Module Identifier  PH14020  
Module Title  DYNAMICS, RELATIVITY AND QUANTUM PHYSICS  
Academic Year  2007/2008  
Coordinator  Dr Tudor E Jenkins  
Semester  Intended for use in future years  
Next year offered  N/A  
Next semester offered  N/A  
Other staff  Professor Keith Birkinshaw, Dr Sian A Jones  
PreRequisite  Normal entry requirements for Part 1 Physics  
CoRequisite  Part 1 core modules  
Course delivery  Lecture  40 Lectures  
Practical  Incorporated into PH15010 and PH15510  
Assessment 

Kinematics: Newton's laws of motion; inertial frames; Galilean transformations; relativity principle of Newtonian mechanics; momentum and kinetic energy; collision processes; internal forces; centreofmass system.
Gravity and weight.
Universal gravitation: g and G; variation of g for terrestrial observer; planetary motion and artificial satellites.
Potential energy and gravitational fields.
Rotational motion: centripetal acceleration/force; moment of inertia; equation of motion; angular momentum; analogy between linear and rotational motion.
Relativity
Introduction and discussion of the shortcomings of prerelativistic physics, which lead to the simple postulates of Special Relativity, with spectacular results in our understanding of space and time. The LorentzEinstein transformations are derived from the postulates, leading to an understanding of timedilation and Lorentz contraction.
Quantum Physics
Radiation: Blackbody radiation, Laws of Wein and Stefan, breakdown of classical theory, Planck function.
Photoelectric effect, photon as particle.
Rutherford Scattering, Bohr atom and oneelectron spectra.
Nuclear masses, mass number, binding energy, stable nuclei.
Radioactive decay, betaray spectra, gammaray spectra, half life.
Waveparticle duality, Young's slit experiment. Elementary particles. The standard model.
De Broglie relationships, Electron diffraction, the Uncertainty Principle.
Progression from Bohr theory: Schrodinger equation, introduction to the wave function. Standing waves.
Multielectron atoms: the idea of orbitals and the four quantum numbers. Pauli Exclusion Principle.
Periodic Table, molecular orbitals and covalent bonding.
Ionic and van der Waals bonds. Interatomic energy curve.
Crystalline and amorphous solids. Types of crystals, crystal organisation.
Electrons in crystals: introduction to band theory. Conductors, insulators, semiconductors.
This module is at CQFW Level 4