|| DSM8410 |
|| INFORMATION RETRIEVAL AND THE INTERNET [DL] |
|| 2003/2004 |
|| Mr Alan Wheatley |
|| Available all semesters |
|Assessment Type||Assessment Length/Details||Proportion|
|Semester Assessment|| practical project on Internet search tools ||70%|
|Semester Assessment|| essay 1,000 words approx ||30%|
After studying this module, you should be able to:
analyse the primary features of interfaces for information systems;
describe the principles of modern internet-based information retrieval operations;
describe the major types of internet information retrieval tools;
use the internet to satisfy a variety of information needs;
produce and manage basic web pages;
produce and manage basic images for web pages.
In the last few years, information retrieval has expanded beyond its traditional home in libraries and formal information systems. It is now firmly in the hands of end-users, and is still undergoing a searching revolution which started in the late 1980s, when growth in the publication rate of CD_ROM databases began making the old models of information retrieval obsolescent.
Then, all database producers developed unique and increasingly complex command systems for information retrieval, and users were normally professional searchers, trained in the use of whatever retrieval interfaces were provided. That old model suited a seller''s market, where:
computerised databases were rare and expensive providers of quality information
competition between databases was rare
user''s time and training resources were freely available, and
searchers had little choice but to make the best possible use of the few accessible databases.
In today''s buyers'' market for information retrieval, electronic information is normally cheap and readily available but:
its quality may be unreliable
databases are numerous but customers are rarely trained to use them, and
these customers must often make their choice from among many competing information retrieval systems
The old database producers competed by acquiring more files of data and adding sophisticated, but rarely used, search options to their unique search interfaces. Thus, searchers had to make their behaviour fit the interfaces. Now information systems must fit themselves to the universal WWW browser interface, and customers quickly move from one system for another if the first doesn''t deliver the right results. In this model of information retrieval, the end-user is customer and king. Database producers no longer have captive audiences tied to their products by the cost of their experience and learning. In addition, they must attract customers from rival databases who do not want to spend time learning to use new interfaces. Today''s information retrieval systems usually have interfaces that are so simple and so similar that new customers can rapidly teach themselves how to use most of the system. As such, an arsenal of sophisticated search options is no longer required.
** Essential Reading
Large, Andrew, Lucy A. Tedd and R. J. Hartley (1999) Information Seeking in the Online Age: Principles and Practice
Additional reference to a number of sources is made at each module unit
This module is at CQFW Level 7