Tier 4 (General) visa - applying in UK
A Student's Journey
Collect all your 'Supporting documents needed to apply for a Tier 4 visa'.Supporting Documents 1
Complete a 'Tier 4' application form by following the instructions on the visa tutorial. DO NOT go beyond the 'Declaration' page on the on-line form.Visa Tutorial 2
Book a 'Check & Send' appointment with the International Student Adviser.Email email@example.com 3
The International Student Adviser will check your supporting documents and go through your visa application form.4
Once your application form has been checked, you will pay the Immigration Health Surcharge, calculated at £300 per 12 months, based on the length of leave that you are granted. To help you calculate how much you will have to pay please see the calculator.Surcharge Calculator 5
Pay the Tier 4 visa application fee, currently the standard fee is £475.6
Book an appointment to attend either a UKVCAS core service centre (free appointments available) or an enhanced service centre (fees apply) in order to provide your biometrics. Due to the Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic some UKVCAS centres are closed, to find out which locations are open please refer to UKVCAS.UKVCAS 7
Scan and upload your documents in advance of your appointment. Make sure that all your evidence shows that you met the requirements on the day on which you submitted your application.8
Attend your appointment in order to provide your biometrics. You will need to bring your original passport to your appointment for identity purposes. We also advise you to take a hard copy of all your original documents to your appointment in case there have been any issues uploading them. Do not travel before you receive your new visa, if you decide to travel before your new visa is issued, your application will be withdrawn and you will need to make a new visa application to return to the UK.9
You should receive a decision on your Tier 4 visa within 8 weeks from the date that you submitted the application.10
Contact the International Student Adviser if you have any questions or need help with applying for your visa.Email firstname.lastname@example.org 11
How long can I study at Aberystwyth on Tier 4 visa?
Recent changes to the immigration rules now mean that students coming to the UK on a Tier 4 student visa are limited to spending 5 years on courses at degree level. If you go onto a Masters course then the time limit is 5 years and 11 months, and 8 years on a PhD level course. There are some exceptions to these rules, so please consult the International Student Adviser if you are not sure whether a new visa application will take you over the time limit caps.
How much money do I need to show for my visa application?
You need to show that you have enough money for your:
Tuition fees for your first period of study. The amount you need to show will be in your CAS email.
- All students have to show that they have £1,015 per month to cover their living costs, for a maximum of 9 months, i.e. £9,135 for a full academic year (Dependants £680 per month/per person, i.e. £6,120 for a full academic year).
- If you live in University accommodation, you can deduct money you have paid to the University from the total amount of living costs. A maximum of £1,265 can be deducted (even if you have paid more than this).
- All funds must have been available to you for a minimum period of 28 continuous days on the date that you apply for your visa.
How do I prove I have enough money for my visa application?
The immigration rules are very strict about the financial documents you must show to prove you have enough money to support yourself (and your dependants if you have any) whilst you are studying in the UK .
You will need to provide evidence of one, or a combination of the following:
1. Cash in a bank account. Cash in your, or a parent or legal guardian’s, bank account for a 28 day period - see more information about bank statements you need to provide.
IMPORTANT: If you are using your bank account or the bank account of your parents or legal guardian, the money must be held in cash and you must show that you have held the money in your, your parents', or your legal guardians' bank account for at least 28 continuous days. Your balance must not have dropped below the required amount. If the balance has dropped below the right amount even for just 1 day, you will not meet the financial requirements and your student visa will be rejected.
The date of the bank statement must not be more than 31 days old on the date that you submit your visa application.
Property, shares, bonds, pension funds, life insurance or similar savings accounts will not be accepted.
The money must not be held in a bank or a financial institution which UKVI view as untrustworthy. To check if your bank is viewed as an unsatisfactory financial institution by UKVI see: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-rules-appendix-p
2. Bank loan. A loan in your name - see more information on using a bank loan to finance.
3. Letter from an official financial or government sponsor UKVI define an "official sponsor" as:
Your country’s government or the UK government
- British Council
- Any international organisation
- Any international company
- Any University See more information about what documents you need to provide if you have an official sponsor.
If I am using a bank account, what evidence do I need to provide?
If you are using your own personal bank account, you need to provide your original bank statement in your name covering a 28 day period.
The date of the bank statement must be no more than 1 month old at the time you submit your student visa application.
Your original personal bank statement must show:
- your name
- account number
- the date of statement
- the name and logo of the bank
- that the balance has not fallen below the required amount for the full 28 day period.
If you use electronic statements then as well as including all the standard required information, they must also either be stamped on every page, or be accompanied by a supporting letter from the bank or building society confirming that the statement is authentic. You cannot use mini-statements from automatic teller machines (ATMs).
Cash in a parent or legal guardian's accountIf you are using cash in a bank account in your parent or legal guardian’s then you must include your parents’ or legal guardian’s original bank statement including all the same information as on the personal bank statement. Your parents must write a letter saying that they will support you financially for the duration of your course.
If your parents or legal guardians are providing your tuition fees and living costs, you must also prove that they are your parents or legal guardians.
You do this by providing one of the following:
your original birth certificate, showing the name of your parents
certificate of adoption showing your name
original court documents stating the name of your legal guardian
Overseas Banks Statements
You can use an overseas bank account. However, if your funds are not in pounds sterling (£), you should convert the closing balance and write this sum on the document that you are using as evidence of your finances. The Home Office uses http://www.oanda.com/ to convert currencies into pounds sterling, so you must use this exchange rate too.
The money must not be held in a bank or a financial institution which UKVI view as untrustworthy. To check if your bank is viewed as an unsatisfactory financial institution by UKVI see: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/immigration-rules/immigration-rules-appendix-p-lists-of-financial-institutions
What evidence do I need if I have an official sponsor?
You will need confirmation from your official sponsor that you are allowed to extend your stay in the UK.
UKVI define an official sponsor as one of the following:
- The UK Government or your government in your home country
- The British Council
- An international organisation
- An international company
- Aberystwyth University
If your official financial sponsor is paying all your tuition fees and living expenses, you do not have to provide separate evidence of your savings. However, you must provide a letter from your official financial sponsor confirming that your sponsor will pay all your tuition fees and living expenses. This letter must be on official letterhead paper showing:
- Your name
- The name and contact details of the official financial sponsor
- The date of the letter
- The length of the sponsorship – start and end date
- The amount of money the sponsor is giving you or confirmation that they will pay all your tuition fees and living expenses
- The official stamp of the organisation
If your sponsor only pays some of your costs, you will need a letter from them and proof that you have enough money yourself to meet the rest of the maintenance requirements (e.g. personal bank statements).
Can I show a reduced amount of funds if previously studied?
No. From the 12th November 2015, all students will have to prove that they have enough funds to cover their first year of tuition fees and 9 months of living costs at £1,015 per month, i.e. for a full academic year you will need funds to cover your tuition fees plus £9,135 for living costs.
Can I make deductions if I have paid some fees?
Yes, you can deduct the following from the total amount of money you need:
the amount you have paid towards course fees
up to a maximum of £1,265 you have paid towards your Aberystwyth University accommodation fees
You cannot deduct anything for accommodation fees if you arranged the accommodation yourself (in other words, private accommodation).
If you pay all or some of your tuition fees to Aberystwyth University Finance Office before we send you the CAS email, then the amount you have paid for your tuition fees will be notified directly to the UKVI and recorded in this CAS email.
We do not recommend that you pay any fees between receiving your CAS email and applying for your visa.
If any money you have paid for tuition fees or University accommodation fees is not shown on the CAS email, then you must provide official receipts from the University when you submit your student visa application. You can obtain receipts by emailing email@example.com.
When can I apply for my Tier 4 student visa?
You can apply for your visa up to 3 months before the start date of your course, but your course cannot start more than 28 days after your current leave expires, if it does, you will need to return home to apply to extend your visa.
The time required to process your visa will vary, depending on the time of year that you are making your application, but it should not take longer than 8 weeks.
You should not make any travel arrangements until you have received your new visa and the UKVI has returned all your supporting documents.
Do I need to attend an interview as part of the application
If you are not from a Am I a low risk national and if so what does this mean?, then as part of your visa application you may be required to attend a short interview at an UKVI office. The interview will focus on your reasons for applying for new leave, this is known as a credibility interview. An UKVI staff member may ask you questions about your immigration history, your previous education, the course you are planning to study at Aberystwyth University, your post study plans and your financial circumstances.
If you do not attend this interview without a good reason, your application will be refused.
You should be able to answer the questions at the interview without the assistance of an interpreter and to a standard that matches the English Language requirements that are stated on your CAS.
It is important to prepare for the interview and to help you, here are some examples of the types of questions that you may be asked:
Why you need to extend your Tier 4 visa?
- how studying this course will help with your future plans;
- how this course fits in with any previous courses you have done.
You should know the following details of your course at Aberystwyth University:
- how long your course is;
- what modules you will be studying;
- how many students will there be on your course;
- how you will be assessed;
- what qualification you will receive at the end of your course;
- whether the course offers any professional qualifications/recognition;
- why you have chosen not to study this course in your home country.
You should know some details about Aberystwyth University, for example you may be asked:
- where Aberystwyth is in the UK;
- how big the University is;
- why you chose to study at Aberystwyth;
- what other places you considered.
You should not be asked about your academic ability to follow the course, as Aberystwyth University has already assessed this.
Here are some examples of things you may be asked about your finances:
- if the money you have shown for your application is genuinely available to you;
- who is financing your studies;
- the profession of your financial sponsor and what relationship they are to you;
- whether you have evidence of the financial status of your financial sponsor; e.g. current bank statements
- if you have a loan, you may be asked how you plan to pay this back.
You should know some details about the cost of living and studying in the UK, for example, you may be asked:how much your tuition fees are and when you are paying them;
- where you are planning to live and how much it will cost;
- what your anticipated annual living expenses will be while you are studying at Aberystwyth;
- if you are planning on working, whether you know how many hours you are allowed to work, and how much you are likely to be paid;
- how reliant you are on being able to work.
Am I a low risk national and if so what does this mean?
You are considered to be a low risk national by UK immigration officials (UKVI) if you are from one of the following countries:
- British National Overseas
- The Dominican Republic
- Hong Kong
- New Zealand
- South Korea
- Taiwan (those who hold a passport issued by Taiwan that includes the number of the identification card issued by the competent authority in Taiwan)
- United Arab Emirates
- United States of America
If you are a national of one of these countries you will not need to provide your qualifications or evidence of your maintenance funds with your supporting documents.
However, the UKVI reserves the right to request the full range of documents in all cases. Therefore you MUST have these documents just in case. UKVI change the list of low risk nationals annually, so please check to country is still on the list. Further advice is available from http://www.ukcisa.org.uk/Information--Advice/Visas-and-Immigration/Tier-4-eligibility-and-requirements
How long will it take to get my visa?
It can take up to 8 weeks to get your visa. The time it takes will depend on the visa application centre you apply to and the amount of information and documents you need to obtain to submit with your visa application.
You should not make any travel arrangements until you have received your new visa and the UKVI has returned all your supporting documents.
Can I apply for my dependants to extend their visas?
A "dependant" is your partner/husband/wife and any dependant children you may have. They can stay with you in the UK if:
- You are government sponsored and your course is over 6 months long or
- You are doing a postgraduate level course of 9 months or longer.
More information on bringing your dependants with you is available from the UKCISA website http://www.ukcisa.org.uk/Information--Advice/Visas-and-Immigration/Dependants
If you and your dependants are applyin to extend your stay in the UK at the same time, you will need to apply on the same Tier 4 on-line form.