Module Identifier RS30820  
Academic Year 2007/2008  
Co-ordinator Dr Brian J Garrod  
Semester Semester 1  
Course delivery Lecture   1 x 2 hour lecture per week  
  Seminars / Tutorials   1 x 1 hr seminar per week  
  Other   2 x 3 hr workshops and 1 x 3 hr afternoon field visit per semester  
Assessment TypeAssessment Length/DetailsProportion
Semester Assessment 2,500 word written assignment  40%
Semester Assessment Seminar presentation  10%
Semester Exam2 Hours Written examination  50%
Supplementary Assessment Students who fail the module overall will be required to re-take the element that led to failure.100%

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
1. Understand the core principles of sustainable development

2. Analyse the conceptual basis for sustainable tourism

3. Evaluate the environmental, socio-cultural and economic impacts of tourism

4. Critically evaluate a range of policy tools that can be used in managing for sustainable tourism

5. Assess the practical application of sustainable tourism principles

6. Identify good practice in sustainable tourism management

Brief description

Designing and implementing effective management strategies and policies for sustainable tourism requires a sound knowledge of the concept of sustainable development and how it applies to the context of tourism. This module will identify core principles of sustainable development approach and examine how they can be put into practice with the aim of making various tourism types and destinations more sustainable. This will involve an in-depth evaluation of good practice on the part of the tourism industry, governments and host communities, non-government organisations and tourists. Environmental, economic and cultural aspects of sustainability will be considered. A practical focus will be adopted through the use of international case studies and classroom-based exercises. There will also be a field visit to observe sustainable tourism in action.


1. Introduction to the principles of sustainable development
2. Applying the principles of sustainable development in the context of tourism
3. Environmental, economic and socio-cultural impacts of tourism
4. Definitions and conceptual models of sustainable tourism
5. Policy tools for sustainable tourism
   a. Dispersion and concentration
   b. Carrying capacity
   c. Pricing mechanisms
   d. Ecological footprinting
   e. Codes of conduct
   f. Environmental impact assessment
6. Monitoring tourism'r impacts
7. Eco-labelling and certification
8. Collaboration in sustainable tourism
9. Tourism in National Parks and protected areas
   a. Conservation and social role
   b. Services and infrastructure
   c. Economics, financing and marketing
10. Cases studies in sustainable tourism
   a. Wildlife tourism
   b. Ecotourism
   c. Heritage tourism
   d. Cultural tourism
11. Local communities and participation
12. The future of sustainable tourism

Module Skills

Problem solving Two classroom-based workshops will involve students working in groups to solve problems set by the tutor, e.g. evaluation of success parameters implicit in a computer-based simulation model of ecotourism development  
Research skills Students will be expected to carry out a wide-ranging programme of reading on the principles and practice of sustainable tourism for both the written assignment and the examination.  
Communication The seminars will require students to read specific book chapters and articles, to make a presentation on the academic content of such material and to engage in debate on the subject matter with fellow students  
Information Technology Preparing the assessment reports will require students to use the Library's online catalogue as well as internet sources. Assessment reports will also need to be word processed to a high standard.  

Reading Lists

** General Text
Beeton, S. (1998.) Ecotourism: A Practical Guide for Rural Communities /Sue Beeton. Landlinks press 0643063595
Buckley, Ralf. (2003.) Case Studies in Ecotourism John Wiley 0851996655ALKPAPER
Cater, E. and Lowman, G. (1994.) Ecotourism: A Sustainable Option? Wiley 0471948969
Duffy, R. (2002) A Trip Too Far: Ecotourism, Politics and Exploitation Earthscan 9781853837593
Eber, S. (1992.) Beyond the Green Horizon: Principles for Sustainable Tourism World Wide Fund for Nature 0947613870
Fennell, D. (2002.) Ecotourism Programme Planning CABI Pub. 0851996108
Fennell, D. (1999.) Ecotourism: An Introduction Routledge 0415201683
Font, X. and Buckley, R.C. (2001.) Tourism Ecolabelling Certification and Promotion of Sustainable Management CABI Pub. 0851995063ALKPAPER
Forsyth, T. (1996.) Sustainable Tourism: Moving from Theory to Practice WWF UK 1858500885
France, L. (1997.) The Earthscan Reader in Sustainable Tourism Earthscan Publications 1853834084
Garrod, B. and Wilson, J.C. (2003.) Marine Ecotourism: Issues and Experiences Channel View Publications 1873150415
Harris, R., Griffin, T. and Williams, P.. (2002) Sustainable Tourism: A Global Pperspective Oxford ; 0750689463
Higginbottom, K. (2004.) Wildlife Tourism: Impacts, Management and Planning Common Ground Publishing [for] CRC for Sustainable Tourism 1863355456PRINT
Higham, J. (2007.) Critical Issues in Ecotourism: Understanding a Complex Tourism Phenomenon Elsevier, Butterworth Heinemann 0750668784
Higham, J. and Luck. M. (c2008.) Marine Wildlife and Tourism Management: Insights from the Natural and Social Sciences CABI Pub. 9781845933456
Honey, M. (2002.) Ecotourism & Certification: Setting Standards in Practice Island Press 1559639512
Hunter, C and Green H (April 1995) Tourism and the Environment: A Sustainable Relationship? International Thomson Business Press 9780415085243
Lindberg, K. Epler Wood, M., and Engeldrum., D. (1998.) Ecotourism: A Guide for Planners and Managers Ecotourism Society 0963633139PBK
Luck, M. and Kirstges, T (2003.) Global Ecotourism Policies and Case Studies: Perspectives and Constraints Channel View Publications 1873150407HBKALKPAPER
Middleton, V. with Hawkins, R. (1998.) Sustainable Tourism: A Marketing Perspective Butterworth-Heinemann 0750623853
Mowforth, M. and Munt, I. (1998.) Tourism and Sustainability: New Tourism in the Third World /Martin Mowforth and Ian Munt. Routledge 0203437292ELECTRONICBK
Newsome, D., Dowling, R. and Moore, S. (2005.) Wildlife Tourism Channel View 1845410068
Page, S. and Dowling, R. (2002) Ecotourism Pearson Education Limited 058235658X
Roe, D, Leader-Williams, N. and Dalal-Clayton, B.. (1997.) Take Only Photographs, Leave only Footprints: The Environmental Impacts of Wildlife Tourism International Institute for Environment and Development 0013618628
Shackley, M (1996.) Wildlife Tourism International Thomson Business Press 0415115396
Stabler, M.J. (1997.) Tourism and Sustainability: Principles to Practice C.A.B. International 085199184X
Swarbrooke, J. (1999.) Sustainable Tourism Management CABI 0851993141ALKPAPER
Wearing, S and Neil, J (1999.) Ecotourism: Impacts, Potentials and Possibilities /Stephen Wearing and John Neil. Butterworth-Heinemann 0750641371
Weaver, D.B. (1998.) Ecotourism in the Less Developed World CAB International 0851992234
Weaver, D.B. (c2001.) The Encyclopedia of Ecotourism CABI Pub. 0851996825
** Should Be Purchased
Weaver, D.B. (2006.) Sustainable Tourism: Theory and Practice Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann 075066438X
** Recommended Consultation
Annals of Tourism Research Elsevier Science 0001607383
Current Issues in Tourism Multilingual Matters Ltd 0013683500
International Journal of Tourism Research Wiley 0010992340
Journal of Ecotourism Channel View Publications 0014724049
Journal of Sustainable Tourism Multilingual Matters Ltd 0009669582
Journal of Travel Research Sage Publications 0000472875

Tourism Management


This module is at CQFW Level 6