What content can I include in a recorded lecture?
UK Copyright legislation covers teaching materials in lectures as well as other contexts. The recording of a lecture, in effect, adds another layer of copying to any works copied for the purpose of giving the original lecture. You therefore need to give due consideration as to whether content is appropriately covered by any legal exceptions or by specific permission from rightsholders or is covered by a licence. The following guidance provides some indication as to:
i) what forms of content and material can be freely used,
ii) what might require some judgement on your part to assess whether it is covered by the allowances in the legislation
iii) what material cannot be used without specific permission
i) content that can be used for recorded lectures:
- content of which you are the copyright holder (presuming that this hasn’t been transferred to a publisher at any point)
- material where Aberystwyth University holds the copyright
- out-of-copyright materials (i.e. the author/creator has been dead for 70+ years)
- works which have been assigned a Creative Commons licence
- works which have been provided specifically for use in lectures, use being allowed for by licence, or images that are Open Educational Resources (OERs). You can search Jorum [ http://www.jorum.ac.uk/ ] to find these resources
ii) works which, depending on quantity and licensing factors) may be covered for use in recorded lectures:
- small images or graphs or tables but no more than one from the same source
- larger images or sections of text (e.g. full page) may be covered by the licence provided by the Copyright Licensing Agency (CLA) Higher Education Licence which allows limited amounts of published copyright works (books and journals) to be copied for teaching purposes. Scanning must be carried out by Information Services to ensure the terms and conditions of this licence are complied with. For further information, see: https://www.aber.ac.uk/en/is/library/digitisation/
- AU has an Educational Recording Agency (ERA) licence, which permits the use of (and copying of) TV and radio broadcasts for educational purposes. You can also show (and copy) material from on-demand TV services such as the BBC iplayer under the ERA Licence. We recommend that you use the Box of Broadcasts service for access to digitised TV and radio broadcasts. Recordings acquired from this service can be incorporated into lectures by use of the relevant BoB link/embed codes.
iii) what material cannot be used without explicit permission
- commercially bought DVDs or videos can be shown in a lecture, but CANNOT be incorporated into a recording of that lecture without explicit permission
- similarly, it is likely that it is permissible to show a YouTube clip in a lecture, but NOT to record that clip.
- commercially bought audio CDs can be used in class, but should NOT be included in a lecture recording
- permission should be sought before using general images from the internet unless the website specifically allows educational or non-commercial use
What to do if material used in the lecture needs to be excluded from the lecture as recorded.
- If there is material which is included in the lecture but which, because of copyright or other concerns, should not be included in the recording, it is possible to pause the Abercast (Panopto) system while this is being shown, re-starting once that object has been viewed.
- If you fail to edit out anything by using the pause facility, it is possible to edit the recording after the lecture has been completed as Panopto comes with a web-based editing tool.
- If too much work would be involved in editing out content, staff are encouraged to provide an alternative audio / video presentation (or vignette) for students. This could be a short recording providing an overview of key points or threshold concepts, possibly without visual content, or may discuss points that students find difficult to understand. These vignettes can be created quickly and easily using technology available at AU and support will be made available to help you.
For further information see: (URL) FAQ – Lecture Capture (considerations other than copyright) [not ready yet]
And (URL) General Lecture Capture page [https://www.aber.ac.uk/en/is/media/recording/]