Module Identifier SPM0230  
Academic Year 2003/2004  
Co-ordinator Professor Robert G Havard  
Semester Semester 2  

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module students will have a sound grasp of surrealist ideas (corresponding to Andr Breton''s First and especially his Second Manifesto of Surrealism) as these are applied and refined in the works of the listed Spanish poets and painters.


A study of the development of surrealist ideas in Spain, from its cathartic (Freudian) beginnings to its metaphysical (Hegelian)
quest for the surrealist object and its final flourishing in materialism or (Marxist) political commitment. Special attention is paid
to Andre Breton's Manifestoes and to the cross-fertilization of ideas between art and poetry.

Federico Garcia Lorca, Poeta en Nueva York; Rafael Alberti, Sobre los angeles/Sermones y moradas/De un momento a otro (poesia e historia); Salvador Dali; Maruja Mallo.

Tutor: Professor Robert Havard.

Reading Lists

Sanchez Vidal, A (1988) Bunuel, Lorca, Dali: El enigma sin fin Barcelona
Allen, Rupert C (1966) Una explicacion simbolica de "Iglesia abandonada" de Lorca Hispanofila, and A commentary on Lorca's El paeso de Buster Keaton, Hispanofila, 26
Duran, Manuel (1962) Lorca A Collection of Critical Essays Englewood
Gibson Ian (1985) Federico Garcia Lorca, I De Fuentevaqueros a Nueva York 1898-1929 Barcelona
Harris Derek (1978) Garcia Lorca: Poeta en Nueva York London
Havard Robert (1977) 'Lorca's Buster Keaton, Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 54,
Havard Robert 'Dream and Nightmare in Lorca's Poeta an Nueva York M A Rees
Duran M Rafael Alberti, El escritor y la critica Madrid 1975
Garcia Sarria F (1978) 'Sobre los angeles de R Alberti y el surrealismo', Papeles de Son Armadans
Proll E (1941) 'The Surrealist Element in Rafael Alberti' BHS
Salinas de Marchal (1975) El mundo poetico de Rafael Alberti Madrid
Balcells J M (1993) Introduction to Rafael Alberti, De un momento a otro Barcelona - See Bibliography, pp84-99
Nantell J A (1987) 'Ordering the Chaos: Rafael Alberti's Elegia civica, Hispanofila 57-80
Wesseling P (1977) 'Violence in Counterpoint: Alberti's Poems of 1935' - Also Revolution and Tradition,The Poetry of R Alberti, Chapel Hill 1981 Hispanofila 220-26
Rose Alan (1991) Surrealism and Communism New York
Havard Robert (1996) 'Rafael Alberti's De un momento a otro: The Matter of Poetry, Politics and War' BHS 73 (Glasgow) 81-103
Bodini V (1971) Los poetas surrealistas espanoles Barcelona
Morris C B (1972) Surrealism and Spain Cambridge
Havard R G (1988) From romanticism to Surrealism University of Wales
Aranda Luis (1981) El surrealismo espanol Barcelona
Ilie Paul (1968) The Surrealist Mode in Spanish Literature Ann Arbor
Breton Andre Manifestos of Surrealism
Havard Robert (1998) 'Rafael Alberti, Maruja Mallo and Gimenez Caballero: Materialist Imagery in Sermones y Moradas and the Issue of Surrealism MLR 93, 1007-1020
Havard Robert (1998) 'The Sins of the Fathers: Jesuit Exhoes in Rafael Albert's Sobre los angles and Sermones y moradas', Romance Studies,31, 33-44
Dali S The Unspeakable Confessions Of S D London 1977
Breton A (1972) The Dali Case in Surrealism and Painting London
Ades, Dawn (1982) Dali, London Thames and Hudson
Santos Torroella R (1984) La miel es mas dulce que la sangre Barcelona
See also commentaries by Ann Balakian, J T Soby, Simon Wilson, Gomez de Liano
Havard Robert (1987) Catholic Tastes and Times Leeds and in Neophilologus 1993
Morris C B (1992) 'Fat Body, Thin Soul Lorca's Landscape of Coney Island', in Lorca Poet and Playwright, ed. R Havard, Cardiff
Bowra C M Poetry and Politics, p 124 etc - The Creative Experiment Lonsdon 1949, 220253 ( on Alberti)
Connell G W (1963) 'The Autobiographical Element in Sobre los angeles, BHS
Connell G W (1965) The End of a Quest: Alberti's Sermones y moradas HR


This module is at CQFW Level 7