Module Identifier SP21110  
Academic Year 2004/2005  
Co-ordinator Professor Robert G Havard  
Semester Intended for use in future years  
Next year offered N/A  
Next semester offered N/A  
Course delivery Lecture   9 Hours  
  Seminars / Tutorials   6 Hours (3 seminars; 3 tutorials)  
Assessment TypeAssessment Length/DetailsProportion
Semester Assessment Continuous Assessment: 2 essays of 1,500 words each and one presentation.  100%
Supplementary Exam2 Hours 1 x 2-hour paper (two essays)   

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module students will have a knowledge of the way the Surrealist movement evolved in Spain through several phases, from the Freudian to the Marxist. They will be familiar with major works by three of its foremost practitioners in three separate genres, namely Luis Bunuel (film), Salvador Dali (painting) and Rafael Alberti (poetry). They should know what is meant by such challenging concepts as ''''psychic dictation'''', oneiric symbolism and the ''''surrealist object'''', and they should be able to elucidate these and other concepts in relation to the specific works studied.

Brief description

How was it that such a traditional country as Spain produced some of the most avant-garde figures of the twentieth century? This module inquires into the fascinating world of Surrealism, a revolutionary movement born of Freudian theory and stimulated by the anti-bourgeois ethos of Marxism. Major creative figures are studied in four separate genres, Bunuel as film director, Alberti as poet, Dali as painter and, briefly, Maruja Malla (Alberti's lover) as a painter. This variety illustrates the different facets of Surrealism and its distinctiveness in the Spanish context.


weeks 1-4 Salvador Dali (Taschen) and slides
   5-8 Luis Bunuel, 'Un perro andaluz', and Las Hurdes (films)
   9-12 Rafael Alberti, 'Sobre los angeles' (+ Maruja Mallo)

The module will be assessed entirely on the basis of two essays of 1,500 words each.

Reading Lists

** Recommended Text
Dali S (1977) The Unspeakable Confessions Of S D London
Breton A (1972) The Dali Case in Surrealism and Painting London
Ades, Dawn (1982) Dali, London Thames and Hudson
Gibson Ian The Shameful Life of Salvador Dali
Buache, Freddy (1970) Luis Bunuel Lausanne
Durgnat Raymond (1964) Luis Bunuel London
Higginbotham V (1979) Luis Bunuel Boston
Sanchez Vidal A (1984) Luis Bunuel Madrid
Morris C B (1972) Surrealism and Spain Cambridge
Duran M (1975) Rafael Alberti, El escritor y la critica Madrid
Connell G W (1963) 'The Autobiographical Element in Sobre los angeles, BHS
Bowra C.M. (1949) The Creative Experiment London
Sanchez Vidal, A (1988) Bunuel, Lorca, Dali: El enigma sin fin Barcelona
Breton Andre Manifestos of Surrealism
Ilie Paul (1968) The Surrealist Mode in Spanish Literature Ann Arbor
Aranda Luis (1981) El surrealismo espanol Barcelona
Havard Robert (2001) The Crucified Mind Tamesis, London
Havard Robert (1988) From Romanticism to Surrealism Seven Spanish Poets - Cardiff, includes chapters on Lorca, Guillen, Machado, Salinas.
Salinas de Marichal (1975) El Mundo poetico de Rafael Alberti Madrid
Proll E (1941) 'The Surrealist Element in Rafael Alberti' BHS
Garcia Sarria F (1978) 'Sobre los angeles de R Alberti y el surrealismo', Papeles de Son Armadans
Bodini V (1971) Los poetas surrealistas espanoles Barcelona
Mellen J (1978) The World of Luis Bunuel New York
Edwards G (1982) The Discreet Charm of Luis Bunuel London: Marion Boyars, London
Bunuel L (1985) My Last Breath London
Aranda Francisco (1969) Biografia critica Barcelona
Santos Torroella R (1984) La miel es mas dulce que la sangre Barcelona


This module is at CQFW Level 5