|| HY37030 |
|| THE CIA & AMERICA IN WAR & PEACE |
|| 2006/2007 |
|| Dr Robert G Hughes |
|| Intended for use in future years |
|Next year offered
|| N/A |
|Next semester offered
|| N/A |
|| IP 36020, HY 37120 |
| Course delivery
|| Lecture || Timetabled with HY 37120 |
|| Seminars / Tutorials || |
|Assessment Type||Assessment Length/Details||Proportion|
|Semester Exam||3 Hours 3 QUESTION CLOSED EXAMINATION ||60%|
|Semester Assessment|| 1 X 2,500 WORD ESSAY (14%), 1 X 4,000 WORD ESSAY (26%) ||40%|
On completion of this module, students should be able to:
Describe and assess the impact of the CIA on the US body politic in the period;
Identify and explain changes in the `National Security state? in modern America;
Locate the development of the CIA within the broader themes of US foreign policy;
Discuss with increasing confidence historiographical arguments through written and oral means;
Analyse with further sophistication primary source material (of which there is a vast amount) in a critical and intelligent manner.
This module, on the CIA between its inception in 1947 and the end of the Cold War, will examine the problematic relationship between democracy and its `shield? - secret intelligence. A major theme will involve an examination of the controversial ? and ambiguous - relationship between these two historically. In focusing on the United States and its intelligence arm, the CIA, this module seeks to understand how this has developed in the world'r most powerful democracy. Students will be introduced to some of the main experiences of American society in the period studied with particular attention paid to the manner in which American democracy has accommodated the peacetime existence of a secret intelligence organization, the CIA. The interaction of domestic US politics and the global role of the USA after 1945 will also be considered. Special consideration will be given to overseas areas of intense CIA activity such as Latin America.
The development of, and operations of, the CIA since 1947 illuminates broad areas of US foreign policy, American attitudes as well as raising ethical, moral and political questions. Further, the history of the CIA tells us much about the development of the US body politic since the end of `isolationism?. This module will address the question of how, and in what manner, an intelligence agency can function in a democracy.
2. Espionage in US history: Benedict Arnold to Pinkerton to Pearl Harbor.
3. The genesis of the CIA: `Wild? Bill Donovan and the OSS.
4. The birth of the CIA: the National Security Act.
5. The Truman years: the CIA and `Containment?.
6. Security at home: the FBI, Communism and subversion.
7. Covert operations and subversion: the CIA and `unfriendly? regimes.
8. The CIA, the `bomber gap?, the `missile gap? and technology.
9. Cuba : Castro, Operation Mongoose the Missile Crisis.
10. The CIA and the Cold War in Latin America.
11. The widening Cold War: fighting Communism in the Third World.
12. Vietnam I: the CIA and South East Asia.
13. Vietnam II: Beyond the pale? The CIA and the Phoenix Programme.
14. Out of control? The CIA by 1973.
15. A new accountability: Pike and Church to Jimmy Carter.
16. `Fighting Communism?: Reagan and the CIA in the 1980s.
17. The CIA and the end of the Cold War.
18. End of a mission? After the Cold War: new enemies, new opportunities.
|| Students will be expected to identify and respond to historical problems and carry out appropriate research before the seminars and before writing essays. This will be assessed as part of the assessment of the essays. |
|| These skills will be developed through the research students are expected to carry out before the seminars and for the essays. This will be assessed as part of the assessment of the essays. |
|| This skill will be developed through the two essays and the seminar discussions. Students will also be expected to give seminar presentations during the term. This skill will be assessed as part of the assessment of the essays. Seminar presentations are not formally assessed but feedback is given |
|Improving own Learning and Performance
|| Essays will be returned in essay tutorials where advice will be given on improving students? research techniques and essay writing skills. |
|| Students will work together in seminar preparation and discussion |
|| Students will be encouraged to locate suitable material on the web and to access information on CD-ROMs and to apply it appropriately to their own work. Students will also be encouraged to word-process their work. These skills will not be formally assessed. |
|Application of Number
|| Students will be presented with some statistical data during the lectures and the appropriate use of such statistics will form part of the assessment of the essays where appropriate. In particular, students will be asked to examine how the CIA used (and abused) quantitative and qualitative data |
|Personal Development and Career planning
|| This module will help develop written and oral skills. Other activities, including research, assessment of information and writing in a critical and clear manner, will further develop useful skills of analysis and presentation |
|Subject Specific Skills
|| Critical Historical skills pertaining to the nature and role of the CIA within US national security architecture. In particular, students will assess the nation of the CIA as a policy making (rather than implementation) body during the Cold War. |
** Recommended Text
Aldrich, Richard J (2001) The hidden hand: Britain, America and Cold War secret intelligence
Andrew, Christopher (1996) For the President?s eyes only: Secret Intelligence end the American Presidency from Washington to Bush
Breckinridge (1993) The CIA and the Cold War
Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri (2002) Cloak and Dollar: A history of American Secret Intelligence
** Recommended Background
Agee, Philip (1975) Inside the company: CIA diary
Andrew, Christopher & Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri (1997) Eternal vigilance? 50 years of the CIA
Foley, M (1989) Mumbling across the branches: Iran-Contra, the Borland Amendments and the American foreign policy making process
Foley, M., & Owens, J.E (1997) Congress and the presidency : institutional politics in a separated system
Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri (1989) The CIA and American democracy
Johnson, Loch K (1989) America's secret power: the CIA in a democratic society
Knott, S (1993) Secret and Sanctioned: Covert Operations and the American Presidency
Lefever, Ernest W. & Godson, Roy (1979) CIA and the American ethic: an unfinished debate
Murphy, D.E., Kondrashev, S.A. & Bailey, G. (1997) Battleground Berlin: CIA vs. KGB in the Cold War
Richelson, J. (1995) A Century of Spies: Intelligence in the twentieth century
Rudgers, D (2000) Creating the secret state: the origins of the CIA
Saunders, F.S (1999) Who paid the piper: the CIA and the cultural Cold War
** Essential Reading
This module is at CQFW Level 6