- Dr Robert A Read (Senior Lecturer - Lancaster University)
|Delivery Type||Delivery length / details|
|Lecture||22 x 1 Hour Lectures|
|Tutorial||4 x 1 Hour Tutorials|
|Assessment Type||Assessment length / details||Proportion|
|Semester Exam||3 Hours Unseen written examination||60%|
|Semester Assessment||2,000 word essay||40%|
|Supplementary Exam||3 Hours Unseen written examination Repeat failed element||60%|
|Supplementary Assessment||2,000 word essay Repeat failed element||40%|
On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
* Critically discuss the causes of market failure relating to environmental issues;
* Critically discuss and evaluate economic models relating to optimal environmental standards;
* Evaluate the effectiveness of a range of policy instruments for the environment;
* Critically discuss and evaluate methodologies for environmental valuation;
* Critically evaluate the application of economic principles to contemporary environmental policy issues.
This module will consider the economic principles that underlie government and corporate intervention in environmental, agricultural, rural and regional policy. The development of an understanding of the fundamental economic relationships will enable opportunities and problems for rural areas to be discussed and appropriate policy responses to be identified.
Basic concepts in economic theory are introduced, so that understanding is developed of how markets are supposed to achieve economically efficient allocations and why, when they fail to do so, environmental degradation often results. The module then explores how governments, NGOs and businesses might intervene to address environmental issues, and evaluates the effectiveness of a range of policy instruments including command-and-control instruments and incentive-based instruments. The module also explores why economists attach importance to the monetary valuation of environmental goods and services, and provides a critique of techniques for doing so. Finally, we explore how such values might be incorporated into the design and evaluation of environmental policies.
The above theories are then demonstrated in practice with detailed assessment of a series of contemporary environmental policy case studies, including agri-environmental policies, biodiversity and ecosystem services, climate change (carbon trading), sustainable business management and `Green? GDP.
- Economic growth and resource use
- Economic paradigms: Neo-classical economics, environmental economics, ecological economics, deep ecology.
- Scarcity, choice and economics systems
- How markets work: demand and supply
- Market failure
- Policy instruments for the environment
- Valuation of the environment
- Policy appraisal and evaluation
- Case studies: agri-environmental policies, biodiversity and ecosystem services, climate change (carbon trading), sustainable business management and `Green? GDP.
|Skills Type||Skills details|
|Application of Number||Some economic principles require numerical skills.|
|Communication||Students will be required to write using appropriate economic terms and to communicate their understanding of economic concepts as they apply to rural issues.|
|Improving own Learning and Performance||Lectures and application of the theory and research.|
|Problem solving||Students will be required to apply economic principles to solve economic problems.|
|Research skills||Students will be required to undertake self-study research for the essay.|
|Subject Specific Skills||Economic principles applied to a rural context.|
This module is at CQFW Level 6