|| PH28010 |
|| STARS AND GALAXIES |
|| 2004/2005 |
|| Dr Andrew R Breen |
|| Semester 1 |
|| Dr Andrew R Breen, Dr Richard Fallows |
|| Part 1 core modules |
| Course delivery
|| Lecture || 20 lectures |
|Assessment Type||Assessment Length/Details||Proportion|
|Semester Exam||2 Hours End of semester examinations ||70%|
|Semester Assessment|| Course Work: Example Sheets Example Sheets 1,2,3,5,6 & 7
Deadlines are detailed in the Year 2 Example Sheet Schedule distributed by the Department||30%|
After taking this module students should be able to:
demonstrate an understanding of the basic features of observational astronomy: co-ordinate systems and magnitudes.
explain the physical processes whereby a section of the ISM collapses to a star.
demonstrate an understanding of the nature of the final states of stars.
explain the importance in stellar evolution of the size and rate of a mass loss of stars.
demonstrate an understanding of the simple physics of galactic systems.
This module considers the physics of stars and galaxies. Starting with a review of celestial co-ordinate systems, the stellar radiation laws and the various star classification schemes used in astronomy, the module describes the methods used to determine the distance of stars and hence their luminosity, radii and mass. A description of the Herzspring-Russell diagram illustrates an account of the physical processes involved in stellar formation and evolution, leading to the end-states of white dwarfs, neutron stars and black holes. The physical properties, structure and morphology of the galaxies are studied. The subject of galactic dynamics is introduced.
Coordinate systems. Magnitudes and Brightness. Absolute and Apparent, Visual and Photometric, Bolometric Magnitudes. Stellar distances. Mass-luminosity relation. Introduction to the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram.
STAR FORMATION AND MAIN SEQUENCE
Interstellar medium. Conditions for gravitational collapse of a molecular cloud. Free fall time, hydrostatic equilibrium. The virial theorem, protostar temperatures, complications beyond the simple theory. Observations of star formation, T-Tauri stars. Entry to the Main Sequence. Energy sources in stars. The nature of matter under stellar core conditions. Hydrogen Burning in MS stars. The CN cycle and p-p chain. Energy transport.
Post-main sequence evolution for low and high mass stars. The end states of stars: Black holes, neutron stars, white dwarfs. Supernovae, planetary nebulae.
Structure of the Galaxy: core, spiral arms, halo, clusters.
The virial equation, hidden mass. Types of galaxies: spiral, elliptical, irregular.
Active galaxies: Seyfert, quasars.
** Recommended Text
Marc L Kutner Astronomy - A Physical Perspective
2nd. Cambridge University Press ISBN 0521 821967-20
** Supplementary Text
Smith Observational Astrophysics
Cambridge University Press
Zeilik & Gregory Introductory Astronomy & AstroPhysics
4th. Saunders College Publishing
This module is at CQFW Level 5