Module Information

Module Identifier
Module Title
Academic Year
Intended for use in future years
Other Staff

Course Delivery

Delivery Type Delivery length / details
Lecture 18 x 1 hour lectures
Seminars / Tutorials 1 x 50 minute seminar fortnightly 1 x 10 minute individual tutorial


Assessment Type Assessment length / details Proportion
Semester Assessment 1 X 2,500 WORD ESSAY  30%
Semester Assessment 1 x 2,500 word essay  30%
Semester Exam 2 Hours   70%
Semester Exam 2 Hours   2 HOUR, 2 QUESTION CLOSED EXAMINATION  70%

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:

Demonstrate an understanding of a body of historical knowledge and sources relating to this period

Critically assess the major themes and types of environmental protest during this period.

Express understanding, in written (assessed) and oral forms (unassessed), within an academic context

Work independently and collaboratively, and take part in group discussions (not formally assessed).

Brief description

The module will provide an overview of the range and themes of environmental protest in Britain since the early nineteenth century. It will identify continuities between protests of the nineteenth century and the contemporary environmental movement, which emerged in the 1970s. Public protests in response to industrial pollution, destruction and degradation of the countryside, lack of regulation over house building and waste disposal will be examined. The establishment of significant environmental bodies will be explored, including the National Trust, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, the Campaign for the Protection of Rural England, the National Society for Clean Air, Friends of the Earth and Greenpeace. The emergence of climate change as a dominant issue will be discussed and compared to earlier environmental crises.


This module introduces students to the history of environmental protest in Britain, focusing on nineteenth and twentieth century protest movements. It will explore well-known topics, including industrial revolution, urbanization, the impact of war, and the creation of the welfare state from the innovative perspective of environmental change, examining protests that emerged in response to technological and social transformation. This module takes a social history approach, asking how people expressed their resistance to changes perceived as damaging to the environment and human health, and whether their protests were effective.


: The state we're in: the mismatch between ecological science and socio-political response
2: Tranquility lost: technological advance and rural industrialization in the early 19th century
3: Biodiversity loss in the era of 'High Farming'
4: Late 19th century: escalation of environmental pressure and the search for solutions 5: Organised resistance: the rise of national protection leagues
6: Retreat as protest: back to the land in late 19th and early 20th century Britain
7: Is protest possible in time of war? environmental resistance during the First and Second World Wars
8: Post-war protests: the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and the Soil Association as environmental protest
9: Waste: Friends of the Earth and indiscriminate dumping
10: Water: fish kills and sewage
11: Air: smoke abatement campaigns
12: Chemicals: from Silent Spring to WWF's blood testing
13: Transport: the anti-roads building movement
14: Nature protection: from twitchers to Greenpeace
15: Climate change: anxiety eclipses protest
16: Categorizing environmental protest
17: One of the gang: how environmental protest complements and conflicts with other protest movements
18: The strength of environmental protest in Britain: then and now.
1: Nineteenth century protest
2: Rules and regulations
3: Romanticising nature
4: Environmental idealism
5: Climate change as an example of globalization?

Module Skills

Skills Type Skills details
Application of Number
Communication Improve their listening skills during the lectures, and consequently develop skills in note taking; demonstrate and develop the ability to communicate ideas in the written work; skills in oral presentation will be developed in seminars.
Improving own Learning and Performance Show awareness of own learning styles, personal preferences and needs; devise and apply realistic learning and self management strategies; devise a personal action plan to include short and long-term goals and to develop personal awareness of how to improve on these.
Information Technology Students will be encouraged to locate suitable material on the web and to access information on CD-Roms and to apply it appropriately to their own work. Students will also be encouraged to word-process their work. These skills will not be formally assessed.
Personal Development and Career planning Develop awareness of personal skills, beliefs and qualities in relation to course in progression; plan and prepare for future course / career.
Problem solving Identify problems and factors which might influence potential solutions; develop creative thinking approaches to problem solving; evaluate advantages and disadvantages of potential solutions.
Research skills Read a wide range of both primary and secondary texts; understand a range of research methods and plan and carry out research; produce academically appropriate pieces of written work.
Subject Specific Skills
Team work Understand the concept of group dynamics; contribute to the setting of group goals; contribute effectively to the planning of group activities; play an active part in group activities (e.g. short group presentations in seminars); exercise negotiation and persuasion skills; evaluate group activities and own contribution.


This module is at CQFW Level 4