To identify a waxcap use our Waxcap
If there are any unfamiliar terms please use the Waxcap
What are Waxcaps?
The most distinctive and visible components of the grassland
fungi. These are the brightly coloured and sometimes shiny
mushrooms of the genus Hygrocybe, commonly seen in
The most distinctive and visible component of the grassland
mycota are the waxcap fungi, belonging to the genus Hygrocybe.
Members of this genus typically possess brightly coloured
pilei which are often conferred a 'shiny' appearance by the
presence of a glutinous surface layer.
Some 60 species of Hygrocybe occur in Europe most
commonly in Western and Northern regions (Boertmann, 1995).
In Europe there is a strong association between Hygrocybe
spp. and grassland habitats, though some species notably H.
viola and H. quieta frequently occur in woodlands.
The association of the European waxcaps with grassland
habitats contrasts with the situation in the North America
where Hygrocybe spp. are typically considered as woodland
species. The reason for this difference in habitat is unclear,
though it may be related to similarities in summer soil temperature
between the grasslands in the Atlantic regions of Europe and
the woodlands of North America.