|| PH33420 |
|| CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS |
|| 2006/2007 |
|| Dr Rudolf Winter |
|| Semester 2 (Taught over 2 semesters) |
|| Dr Martin C Wilding, Professor Neville Greaves, Mr Daniel Le Messurier, Dr Tudor E Jenkins |
|| PH23720 , PH21510 |
| Course delivery
|| Lecture || |
|| Practical || |
|| Workload Breakdown || 35 hours contact time; 20 hours example sheet work, 20 hours data analysis and report writing for practical; 20 hours literature research and essay preparation; 66 hours weekly revision and background reading; 36 hours exam preparation; 3 hours exam ;(total 200 hours) |
|Assessment Type||Assessment Length/Details||Proportion|
|Semester Exam||3 Hours Final exam||50%|
|Semester Assessment|| Example sheet||20%|
|Semester Assessment|| Diffraction practical||15%|
|Semester Assessment|| Literature research essay||15%|
|Supplementary Exam||3 Hours ||100%|
Learning outcomesOn successful completion of this module students should be able to:
1. explain and apply the concept of reciprocal space.
2. describe experimental techniques suchas phonon spectroscopy, diffraction, and nuclear magnetic resonance.
3. distinguish material classes such as crystals, polymers, liquids, and glasses according to their structure
4. analyse crystallographic dataand interpret them in terms of structural symmetry.
5. discuss the relationship between experiment and modelling in science in general and condensed matter physics in particular
6. explain the origin of band structure and relate it to the lectric properties of materials
7. explain magnetic phenomena in materials
8. discuss collective magnetic and electrostatic effects and explain related phase transitions
9. locate and summarise peer-reviewed research literature on subjects within the module's topical range
This module incorporates the research areas pursued in the department into our teaching of condensed matter and materials physics. In addition to exposure of the students to current research, the new module will strengthen group work and information gathering skills compared to its predecessor modules. This is achieved by including a short, assessed practical and an assessed literature research component, respectively.
Condensed matter physics covers the structure and dynamics of solid and liquid materials, whose properties are governed by the strong interactions between adjacent atoms or ions. The module covers material classes such as crystals, soft matter, liquids and glasses, properties such as heat capacity, phase transitions, electrical conductivity and magnetism, and experimental techniques such as spectroscopy, diffraction, modelling techniques and magnetic resonance.
Foundations: scattering, reciprocal lattice, Brillouin zones
Lattice dynamics: phonon spectroscopy, heat capacity, dispersion relations
Synchrotron and neutron sources
Soft matter: physics of polymers and biological matter
Diffraction: space groups, symmetry, phase transitions, order parameter, lattice defects
Modelling: molecular dynamics, Monte Carlo simulation
Liquids, glasses, and the geophysics of extreme conditions
Electronic structure: energy bands, density of states, Fermi surface, quantum statistics
Magnetism: dia-, para-, collective magnetism, domains, Ising & Heisenberg models, NMR
Collective electrostatics: ferro- and piezoelectrics
|| Solving a simple crystallographic problem by analysing diffractograms obtained in the practical. |
|| A range of experimental techniques available to the materials scientist is covered theoretically in the module. Literature research and report writing is taught and assessed in the literature essay and practical units. |
|| The main purpose of the literature essay is learning to distinguish different types of source including peer-reviewed literature and to establish confidence levels for works of literature found. Academic and technical writing skills trained in literature essay and practical report. |
|| The practical will be carried out in groups of 2 or 3 students. Group members can organise work within the group according to their own preferences. |
|| Use of standard data analysis and text processing programs. |
|Application of Number
|| Example sheets and exam have a strong algebraic and numerical contribution. Analysis of crystallographic data requires mathematical treatment. This is assessed in the practical. |
|Subject Specific Skills
|| The mathematical concepts go somewhat beyond "application of number", and corresponding training and formative assessment (example sheets) will be provided.
Use of modern, research grade scientific equipment and awareness of health and safety issues is covered in the practical.
** Recommended Text
Anderseon, JC, Leaver, KD, Rawlings, RD, Alexander, JM (1990) Materials Sciences
Chapman & Hall
Dove, Martin T. (c2003.) Structure and dynamics :an atomic view of materials /Martin T. Dove.
Kittel, Charles. (c2005.) Introduction to solid state physics /Charles Kittel.
This module is at CQFW Level 6