Module Identifier GG30710  
Academic Year 2001/2002  
Co-ordinator Dr Henry Lamb  
Semester Semester 2  
Pre-Requisite GG21110  
Course delivery Lecture   24 Hours 12 x 2-hour lectures  
Assessment Course work   Critical reviews of recent research articles.   33%  
  Exam   2 Hours   67%  
  Resit assessment   The resit examination will consist of 1 x 2-hour examination only.    

Module Outline (Lecture Themes)

Module Aims

The module examines the evidence for natural and anthropogenic environmental change during the last 18,000 years, with an emphasis on evidence from the continents. It aims to show how continental palaeorecords contribute to our understanding of earth system processes, emphasising the interactions between the biosphere, the atmosphere, and the oceans.


1. To familiarize students with recent research into long-term change on the continents.
2. To enable students to critically assess current knowledge of the causes and effects of continental environmental change during the last 18,000 years.
3. To provide students with an understanding of the importance of long-term processes in relation to contemporary global environmental issues.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module students should be able to demonstrate knowledge of:-

Reading Lists

Bell, M. and Walker, M.J.C.. (1992) Late Quaternary Environmental Change - Physical andHuman Perspectives. Longman
Bradley, R.S. (ed). (1991) Global Changes of the Past. OIES/UCAR
Goudie, A.S. 1983. Environmental Change. 2nd ed. Clarendon Press, Oxford
Lowe, J.J. & Walker, M.J.C.. (1984) Reconstructing Quaternary Environments. Longman
Roberts, N.. (1989) The Holocene: an environmental history. Basil Blackwell
Williams, M.A.J, Dunkerly, D.L., De Deckker, P., Kershaw, A.P. and Stokes, T.. (1993) Quaternary Environments. Edward Arnold