Module Identifier IPM0720  
Academic Year 2006/2007  
Co-ordinator Dr Patrick B Finney  
Semester Intended for use in future years  
Next year offered N/A  
Next semester offered N/A  
Course delivery Seminars / Tutorials   22 Hours. 1 x 2 hour seminar per week  
Assessment TypeAssessment Length/DetailsProportion
Semester Exam2 Hours  60%
Semester Assessment Essay: 1 x 2,000 words  40%
Supplementary Exam Students may, subject to Faculty approval, have the opportunity to resit this module, normally during the supplementary examination period. For further clarification please contact the Teaching Programme Administrator in the Department of International Politics. 

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
By the end of this course students will:

Brief description

The module examines some of the key historiographical debates about the first half of the twentieth century, and looks in depth at some of the sources that have been central to these debates.


ESRC Postgraduate Training Guidelines state that `Students in the field of International History will require specialised training in the philosophy of history, the main historiographical trends of the twentieth century, and case study analysis and archival research?. The main aim of this module is to provide this specialised training. It links to the subject specific research training provided in IPM2120 by exploring the issues of philosophy and method within the context of International History. It examines the relationship between the historian and the writing of history by concentrating upon some of the most contentious historiographical debates of the first half of the twentieth century. While each of the seminars is self-standing, common themes will emerge in each: the impact of total war upon the course of twentieth century history; the role of historical sources and the meaning of historical 'facts'; the relationship between the international and the national; the role of structure and the impact of the individual in history; and finally, the relevance of looking at history from above and below.

The course aims to provide specialised training in the critical use of various kinds of historical source materials. These will be broadly conceived and will include: archival sources; memoir literature; oral history and transcripts; film, literature, and other media; and quantitative social and economic data.


The course begins with a discussion of generic issues in the philosophy of history, and of how these issues impinge on the study of international history specifically. Thereafter, it reviews a number of critical debates, including the origins of WWI, appeasement, Nazi foreign policy and the holocaust. Topics are discussed in pairs, and in the second of each pair the focus is upon a set of sources relevant to that topic.

Transferable skills

Throughout the course, students will practice and enhance their reading, comprehension and thinking skills, as well as self-management skills. In seminars, students will enhance listening, explaining and debating skills, as well as oral presentational skills. Essay writing will encourage students to practice independent research skills, including data collection and retrieval, writing, IT and time management. The examination tests these skills under time constraint conditions.

10 ECTS Credits

Reading Lists

** Recommended Text
Avon, Earl of (2001) Eden Memoirs Cassell 0304920142
Caputi, Robert J. Neville Chamberlain and Appeasement Susquehanna U.P. 1575910276
Charmley, John Chamberlain and the Lost Peace edition n.e. . Papermac 0333558936
Cole, Tim Selling the Holocaust : from Auschwitz to Schindler : how history is bought, packaged, and sold Routledge
Dutton, David Neville Chamberlain Arnold 0340706279
Evans, Richard Telling Lies About Hitler Verso 1859844170
Finkelstein, Norman G. Holocaust Industry Verso 1859847730
Guttenplan, D.D. Holocaust on Trial, The edition n.e. . Granta Bks. 1862074860
Henderson, Nevile, Sir Failure of a mission : Berlin 1937-1939 Hodder and Stoughton
Kennedy, Paul M. Realities Behind Diplomacy Fontana 0006346812
Kershaw, Ian Nazi Dictatorship edition 4r.e. . Arnold 0340760281
Novick, Peter Holocaust and Collective Memory, The Bloomsbury Pub. 0747547734
Parker, R.A.C. Chamberlain and Appeasement Macmillan 0333417135
Parker, R.A.C. Churchill and Appeasement edition n.e. . Papermac 0333675843
Shermer, Michael Denying History Univ.California P. 0520216121
Templewood, Samuel J. Nine Troubled Years Greenwood Press,London 0837186331
Williamson, Samuel R July 1914 : soldiers, statesmen, and the coming of the Great War Bedford/St. Martin's
41821 Batsford 0713411074
Churchill Oxf.U.P. 0198203179
Forging the Collective Memory Berghahn Books 1571819282
Germany and the Second World War Oxf.U.P. 0198228864
War,1914 Stationery Office Books 0117024104
War,1939 Stationery Office Books 0117024112
** Supplementary Text
Aly, Gotz Final Solution Arnold 0340677589
Andrew, Christopher M. Missing Dimension Macmillan Educ. 0333368649
Ankersmit, F.R. Historical Representation Stanford U.P. 0804739803
Appleby, Joyce Oldham Telling the Truth About History edition n.e. . W.W.Norton 0393312860
Arnold, John History Oxf.U.P. 019285352X
Bentley, Michael Modern Historiography Routledge 0415202671
Berger, Stefan Search for Normality Berghahn Books 1571818634
Berghahn, Volker R. Germany and the Approach of War in 1914 edition 2r.e. . Macmillan 0333599039
Berkhofer, Robert F. Beyond the Great Story Belknap P. 0674069072
Browning, Christopher R. Nazi Policy,Jewish Labor,German Killers Camb.U.P. 052177490X
Browning, Christopher R. Ordinary Men edition n.e. of "Ordinary Men" . Penguin 0141000422
Burleigh, Michael Racial State Camb.U.P. 0521391148
Burrin, Philippe Hitler and the Jews E.Arnold 034059361X
Cannadin, David What is history now? Palgrave Macmillan
Carley, Michael J. 1939,the Alliance That Never Was House of Stratus 1842320416
Carr, Edward Hallett What is History? edition n.e. . Penguin 0140135847
Clark, Christopher M Kaiser Wilhelm II Pearson Education
Cockett, Richard Twilight of Truth Weidenfeld & N. 0297795481
Dawidowicz, Lucy S. War Against the Jews,1933-45 edition n.e. . Penguin 0140134638
Doerr, Paul W. British Foreign Policy,1919-39 Manchester U.P. 0719046718
Eley, Geoff From Unification to Nazism Allen & U. 0049430394
Evans, Richard J. In Defence of History edition n.e. . Granta Bks. 1862071047
Evans, Richard J. In Hitler's Shadow I.B.Tauris 1850431582
Finkelstein, Norman G A nation on trial : the Goldhagen thesis and historical truth Metropolitan Books
Fischer, Fritz From Kaiserreich to Third Reich Allen & U. 0049430440
Fischer, Fritz Germany's Aims in the First World War Chatto 070110693X
Fischer, Fritz War of Illusions Chatto 0701119721
Fischer, Fritz World Power or Decline Weidenfeld & N. 0297769804
Forbes, Neil Doing Business with the Nazis F.Cass 0714681687
Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth Reconstructing History Routledge 0415922798
Fuchser, Larry William Neville Chamberlain and Appeasement W.W.Norton 0393016072
Fulbrook, Mary Historical theory Routledge
Goda, Norman J. W Tomorrow the world : Hitler, Northwest Africa, and the path toward America Texas A & M University Press
Goldhagen, Daniel Jonah Hitler's Willing Executioners edition n.e. . Abacus 0349107866
Grayson, Richard S. Liberals,International Relations and Appeasement F.Cass 0714681334
Herrmann, David G. Arming of Europe and the Making of the First World War Princeton U.P. 0691015953
Hildebrand, Klaus Foreign Policy of the Third Reich edition n.e. . Univ.California P. 0520025288
Iggers, Georg G. Historiography in the Twentieth Century Wesleyan U.P.,U.S. 0819563064
J. Noakes and G. Pridham Nazism 1919-1945. Vol.3, Foreign policy University of Exeter
Jackel, Eberhard Hitler's World View Harvard U.P. 0674404254
Jarausch, Konrad H. Enigmatic Chancellor Yale U.P. 0300012950
Jenkins, Keith Postmodern History Reader Routledge 041513904X
Jenkins, Keith Refiguring History 0415244110
Jenkins, Keith Rethinking History Routledge 0415067782
Jordanova, L.J. History in Practice Arnold 0340663324
Kershaw, Ian Hitler Myth Oxf.U.P. 0198219644
Kershaw, Ian Nazi Dictatorship edition 4r.e. . Arnold 0340760281
Knox, Macgregor Common Destiny Camb.U.P. 0521582083
Koch, H.W. Aspects of the Third Reich Macmillan Educ. 0333352726
Koch, H.W. Origins of the First World War edition 2r.e. . Macmillan Educ. 0333372980
Langdon, John W. 41821 Berg Publrs. 0854966803
Leitz, Christian Third Reich Blackwell 0631207007
Longerich, Peter Unwritten Order, The Tempus Publishing 0752419773
Marrus, Michael R. Holocaust in History, The edition 2r.e. . Key Porter Books,Canada 1552631206
Marwick, Arthur New Nature of History, The Palgrave 033392262X
Mason, Timothy W. Nazism,Fascism and the Working Class Camb.U.P. 0521437873
Mombauer, Annika Helmuth Von Moltke and the Origins of the First World War Camb.U.P. 0521791014
Mombauer, Annika Origins of the First World War, The Longman 0582418720
Muller, Rolf-Dieter Hitler's War in the East,1941-1945 Berghahn Books 1571810684
Murray, Williamson The change in the European balance of power, 1938-1939 Princeton University Press
Neville, Peter Appeasing Hitler Macmillan 0333739876
Post, Gaines Dilemmas of Appeasement Cornell U.P. 0801427487
Retallack, James N. Germany in the Age of Kaiser Wilhelm II Macmillan 0333592425
Robert Boyce and Joseph A. Maiolo The origins of World War Two : the debate continues Palgrave
Robertson, Esmonde Manning Origins of the Second World War Macmillan,London 0333114612
Rohl, John C.G. Kaiser and His Court, The edition n.e. . Camb.U.P. 0521565049
Roi, Michael L. Alternative to Appeasement Praeger 0275959090
Roseman, Mark Villa,the Lake,the Meeting, The A.Lane 071399570X
Rubinstein, W.D. Myth of Rescue Routledge 0415124557
Ruggiero, John Neville Chamberlain and British Rearmament Greenwood Press,London 0313310505
Schlevnes, Karl A. Twisted Road to Auschwitz Univ.Illinois P. 0252000927
Schmidt, Gustav Politics and Economics of Appeasement Berg Publrs. 0907582168
Schwok, Ren Interprtations de la politique trangre de Hitler Presses Universitaires de France
Shaw, Louise Grace British political elite and the Soviet Union, 1937-1939 Frank Cass
Smith, Woodruff D. Ideological Origins of Nazi Imperialism Oxf.U.P.(N.Y.) 0195036905
Southgate, Beverley C. History Routledge 0415138833
Stevenson, D. Armaments and the Coming of War edition n.e. . Oxf.U.P. 0198208316
Stoakes, Geoffrey Hitler and the Quest for World Dominion Berg Publrs. 0907582567
Strachan, Hew First World War, The Oxf.U.P. 0198208774
Thorne, Christopher Border Crossings Blackwell 0631160620
Tosh, John Historians on History Longman 0582357950
Tosh, John Pursuit of History edition 2r.e. . Longman 0582026342
Walter Laqueur Fascism : a reader's guide : analyses, interpretations, bibliography Wildwood House
Wehler, Hans-Ulrich German Empire,1871-1918 Berg Publrs. 090758232X
Weinberg, Gerhard L. Foreign Policy of Hitler's Germany Univ.Chicago P. 0226885097
Westad, Odd Arne Reviewing the Cold War F.Cass 0714681202
America in the World Camb.U.P. 0521498074
Anatomy of Auschwitz Death Camp Indiana U.P. 0253326842
Bridges and Boundaries MIT P. 0262550393
Cold War Constructions Univ.Massachusetts P. 1558492186
Decisions for War,1914 UCL P. 1857280989
Diplomacy and World Power Camb.U.P. 0521462436
Escape into War? Berg Publrs. 0854962751
Explaining the History of American Foreign Relations Camb.U.P. 0521407362
Fascist Challenge and the Policy of Appeasement Allen & U. 0049400681
From Peace to War Berghahn Books 1571818820
Germany and the Second World War Oxf.U.P. 0198228864
Haunted by History Berghahn Books 1571819401
History and Narrative Reader, The Routledge 041523249X
Holocaust, The Routledge 0415150361
Is the Holocaust Unique? edition 2r.e. . Westview P.,U.S. 0813336864
Making of Strategy Camb.U.P. 0521453895
National-socialist Extermination Policies Berghahn Books 1571817514
Origins of the Second World War Arnold 034067640X
Past Before Us Cornell U.P. 0801412242
Paths to War Macmillan Educ. 0333375173
Policies of Genocide Allen & U. 0049430467
Probing the Limits of Representation Harvard U.P. 0674707664
Reevaluation of the Third Reich Holmes & Meier 0841912289
Remembering for the Future Palgrave 0333804864
Unwilling Germans? Univ.Minnesota P. 0816631018
C Elman and MF Elman (eds) (2001) Bridges and Boundaries: HIstorians, Political Scientists and The Study of International Relations Cambridge Mass: MIT Press
P Finney (ed) (1997) The Origins of the Second World War London: Arnold
Sally Marks (2002) The Ebbing of European Ascendancy: An International History of the World 1914-45 London: Arnold


This module is at CQFW Level 7