Module Identifier BSM1610  
Academic Year 2003/2004  
Co-ordinator Dr John Scullion  
Semester Semester 2  
Other staff William A Adams  
Course delivery Lecture   30 Hours 30 x 1 hour  
Assessment TypeAssessment Length/DetailsProportion
Semester Exam2 Hours 2 hour essay paper100%
Supplementary Assessment exam   

Learning outcomes

Students completing the module should
i) be aware of the range of problems and treatments associated with major examples of degraded or contaminated land
ii) understand how rehabilitation objectives vary and how this influences choice of reclamation option and
iii) appreciate how engineering and ecological approaches to land rehabilitation may be integrated.


To describe the causes and consequences of land degradation and contamination arising from industrial, mining and civil engineering activities; to discuss the scientific basis of reclamation and remediation options for 'soft' end-uses which are sustainable.


The lecture course begins with a review of the extent of rehabilitation need in the UK, of the varying objectives for differing end use and of differing national approaches to contaminated land issues. Specific problems are then considered including htose arising from acid/alkaline spoils, metal and organic contaminatiin, soil physical degradation and nutrient deficiency. Various land clean-up technologies and the design of soil cover/barrier systems are explained. Rehabilitation of such sites to agriculture, amenity and woodland is described in relation to both reclamation specifications and subsequent management. The special problems associated with landfill sites and with conservation end-uses are also considered.

Reading Lists

** Recommended Text
Connery,T The Reuse of Contaminated Land. A Handbook of Risk Assessment Wiley
Richards, IG, Palmer, JP and Barrett, PA (1993) The Reclamation of Former Coal Mines and Steelworks Elsevier
Scullion, J (1994) Restoring Farmland after Coal British Coal, Mansfield
Alloway, BJ (1990) Heavy Metals in Soils Blackie
Bradshaw, AD and Chadwick, MJ (1980) The Restoration of Land Blackwell
Cairney, T (1993) Contaminated Land Problems and Solutions Blackie Academic and Professional
Chadwick, MJ and Goodman, GT (1975) The ecology of resource degradation and renewal Blackwell


This module is at CQFW Level 7