|| PH31010 |
|| NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS |
|| 2003/2004 |
|| Professor Geraint Vaughan |
|| Semester 2 |
|| Dr Xing Li |
|| PH22010 , PH23010 , PH24010 , PH26010 , PH14020 |
| Course delivery
|| Lecture || 20 lectures |
|Assessment Type||Assessment Length/Details||Proportion|
|Semester Exam||2 Hours end of semester examination for BSc students. 3 hours for MPhys students ||80%|
|Semester Exam||3 Hours end of semester examination for MPhys students ||80%|
|Semester Assessment|| Course Work: 2 example sheets ||20%|
After taking this module students should be able to:
describe the structure of nuclei
explain why some nuclei are stable and others decay
describe the salient properties of elementary particles
distinguish between real and virtual particles
summarise the experimental evidence underlying the model of quarks and leptons
apply Feynman diagrams in the analysis of particle interactions
Nuclear particles are discussed and the stability of nuclei related to radio-active decay processes. Scattering of particles by nuclei is treated in relation to models for nuclear interaction processes and for nuclear matter. The structural properties of nuclei are related to the nuclear shell model. Nuclear fission and fusion, and the generation of nuclear energy, are described. The different species of hadrons (strongly-interacting particles), with their main properties, are introduced, with relation to the quark model. The leptons (weakly-interacting particles, including neutrinos) are related to the heavy bosons, and the fundamental forces of nature explained using Feynman diagrams. Particle detection devices and (cyclic) particle accelerators are introduced, and recent experiments to investigate the structure of the proton and to discover the top quark are described.
The nucleus as a physical system; the nuclear energy well.
Nuclear Coulomb repulsion energy
Beta decay process as example of weak interaction.
Mirror nuclei and charge symmetry of nuclear forces
Stability of nuclei and radioactive decay.
Nuclear scattering experiments.
The 'Fermi Gas' and 'Liquid Drop' Models of nuclear matter.
Structural properties of nuclei.
The Shell Model of the nucleus.
Symmetry, statistics and parity.
Nuclear energy: nuclear fission and the fission reactor; thermonuclear fusion.
Particle classification: leptons, hadrons, baryons, mesons
Families of hadrons: the quark model
Feynman diagrams, virtual particles
Electromagnetic, weak and strong forces
Accelerators: introduction to experimental particle physics
Interaction of particles with matter: cross-section
Deep inelastic scattering
Discovery of top quark.
W.S.C. Williams Nuclear and Particle Physics
Oxford Science Publications ISBN 0-19-852046-8
B.R. Martin and G. Shaw Particle Physics
2nd. Wiley ISBN 0-471-97252-5
This module is at CQFW Level 6