Module Information

Module Identifier
Module Title
Academic Year
Semester 1

Course Delivery

Delivery Type Delivery length / details
Lecture 18 x 1 hour
Seminars / Tutorials 1 x seminar every fortnight.


Assessment Type Assessment length / details Proportion
Semester Assessment 1 X 2,500 WORD ESSAY  30%
Semester Exam 2 Hours   2 HOUR, 2 QUESTION EXAMINATION  70%

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, students should be able to:
a) Identify and explain the key historiographical debates concerning the place of Czechoslovakia in European history
b) Demonstrate their knowledge of national identity, Stalinism, Communist reformism, post-Stalinism and dissent in Czechoslovakia.
c) Reflect critically on the nature of `totalitarianism' and of `civil society'.
d) Analyse and evaluate a range of primary sources related to the ideas and activities of `Reform Communists' and dissidents in Caechoslovakia.
e) Gather and sift appropriate items of historical evidence
f) Develop and sustain historical arguments - in both oral (not assessed) and written work
g) Work both independently and collaboratively whilst being able to participate in group discussions (not assessed).

Brief description

This module addresses the character of government, dissent and opposition in Czechoslovakia. It is concerned with five key problems. First, it expores the establishment and changing nature of Communist rule, distinguishing between the phases of Stalinism, of 'socialism with a human face' and of 'late socialism'. Second, it discusses the relationship between Czechoslovak society and its rulers, engaging with the endeavours of independent dissident movements to generate a sense of active citizenship and to 'empower the powerless' in a totalitarian state. Third, it examines the causes of the collapse of Communist rule and the problems of transition which faced Czechoslovakia after the Velvet Revolution of 1989. Fourth, it asks why - in spite of the wishes of the majority of the population - Czechoslovakia was broken up in the aftermath of Communist dictatorship. Finally, how was national identity constructed and what meanings were attached to national history in Czechoslovakia?
The module is designed to alert students to the variety of sources available to contemporary historians, and in particular to the problems historians encounter in seeking to understand closed societies in which there is no freedom of expression, and thus no such thing as public opinion. It draws on samizdat documents and literature, memoirs, and the writings of Czechoslovaks who emigrated in the aftermath of the Soviet invasion of their country in 1968.


This module is at CQFW Level 4