Module Identifier IP34920  
Academic Year 2006/2007  
Co-ordinator Mr James R Vaughan  
Semester Intended for use in future years  
Next year offered N/A  
Next semester offered N/A  
Course delivery Lecture   17 Hours. (17 x 1 hour)  
  Seminars / Tutorials   10 Hours. (10 x 1 hour)  
Assessment TypeAssessment Length/DetailsProportion
Semester Exam2 Hours  70%
Semester Assessment Essay: 1 x 2000 words  30%
Supplementary Exam Students may, subject to Faculty approval, have the opportunity to resit this module. For further clarification please contact the Academic Administrator in the Department of International Politics. 

Learning outcomes

On completion of the module, students will be able to:

- Describe and analyse the key factors which made the Middle East a region of such central strategic importance over the twentieth century.
- Identify and critically discuss the major events and trends in the rise of nationalism and the decline of imperialism in the Middle East.
- Demonstrate through discussion and coursework an understanding of the historical origins and development of the modern state system in the Middle East.
- Describe the changing roles of the post-1945 Superpowers in the Middle East.
- Display through discussion and coursework an understanding of the nature of the Cold War in the Middle East.
- Discuss and evaluate the internal dynamics of the Middle Eastern regional politics.
- Critically assess the impact of the State of Israel on the international relations of the Middle East.

Brief description

This module introduces students to the international history of the Middle East in the Twentieth Century, with particular emphasis on the end of empire, the Cold War and the role of Israel.


This module aims to provide students with a broad survey of events in the Middle East over the course of the twentieth century, from the collapse of the Ottoman Empire to the end of the Cold War and the impact of the 1990-91 Gulf War. It seeks both to enable students to understand both the region's central importance in world politics during the century and to introduce students to the key factors affecting international relations within the region.

First, students will be given an understanding of the regional clash between different forms of imperialism and nationalism during the period; second, students will be introduced to the role of the Superpowers during the Cold War decades; third students will be given an understanding of the Middle Eastern balance of power from the perspective of internal regional divisions; fourth, students will examine the nature of the role played in the region by the State of Israel since its creation in 1948.   


1.   Introductory Themes and Issues

2.   The First World War and the End of the Ottoman Empire

3.   The European Powers and the Emergence of the Middle Eastern Nation States

4.   Zionism and the Palestine Mandate

5.   The Birth of the State of Israel

6.   Arab Nationalism: From the Ottomans to Nasser

7.   The Middle East and the Origins of the Cold War

8.   The Path to Suez and the End of the European Age

9.   The Age of Nasser and the 'rrab Cold War?

10.   The Soviet Union and the Cold War in the Middle East

11.   1967 and the Making of the Modern Arab-Israel Dispute

12.   Egypt'r Road to Peace

13.   Iran and Iraq: Neighbours and Enemies

14.   Israel, Syria and the Destruction of Lebanon

15.   The PLO: From Cairo to Oslo

16.   America'r Moment in the Middle East

17.   Oil and Power in the 20th Century Middle East

Transferable skills

Seminar preparation requires students to read and think critically and conceptually about particular historical and political themes and issues. Computer literacy and information technology skills are developed by the use of e-mail and web-based learning resources. Seminar and coursework preparation encourages students to develop an independent research capability. Coursework essay assessment develops argumentative and analytical writing skills as well as word processing and IT abilities. Both Seminar preparation and coursework assessment requirements encourage students to organise their workload and manage their time effectively. Seminar discussion groups foster the development of individual oral communication and debating skills as well as the ability to critically discuss questions and carry out tasks in groups.

10 ECTS credits

Reading Lists

** Recommended Text
Bregman, Ahron. (2002.) A History of Israel /Ahron Bregman. 0333676319
Cleveland, William (2004) A History of the Modern Middle East 3rd edition. Westview
Dawisha, Adeed (2003) Arab Nationalism in the Twentieth Century Middle East Princeton University Pres
Fawcett, Louise (ed.) (2005) International Relations of the Middle East Oxford University Press
Gelvin, James L. (Sept. 2004) The Modern Middle East:A History
Gerner, Deborah (ed) (2000.) Understanding the contemporary Middle East /edited by Deborah J. Gerner. 1555877060
Hourani, Albert (2002) A History of the Arab Peoples Faber & Faber
Little, Douglas (2003) American Orientalism I.B. Tauris
Macfie, A. L. (1998.) The end of the Ottoman Empire, 1908-1923 /[by] A.L. Macfie. 0582287626
Mansfield, Peter (1991) A History of the Middle East
Mansfield, Peter (1992.) The Arabs /Peter Mansfield. 0140147683
Milton-Edwards, Beverley. (2004.) Conflicts in the Middle East since 1945 /Beverley Milton-Edwards and Peter Hinchcliffe. 041531786X
Ovendale, Ritchie. (1998.) The Longman companion to the Middle East since 1914. 0582315557
Ovendale, Ritchie. (1992.) The Middle East since 1914 /Ritchie Ovendale. 0582063051
Shlaim, Avi (2000) The Iron Wall,. Israel and the Arab World Penguin
Yapp, Malcolm (1996) The Near East since the First World War 2nd edition. Longman


This module is at CQFW Level 6