Module Identifier IPM0730  
Module Title HISTORY AND HISTORIOGRAPHY 1900-1945 (S)  
Academic Year 2006/2007  
Co-ordinator Professor Ian Clark  
Semester Semester 1  
Course delivery Seminars / Tutorials   22 Hours. 1 x 2 hour seminar per week  
Assessment TypeAssessment Length/DetailsProportion
Semester Assessment 1 x 3000 word essay  40%
Semester Assessment x 4000 word essay  60%
Supplementary Exam Students may, subject to Faculty approval, have the opportunity to resit this module, normally during the supplementary examination period. For further clarification please contact the Academic Administrator in the Department of International Politics. 

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
By the end of this course students will:

Brief description

The module examines some of the key historiographical debates about the first half of the twentieth century, and looks in depth at some of the sources that have been central to these debates.


The main aim of this module is to provide specialised training in historiographical trends, and in the use of historical sources. It examines the relationship between the historian and the writing of history by concentrating upon some of the most contentious historiographical debates of the first half of the twentieth century. While each of the seminars is self-standing, common themes will emerge in each: the impact of total war upon the course of twentieth century history; the role of historical sources and the meaning of historical 'facts'; the relationship between the international and the national; the role of structure and the impact of the individual in history; and finally, the relevance of looking at history from above and below.

The course aims to provide specialised training in the critical use of various kinds of historical source materials. These will be broadly conceived and will include: archival sources; memoir literature; oral history and transcripts; and quantitative social and economic data.


The course begins with a discussion of generic issues in the philosophy of history, and of how these issues impinge on the study of international history specifically. Thereafter, it reviews a number of critical debates, including the origins of WWI, reconstruction in the 1920s, appeasement and Nazi foreign policy. Topics are discussed in pairs, and in the second of each pair the focus is upon a set of sources relevant to that topic.

Transferable skills

Throughout the course, students will practice and enhance their reading, comprehension and thinking skills, as well as self-management skills. In seminars, students will enhance listening, explaining and debating skills, as well as oral presentational skills. Essay writing will encourage students to practice independent research skills, including data collection and retrieval, writing, IT and time management.

15 ECTS Credits

Reading Lists

** General Text
C Elman and MF Elman (Eds) (2001) Bridges and Boundaries: Historians, Political Scientists and The Study of International Relations Cambridge Mass.: MIT Press
P Finney (ed) (1997) The Origins of the Second World War London: Arnold
Sally Marks (2002) The Ebbing of European Ascendancy: An International History of the World 1914-45 London: Arnold
** Recommended Text
Kennedy, Paul M. Realities Behind Diplomacy Fontana 0006346812
Parker, R.A.C. Chamberlain and Appeasement Macmillan 0333417135
Parker, R.A.C. Churchill and Appeasement edition n.e.. Papermac 0333675843
Templewood, Samuel J. Nine Troubled Years Greenwood Press,London 0837186331
41821 Batsford 0713411074
Churchill Oxf.U.P. 0198203179
Germany and the Second World War Oxf.U.P. 0198228864
** Supplementary Text
Andrew, Christopher M. Missing Dimension Macmillan Educ. 0333368649
Ankersmit, F.R. Historical Representation Stanford U.P. 0804739803
Appleby, Joyce Oldham Telling the Truth About History edition n.e.. W.W.Norton 0393312860
Arnold, John History Oxf.U.P. 019285352X
Bentley, Michael Modern Historiography Routledge 0415202671
Berger, Stefan Search for Normality Berghahn Books 1571818634
Berghahn, Volker R. Germany and the Approach of War in 1914 edition 2r.e.. Macmillan 0333599039
Berkhofer, Robert F. Beyond the Great Story Belknap P. 0674069072
Browning, Christopher R. Nazi Policy,Jewish Labor,German Killers Camb.U.P. 052177490X
Browning, Christopher R. Ordinary Men edition n.e. of. Penguin 0141000422
Burleigh, Michael Racial State Camb.U.P. 0521391148
Carley, Michael J. 1939,the Alliance That Never Was House of Stratus 1842320416
Clark, Christopher M Kaiser Wilhelm II Pearson Education
Cockett, Richard Twilight of Truth Weidenfeld & N. 0297795481
Doerr, Paul W. British Foreign Policy,1919-39 Manchester U.P. 0719046718
Eley, Geoff From Unification to Nazism Allen & U. 0049430394
Finkelstein, Norman G A nation on trial : the Goldhagen thesis and historical truth Metropolitan Books
Fischer, Fritz From Kaiserreich to Third Reich Allen & U. 0049430440
Fischer, Fritz Germany's Aims in the First World War Chatto 070110693X
Fischer, Fritz War of Illusions Chatto 0701119721
Fischer, Fritz World Power or Decline Weidenfeld & N. 0297769804
Fuchser, Larry William Neville Chamberlain and Appeasement W.W.Norton 0393016072
Fulbrook, Mary Historical theory Routledge
Goda, Norman J. W Tomorrow the world : Hitler, Northwest Africa, and the path toward America Texas A & M University Press
Grayson, Richard S. Liberals,International Relations and Appeasement F.Cass 0714681334
Herrmann, David G. Arming of Europe and the Making of the First World War Princeton U.P. 0691015953
Hildebrand, Klaus Foreign Policy of the Third Reich edition n.e.. Univ.California P. 0520025288
Iggers, Georg G. Historiography in the Twentieth Century Wesleyan U.P.,U.S. 0819563064
J. Noakes and G. Pridham Nazism 1919-1945. Vol.3, Foreign policy University of Exeter
Jackel, Eberhard Hitler's World View Harvard U.P. 0674404254
Jarausch, Konrad H. Enigmatic Chancellor Yale U.P. 0300012950
Jenkins, Keith Postmodern History Reader Routledge 041513904X
Jordanova, L.J. History in Practice Arnold 0340663324
Knox, Macgregor Common Destiny Camb.U.P. 0521582083
Koch, H.W. Aspects of the Third Reich Macmillan Educ. 0333352726
Koch, H.W. Origins of the First World War edition 2r.e.. Macmillan Educ. 0333372980
Langdon, John W. 41821 Berg Publrs. 0854966803
Leitz, Christian Third Reich Blackwell 0631207007
Longerich, Peter Unwritten Order, The Tempus Publishing 0752419773
Marwick, Arthur New Nature of History, The Palgrave 033392262X
Mason, Timothy W. Nazism,Fascism and the Working Class Camb.U.P. 0521437873
Mombauer, Annika Helmuth Von Moltke and the Origins of the First World War Camb.U.P. 0521791014
Mombauer, Annika Origins of the First World War, The Longman 0582418720
Muller, Rolf-Dieter Hitler's War in the East,1941-1945 Berghahn Books 1571810684
Murray, Williamson The change in the European balance of power, 1938-1939 Princeton University Press
Neville, Peter Appeasing Hitler Macmillan 0333739876
Post, Gaines Dilemmas of Appeasement Cornell U.P. 0801427487
Retallack, James N. Germany in the Age of Kaiser Wilhelm II Macmillan 0333592425
Robert Boyce and Joseph A. Maiolo The origins of World War Two : the debate continues Palgrave
Robertson, Esmonde Manning Origins of the Second World War Macmillan,London 0333114612
Rohl, John C.G. Kaiser and His Court, The edition n.e.. Camb.U.P. 0521565049
Roi, Michael L. Alternative to Appeasement Praeger 0275959090
Roseman, Mark Villa,the Lake,the Meeting, The A.Lane 071399570X
Ruggiero, John Neville Chamberlain and British Rearmament Greenwood Press,London 0313310505
Schmidt, Gustav Politics and Economics of Appeasement Berg Publrs. 0907582168
Schwok, Ren Interprtations de la politique trangre de Hitler Presses Universitaires de France
Shaw, Louise Grace British political elite and the Soviet Union, 1937-1939 Frank Cass
Smith, Woodruff D. Ideological Origins of Nazi Imperialism Oxf.U.P.(N.Y.) 0195036905
Southgate, Beverley C. History Routledge 0415138833
Stevenson, D. Armaments and the Coming of War edition n.e.. Oxf.U.P. 0198208316
Stoakes, Geoffrey Hitler and the Quest for World Dominion Berg Publrs. 0907582567
Thorne, Christopher Border Crossings Blackwell 0631160620
Tosh, John Historians on History Longman 0582357950
Tosh, John Pursuit of History edition 2r.e.. Longman 0582026342
Walter Laqueur Fascism : a reader's guide : analyses, interpretations, bibliography Wildwood House
Wehler, Hans-Ulrich German Empire,1871-1918 Berg Publrs. 090758232X
Weinberg, Gerhard L. Foreign Policy of Hitler's Germany Univ.Chicago P. 0226885097
America in the World Camb.U.P. 0521498074
Bridges and Boundaries MIT P. 0262550393
Cold War Constructions Univ.Massachusetts P. 1558492186
Decisions for War,1914 UCL P. 1857280989
Diplomacy and World Power Camb.U.P. 0521462436
Escape into War? Berg Publrs. 0854962751
Explaining the History of American Foreign Relations Camb.U.P. 0521407362
Fascist Challenge and the Policy of Appeasement Allen & U. 0049400681
From Peace to War Berghahn Books 1571818820
Germany and the Second World War Oxf.U.P. 0198228864
Haunted by History Berghahn Books 1571819401
History and Narrative Reader, The Routledge 041523249X
Holocaust, The Routledge 0415150361
Making of Strategy Camb.U.P. 0521453895
National-socialist Extermination Policies Berghahn Books 1571817514
Origins of the Second World War Arnold 034067640X
Past Before Us Cornell U.P. 0801412242
Paths to War Macmillan Educ. 0333375173
Policies of Genocide Allen & U. 0049430467
Probing the Limits of Representation Harvard U.P. 0674707664
Reevaluation of the Third Reich Holmes & Meier 0841912289
Remembering for the Future Palgrave 0333804864
Unwilling Germans? Univ.Minnesota P. 0816631018


This module is at CQFW Level 7