Module Identifier GG37920  
Academic Year 2007/2008  
Co-ordinator Dr Gareth C Hoskins  
Semester Semester 1  
Course delivery Lecture   10 x 2 hour lectures which involves group work and discussion  
Assessment TypeAssessment Length/DetailsProportion
Semester Exam2 Hours EXAMINATION Seen written examination.50%
Semester Assessment ESSAY One coursework essay of up to 3,000 words.50%
Supplementary Exam RESIT Resit on condoned (medical) grounds arising from non-completion of examination or coursework involves the completion of the missing component(s) for the full range of marks on dates set in the Supplementary Examination period.50%
Supplementary Assessment RESUBMISSION Resit due to aggregate failure or non-completion of part of the assessment requires re-examination of each of the main components if marks of <40% in both were obtained, or re-examination or re-submission of the failed component (examination or assignment) to obtain a maximum mark of 40% for the module. A new exam paper and/or essay assignment will be set as appropriate. 50%

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:


  1. Approaching memory, space and time (introduction to key debates)
  2. Memory and the Self: geographical perspectives on memory and subjectivity.
  3. Collaborative Memories: public memories, social memories, collective reminiscence, commemoration and performance.
  4. The politics of memory: spatializing history/spatializing identity
  5. Economies of memory: the heritage industry and past as commodity.
  6. Contesting Memories I: silence, forgetting, dissonant pasts, counter-memories and the politics of difference.
  7. Contesting Memories II: therapeutic landscapes, trauma, reconciliation and healing
  8. Materializing Memory: objects and technologies of remembrance
  9. Environmental Memories: contesting natures in the construction of national parks
  10. Haunting memories: ghosts, specters and places of enchantment

Brief description

This module offers students an opportunity to explore a broad spectrum of theoretical and applied debates that surround studies of memory and its links with the geographical. Drawing on a wide range of international examples, it examines the sites, technologies, politics and processes associated with various preservation and commemoration endeavours. Specifically, the ways in which groups and individuals struggle to gain authority to selectively represent and narrate their pasts will be discussed throughout alongside a concern with the practices of institutions in their efforts to reconcile problematic social memories. Case studies explore themes central to cultural geography including identity, subjectivity, embodiment, belonging, materiality, performance, scale, and the commodification of the past. The module develops substantive knowledge of topics introduced to students in The Geographies of Late Capitalism (GG25610), The Americas (GG26010) and Social and Cultural Geographies (GG25810). It also provides students with a range of critical approaches, concepts, vocabularies and ways-of-thinking about the "presentation of the past", the politics of heritage and the spatiality of memory. Throughout the module, student skills in analysis, written and oral communication will be developed through an engagement with both textual material and reflexive considerations of their own encounters with sites of memory.

Module Skills

Problem solving Problem solving will be indirectly addressed through some lecture content, essay assignments and class-based discussions but will not be explicitly developed in the module.  
Research skills Students will be encouraged to develop independent research skills through collating material from library and internet sources, and through the analysis of primary sources. The opportunity that the module offers for practicing these skills will be especially useful for students wishing to conduct research or study at postgraduate level. Research skills will be assessed by means of the coursework essay.  
Communication Written communication skills will be developed and assessed through the examination as well as through the assessed essay. Oral communication skills will also be developed through group discussion in lectures.  
Improving own Learning and Performance Students should implicitly develop their skills in this area through the organization of free-time reading and exam and essay preparation. Not explicitly developed through the module.  
Team work Students will have the opportunity to develop team-work skills through group-based exercises and discussion in lectures.  
Information Technology Students will be directed to material from the internet that is relevant to lecture topics. They will also have the opportunity to develop IT skills by using the internet as a source for primary and secondary materials in preparation for the assessed essay.  
Application of Number Not developed through this module  
Personal Development and Career planning Not explicitly developed through the module. The content of lectures and reading may indirectly encourage students to reflect on their own beliefs and views and may identify potential career paths for some.  
Subject Specific Skills The module will enable students to practice subject-specific skills which they have developed in years one and two, including techniques for analyzing historical and cultural texts. Students will develop their analytical skills through class-based discussions and in their assessed essay and examination.  

Reading Lists

** Recommended Text
Antze, P. and Lambeck, M. (eds) (1996) Tense Past: Cultural Essays in Trauma and Memory Routledge, London
Casey, E (1987) Remembering: a phenomenological study Indiana UP
Connerton, P. (1989) How Societies Remember Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Coser, L.A.. (1992) Maurice Halbwachs, On Collective Memory University of Chicago Press, London
Foote, K. (1997) Shadowed Ground: America¿s landscape of violence and tragedy University of Texas Press, Austin
Foucault, M. (1984) Language, Counter memory, practice: selected essays and interviews by Michel Foucault (ed) D. F. Bouchard Cornell University Press, Ithaca
Gillis J. R. (ed) (1994) Commemorations: The Politics of National Identity Princeton, New Jersey
Graham, R, Tunbridge J. E and Ashworth, G. (1996) Dissonant Heritage: the management of the past as a resource in conflict John Wiley and Sons Ltd, London.
Hayden, D (1997) The Power of Place: Urban Landscapes as Public History The M.I.T. Press: Boston
Hewison, R (1987) The Heritage Industry Methuen, London
Hodgkin, K and Radstone, S (2003) Contested Pasts: The Politics of Memory Routledge, London
Loewen, J. (1999) Lies Across America: What our historic Sites get wrong Simon and Schuster, London
Lowenthal, D (1996) The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History The Free Press: New York
Lynch, K. (1976) What Time is this Place The M.I.T Press: Cambridge MA.
Middleton D and D. Edwardsm (eds) (1990) Collective Remembering Sage, London
Radstone, S and Hodgkin, K (ed) (2003) Regimes of Memory Routledge, London
Ricoeur, P (2004) Memory, History, Forgetting Chicago U.P.
Sturken, M (1997) Tangled Memories: the Vietnam War, the AIDS epidemic, and the politics of remembering University of North Carolina Press: Berkeley
Tilden, F. (1997) Interpreting our Heritage 3rd Edition. University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill
Till, K (2005) The New Berlin Minnesota University Press, Minneapolis
Trouillot, M (1997) Silencing the Past: Power & the Production of History Beacon, Boston
Walsh, K (1992) The Representation of the Past: Museums and Heritage in the post-modern world. Routledge, London
Zerubavel, E (2003) Time Maps: Collective Memory and the Social Shape of the Past. Chicago U.P.

Edensor, T. (1997) Environment and Planning D: Society and Space National Identity and the Politics of Memory: Remembering Bruce and Wallace in symbolic space 15 vol. 15, pp. 175-194.
Harvey, D. (1979) Annals of the Association of American Geographers. Monument and Myth: The Building of the Basilica of the Sacred Heart 69(3).
Hoelscher, S and Alderman, D (2004) Social and Cultural Geography Memory and Place: Geographies of a Critical Relationship. 5 (3).


This module is at CQFW Level 6