Module Identifier IP35620  
Academic Year 2003/2004  
Co-ordinator Dr Peter D Jackson  
Semester Semester 1  
Other staff Professor Len Scott, Dr John P Maddrell  
Pre-Requisite IP10320 Students must have taken either IP10320 or GW10320 as a pre-requisite module  
Mutually Exclusive HY37030  
Course delivery Lecture   15 Hours (1 x 1 hour per week)  
  Seminars / Tutorials   11 Hours (1 x 1 hour seminar followed by 5 x 2 hour seminar fortnightly)  
Assessment TypeAssessment Length/DetailsProportion
Semester Exam2 Hours  60%
Semester Assessment 2500 word essay  40%
Supplementary Exam Students may, subject to Faculty approval, have the opportunity to resit this module, normally during the supplementary examination period. For further clarification please contact the Teaching Programme Administrator in the Department of International Politics. 

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module, students should be able to:

1. analyse the role of intelligence in key aspects of national security policy-making since 1900
2. evaluate the implications of the end of the Cold War for intelligence and intelligence services
3. evaluate the role of intelligence in the military history of two world wars
4. evaluate the efficacy and morality of 'covert operations' in international politics
5. possess insight into the nature of treachery
6. assess the role of espionage in the Cold War
7. demonstrate understanding of the relationship between intelligence and counter-intelligence
8. evaluate the implications of the end of the Cold War for intelligence and intelligence services

Brief description

This module will provide students with the historical background to the evolution of intelligence as a factor in international relations.


This module will provide students with an understanding of the concepts and issues central to the academic study of intelligence.


1. Introduction to intelligence and national security. What is intelligence? Concepts and issues (foreign intelligence; defence intelligence; security intelligence; covert action)
2. Intelligence and the First World War
3. Intelligence and the 'Red Scares' of the 1920s
4. Signals intelligence before and during the Second World War
5. Intelligence and State Control in Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia
6. Intelligence and Surprise attack: the cases of Barbarossa and Pearl Harbour
7. Soviet espionage against the West, 1917-1991
8. Western intelligence operations against the USSR during the Cold War: Espionage and Tradecraft
9. The role of 'technical' intelligence in Cold War fighting
10. Covert Action
11. Counter-Espionage, Treachery and Molehunts
12. Issues in Intelligence Failure
13. Intelligence at the end of the Cold War
14. September 11 and onwards
15. Overview

Transferable skills

Students have the opportunity to develop, practice and test a wide range of subject specific skills that help them to understand, conceptualise and evaluate examples and ideas on the module. These subject specific skills include:

- collect and understand a wide range of data relating to the module
- ability to evaluate competing perspectives
- demonstrate subject specific research techniques
- apply a range of methodologies to complex political problems

10 ECTS credits

Reading Lists

Christopher Andrew (1985) Secret Service Scepter
Christopher Andrew (2000) The Mitrohkin Archive Penguin
Abram Shulsky (2002) Silent Warfare - Understanding the World of Intelligence Brasseys US
Michael Herman (2001) Intelligence Services in the Information Age : Theory and Practice Frank Cass


This module is at CQFW Level 6