Module Identifier GG30710  
Academic Year 2000/2001  
Co-ordinator Dr Henry Lamb  
Semester Intended For Use In Future Years  
Next year offered N/A  
Next semester offered N/A  
Pre-Requisite GG21110  
Course delivery Lecture   24 Hours 12 x 2-hour lectures  
Assessment Exam   2 Hours   67%  
  Course work   Critical reviews of recent research articles.   33%  
  Resit assessment   The resit examination will consist of 1 x 2-hour examination only.    

Module Outline (Lecture Themes)

Module Aims
The module examines the evidence for natural and anthropogenic environmental change during the last 18,000 years, with an emphasis on evidence from the continents. It aims to show how continental palaeorecords contribute to our understanding of earth system processes, emphasising the interactions between the biosphere, the atmosphere, and the oceans.

Module objectives / Learning outcomes
1. To familiarize students with recent research into long-term change on the continents.
2. To enable students to critically assess current knowledge of the causes and effects of continental environmental change during the last 18,000 years.
3. To provide students with an understanding of the importance of long-term processes in relation to contemporary global environmental issues.

Reading Lists
Bell, M. and Walker, M.J.C.. (1992) Late Quaternary Environmental Change - Physical andHuman Perspectives. Longman
Bradley, R.S. (ed). (1991) Global Changes of the Past. OIES/UCAR
Goudie, A.S. 1983. Environmental Change. 2nd ed. Clarendon Press, Oxford
Lowe, J.J. & Walker, M.J.C.. (1984) Reconstructing Quaternary Environments. Longman
Roberts, N.. (1989) The Holocene: an environmental history. Basil Blackwell
Williams, M.A.J, Dunkerly, D.L., De Deckker, P., Kershaw, A.P. and Stokes, T.. (1993) Quaternary Environments. Edward Arnold