Module Identifier EA30710  
Academic Year 2001/2002  
Co-ordinator Dr Geoff Duller  
Semester Semester 2  
Other staff Dr Aled Rowlands  
Pre-Requisite GG21110  
Course delivery Lecture   20 Hours 10 x 2 hour  
  Seminars / Tutorials   2 Hours 1x2 hour (for 'open literature' exam)  
Assessment Combined   In-course presentations of key papers and associated essay. Course work presentations occur throughout the semester, and essays are due in at the same time. A timetable is arranged in the first lecture.   40%  
  Exam   2 Hours in-course examination   60%  
  Resit assessment   Resit: 2 hour written examination (60%); In-course assessment marks to be carried forward.    

Module Aims

This module describes in detail various records of environmental change through the Quaternary, building upon the knowledge acquired in GG21110. The physical principles of each technique will be covered, along with the records of environmental change that they provide.

Module objectives / Learning outcomes

On completion of this module students should be able to :-

Module outline

Subject areas:

1. Polar and Non-Polar Ice Cores:
Dust records
Oxgen isotopes
Accumulation rates
Trapped gases

2. Deep ocean cores:
Oxygen isotopes (more detail than in GG21110)
Sea surface temperatures

3. Loess:
Magnetic susceptibility
Accumulation rates
Grain size

4. Terrestrial calcite:
Oxygen and carbon isotopes
Growth intervals

5. Lake records:
Sr/Ca ratios
Biogenic silica production rates

6. Corals:
Oxygen isotope records of temperature and salinity
Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca records of sea surface temperature

Reading Lists

Lowe, J.J. and Walker, M.J.C.. (1997) Reconstructing Quaternary Environments. 2nd ed.. Longman
Bradley R S. (1999) Paleoclimatology. 2nd. Academic Press