynedale, Tyne-Solway Ancient and Historic Landscapes Research Programme Monograph 1, University of Newcastle, 11-27.

MACKLIN, M G and LEWIN, J. 1997. Channel, floodplain and drainage basin response to environmental change. In, Thorne, C R, Hey, R D and Newson, M D (eds) Applied Fluvial Geomorphology for River Engineering and Management, Chichester, Wiley, 15-45.

MACKLIN, M G, 1997. Fluvial geomorphology of north-east England. In, Gregory, K J (ed) Fluvial Geomorphology of Great Britain. Geological Conservation Series, 13, Chapman and Hall, London, 203-238.

MACKLIN M G, LEWIN, J and WOODWARD, J C. 1998. Quaternary river sedimentary sequences of the Voidomatis basin. In, Bailey, G N (ed) Klithi: Palaeolithic settlement and Quaternary landscapes in northwest Greece. (Volume 2). McDonald Institute, Cambridge, 347-359.

LOPEZ-A VILES, A, ASHWORTH, P J and MACKLIN, M G. 1998. Floods and Quaternary sedimentation styles in a bedrock controlled reach of the Bergantes river, Ebro basin, northeast Spain. In Benito, G, Baker, B R and Gregory, K J (eds). Palaeohydrology and environmental change, Chichester, Wiley, 182-196.

MAAS, G, MACKLIN, M G and KIRKBY, M J. 1998. Late Pleistocene and Holocene river behaviour in southwest Crete. In, Benito, G, Baker, V R, and Gregory, K J (eds) Palaeohydrology and environmental change. Chichester, Wiley, 153-165.

MACKLIN, M G, PASSMORE, D P and NEWSON, M D. 1998. Controls of short and long term river instability: processes and patterns in gravel-bed rivers, the Tyne basin, northern England. In Klingeman, P E, Beschta, R L, Bradley, J and Komar, P D (eds) Gravel-bed rivers in the environment, proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Gravel-Bed Rivers, Washington, 257-278.

COULTHARD, T J, KIRKBY, M J and MACKLIN, M G. 1999. Modelling the impacts of Holocene environmental change in an upland river catchment using a cellular automaton approach. In, Brown, A G and Quine, T M (eds). Fluvial Processes and Environmental Change, Chichester, Wiley, 31-46.

MERRETT, S P and MACKLIN, M G. 1999. Historic river response to extreme flooding in the Yorkshire Dales, northern England. In, Brown, A G and Quine, T M (eds) Fluvial Processes and Environmental Change, Chichester, Wiley, 345-360.

MACKLIN, M G, TAYLOR, M P, HUDSON-EDWARDS, K A and HOWARD, A J. 1999. Holocene environmental change in the Yorkshire Ouse basin and its influence on river dynamics and sediment fluxes to the coastal zone. In, Shennan, I and Andrews, J E (eds). Holocene land-ocean interaction and environmental change around the western North Sea. Geological Society, Special Publications, 166, 87-96.

 

iii) Conference Proceedings and Reports

SMITH, J P, BRADLEY, S B, MACKLIN, M G and COX, J J. 1983. The influence of catastrophic floods on water quality as recorded in the sediments of Blagdon Lake, England. International Association of Hydrological Sciences Publn. No. 141, 421-430.

MACKLIN, M G, BRADLEY, S B and HUNT, C O. 1985. Early Mining in Britain: the stratigraphic implications of metals in alluvial sediments. In Palaeoenvironmental investigations: Research Design. Methods and interpretation. Fieller, N G R, Gilbertson, D D and Ralph, N G R (eds), Oxford, British Archaeological Reports, International Series 258, 40-54.

HARDING, P, GIBBARD, P L, LEWIN, J, MACKLIN, M G and MOSS, E H. 1987. The transport and abrasion of flint handaxes in a gravel-bed river. In, Sieveking G G and Newcomer M H (eds). First International Flint Symposium. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 115-126.

LEWIN, J and MACKLIN, M G. 1987. Metal mining and floodplain sedimentation in Britain. In, Gardiner V (ed), First International Conference on Geomorphology 1986. Chichester, Wiley, 1009-1027.

MACKLIN, M G. 1988. A fluvial geomorphological based evaluation of contamination of the Tyne basin, north-east England by sediment-borne heavy metals. Report to the Natural Environment Research Council. 29pp.

LEWIN, J MACKLIN, M G and NEWSON, M D. 1988. Regime theory and environmental change - irreconcilable concepts? In, White W R (eds). International Conference on River Regime. Chichester, Wiley, 431-445.

MACKLIN, M G, RHODES, A N and RUMSBY, B T. 1991. Holocene palaeoenvironments and prehistoric human activity in Gleann Sheileach, Oban, Scotland. Report to Historic Scotland. 18pp.

MACKLIN, M G and RUMSBY, B T. 1991. Geomorphological survey of caves and rockshelters in the Oban district, Scotland. Report to Historic Scotland. 30pp.

LEWIN, J, MACKLIN, M G and NEWSON, M D. 1993. Long term river instability: patterns and processes in gravel bed rivers, Final Report to NERC. 27pp.

HUDSON-EDWARDS, K, CURTIS, C and MACKLIN, M G. 1996. Special topic focus-heavy metal pollution in the Tees basin. LOIS Newsletter. No. 9, 6-7.

TAYLOR, P J, MACKLIN, M G and JACKSON, A. 1996. Holocene and historic environmental change in the Yorkshire Ouse, Tees and Tweed basins. LOIS Newsletter. No 9, 10-11.

MACKLIN, M G and WOODWARD, J C. 1996. Holocene river behaviour in the Northern Dongola Reach of the Nile. The Sudan Archaeological Society Research Society Newsletter. No 10. 12-14.

MACKLIN, M G, PAYNE, I, PRESTON, D and SEDGWICK, C. 1996. Review of the Porco Mine dam burst and associated mining waste problems, Pilcomayo basin, Bolivia. Report to UK Overseas Development Administration. 33pp.

SCHELL, C, MACKLIN, M G and HUDSON-EDWARDS, K A. 1996. Flood dispersal and alluvial storage of heavy metals in an arid ephemeral river, River Tinto, Huelva, S W Spain. 4th International Symposium on the Geochemistry of Earth Surface, Ilkley, 475-479.

MACKLIN, M G. 1997. Geochemical analysis of Doncaster North Bridge excavation alluvial sediment samples. Report to York Archaeological Trust. 10pp.

MACKLIN, M G and WOODWARD, J C. 1997. Holocene alluvial history in the northern Dongola Reach of the Nile: the 1996/1997 field season. The Sudan Archaeological Research Society Bulletin. 1, 13-15.

COULTHARD, T J, KIRKBY, M J and MACKLIN, M G. 1997. Modelling hydraulic, sediment and transport processes at a catchment scale using a cellular automaton approach. In Pascoe, R T (ed), Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Geocomputation, University of Otago, Duedin, New Zealand, 309-318.

HUDSON-EDWARDS, K A and MACKLIN, M G. 1998. Holocene palaeoenvironmental and archaeological investigations of Loch A'Mhuillin, Oban. Report to Historic Scotland and Tesco plc. 21pp.

MACKLIN, M G, WOODWARD, J C and LEWIN, J. 1998. Catastrophic flooding and environmental change in Mediterranean mountain environments. Final Report to NERC. 8pp.

MACKLIN, M G. 1999. Holocene and historic environmental change in the Yorkshire Ouse and Tees rivers and its influence on sediment and chemical fluxes to east coast estuaries and coastal zone. Final Report to NERC. 8pp.

HUDSON-EDWARDS, K A, MACKLIN, M G and TAYLOR, M P. 1999. Holocene sediment-borne chemical storage in the Yorkshire Ouse basin, U.K. In, Armannsson, H. (ed). Geochemistry of the Earth's Surface. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Geochemistry of the Earth's Surface, Reykjavik, Balkema, 99-102.

MACKLIN, M G, HUDSON-EDWARDS, K A, JAMIESON, H E, BREWER, P, COULTHARD, T J, HOWARD, A J and REMENDA, V H. 1999. Physical stability and rehabilitation of sustainable aquatic and riparian ecosystems in the Rio Guadiamar, Spain, following the Aznalcóllar mine tailings dam failure. In, Fernandez Rubio, R. (ed). Mine, Water and Environment, International Mine Water Association International Congress, Seville, Spain, 271-278.

 

iv) Papers in Refereed Journals

LEWIN, J, BRADLEY, S B and MACKLIN, M G. 1983. Historical valley alluviation in mid Wales. Geological Journal. 18, 331-350.

MACKLIN, M G. 1985. Flood-plain sedimentation in the upper Axe Valley, Mendip, England. Transactions Institute of British Geographers. 10 (2), 235-244.

MACKLIN, M G and LEWIN, J. 1986. Terraced fills of Pleistocene and Holocene age in the Rheidol Valley, Wales. Journal of Quaternary Science, 1, 21-34.

MACKLIN, M G and HUNT, C O. 1988. Late Quaternary alluviation and valley floor development in the Upper Axe valley, Mendip, southwest England. Proceedings Geologist Association, 99(1) 49-60.

MACKLIN, M G and NEWSON, M D. 1988. Man-related river channel change in the Tyne: lessons for river basin management. Northern Economic Review. No. 16, 34-41.

MACKLIN, M G and LEWIN, J. 1989. Sediment transfer and transformation of an alluvial valley floor: the River South Tyne, Northumbria, UK. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 14, 233-246.

MACKLIN, M G and DOWSETT, R B. 1989. The chemical and physical speciation of trace metals in fine grained overbank flood sediments in the Tyne basin, north-east England. Catena. 16, 135-151.

RICHARDS, A J, LEFERBVRE, C, MACKLIN, M G, NICHOLSON, A and VEKEMANS, X. 1989. The population genetics of Armeria maritima (Mill) Willd, on the River South Tyne, UK. New Phytologist. 112, 281-293.

BAILEY, G N, LEWIN, J, MACKLIN, M G and WOODWARD, J. 1990. Glaciation, Palaeolithic archaeology and the "older fill" of the Mediterranean. Journal of Archaeological Science, 17, 145-150.

LEWIN, J, MACKLIN, M G and WOODWARD, J C. 1991. Late Quaternary fluvial sedimentation in the Voidomatis basin, Epirus, north-west Greece. Quaternary Research, 35, 103-115.

MACKLIN, M G, PASSMORE, D, STEVENSON, A C, COWLEY, D C, O'BRIEN, C F, EDWARDS, D. 1991. Holocene alluviation and land-use change on Callaly Moor, Northumberland. Journal of Quaternary Science, 6(3), 225-232.

MACKLIN, M G and KLIMEK, K. 1992. Dispersal, storage and transformation of metal contaminated alluvium in the upper Vistula basin, south-west Poland. Applied Geography. 12, 7-30.

MACKLIN, M G, RUMSBY, B T and HEAP, T. 1992. Flood Alluviation and Entrenchment: Holocene valley floor development and transformation in the British uplands. Geological Society of America Bulletin. 104, 631-643.

WOODWARD, J C, LEWIN, J and MACKLIN, M G. 1992. Source discrimination of modern and ancient fluvial fines using X-ray diffractograms: the Voidomatis basin, north west Greece. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 17, 205-216.

PASSMORE, D G, MACKLIN, M G, STEVENSON, A C, O'BRIEN, C F and DAVIES, B A S. 1992. A Holocene alluvial sequence in the lower Tyne valley, northern Britain, A record of river response to environmental change. The Holocene. 2(2), 138-147.

MACKLIN, M G, and LEWIN, J. 1993. Holocene river alluviation in Britain. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie (Supplement) 88, 109-122.

PASSMORE, D G and MACKLIN, M G. 1994. Provenance of fine-grained alluvium and late Holocene land-use change: the Tyne basin, northern England. Geomorphology, 9, 127-142.

RUMSBY, B T and MACKLIN, M G. 1994. Channel and floodplain response to recent abrupt climate change: the Tyne basin, northern England. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. , 19, 499-515.

MACKLIN, M G, RIDGWAY, J, PASSMORE, D G and RUMSBY, B T. 1994. The use of overbank sediment of geochemical mapping and contamination assessment: results from selected English and Welsh floodplains. Applied Geochemistry. 9, 689-700.

NICHOLAS, A P, ASHWORTH, P J, KIRKBY, M J, MACKLIN, M G and MURRAY, T. 1995. Sediment slugs: large-scale fluctuations in fluvial sediment transport rates and storage volumes. Progress in Physical Geography, 19, 4, 500-519.

RAMSDEN, P, ZVELEBIL, M, MACKLIN, M G and PASSMORE, D G. 1995. Prehistoric settlement in the Barrow Valley, Southeast Ireland. Current Anthropology 36 (2), 330-332.

HUDSON-EDWARDS, K A, MACKLIN M G, CURTIS, C D and VAUGHAN, D J. 1996. Processes of formation and distribution of Pb-, Zn-, Cd- and Cu- bearing minerals in the Tyne Basin, northeast England: implications for metal contaminated river systems. Environmental Science and Technology. 30, 72-80.

MACKLIN, M G, HUDSON-EDWARDS, K A and DAWSON, E J. 1997. The significance of pollution from historic metal mining in the Pennine orefields on river sediment containment fluxes to the North Sea. The Science of the Total Environment 194/195, 391-397.

HUDSON-EDWARDS, K. A., MACKLIN, M G and TAYLOR, M. P. 1997. Tracing historic metal mining-related sediment inputs to the Tees River basin from sources to fluvial sinks. The Science of the Total Environment 194/195, 437-445.

PRESTON, D.P., MACKLIN, M.G. and WARBURTON, J. 1997. Fewer people, less erosion: the 20th century in southern Bolivia. Geographical Journal, 163(2), 198-205.

TAYLOR, M P and MACKLIN, M G. 1997. Holocene alluvial architecture and valley floor development on the River Swale, Catterick, North Yorkshire, UK. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society. 51, 317-327.

COULTHARD, T. J., KIRKBY, M. J. and MACKLIN, M.G. 1998. Non-linearity and spatial resolution in a cellular automaton model of a small upland basin. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 2(2-3), 257-264.

FULLER, I C, MACKLIN, M G, LEWIN, J, PASSMORE, D G and WINTLE, A G. 1998. River response to high-frequency climate oscillations in southern Europe over the past 200 k.y. Geology. 26(3). 275-278.

DAWSON, E J and MACKLIN, M G. 1998. Speciation of heavy metals on suspended sediment under high flow conditions in the River Aire, West Yorkshire. UK. Hydrological Processes. 12, 1483-1494.

HUDSON-EDWARDS, K A, MACKLIN, M G, CURTIS, C D and VAUGHAN, D J. 1998. Chemical remobilization of contaminated metals within floodplain sediments in an incising river system: implications for dating and chemostratigraphy. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 23, 671-684.

LONGFIELD, S A and MACKLIN, M G. 1999. The influence of recent environmental change on flooding and sediment fluxes in the Yorkshire Ouse basin. Hydrological Processes. 13, 1051-1066.

HUDSON-EDWARDS, K A, MACKLIN, M G, and TAYLOR, M P. 1999. 2000 years of sediment-borne heavy metal storage in the Yorkshire Ouse basin, northeast England. Hydrological Processes. 13, 1087-1102.

HUDSON-EDWARDS, K A, MACKLIN, M G, FINLAYSON, R and PASSMORE, D P. 1999. Medieval lead pollution in the river Ouse at York, England. Journal of Archaeological Science, 26, 809-819.

MACKLIN, M G. 1999. Holocene river environments in Britain: human interaction and impact. Quaternary Proceedings 7, Journal of Quaternary Science. 14, 521-530.

HUDSON-EDWARDS, K A, SCHELL, C and MACKLIN, M G. 1999. Mineralogy and geochemistry of alluvium contaminated by metal mining in the Rio Tinto area, southwest Spain. Applied Geochemistry, 14, 55-70.

HOWARD, A J and MACKLIN, M G. 1999. A generic geomorphological approach to archaeological interpretation and prospection in British river valleys: a guide for archaeologists investigating Holocene landscapes. Antiquity, 73, 527-541.

HOWARD, A J, MACKLIN, M G, BLACK, S and HUDSON-EDWARDS, K A. 1999. Holocene river development and environmental change in the Upper Wharfedale, Yorkshire Dales, England. Journal of Quaternary Science, 14, A generic geomorphological approach to archaeological interpretation and prospection in British river valleys: a guide for archaeologists investigating Holocene landscapes. Antiquity, 73, 527-541.

MACKLIN, M G, BONSALL, C, DAVIES, F. M and ROBINSON, M. R.  2000. Human-environment interactions during the Holocene: new data and interpretations from the Oban area, Argyll, Scotland. The Holocene, 10(1), 109-121.

 

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