Module Identifier SP21110  
Academic Year 2003/2004  
Co-ordinator Professor Robert G Havard  
Semester Semester 2  
Course delivery Lecture   9 Hours  
  Seminars / Tutorials   6 Hours (3 seminars; 3 tutorials)  
Assessment TypeAssessment Length/DetailsProportion
Semester Assessment Continuous Assessment: 2 essays of 1,500 words each and one presentation.  100%
Supplementary Exam2 Hours 1 x 2-hour paper (two essays)   

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module students will have a knowledge of the way the Surrealist movement evolved in Spain through several phases, from the Freudian to the Marxist. They will be familiar with major works by three of its foremost practitioners in three separate genres, namely Luis Bunuel (film), Salvador Dali (painting) and Rafael Alberti (poetry). They should know what is meant by such challenging concepts as ''psychic dictation'', oneiric symbolism and the ''surrealist object'', and they should be able to elucidate these and other concepts in relation to the specific works studied.

Brief description

How was it that such a traditional country as Spain produced some of the most avant-garde figures of the twentieth century? This module inquires into the fascinating world of Surrealism, a revolutionary movement born of Freudian theory and stimulated by the anti-bourgeois ethos of Marxism. Major creative figures are studied in four separate genres, Bunuel as film director, Alberti as poet, Dali as painter and, briefly, Maruja Malla (Alberti's lover) as a painter. This variety illustrates the different facets of Surrealism and its distinctiveness in the Spanish context.


weeks 1-4 Garcia Lorca, 'Asi que pasen cinco anos'
   5-8 Luis Bunuel, 'Un perro andaluz', Salvador Dali (slides)
   9-12 Rafael Alberti, 'Sobre los angeles' (+ Maaruja Mallo)

The module will be assessed entirely on the basis of two essays of 1,500 words each.

Reading Lists

** Recommended Text
Bodini V (1971) Los poetas surrealistas espanoles Barcelona
Morris C B (1972) Surrealism and Spain Cambridge
Havard Robert (1988) From Romanticism to Surrealism Seven Spanish Poets - Cardiff, includes chapters on Lorca, Guillen, Machado, Salinas.
Havard Robert (2001) The Crucified Mind Tamesis, London
Aranda Luis (1981) El surrealismo espanol Barcelona
Ilie Paul (1968) The Surrealist Mode in Spanish Literature Ann Arbor
Breton Andre Manifestos of Surrealism
Sanchez Vidal, A (1988) Bunuel, Lorca, Dali: El enigma sin fin Barcelona
Bowra C.M. (1949) The Creative Experiment London
Connell G W (1963) 'The Autobiographical Element in Sobre los angeles, BHS
Duran M (1975) Rafael Alberti, El escritor y la critica Madrid
Garcia Sarria F (1978) 'Sobre los angeles de R Alberti y el surrealismo', Papeles de Son Armadans
Proll E (1941) 'The Surrealist Element in Rafael Alberti' BHS
Salinas de Marichal (1975) El Mundo poetico de Rafael Alberti Madrid
Dali S (1977) The Unspeakable Confessions Of S D London
Breton A (1972) The Dali Case in Surrealism and Painting London
Ades, Dawn (1982) Dali, London Thames and Hudson
Santos Torroella R (1984) La miel es mas dulce que la sangre Barcelona
Gibson Ian The Shameful Life of Salvador Dali
Aranda Francisco (1969) Biografia critica Barcelona
Buache, Freddy (1970) Luis Bunuel Lausanne
Bunuel L (1985) My Last Breath London
Durgnat Raymond (1964) Luis Bunuel London
Edwards G (1982) The Discreet Charm of Luis Bunuel London: Marion Boyars, London
Higginbotham V (1979) Luis Bunuel Boston
Mellen J (1978) The World of Luis Bunuel New York
Sanchez Vidal A (1984) Luis Bunuel Madrid


This module is at CQFW Level 5