Module Identifier RD27220  
Academic Year 2003/2004  
Co-ordinator Dr John M Warren  
Semester Semester 2 (Taught over 2 semesters)  
Course delivery Lecture   44 Hours 22 x 2 hour lectures  
  Seminars / Tutorials   10 Hours 1 hour per week  
  Other   18 Hours 6 x 3 hour visits  
Assessment TypeAssessment Length/DetailsProportion
Semester Exam1.5 Hours Outcomes Assessed: 1, 2, 5, 6  30%
Semester Assessment Assignment Outcomes Assessed: 3, 4, 6 Conservation management planning exercise and species recording70%
Supplementary Exam Candidates will be required to re-take the element(s) of assessment that resulted in failure of the module  100%
Supplementary Assessment Candidates will be required to re-take the element(s) of assessment that resulted in failure of the module  100%

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
Outcome 1
Describe the motivation behind countryside conservation
Performance criteria:
a. The justification or motives for countryside conservation in the UK can be described
b. The concept of native or indigenous species and natural/semi-natural habitats can be explained
Esthetic, moral, economic, anthropocentric
UK species and habitats, specifically comparing natural, semi-natural and habitats created for wildlife

Outcome 2
Describe the designations and powers available to protect wildlife
Performance criteria
a. Current designations designed to protect wildlife within the UK can be described
b. The legal powers, which cover the management and protection of wildlife within the UK, can be explained
English & Welsh legislation and European commitments

Outcome 3
Produce appropriate management objectives for a range of wildlife habitats
Performance criteria
a. The management needs of habitats can be assessed
b. Appropriate conservation priorities are selected
UK native species and habitats concentrating on semi-natural grasslands, wetlands, moors and woodlands.
   Invasive and introduced species

Outcome 4
Apply a standard management planning process within the confines of ecological theory
Performance criteria
a. A recognised management planning process can be used
b. A management plan can be evaluated
c. Dynamic ecological processes can be identified
d. Conservation prescriptions can be justified in accordance with ecological theory
The formats used by a major conservation organization (RSPB, EN or CCW) for
UK native species and habitats concentrating on semi-natural grasslands, wetlands. moors and woodlands.

Outcome 5
Justify the need for biological recording schemes.
Performance criteria
a. Justify choice of methodology used in wildlife surveying at a range of levels
b. Explain the application of information from recording schemes.
UK native species and habitats.
Local, national and international schemes for recording.
Schemes, several from: flora, invertebrates, mammals, birds.

Outcome 6
Evaluate the sampling techniques that may be applied to a range of species and habitats
Performance criteria
a. Explain the use of alternative sampling techniques that may be applied in a range of circumstances.
b. Apply appropriate scientific methodology and thinking to plan and report an ecological survey.
Techniques to include absolute measures and indices of abundance. Direct and indirect assessments of presence and abundance. Mark release recapture. Declining catch. Quantitative and qualitative sampling. Counts, density, percentage cover, cover scores, frequency of occurrence.
Measures of community structure to include; species richness, species diversity, similarity.


This module covers the ecological principles plus the practical skills of species monitoring and habitat management that are required by today?s professional conservation practitioner. An understanding of applied community ecology is developed, in conjunction with the ability to record dynamic ecological processes. Management planning methodologies are evaluated. The techniques used to maintain, enhance and re-create the conservation value of a range of habitats are examined.

Transferable skills

.1 Independent project work
The conservation management planning assignment will develop the students? ability to work independently on a practical project integrating the skills of habitat surveying, species recording, defining management objectives, and producing workable prescriptions. These aspects will then be presenting in a clear, well-structured report that justifies its recommendations with reference to the ecological literature.
Common Skill Outcome 12

.2 IT and information handling
The species surveying component of the conservation management plan, will generate data that the students will be required to process using appropriate IT packages and present in an accessible format
Common Skill Outcome 13

.3 Use and analysis of numerical information
The species surveying component of the conservation management plan, will require students to record, present and statistically analyse numerical information
Common Skill Outcome 9 and 15

.4 Writing in an academic context
The conservation management planning assignment culminates in the production of a written conservation management plan for a site. Through the production of the plan the students will develop the skill of academic report writing, so that the resulting report should be understandable to both the professional conservationist and relevant technical support staff
Assessed ? Common Skill Outcome 10

.5 Oral discussion and presentation
The students? skills of oral discussion are developed through a series of informal seminar sessions, which run throughout the module and support the more formal lectures, by encouraging student lead discussion   

.6 Careers need awareness
The outcomes of the module are designed to provide the skills and understanding that are required by the professional countryside conservation manager of the 21st century

.7 Self-management
The production of the conservation management plan as the assignment for this module requires the student to be able to self-manage. To successfully complete the exercise they must allow sufficient time to assimilate the various bits of information, (handing field data, accessing published literature) and for integration of the different components into the final report.
Common Skill Outcome 2

.8 Group activity
The field visit component of this module not only provide the opportunity to practice the skills of habitat surveying and management planning prior to the assessment exercise, it also provide an opportunity for the students to interact with each while performing a range of group activities

Reading Lists

Andrews J and Rebane M (1994) Farming and wildlife RSPB
Bromley P (1990) Countryside management : Chapter 2 Spon
Rodwell J S (ed) (1991-1994) British plant communities - 4 volumes CUP
Rodwell J S et al (2000) Review of coverage of the national vegetation classification JNCC
Goldsmith F B and Warren A (eds) (1993) Conservation in progress Wiley
Alexander M (1994) Management planning handbook CCW
Sutherland W J and Hill D A (eds) (1995) Managing habitats for conservation CUP
Ratcliffe D (1977) Nature conservation review - 2 volumes CUP
Spellerburg I F (1991) Scientific management of temperate communities for conservation Blackwell Scientific
Goldsmith F B (ed) (1991) Monitoring for conservation and Ecology Chapman and Hall
(1992) Biological recording of changes in Britain's wildlife Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, HMSO
Perring F H and Walters S M (eds) (1990) Atlas of the British flora Botanical Society of the British Isles
Spellerberg I F (1991) Monitoring ecological change CUP
Spellerberg I F (1992) Evaluation and assessment for conservation Chapman and Hall
Kent M and Coker P (1992) Vegetation description and analysis: a practical approach Wiley
Perring F H and Walters S M (eds) (1990) Atlas of the British flora Botanical Society of the British Isles
Sutherland W J (1996) Ecological census techniques CUP
Winter M (2000) Practical delivery of farm conservation management in England English Nature


This module is at CQFW Level 5