Bibliographic referencing in academic work

When writing an essay, thesis, dissertation or any other piece of academic writing, it is essential to cite any material that you use from another source, whether it is taken from a book, article, web site or other work.

Why bibliographic referencing is important

Cite the sources you have used correctly, completely and consistently and

  • gain better marks
  • avoid accidental plagiarism
  • give credit to those whose work you have quoted or paraphrased
  • allow those who read your work to locate and read the sources you have used
  • build on your research skills; good bibliographic referencing is essential to academic writing in higher education

Collect and store Primo search results for books and other information sources 

When searching in Primo, you can store search results in your e-Shelf for later use and reference.

You can also collect and store records in bibliographic referencing software.

In-text citations, footnotes and bibliographies

Bibliographic referencing software at AU

These supported applications are available to help you gather, manage and format bibliographic records and cite them in word-processed documents

  • The Citations & Bibliography tool in Microsoft Word 2007 and 2010 allows you to add bibliographic records by hand for instant citations and bibliographies. This step-by-step introductory Guide to Citations and Bibliography in Microsoft Word 2010 demonstrates the essential features.
  • EndNote online (was EndNote Web) is freely available, with enhanced features for AU students and staff
  • EndNote desktop is a fully-featured bibliographic referencing application available in AU computer rooms and on other AU-owned computers, and available for purchase on personal computers

Further advice

More reference sources on bibliographic referencing are available in the library and online.