Module Identifier GG32910  
Academic Year 2000/2001  
Co-ordinator Dr Peter Abrahams  
Semester Semester 1  
Pre-Requisite GG10410  
Course delivery Lecture   20 Hours 10 x 2 hours  
Assessment Exam   2 Hours Resit has same format. 2-hour Written exam. Answer 2 questions from 4.   100%  

Module Outline (Lecture Themes)
Normally, the following themes will be covered:

1. The history of soil: human interactions.

2. Archaeology and soil science.

3. Soil and fertilisers.

4. Soil and pesticides.

5. Trace-element geochemistry - geochemical mapping, trace-element deficiencies and toxicities in
plants and animals.

6. Soil and human health/geophagy.

7. Soil acidification and the impact of acid rain on soils.

8. Radionuclides in soils.

The module is primarily concerned itself with the U.K. environment, and will include a historical approach to many of the issues covered. Students are reminded that the course deals with soil chemistry, although the principles involved will be treated in such a way that the majority of students will be able to follow the topics.

Module Aims
(1) To give students knowledge of the environmental issues which centre around soil, by concentrating primarily on how human beings have either deliberately or involuntarily altered the chemical status of soil; (2) to provide knowledge to students on how such environmental issues and their impacts can be minimised.

Module objectives / Learning outcomes
By the end of the module, students will appreciate that human beings have, in a variety of ways and over a long time-scale, interacted with soils with a resulting environmental consequence to plants and animals (including humans themselves). Students will further appreciate that a knowledge of soils can be successfully applied to restore landscapes and help minimise environmental damage.

Reading Lists
Wild, A.. (1993) Soils and the Environment: an Introduction. Cambridge University Press