Module Identifier AH32110  
Academic Year 2006/2007  
Co-ordinator Professor John Harvey  
Semester Intended for use in future years  
Next year offered N/A  
Next semester offered N/A  
Other staff Mr Simon J Pierse  
Pre-Requisite AH10120  
Course delivery Lecture   13 x 1 hr  
  Seminars / Tutorials   Seminar 2 x 2 hrs  
  Workload Breakdown   Study Time: 88 hrs (General reading, Essay preparation, and Examination revision)  
Assessment TypeAssessment Length/DetailsProportion
Semester Exam2 Hours  50%
Semester Assessment Essay: (2,500 words) Conditions Both assessed elements must be passed. Only the failed component need be resubmitted 50%

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
1. thoughtfully articulate an apprehension of landscape as a concept formed at the intercise of artistic and cultural developments
2. thoughtfully articulate an apprehension of landscape as a active contemporary practice rooted in and drawing upon a specific tradition
3. give an account of the complex fusion and revivification of elements of past practice in contemporary and recent revivals of landscape
4. know the principal artists shaping the development of that tradition

Relation to Assessment
Outcomes 1 - 4 will be assessed through an essay that aims to assess a particular and in-depth comprehension of one aspect of the module curriculum;
Outcomes 1 - 4 will be examined through an examination paper that aims to assess a broader comprehension of curriculum content

Brief description

The module is a response to the recent revival in landscape painting in Britain. It aims to discuss contemporary theory and practice of the genre within the historical context of British (and, more particularly, English) tradition from the mid-nineteenth century to the present day. The Nineteenth Century Prospect presents an overview of the contrasts and confluence of Romanticism, Classicism, and Naturalism, objectivity and imagination, science and religion than informed landscape art during this period, and which is also characteristic of revivalist landscape painting in the late-twentieth century. Furthermore, the section describes the evolution of a landscape aesthetic in the twentieth century that was no longer underpinned by religious certainties. The Modernist Outlook describes the development of a more formal (as opposed to a strictly visceral and empirical approach to landscape painting resulting from the interaction of the British tradition with European and American movements such as Post-Impressionism and abstraction in the first half of the twentieth century. This section studies the interaction in relation to Neo-Romanticism in particular. Alternative Views examines the subject matter of landscape painting, contrasting the representation of the rural, industrial, and urban landscapes, and concentrating on the practical problems and issues surrounding the `new aesthetic? of industrial and urban landscape during the period from the 1920s to the 1960s. The Contemporary Scene looks at various manifestations of, and dialogues surrounding, landscape art from the 1970s to the present. It explores the rediscovery of the British tradition in the wake of Modernism and discusses the re-evaluation and re-implementation of both a nineteenth century and a Neo-Romantic landscape aesthetic that has accompanied it. The section also traces the recovery of landscape art of a different order by British conceptualist and Earth-Art practitioners, and studies both the artists? anti-technological and post-industrial stance, and the contribution of their work to the ecological debate. In the final session, members of staff involved in landscape painting discuss their own work in the context of the module and broader traditions


The module aims to:
A. examine the contemporary practice and theories pertaining to landscape painting within relevant historical, geographical, and sociological contexts
B. study concept of landscape as a cultural, intellectual, and ideological construct
C. map the evolution of landscape in response to changes in both
D. trace relationships between contemporary and past precedents of landscape painting in terms of influence and revival
E. explore the relationship of a tradition and innovation in respect to British landscape painting
F. discuss general tendencies, movements, and individual exemplars of such
G. establish links between British and European practice
H. explore the definitional boundaries and categories of landscape


The Nineteenth Century Prospect
1 Lecture: The Real and the Ideal: The Paradise Paradigm
2 Lecture: The Natural and the Supernatural: The Visionary and the Imagined Landscape
3 Lecture: Geology and Theology: Ruskin and Nature
4 Seminar: `Expulsion from the Garden?: Nature after Darwin

The Modernist Outlook
5 Lecture: The Formal Garden: British Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Landscape
6 Lecture: The Structured Landscape: Ben Nicholson
7 Lecture: Construction, Destruction, Reduction: Peter Lanyon
8 Seminar: Modernism and the Indigenous Tradition: St Ives

Alternative Views
9 Lecture: The Enduring Naturalism: Landscape Paintings of Stanley Spencer
10 Lecture: `The Waste Land?: The Landscape of War
11 Lecture: Landscape and Realism: The Urban Motif

The Contemporary Scene
12 Lecture: Landscape, Again: The Neo-Romantic Revival
13 Lecture: Landscape, Late-Modernism, Postmodernism: the Sculptural Response
14 Lecture: Contemporary Landscape: a Personal View
15 Lecture: Paradise Regained: The New Ecology

Transferable skills

The module will assist the development of the following academic and transferable skills:

Reading Lists

** Essential Reading
Adam Nicholson et al (1993) Towards a New Landscape London: Bernard Jacobson
Allen Staley (1973) The Pre-Raphaelite Landscape Oxford: Clarendon Press
Anna Greuzner (1979) `Great Britain and Ireland?, in Post-Impressionism London: Royal Academy of Arts,
Charles Harrison (1981) English Art and Modernism London: Allen Lane
Davod Lewis et al, (1985) St.Ives 1939-64, London: Tate Gallery
Frances Spalding et al (1983) Landscape in Britain 1850-1950 London: Arts Council of Great Britain
Ian Jeffrey (1982) British Landscape Painting London: Thames and Hudson
Malcome York (1988) The Spirit of Place: Neo-Romantic Artists and their Times London: Constable,
Nikolaus Pevsner (1956) The Englishness of English Art London: Architectural Press
Peter Davies (1989) A Northern School: Lancashire Artists of the 20th Century Bristol: Redcliffe,
Peter Fuller (1989) Theoria: Art and the absence of Grace London: Chatto and Windus
Robert Hewison, (1976) John Ruskin: The Argument of the Eye, London: Thames and Judson,
** Consult For Futher Information
Alan R.H.Baker and Gideon Biger (eds.), (1992) Ideology and Landscape in Historical Perspective Cambridge University Press
Andrew Lanyon (1990) Peter Lanyon 1918-1964 Newlyn: Andrew Lanyon
Clive Bell (1914) Art Phoenix Library, London: Chatto and Windus
Herbert Read, (1931) The Meaning of Art, Harmondsorth: Penguin
Jeremy Lewison (1991) Ben Nicholson Oxford: Phaidon
John Beardsley (1984) Earthworks and Beyond: Contemporary Art in the Landscape New York: Abbeville Press,
Kenneth McConkey (1989) British Impressionism Oxford: Phaidon
Margaret Drabble (1992) Maurice Cockrill, British Modern Masters London: Bernard Jacobson
Margaret Gardener, `A Portrait of Ben Nicholson?, Modern Painters, (2, no.3, Autumn 1989), 60-63.
Michael Rosenthal (1982) British Landscape Painting Oxford: Phaidon
Peter Fuller `Ivon or Andy: A Time for Decision?, Modern Painters, (2, no.3, Autumn 1989), 20-25.
Peter Fuller, (1989) The Last Romantics?, Modern Painters, (2, no. 1, Spring 1989), 26-31.
Peter Fuller, (1989) `Cecil collins: A New Dawn??, Modern Painters, (2, no. 2, Summer 1989), 29-35.
Philip Dodd, An Open Letter from Philip Dodd: Art, History, and Englishness?,Modern Painters, (1, no.4 Winter 1988/9), 40-41.
Richard Mabey `William Tillyer: Painting Beyond Landscape?, Modern Painters, (2, no. 3, Autumn 1989), 49-50
Roger Fry, (1981) Vision and Design, (1920) Oxford Oxford University Press
S. Daniels (1989) Landscape, Image, Text Oxford: Blackwell
S.R.J. Woodell, (1985) The English Landscape: Past, Present, and Future Oxford University Press,


This module is at CQFW Level 6