• Dobson, P. D., Smallbone, K., Jameson, D., Simeonidis, E., Lanthaler, K., Pir, P., Lu, C., Swainston, N., Dunn, W. B., Fisher, P., Hull, D., Brown, M., Oshota, O., Stanford, N. J., Kell, D. B., King, R. D., Oliver, S. G., Stevens, R. D., Mendes, P. Further developments towards a genome-scale metabolic model of yeast. BMC Systems Biology (2010)

  • Sparkes, A., Aubrey, W., Byrne, E., Clare, A., Khan, M. N., Liakata, M., Markham, M., Rowland, J., Soldatova, L. N., Whelan, K. E., Young, M. and King, R. D. (2010) Towards Robot Scientists for autonomous scientific discovery. Automated Experimentation 2010, 2:1 doi:10.1186/1759-4499-2-1. CADAIR archive.

  • Sparkes, A., King, R. D., Aubrey, W., Benway, M., Byrne, E., Clare, A., Liakata, M., Markham, M., Whelan, K. E., Young, M., Rowland, J. (2010) An Integrated Laboratory Robotic System for Autonomous Discovery of Gene Function JALA 15 (1), 33-40. CADAIR archive.

  • Qi, D., King, R. D., Hopkins, A. L., Bickerton, G. J. and Soldatova, L. (2010) An Ontology for Description of Drug Discovery Investigations. J. Integrative Bioinformatics, 7 (3), doi:10.2390/biecoll-jib-2010-126. CADAIR archive.

  • Ray, O., Whelan, K. King, R. (2010) Logic-based steady-state analysis and revision of metabolic networks with revision. Third International Workshop on Intelligent Informatics in Biology and Medicine (IIBM 2010).


  • Schierz, A. C. and King, R. D. (2009) Drugs and Drug-like compounds: Discriminating Approved Pharmaceuticals from Screening-Library Compounds. LNCS Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics. 331-343

  • King, R.D., Rowland, J., Aubrey, W., Liakata, M., Markham, M., Soldatova, L.N., Whelan, K.E., Clare, C., Sparkes, A., Oliver, S.G., Pir, P.,& Young, M. (2009) The Robot Scientist Adam. IEEE Computer 42 (8), 46-54.

  • Lu, C. & King, R.D. (2009) An investigation into the population abundance distribution of mRNAs, proteins, and metabolites in biological systems. Bioinformatics 25, 2020-2027.

  • Ray, O., Clare, A., Liakata, M., Soldatova, L., Whelan, K., King, R. (2009) Towards the Automation of Scientific Method. 19th International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming (ILP 2009).

  • King, R. D., Rowland, J., Oliver, S. G., Young, M., Aubrey, W., Byrne, E., Liakata, M., Markham, M., Pir, P., Soldatova, L. N., Sparkes, A., Whelan, K. E., Clare, A. (2009) The Automation of Science. Science 324(5923):85-89, 3rd April 2009. (preprint pdf, before final corrections)

  • Ray, O., Whelan, K.E., King, R.D. (2009) A nonmonotonic logical approach for modelling and revising metabolic networks. International Workshop on Intelligent Informatics in Biology and Medicine (IIBM 2009).


  • King, R.D., Soldatova, L.N. (2008) Formalising phylogenetics experiments: ontologies and logical inference. In Symbiotic Relationships between Semantic Web and Knowledge Engineering. AAAI Spring Symposium SS-08-07, 59-62.

  • Srinivasan, A., King, R.D. (2008) Incremental Identification of Qualitative Models of Biological Systems using Inductive Logic Programming. Journal of Machine Learning Research 9, 1475-1533.

  • Coghill, G.M., Srinivasan, A., King, R.D. (2008) Qualitative System Identification from Imperfect Data. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research 32, 825-877

  • Soldatova, L., Aubrey, W., King, R. D. and Clare, A. (2008) The EXACT description of biomedical protocols. Bioinformatics 2008 24: i295-i303. Special issue for ISMB 2008.

  • Whelan, K. E. and King, R. D. (2008) Using a logical model to predict the growth of yeast. BMC Bioinformatics 2008, 9:97, CADAIR archive.

Before 2008

  • Byrne, E. (2007) Optimising the flow of experiments to a Robot Scientist with Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithms. In Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO) 2007 pdf

  • King, R. D and Benway, M. (2006) Robot Scientist: an Autonomous Platform for Systems Biology Discovery. Poster at SBS 12th Annual Conference and Exhibition. pdf

  • Soldatova, L., Clare, A., Sparkes, A. and King, R. D. (2006) An ontology for a robot scientist. Bioinformatics 2006 22: 464-471. Also in ISMB 2006. Archived in Cadair.

  • Foulston, C. and Clare, A. (2006) A framework for Grid-based failure detection in an automated laboratory robot system. Poster in All Hands Meeting 2006. Preprint PDF

  • Whelan, K. E. and King, R. D. (2004) Intelligent software for laboratory automation. Trends in Biotechnology 22 (9): 440-445.

  • King R.D, Whelan K.E, Jones F.M, Reiser P,J,K Bryant C.H, Muggleton S, Kell D.B, Oliver S (2004) Functional Genomic Hypothesis Generation and Experimentation by a Robot Scientist Nature 427 pp 247-252. PDF

  • Bryant, C.H., Muggleton, S.H., Oliver, S.G., Kell, D.B., Reiser, P.G.K, & King, R.D. (2001) Combining inductive logic programming, active learning, and robotics to discover the function of genes. Electronic Transactions in Artificial Intelligence 6:12 pp. 1-36. Preprint PDF

  • Reiser, P.G.K., King, R.D., Kell, D.B., Muggleton, S.H., Bryant, C.H. & Oliver, S.G (2001) Developing a logical model of yeast metabolism. Electronic Transactions in Artificial Intelligence 5, 223-244. Preprint PDF