|Module Title||THE MIDDLE EAST IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY|
|Co-ordinator||Mr James R Vaughan|
|Other staff||Mr Cian O'Driscoll|
|Course delivery||Lecture||16 Hours (16 x 1 hour)|
|Seminars / Tutorials||8 Hours (8 x 1 hour)|
- Describe and analyse the key factors which made the Middle East a region of such central strategic importance over the twentieth century.
- Identify and critically discuss the major events and trends in the rise of nationalism and the decline of imperialism in the Middle East.
- Demonstrate through discussion and coursework an understanding of the historical origins and development of the modern state system in the Middle East.
- Describe the changing roles of the post-1945 Superpowers in the Middle East.
- Display through discussion and coursework an understanding of the nature of the Cold War in the Middle East.
- Discuss and evaluate the internal dynamics of the Middle Eastern regional politics.
- Critically assess the impact of the State of Israel on the international relations of the Middle East.
To that end, the module will be divided into four thematic sections: First, students will be given an understanding of the regional clash between different forms of imperialism and nationalism during the period; second, students will be introduced to the role of the Superpowers during the Cold War decades; third students will be given an understanding of the Middle Eastern balance of power from the perspective of internal regional divisions; fourth, students will examine the nature of the role played in the region by the State of Israel since its creation in 1948.
1. The First World War and the End of the Ottoman Empire
2. Mandates, Statebuilding: The Making of the Modern Middle East
3. Arab Nationalism and the Rise of Nasser
4. The Suez Crisis: Causes and Consequences
B. The Cold War
1. Cold War Origins: A Middle Eastern Perspective
2. The Rise and Fall of Soviet Influence in the Middle East
3. The West and the Cold War in the Middle East
4. "America's Moment": The End of the Cold War
C. Regional Dimensions
1. "Progressives" and "Traditionalists" the Arab Cold War 1945 - 1967
2. Iran, Iraq and Syria: Regional Rivalries 1968 - 1991
D. Israel and the Arab World
1. Zionism, the Palestine Mandate and the Creation of Israel
2. The Six Day War of June 1967: Causes and Consequences
3. Peace Tracks?: Israel and the Arab States 1973-1994
4. The Palestinian Question: 1964-1993
5. Nationalism, Regionalism and Internationalism: the Middle East in the Twentieth Century
10 ECTS credits
This module is at CQFW Level 6