Module Identifier RD16710  
Academic Year 2000/2001  
Co-ordinator Mr Sebastian McBride  
Semester Semester 1  
Assessment Exam   1.5 Hours Outcomes assessed: 1, 2, 3, 4   40%  
  Course work   Dissection-based assignment Outcomes assessed: 1, 2   60%  

Module description
To successfully manage horses at all levels it is essential to have an understanding of equine structure and function. In this module, equine gross anatomy, skeletal and muscular function and sensory perception will be investigated and related to man's demands upon the horse.

Outcome 1
To impart an understanding of equine structure and its effect on movement.
Performance criteria:
a. The major structures of the equine skeleton are detailed
b. A knowledge of the structure and function of bone, joints, ligaments and tendons is demonstrated
c. A knowledge of the major muscle masses is demonstrated and related to the movement of joints
d. The anatomy of the equine is related to movement and the stresses and strains at each gait.
Warm blood, cold blood, hot blood
All major muscle blocks
Rest, walk, trot, canter, gallop

Outcome 2
To impart an understanding of how the horse perceives its environment and the limitations this presents.
Performance criteria:
a. A knowledge of structure and function of the equine eye is demonstrated.
b. A knowledge of the structure and function of the equine ear is demonstrated.
c. The structure of the equine skin and hair is related to its function.
d. The horse's perception of its environment and surroundings is discussed.
Thermoregulation, protection.
Internal and external environment
Show jumping, eventing, racing, leisure riding.

Outcome 3
To understand the structure and function of the equine head.
Performance criteria:
a. The changes within the equine head to allow respiration are given.
b. The horse's dentition is described and is correctly counted from its age and its teeth.
0 - 25 years
Rest and exercise

Outcome 4
To understand how and why the horse has evolved the characteristics of today's modern equid.
Performance criteria:
a. The process of evolution in general is appreciated
b. The processes of early evolution of the equine are given
c. Evolution of the "Equus" is considered and the forces resulting in the modern-day horse are appreciated
Cold blood, warm blood, hot blood
Plateau, oriental, occidental
America, Africa, Europe.