|Module Title||CROP AND GRASSLAND MANAGEMENT|
|Co-ordinator||Dr Iwan G Owen|
|Course delivery||Practical||1 x 3 hour practical per week|
|Lecture||4 x 1 hour lectures per week|
1. Identify and describe the range and distribution of grasslands in the UK and the characteristics of common herbage species.
a. Range and distribution of UK grasslands are described (semi-natural, cultivated, permanent, temporary)
b. Influence of climate and soil on species distribution is described (rainfall, temperature, drainage, fertility)
c. Common pasture species are identifed and agronomic features described (grases, legumes, herbs, weed species).
2. Identify the influence of management and environment on pasture composition and plan a programme of pasture improvement/renovation.
a. Principles of pasture ecology are identified and applied (climate, fertility, grazing animals)
b. Need for pasture improvement is identified (yield, seasonality, nutritional quality)
c. Appropriate improvement techniques are identified and evaluated (management, partial reseeding, complete reseeding)
d. Impact of improvement is assessed (productivity, environment)
3. Identify and evaluate the nutrient requirements of grassland and forages and recommend appropriate manuring practices.
a. Roles of plant nutrients are ifentified and soil analyses interpreted (major, minor, trace elements, lime)
b. Composition of fertilisers and manures is described (inorganic, organic, lime)
c. Grassland manural programmes are constructed (manure type, quantities, timing of application)
d. Impact of manurial practices is assessed (productivity, environment).
4. Describe the range and use of forage crops in the UK and recommend appropriate forage cropping programmes.
a. Distribution and use of forage crops are described (cereals, root crops, leafy brassicas).
b. Husbandry, utilisation and integration of forage crops are described (cereals, root crops, leafy brassicas).
5. Identify and appraise grazing and forage conservation systems and their components.
a. The roles of grazing and forage conservation management are recognised (nutrition, pasture, internal parasites)
b. The principles of grazing and forage conservation management are recognised (nutrition, pasture, internal parasites).
c. Appropriate grazing and forage conservation strategies are selected (systems, integration).
6. Integrate grazing and forage conservation requirements and systems to create grassland and forage management plans.
a. Pasture production is evaluated (soil, climate, pasture composition)
b. Appropriate pasture improvement and nutrient application measures are recommended (soil fertility, locality, system).
c. Pasture utilisation by grazing and conservation is fully integrated (system, locality).
7. Identify and appraise the critical factors that determine the yield and quality of non-cereal arable crops.
a. Key factors involved in crop establishment are described (soil, seedbed, barieties, seed rate, sowing date and method).
b. Management of crop nutrition is described and evaluated (major, minor, trace elements, lime, inorganic, organic, manure type, quantities, timing of application).
c. Approaches and strategies for crop protection are identified (weeds, pests, diseases, cultural, chemical, integrated control).
d. Crop growth and development are described (physiology, management).
e. Factors influencing the appropriate time of harvesting and successful storage are described (yield, quality).
8. Discuss the need for, and recommend appropriate planned cropping programmes.
The principles of sound rotation planning are identified (weeds, pests, diseases, fertility, inputs, marketing, environment).
.2 IT and information handling
Presentation of coursework will entail the development of word processing, spreadsheet and editing/presentation skills.
.3 Use and analysis of numerical information
Numerical information will be an integral part of the coursework and appropriate understanding, use and analysis of this information will be essential.
.4 Writing in an academic context
Coursework will include reference to published information.
Preparation of coursework will require attendance at timetabled lectures and practicals and good time management to ensure the submission deadline is met.
.8 Group activity
Aspects of fieldwork associated with coursework
This module is at CQFW Level 5