Module Identifier SP20410  
Module Title THE GENERATION OF 1898  
Academic Year 2004/2005  
Co-ordinator Professor Robert G Havard  
Semester Semester 1  
Other staff Mr Jose M Goni Perez  
Course delivery Lecture   11 Hours  
  Seminars / Tutorials   4 Hours (2 seminars; 2 tutorials)  
Assessment TypeAssessment Length/DetailsProportion
Supplementary Exam 1 x 2 hour examination if continuous assessment submitted. 1 x 3 examination if no continuous assessment submitted.100%

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
Students will have a good awareness of the sociopolitical issues and problems that beset Spain at the turn of the century and will be familiar with responses to this in the work of three major writers. They will have developed their linguistic and literary skills.

Brief description

The module deals with Spanish society and politics at the end of the nineteenth and early part of the twentieth century; the corruption of 'el turno pacifico', the defeat by the United States in the Cuban War, the consequent 'prolema de Espana' and the concern for the regeneration of Spain. Students read selected texts that illustrate this key phase in modern Spanish history and thought. [This module is especially recommended for students who were Beginners at Level 1.]


weeks 1-2 Spain at the turn of the century and the 98 Generation
weeks 3-4 Antonio Machado, 'Campos de Castilla'
weeks 5-8 Pio Baroja, 'El arbol de la ciencia'
weeks 9-12 Miguel de Unamuno, 'Niebla'

Reading Lists

Nozick, Martin. (1981.) Miguel de Unamuno : 0691013667
Wyers, Frances. (1976.) Miguel de Unamuno :
Zubizarreta, Armando F. (1960.) Unamuno en su nivola
Ilie, Paul. (1967.) Unamuno : An existential view of self and society
** Recommended Text
Demetrios Basdekis (1974) Unamuno and the novel Madrid: Castalia
Ricardo Diez (1976) El desarrollo estetico de la novela de Unamuno Madrid: Playor
Fox, E. Inman 'Baroja y Schopenhauer: El arbol de la cienca', Revue de la Litterature Comparee, 1962: 350-9
Patt, B. P. (1971) Pio Baroja Twayne, new York
Arthur, Terry (1973) A. Machado: Campos de Castilla, Critical guide London
Vazquez, F. B El pensamiento social y politico de P. Baroja Salamanca
Granjel, L. G. (1960) Baroja y otras figuras del 98 Madrid
Nozick, M (1997) Miguel de Unamuno Twayne, New York (especially chapter 5)
J. M. Aguirre (1961) Antonio Machado, poeta simbolista Madrid
Guillen, Claudio (1971) Literature as System - chapter on 'Poema de un dia' Princeton
Gullon R and Phillips (1973) Antonio Machado Madrid
Sanchez, Barbudo A (1974) Pensamiento de Antonio Machado Mardid
Sanchez, Barbudo A (1959) Estudios sobre A. Machado Madrid
Bernard, Sese (1980) Antonio Machado 1875-1939 Madrid
Ciplijauskaite, B (1972) Pio Baroja, un estilo Madrid
Moral, Carmen del (1974) La sociedad madrilena fin de siglo y Baroja Madrid
Baeza, Fernando (ed) (1962) Baroja y su mundo Madrid
Shaw, D. L. 'The Concept of ataraxia in the Later Novels of Baroja' , Bulletin of Hispanic Studies, 1957: 29-35 And 'Two Novels of Pio Baroja' BHS, 1963.
Jose Ferrater Mora (1985) Bosquejo de una filosofia Madrid: Alianza
Rosendo Diaz-Peterson (1975) Unamuno: el personaje en busca de si mismo Madrid: Playor
** Essential Reading
Havard, Robert, ed. (1997) Antonio Machado, Campos de Castilla Duckworth/Bristol Classical Texts
Baroja, Pio El arbol de la ciencia Alianza
de Unamuno, Miguel (2001) Niebla. Edicion de German Gullon Madrid: Coleccion Austral


This module is at CQFW Level 5