Module Identifier RS34410  
Academic Year 2000/2001  
Co-ordinator Dr Graham Harris  
Semester Semester 1  
Assessment Exam   2 Hours   50%  
  Essay     50%  

Aims of the module
To enable students to identify and evaluate the patterns, processes and policies involved in global biodiversity conservation. To enable students to integrate biological, economic and political concepts.

Learning outcomes
On completion of the module the students will be able to:

(i) Identify patterns and use of biodiversity;

(ii) Explain causes of loss of biodiversity;

(iii) Identify and evaluate conservation policies;

(iv) Discuss approaches to valuing biodiversity.

Syllabus / Curriculum design
The lecture course considers the nature and extent of biodiversity from the level of genetic diversity to biomes. Approaches to determining the use and values of biodiversity entering into the fields of political ecology and ecological economics. Rates of biodiversity loss and the ecological implications in conjunction with the influential factors creating change are discussed. Techniques for conservation of plant, animal and genetic resources in-situ and ex-situ are considered. Attention is drawn to the processes of monitoring and review of the efficacy of implementation and enforcement of these approaches. Case studies are used to illustrate the function of economic incentives. International policies, treaties and systems for conserving biodiversity are critically appraised through seminars. The role of local communities in the conservation of global biodiversity is critically assessed.

Reading Lists
Barbier E B. (1994) Paradise lost?. Earthscan
Wilson E O (ed). (1988) Biodiversity. National Academy Press
(1992) Global biodiversity strategy. World Resources Institute
Sandlund O T (ed). (1992) Conservation of biodiversity for sustainable development. Scandinavian University Press
Sands P (ed). (1993) Greening international law. Earthscan
Lyster S. (1985) International wildlife law. Grotius
Cameron J (ed). (1996) Improving compliance with international environmental law. Earthscan
MacNeely J A and Miller K R. (1990) Conserving the world's biological diversity. IUCN

Technical Reports
Groombridge B (ed). (1992) Global biodiversity: status of the earth's living resources. Chapman and Hall

Web Page/Sites
World Biodiversity sites.