|| PH14310 |
|| THE QUANTUM UNIVERSE |
|| 2007/2008 |
|| Dr Tudor E Jenkins |
|| Semester 1 |
|| Professor Keith Birkinshaw |
|| Normal entry requirements for Honours physics. |
| Course delivery
|| Lecture || 20 |
|| Workload Breakdown || 20 hrs lectures
20 hrs example sheet work
60 hrs private study |
|Assessment Type||Assessment Length/Details||Proportion|
|Semester Exam||2 Hours ||70%|
|Semester Assessment|| Example sheets||30%|
|Supplementary Exam||2 Hours written examination||100%|
Learning outcomesOn successful completion of this module students should be able to:
1. Apply the concepts of quantum mechanics in molecules, atoms, nuclei and fundamental particles
2. Define a photon and give examples which illustrate its importance
3. State the de Broglie hypothesis and outline the experimental evidence for it.
4. Interpret the wavefunction and use it to demonstrate the key concepts of quantisation of particles in potential wells.
5. Analyse experimental data in terms of quantisation
6. Demonstrate quantum ideas in the understanding of molecular and condensed matter physics
7. Summarise the basic structure of nuclei
8. Explain the stability or otherwise of nuclei
9. Explain the classification of elementary particles into quarks and leptons
This module introduces the fundamental aspects of quantum physics in the undergraduate physics programme.
Quantum mechanics is the most successful physics theory created by mankind. It explains aspects of physics ranging from neutron stars through to sub-nuclear particles such as quarks. The module will introduce the concepts of quantum mechanics and use these to explain phenomena in molecular, atomic, nuclear and subnuclear particle physics.
The concept of the photon - photoelectric effect and Compton scattering
Matter waves and the de Broglie relation. Verification by Davisson-Germer
The wavefunction and its interpretation.
Quantisation - examples in square well potential, simple harmonic oscillator potential and Coulombic potential. Line spectra and the Franck-Hertz experiment.
The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
The Schrodinger equation and the quantum numbers of hydrogen. Electron spin. The Pauli Exclusion Principle and multi-electron atoms.
Tunneling of particles through potential barriers.
Molecular orbitals and covalent bonding.
Ionic and van der Waals bonds. Inter-atomic energy curve.
Crystalline and amorphous solids. Types of crystals, crystal organisation.
Electrons in crystals: introduction to band theory. Conductors, insulators, semiconductors
The atomic nucleus. Structure of the nucleus and its experimental determination
The Standard model of elementary particles.
|| During example sheets which are a series of physics problems. |
|Improving own Learning and Performance
|| Students will have feedback through marked example sheets which will improve their learning |
|| Students will use java applets from web to illustrate key ideas. |
|Application of Number
|| Example sheets and exam have a strong algebraic and numerical contribution. |
** Recommended Text
French, A.P; Taylor, E.F. (2003) An Introduction to Quantum Physics
Chapman and Hall 041237580X
Tipler,Paul Allen; Mosca, Gene (2003) Physics for Scientists and Engineers
5th Edition, extended version. 0716743892
This module is at CQFW Level 4