Module Identifier SP20410  
Module Title THE GENERATION OF 1898  
Academic Year 2003/2004  
Co-ordinator Professor Robert G Havard  
Semester Semester 1  
Other staff Mr Jose M Goni Perez  
Course delivery Lecture   11 Hours  
  Seminars / Tutorials   4 Hours (2 seminars; 2 tutorials)  

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
Students will have a good awareness of the sociopolitical issues and problems that beset Spain at the turn of the century and will be familiar with responses to this in the work of three major writers. They will have developed their linguistic and literary skills.

Brief description

The module deals with Spanish society and politics at the end of the nineteenth and early part of the twentieth century; the corruption of 'el turno pacifico', the defeat by the United States in the Cuban War, the consequent 'prolema de Espana' and the concern for the regeneration of Spain. Students read selected texts that illustrate this key phase in modern Spanish history and thought. [This module is especially recommended for students who were Beginners at Level 1.]


weeks 1-2 Spain at the turn of the century and the 98 Generation
weeks 3-4 Pio Baroja, 'El arbol de la ciencia'
weeks 5-8 Antonio Machado, 'Campos de Castilla'
weeks 9-12 Miguel de Unamuno, 'Niebla'

Reading Lists

** Recommended Text
Granjel, L. G. (1960) Baroja y otras figuras del 98 Madrid
Vazquez, F. B El pensamiento social y politico de P. Baroja Salamanca
Moral, Carmen del (1974) La sociedad madrilena fin de siglo y Baroja Madrid
Ciplijauskaite, B (1972) Pio Baroja, un estilo Madrid
Fox, E. Inman 'Baroja y Schopenhauer: El arbol de la cienca', Revue de la Litterature Comparee, 1962: 350-9
Shaw, D. L. 'The Concept of ataraxia in the Later Novels of Baroja' , Bulletin of Hispanic Studies, 1957: 29-35 And 'Two Novels of Pio Baroja' BHS, 1963.
Patt, B. P. (1971) Pio Baroja Twayne, new York
Baeza, Fernando (ed) (1962) Baroja y su mundo Madrid
Baroja, Pio (1985) El arbol de la ciencia Madrid
Terry Arthur (1973) A. Machado: Campos de Castilla, Critical guide London
Bernard, Sese (1980) Antonio Machado 1875-1939 Madrid
Sanchez, Barbudo A (1959) Estudios sobre A. Machado Madrid
Sanchez, Barbudo A (1974) Pensamiento de Antonio Machado Mardid
Gullon R and Phillips (1973) Antonio Machado Madrid
** Recommended Text
Guillen, Claudio (1971) Literature as System - chapter on 'Poema de un dia' Princeton
J. M. Aguirre (1961) Antonio Machado, poeta simbolista Madrid
** Recommended Background
Havard Robert (1997) Antonio Machado, Campos de Castilla Duckworth/Bristol Classical Press
** Recommended Text
Nozick, M (1997) Miguel de Unamuno Twayne, New York (especially chapter 5)


This module is at CQFW Level 5