|Module Title||AM DREAMS/NEW WORLD NIGHTMARES:LIT OF THE AMERICAS|
|Co-ordinator||Dr Claire Jowitt|
|Course delivery||Seminar||20 Hours (10 x 2 hour seminar workshops)|
|Assessment||Essay||2 x 2,500 word continuously assessed essays|
We study conquistadors' accounts of the conquest of America where, for example, the land is represented as a virgin to be penetrated and the indigenous inhabitants are described as animals or slaves to be put to work or killed. We look at the ways American dreams turned to nightmares by focusing on the European debate about human rights because of New World atrocities. We then turn to look at the uses English explorers made of the so-called 'Black Legend' concerning Spanish treatment of indigenous Americans in order to further their own territorial ambitions. We look at the ways English colonists, like the Spanish before them, represented their relationship with 'America' sexually as they searched for the gold of the fabled Eldorado. We also explore other fantasies that English writers used to represent America. A central concern of this module is the relationship between 'real' and 'imagined' versions of American life in this period.
I: Real or Imagined Worlds? First Descriptions of the New World
1. First Encounters: Christopher Columbus, The Four Voyages, ed. J. M. Cohen (Penguin)
2. First Fictions: Thomas More, Utopia, ed. Susan Bruce, Three Early Modern Utopias (Oxford)
II: A Dream Gone Sour: The Colonisation of America and The Black Legend
3. Conquistadors and Colonisation: Bernal Diaz, The Conquest of New Spain, ed. J. M. Cohen (Penguin)
4. New World Nightmares: Cruelty and Genocide in Early America, Bartolomé de Las Casas, The Devastation of the Indies, ed. B.M. Donovan (John Hopkins Univ. Press)
III: A British Example? Colonial Fantasies and the British Empire
5. Discovering Eldorado: The Search for Gold, Walter Raleigh, The Discoverie of the Large, Rich and Bewtiful Empyre of Guiana, (Manchester University Press).
6-7. Heroes and Damsels: Pocahontas and New World Romance, Shakespeare, The Tempest, (any edition)
8. Eating Women: Cannibalism, Gold and Gender, John Fletcher, The Sea Voyage (Xerox - a charge of £2 will be made for this)
IV: New World Fantasy
9. A Brave New World? Science and Society, Francis Bacon, New Atlantis, ed. Susan Bruce, Three Early Modern Utopias.
10. Sexual Fantasy in the New World, Henry Neville, The Isle of Pines, ed. Susan Bruce, Three Early Modern Utopias.
J. H. Eliot, The Old World and the New 1492-1650 (CUP 1970)
John Bakeless, America as seen by its first Explorers (Dover 1961)
Anthony Pagden, European Encounters with the New World (Yale 1993)
Stephen Greenblatt, Marvelous Possessions: The Wonder of the New World (Clarendon 1991)
Tzvetan Todorov, The Conquest of America (Harper & Row 1984)
Mary Fuller, Voyages in Print: English Travel to America, 1576-1624 (Cambridge UP 1995)
Gesa Mackenthum, Metaphors of Dispossession: American Beginnings and the Translation of Empire 1492-1637 (Univ. of Oklahoma Press 1997)
Jeffrey Knapp, An Empire Nowhere: England, America and Literature from Utopia to the Tempest (Univ. of California Press 1992)
Walter S. H. Lim, The Arts of Empire: The Poetics of Colonialism from Ralegh to Milton (Univ. of Delaware Press 1998)
Wayne Franklin, Discoverers, Explorers, Settlers: The Diligent Writers of Early America (Univ. of Chicago Press 1979)
Bronwen Price, ed., Francis Bacon: New Interdisciplinary Essays, (MUP forthcoming 2001)
W. S. Maltby, The Black Legend in England: The Development of Anti-Spanish Sentiment, 1558-1660 (Duke Univ. Press 1971).